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for maintaining an adequate supply of properly national security and defense to enable the trained sanitarians, physicians and nurses during bureau to build and equip in Washington a the war. The means for the extension of existing laboratory for the conduct of work of this training facilities should be provided by the gov

character and to provide a temporary perernment. The members of the conference which pre

sonnel. Preparations for carrying out this pared the program were Dr. John F. Ander

program are being pushed vigorously, and in

vestigations have been started which, it is son, formerly director of the United States Hygienic Laboratory; Dr. Haven Emerson. anticipated, will yield important results in formerly health commissioner of New York; making available larger quantities of fish for Dr. W. A. Evans, formerly health commis

food and in educating the public to the merits

of the various fishery products. sioner of Chicago; Lee K. Frankel, vice-presi

As large quantities of fish preserved by saltdent of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company; Dr. A. W. Freeman, of the Ohio state

ing are lost annually by spoilage and still health department; Dr. Goldwater; Porter Lee,

larger quantities of fresh fish, for which there of the New York School of Philanthropy; Dr.

is no immediate market, are thrown away beW. S .Rankin, state health secretary of North

cause of the risk of loss if cured, an investiga

tion for the purpose of developing satisfactory Carolina; Dr. E. G. Williams, state health commissioner of Virginia, and Dr. C. E.-A.

methods for overcoming these difficulties has Winslow, professor of public health at Yale

been inaugurated. Donald K. Tressler, well University.

qualified by training and with practical ex

perience as an analytical chemist for a saltWORK OF THE BUREAU OF FISHERIES

manufacturing company, has been employed The Fisheries Service Bulletin stated that

for this work. For the present this experi

mental work will be conducted at Johns Hopfor years the Bureau of Fisheries has been handicapped for lack of facilities for practical

kins University, under the supervision of Pro

fessor E. V. McCollum. demonstrations and experimentation in the

A trained worker in domestic science has methods of preparing and preserving fishery products. The fishery industries, particularly

been employed to carry on experiments with

new fishes and fishery products to determine those concerned in canning and otherwise pre

the best methods for preparing these products serving food products, labor under the serious

for the table and to begin the assemblage of drawback of ignorance of the scientific principles underlying their operations. There is

material for a publication on fish cookery. also an underconsumption of fish, arising in

In addition, quite extensive experiments have part from the inferior quality of much that is

been made in the development of methods placed on the market and in part from igno

suited to the canning of fish in the home, and rance of the consumer regarding the dietetic plans have been laid and machinery has been

assembled for the conduct of experiments in qualities and peculiarities of the several species, with consequent improper preparation for drying fish in vacuo. the table. As a result there is an annual loss

As rapidly as the services of suitably trained of many millions, probably hundreds of mil

persons for a number of other investigations lions, of pounds of valuable fish food. With

can be obtained such investigations will be adequate equipment and personnel provided, taken up. One of these has to do with the inthe bureau has held that it could render effec

creased utilization of fish waste for manutive aid in developing methods for overcoming facture into oil and fish meal or fertilizer. such difficulties, and that important results The Bureau's position for work along the would be achieved in some fields within a lines outlined has been strengthened further short period of time.

by the provision made by the present Congress The President has approved and authorized for an assistant for developing fisheries and an allotment of $125,000 from the fund for the for the saving and use of fishery products.

«The

PUBLICATIONS ON EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY

AND GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY A SERIES of monographs covering the subjects of experimental biology and general physiology is announced by the J. B. Lippincott Company under the general editorship of Jacques Loeb, T. H. Morgan and W. J. V. Osterhout. The aim and character of the series are indicated by the following announcement of the editors.

The rapidly increasing specialization makes it impossible for one author to cover satisfactorily the whole field of modern biology. This situation, which exists in all the sciences, has induced English authors to issue series of monographs in biochemistry, physiology and physics. A number of American biologists have decided to provide the same opportunity for the study of experimental biology.

Biology, which not long ago was purely descriptive and speculative, has begun to adopt the methods of the exact sciences, recognizing that for permanent progress not only experiments are required but that the experiments should be of a quantitative character. It will be the task of this series of monographs to emphasize and further as much as possible this development of biology.

Experimental biology and general physiology are one and the same science, by method as well as by contents, since both aim at explaining life from the physico-chemical constitution of living matter. The series of monographs on experimental biology will, therefore, include the field of traditional general physiology.

The following is a list of the volumes announced:

Published Vol. 1. Jacques Loeb (Rockefeller Institute),

“Forced Movements, Tropisms and Animal Conduct."

In Preparation T. H. Morgan (Columbia University), "The

Chromosome Theory of Heredity.E. M. East and D. F. Jones (Bussey Institution, Harvard University), “Inbreeding and Outbreeding: Their Genetic and Sociological Sig. nificance." H. 8. Jennings (Johns Hopkins University),

“Pure Line Inheritance." R. Pearl (Johns Hopkins University), “The Ex

perimental Modification of the Process of Inheritance."

E. G. Conklin (Princeton University), “Localiza

tion of Morphogenic Substances in the Egg." R. G. Harrison (Yale University), “Tissue Cul

ture.'' W. J. V. Osterhout (Harvard University), “Per

meability and Electrical Conductivity of Living

Tissue."
L. J. Henderson (Harvard University),

Equilibrium between Acids and Bases in Or

ganism and Environment.” T. B. Robertson (University of Toronto), “Chem

ical Basis of Growth." G. H. Parker (Harvard University), “Primitive

Nervous System.” A. R. Moore (Rutgers College), “Coordination in

Locomotion."

There is also announced the publication of The Journal of General Physiology under the editorship of Dr. Jacques Loeb, the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, New York, and Professor W. J. V. Osterhout, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. It will be published bimonthly from the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, beginning in September. The editors say:

The Journal of General Physiology is intended to serve as an organ of publication for papers devoted to the investigation of life processes from a physico-chemical viewpoint. As the constitution of matter is the main problem of physics and physical chemistry, so the constitution of living matter is the main problem of general physiol. ogy, and in both cases the method of quantitative experimentation is required.

Under the pressure of the demands of medicine and of other professions, physiology has developed in the direction of an applied science, with limited opportunity for the investigation of purely theoretical problems. On the other hand, the physicochemical methods of analyzing life phenomena have thus far made little inroad into the domain of zoology and botany. Under these circumstances, it has happened that what might be regarded as the most fundamental of all the biological sciences, namely general physiology, has not come to have a journal of its own. It is this condition which the establishment of The Journal of General Physiology is intended to correct.

SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND NEWS DR. WILLIAM WALLACE CAMPBELL, director of the Lick Observatory, University of Cali

fornia, has been elected a correspondant de thesis based on the correlation of Australian l'Institut de France in the section of astron- physiography, meteorology and climatology, omy.

with special reference to the control of its SIR JOSEPH LARMOR, M.P. for the Univer

settlement and industrial development. sity of Cambridge, has been awarded the DR. FRANK J. MONAGHAN has been appointed Poncelet prize for the mathematical sciences deputy health commissioner in charge in this year by the French Academy of Sciences. Brooklyn to succeed Dr. Frank B. Knause,

who has resigned in order to join the Medical The Paris Academy of Sciences has awarded

Reserve Corps of the United States Army. the Montyon prize, consisting of 2,500 francs, to Drs. Henri Guillemard and André Labat,

Dr. Carl E. SEASHORE, professor of psyof the medical faculty of Paris, for their re

chology in the University of Iowa, is consearch work on asphyxiating gases.

ducting investigations on certain problems of

hearing as related to the army and navy, and At a meeting of July 30, the Paris Academy

is also devising and standardizing a series of of Medicine elected, as vice-president for 1918

tests for the selection of telegraphers and to succeed the late Professor Pozzi, Dr. De

radio operators. R. H. Sylvester, assistant lorme, director of the School of Military Medi

professor of psychology, is now lieutenant and cine. Conforming to the regulations of the

chief clinical psychologist at Camp Dodge. academy, the vice-president succeeds to the presidency the following year.

PROFESSOR GUY F. LIPSCOMB, of the Clemson

Agricultural College of South Carolina, is enTHE Madrid Academy of Medicine has gaged for the summer on military work in the elected Dr. Max Nordau corresponding mem- Chemical Laboratory at Princeton University. ber. It will be remembered that he has been

DR. OLAF ANDERSON, petrologist at the Geoin Madrid since early in the war.

physical Laboratory of the Carnegie InstituDR. HUGH M. Smith, the commissioner of tion at Washington, has resigned in order to fisheries, was at Woods Hole in the latter part accept the position of government geologist of July for the purpose of collaborating with and director of an experimental silicate labMr. William A. Found, superintendent of oratory for the Norwegian Government, in fisheries of the Dominion of Canada, in the Kristiania. preparation of the draft of the final report of

PROFESSOR E. W. GUDGER spent the present the International Fisheries Conference.

summer at the American Museum of Natural PROFESSOR A. TANAKADATE, professor of History, collaborating on the “Bibliography physics in the University of Tokyo, visited of Fishes which the museum is now publishWashington in July in the interest of inter- ing. national scientific work.

PROFESSOR ROBERT F. GRIGGS, of the Ohio Dr. Elwood MEAD, chairman of the Land State University, director of the Katima ExSettlement Board of the State of California, peditions of the National Geographic Society, has been appointed by Secretary Lane to assist

has received a wireless message from this in formulating a national policy for colonizing year's field party composed of Messrs. Jasper returned soldiers of the American Expedition- Sayre and Paul R. Hagelbarger announcing ary Forces.

the successful termination of the season's field DR. EDGAR BUCKINGHAM, of the Bureau of

work in the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes.

The party carried the topographic survey, beStandards, has been appointed physical asso

gun last year, forward to the shore of the ciate to the scientific attaché to the American

Bering Sea, adding some 1,500 square miles to embassy at Rome.

the map and completing a section across the DR. T. GRIFFITH Taylor, of the Meteorolog- base of the Alaska Peninsula from Katmai Bay ical Bureau of Australia, has been awarded the to Naknek. This survey will furnish the data David Syme Research prize for 1918 for a for the construction of a topographic map on the scale of 1/250,000 of the same stand- respect of which grants have been made to ard of accuracy as the work of the United the Committee by the Research Department, States Geological Survey on maps of this the British Electrical and Allied Manufacscale. In the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes, turers' Association, and the Institution of beside continuation of the general exploration Electrical Engineers. The Committee conand securing many valuable photographs, they sists of three members nominated by the insucceeded in obtaining the first accurate meas- stitution, and three members nominated by urement of the temperatures of the vents. For the B.E.A.M.A., the nominees of the former this purpose the expedition was equipped with being Mr. C. H. Wordingham (chairman of pyrometers by the geophysical laboratory of the Committee), Mr. C. C. Paterson, and Mr. the Carnegie Institution. They report the C. P. Sparks, and those of the latter Mr. F. R. highest temperature measured as 430° C. Al- Davenport, Mr. D. N. Dunlop, and Mr. A. R. though this is subject to correction when the Everest. instruments are recalibrated on returning to The Journal of the American Medical Assothe states, it probably indicates correctly the

ciation states that the members of the Naorder of magnitude of the temperature of the tional Public Health Service of Brazil have valley. The expedition expects to return home

erected a monument to Oswaldo Cruz on the overland via the Iliamna route, probably reach

grounds of the Public Health Building at Rio ing Seattle about September 15.

de Janeiro. The bronze portrait figure is A WASHINGTON Section of the American In- seated in the professorial chair, with arms stitute of Mining Engineers has been organ- resting on a desk, in a peculiarly graceful and ized. The officers elected are Mr. Herbert

easy pose. The inscription reads: "A OsHoover, of the Food Administration, chair- waldo Cruz, Homenagem do pessoal da Direcman; Dr. H. Foster Bain, of the Bureau of toria Geral de Saude Publica, 23-III-1903— Mines, and Dr. David White, of the U. S. 19-VIII-1909," the dates marking the period Geological Survey, vice-chairmen, and Mr.

of his most productive work, the eradication Harvey Mudd, secretary.

of yellow fever from Rio. The statue was unThe Committee on Mineral Imports and veiled with much ceremony recently in the Exports has

finished its work of formulating presence of the highest officials of the country. programs for the minimum importation of ores

The Brazil Medico of June 15 gives an illusand minerals, and the members of the com

tration of the memorial. mittee have taken up other work. Professor

HARRY KIRKE WOLFE, professor of philosC. K. Leith has been appointed mineral adviser to the

ophy in the University of Nebraska, the auWar Industries board from the

thor of valuable contributions to experimental standpoint of the conservation of shipping,

psychology, died on July 30, at the age of Mr. J. E. Spurr is in charge of the war min. fifty-nine years. erals investigation work of the Bureau of Mines, and Mr. Pope Yeatman continues in

ADOLPH VON FABER Du Faur, known for his charge of the Non-Ferrous Metals Divisions

work in mining engineering, died at his home, of the War Industries Board.

on August 18 at the age of ninety-two years. We learn from Nature that the Electrical

The death is announced of Dr. J. Kollmann, Research Committee, which was appointed last

professor of anatomy in the University of autumn, Under the auspices of the Depart

Basel. ment of Scientific and Industrial Research, is

The death is announced of G. Verriest, at present engaged in superintending a re- formerly professor of internal pathology at

insulating materials (fibrous mate- the University of Louvain, president of the rials, Porcelain, ebonite, mica, composite mate

Belgian Académie de médecine and of the Inrials)

and the water-proofing treatment of ternational congress of Neurology at Brussels insulating windings of electrical machines, in in 1903.

search on

The thirty-sixth stated meeting of the The series of congresses to be held at MoAmerican Ornithologists' Union will be held naco to promote the expansion of the thermal, at the American Museum of Natural History, mineral and climatic stations and baths of the New York City, November 12-14, 1918, with a allied and friendly nations will deal with hybusiness session of the fellows and members drology, hygiene, alpinism, thalassotherapy on the evening of the eleventh.

and watering places. In connection with the The new National Museum has been closed

congresses there will be an exhibition. The to the public by the board of regents, as all

whole is under the patronage of the Prince of available space in the building has been occu

Monaco. Professor Maragliano, Senator of

Italy, has been elected general president. pied by the Bureau of War Risk Insurance. It is expected that the museum will be again

The President has authorized

loan of one opened when the new office building of the million dollars to the Forest Service for firebureau, at Vermont Avenue and H Street, is fighting expenses, to meet the serious emercompleted.

gency conditions in the national forests of the northwest and the Pacific coast states.

The It is stated in the American Journal of Sci

loan was made from the special defense fund ence that the Swiss Chemical Society, founded

of fifty million dollars placed at the disposal some seventeen years ago, has recently issued

of the President by Congress. It is recognized the first part (pp. 1-96) of a new periodical,

that the protection of the national forests is an to be devoted to pure chemistry and to serve

important and essential war activity. Foras the organ of the society. The editorial

estry officials regard the present fire season in committee consists of MM. Bosshard, Fichter,

the northwest as in some ways the most seriGuye, Pictet, Rupe and Werner, all of Switzer

ous with which the government has ever had land. The present plan is to issue 6 to 8 parts

to cope. Early drouth, high winds, electrical yearly, aggregating from 500 to 1,000 pages; storms, labor shortage and depletion of the the subscription price is 25 francs per year.

regular protective force as a result of the war At the last national medical congress in

have combined to make the fire conditions unMexico, it was voted to found a medical jour- precedently bad. Necessity for resort to the nal in which to publish the work of Mexican

Presidential fund is due to the fact that the physicians and surgeons and to keep them in- appropriation bill for the Department of Agriformed of the progress of the medical sciences

culture for the current year has not yet been

passed. in other lands. The executive committee, preparing for the approaching medical congress,

The council of the British Institution of the sixth, has ratified this decision, and Dr.

Electrical Engineers is prepared to receive Francisco Bello, of Puebla, has been appointed

papers, not exceeding 15,000 to 20,000 words editor.

in length, on the subject of the “Coordination

of Research in Works and Laboratories," and Nature states that following upon the es to award a special premium of £25 to the autablishment of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute

thor of the paper which in their judgment best for Research on Iron and Iron-ores comes the

fulfils the object of the discussion. The papers news from the German daily press of some should be sent to the secretary of the institupreliminary steps that have been taken to

tion not later than November 4 next, and it is found a similar institution for researches on intended that the one selected shall be read all other generally useful metals. A commit and discussed at one of the ordinary meetings tee composed of eminent engineers and uni- of the institution and shall afterwards be pubversity professors has been formed to consider lished in the Journal. the establishment of a metal research institute Nature reports that the following grants of for the benefit of the German metallurgical in money for research committees were voted by dustry.

the General Committee of the British Associa

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