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Hotel at 10 o'clock on Friday evening, Decem attendance will be unduly hampered in finding ber 27. The several sections of the Associa quarters. Camps Holabird and Meade are in tion will hold their sessions for the nomina proximity of Baltimore, it is true, and the tion of officers and the transaction of other hotels have been previously crowded by the business on the call of the chairman, in most wives and families of the Army men stationed cases just before or just after the address of at these camps; but this condition, it is the retiring vice-president.

thought, will be somewhat alleviated. For the It is expected that there will be a num convenience of members who prefer room and ber of joint meetings and the usual smokers board in private residences in proximity to the and dinners and meetings of specific societies meeting places at the university, the associaand groups. Among these, may be mentioned tion has been fortunate in securing the servthe symposium of the Geological Society of ices, through the courtesy of President GoodAmerica, the Association of American Geog now, of a librarian of the Johns Hopkins Uniraphers and Section E on the Relations versity for the handling of such details as of Geology to the War. The Geological would regularly devolve upon the local comSociety will hold a smoker on Friday night mittee. This librarian, Miss L. M. Bollman, and its annual dinner on Saturday night, fol is now advertising for rooms in private resilowed by the address of its retiring president. dences and is asking for rates on (1) room The American Society of Naturalists will with board, (2) room without board, and (3) hold its usual dinner on Saturday night, fol board only, the latter for the convenience of lowed by an address by Dr. Vernon L. Kellogg those members who are located downtown but

The German philosophy of war.” Section wish to dine in proximity to the university. F, on Saturday afternoon, will hold a general Miss Bollman will maintain a list, available to conference between governmental and labora members of the American Association and the tory zoologists. The American Association of affiliated societies, of all accommodations Economic Entomologists will have a program

listed under the above three headings. giving particular prominence to the insect Members of the association and the affiliated problems that are vital in connection with war societies will, doubtless, realize that a reducactivities. The Botanical Society of America, tion on railway fares is not practicable at a with the American Phytopathological Society, critical time such as this. The assistant secwill hold a symposium on Our Present Duty retary, at the time of his interview with the as Botanists. The Botanists' annual dinner United States Railroad Administration, will be held on Friday night. The American assured that the only exceptions to this policy Phytopathological Society will hold its tenth were in the cases of the gatherings of

the anniversary dinner on Wednesday night. veterans of the Civil and Spanish wars and of Baltimore hotels are:

the State Agricultural Fairs, the latter having Southern Hotel-Association Headquarters, precedence because of the need of stimulating Light and German Streets.

food production. Emerson-Baltimore and Calvert Streets.

The following affiliated societies have i ndiBelvedere—Charles and Chase Streets.

cated their intention to meet in Baltimore durRennert-Liberty and Saratoga Streets.

ing Convocation Week: Stafford-Charles and Madison Streets. Caswell-Baltimore and Hanover Streets.

American Federation of Teachers of New Howard-Howard and Baltimore Streets.

Mathematical and the Natural Sciences. - Will Altamont-Eutaw Place and Lanvale Street. meet on date to be announced. Secretary, WilEutaw Hotel-Eutaw and Fayette Streets. liam A. Hedrick, Central High School, WashWaldorf-Charles Street and North Avenue.

ington, D. C. Reservations should be made well in ad American Physical Society. Will hold joint vance, but it is not anticipated that persons in sessions with Section B, A. A. A. S., on dates



to be announced. President, H. A. Bumstead. Botanical Society of America.-Will meet Secretary, Dayton C. Miller, Case School of on Thursday to Saturday, December 26 to 28. Applied Science, Cleveland, Ohio.

Joint sessions with Section G, A. A. A. S., Optical Society of America.-Will meet on and American Phytopathological Society on Friday, December 27. President, F. E. Wright. Thursday afternoon, December 26. Joint sesSecretary, P. G. Nutting, Westinghouse Re- sions with American Phytopathological Society search Laboratory, East Pittsburgh, Pa. on Friday and Saturday, December 27 and 28.

Society for Promotion of Engineering Edu- Joint session with Ecological Society of Amercation.— Will meet on date to be announced. ica on Saturday morning, December 28. PresiPresident, John F. Hayford. Secretary F. L. dent, William Trelease. Secretary, J. R. Bishop, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Schramm, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. Pa.

· American Phytopathological Society.-Will · Geological Society of America.-Will meet

meet from Monday to Saturday, December 23 on Friday and Saturday, December 27 and 28.

to 28. Joint meetings with Botanical Society Joint meeting with Association of American of America on Friday and Saturday, December Geographers, afternoon of December 28; joint 27 and 28. Tenth anniversary dinner, 6:30 meeting with Section E, A. A. A. S., on night P.M., Wednesday, December 25. President, of December 28. President, Whitman Cross. Mel. T. Cook. Secretary, C. L. Shear, U. S. Secretary, E. O. Hovey, American Museum of Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. Natural History, New York, N. Y.

Ecological Society of America. -Joint sesAssociation of American Geographers.-Will sion with Botanical Society of America on Satmeet on Friday and Saturday, December 27 urday morning, December 28. Dates of other and 28. Joint meeting with the Geological So- sessions to be announced. President, Henry ciety of America on the afternoon of Decem- C. Cowles. Secretary, Forrest Shreve, Desert ber 28. President, Nevin M. Fenneman, 3755

Laboratory, Tucson, Arizona. Broadway, New York, N. Y. Secretary, O. L. American Anthropological Association.Fassig (absent).

Will hold joint meetings with Section H, A. Paleontological Society of America.-Will A. A. S., and American Folk-Lore Society on meet on Saturday, December 28. President, Friday and Saturday, December 27 and 28. F. H. Knowlton. Secretary, R. S. Bassler, U.

President, A. L. Kroeber. Acting Secretary, S. National Museum, Washington, D. C.

Bruce W. Merwin, University of Pennsylvania American Society of Naturalists.-Will meet

Museum, Philadelphia, Pa. Saturday morning, December 28. Annual din- American Folk-Lore Society.-Will hold ner, Saturday night. Secretary, Bradley M. joint session with American Anthropological Davis, Statistical Division, U. S. Food Ad

Association on Friday, December 27. Presiministration, Washington, D. C.

dent, C. Marius Barbeau. Secretary, Charles American Society of Zoologists.-Will meet

Peabody, Harvard University, Cambridge, on Thursday, Friday and Saturday, December

Mass. 26 to 28. Joint session with American So

American Metric Association.—Will meet on ciety of Naturalists Saturday morning, De

Friday and Saturday, December 27 to 28. cember 28. President, George Lefevre. Act- The session of Saturday will be held at the ing Secretary, W. C. Allee, Lake Forest Col

Bureau of Standards, Washington. President, lege, Lake Forest, Ill.

George F. Kunz. Secretary, Howard Richards, American Association of Economic Entomol

Jr., 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. ogists.-Will meet Thursday and Friday, De- American Society for Horticultural Science. cember 26 and 27. President, E. D. Ball. Sec- -Will meet on Friday and Saturday, Decemretary, Albert F. Burgess, Gipsy Moth Labora- ber 27 and 28. President, C. A. McCue. Sectory, Melrose Highlands, Mass.

retary, C. P. Close, College Park, Md.

Society of American Foresters.-Will meet neering): F. L. Bishop, University of Pittson Friday and Saturday, December 27 and burgh, Pittsburgh, Pa. E (Geology and Geog28. President, Filibert Roth. Secretary, E. raphy): Rollin T. Chamberlin, University of R. Hodson, U. S. Forest Service, Washington, Chicago, Chicago, Ill. F (Zoology): W. C. D. C.

Allee, Lake Forest College, Lake Forest, Ill., School Garden Association of America. in absence of Herbert V. Neal. G (Botany): Will meet on dates to be announced. Presi

Mel T. Cook, Agricultural Experiment Stadent, J. H. Francis. Acting Secretary, V. E. tion, New Brunswick, N. J. H (AnthroKilpatrick, 124 West 30th St., New York,

pology and Psychology): E. K. Strong, Jr., N. Y.

1821 Adams Mill Road, Washington, D. C. The officers for the Baltimore meeting are:

I (Social and Economic Science): Seymour President-John Merle Coulter, University

C. Loomis, 82 Church Street, New Haven, of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.

Conn. K (Physiology and Experimental Vice-Presidents-A (Mathematics and As

Medicine): A. J. Goldfarb, College of the City tronomy): George D. Birkhoff, Harvard Univer

of New York, New York, N. Y. L (Educasity, Cambridge, Mass. B (Physics): Gordon

tion): Bird T. Baldwin, Walter Reed General F. Hull, Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. H.

Hospital, Washington, D. C. M (AgriculC(Chemistry): Alexander Smith, Columbia

ture): Edwin W. Allen, U. S. Department University, New York. D (Engineering):

of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. Ira N. Hollis, Worcester Polytechnic Institute,

Treasurer-R. S. Woodward, Carnegie InstiWorcester, Mass. E (Geology E (Geology and Geog

tution of Washington, Washington, D. C. raphy): David White, U. S. Geological Sur

Assistant Secretary-F. S. Hazard, Office vey, Washington, D. C. F (Zoology): Wil

of the A. A. A. S., Smithsonian Institution, liam Patten, Dartmouth College, Hanover,

Washington, D. C.
N. H. G (Botany): A. F. Blakeslee, Cold
Spring Harbor, N. Y. H (Anthropology and

Psychology): Aleš Hrdlička, U. S. National

A JOURNEY ROUND THE ARCTIC COAST OF Museum, Washington, D. C. I (Social and,

ALASKA Economic Science): John Barrett, Pan Amer A LETTER written by Archdeacon Stuck, at ican Union, Washington, D. C. K (Physiol Fort Yukon, Alaska, in June of this year, de ogy and Experimental Medicine): Frederic scribing a journey made by him last winter S. Lee, Columbia University, New York. L round the whole Arctic coast of Alaska, is ab(Education): Stuart A. Courtis, Department stracted in the British Géographical Journal. of Educational Research, Detroit, Mich. M The journey, which naturally involved no (Agriculture): Henry P. Armsby, State Col small amount of hardship, afforded an lege, Pa.


ful and content, inhabiting such utterly naked

rivalled opportunity for gaining acquaint ance Permanent Secretary-L. 0. Howard, Smith

with the Eskimo throughout the great stretch sonian Institution, Washington, D. C.

of country traversed, as well as for a com paraGeneral Secretary-0. E. Jennings, Car

tive study of the work carried on among them negie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pa.

by the various Christian organizations busy in Secretary of the Council-(No election).

that remote region. These Eskimo, the writer Secretaries of the Sections-A (Mathe

says, are “surely of all primitive peoples the

one that has the greatest claim to the generous matics and Astronomy): Forest R. Moulton,

consideration of civilized mankind. University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. B (Phys

else shall a people be found so brave, so hards, ics): George W. Stewart, State University of

so industrious, so kindly, and withal so cheerIowa, Iowa City, Iowa. C (Chemistry): Arthur A. Blanchard, Massachusetts Institute country lashed by such constant ferocity of of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. D (Engi weather?” Everywhere he received from them



on the way to Fort Yukon by Dr. Burke, of the hospital there. Stefánsson had lain ill all the winter at Herschel Island, and would never have recovered had he not finally resolved to be hauled 400 miles to the nearest doctor.

the greatest possible help and kindness, and brought away the warmest feeling of admiration and friendship. The start was made on the west coast first made known to the world by Cook and Kotzebue, Beechey, Collinson and Bedford Pim, and here it was possible to find some habitation, usually an underground igloo, on every night but one of the journey. Storms were encountered, but there were commonly fair winds and there were no special hardships, traveling being far more rapid than is usual in the interior. At Point Barrow a halt of two weeks gave opportunity for the study of the largest Eskimo village in Alaska. In spite of the advancing season the difficulties increased with the resumption of travel, March being the month in which the severest weather is to be expected here. Throughout the 250 miles to Flaxman Island the party saw only one human being and were housed only twice. “It is," says the writer, " the barrenest, most desolate, most forsaken coast I have ever seen in my life: flat as this paper on which I write, the frozen land merging indistinguishably into the frozen sea; nothing but a stick of driftwood here and there, half buried in the indented snow, gives evidence of the shore.” The fortnight's travel along this stretch was a constant struggle against a bitter northeast wind with the thermometer 20° to 30° below zero Fahrenheit, and at night, warmed only by the “primus" oil cooking stove, the air within their little snow house was as low as from 48° to 51° below zero. The almost ceaseless wind was a torment, and the faces of all were continually frozen. There are Eskimo on the rivers away from the coast, but it was impossible to visit them. East of Point Barrow all the dog-feed had to be hauled on the sledge, and for the first time since the archdeacon had driven dogs—they occasionally went hungry when there was no driftwood to cook with. The heaviest task however came on the journey inland to Fort Yukon. Beyond the mountains the winter's snow lay unbroken, and for eight days a trail down the Collen River had to be beaten ahead of the dogs. At the confluence of the Collen with the Porcupine Stefánsson and his party were met with, es


TRIAL ART We learn from the London Times that the British Board of Trade in conjunction with the Board of Education and with the advice of representative members of the Royal Society of Arts, the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, the Art Workers' Guild, the Design and Industries Association, and various persons and organizations connected with manufacture and commerce, have framed a scheme for the establishment of a British Institute of Industrial Art, with the object of raising and maintaining the standard of design and workmanship of works and industrial art produced by British designers, craftsmen and manufacturers, and of stimulating the demand for such works as reach a high standard of excellence.

The institute will be incorporated under the joint auspices of the Board of Trade as the department dealing with industry and the Board of Education as the authority controlling the Victoria and Albert Museum, and the methods by which it is proposed to achieve its objects include: (a) A permanent exhibition in London of modern

British works selected as reaching a high standard of artistic craftsmanship and

manufacture. (b) A selling agency attached to this exhibition. (c) A purchase fund for securing for the state se

lected works of outstanding merit exhibited

at the institute. (d) The establishment of machinery for bringing

designers and art workers into closer touch

with manufacturers, distributors and others. (e) The organization of provincial and traveling

exhibition of a similar character, either directly or in cooperation with other organiza

tions. It is not at present intended that the exhibition of the institute shall be actually opened

until after the war, but all preparatory steps are being taken so as to avoid delay when peace has been restored. There is reason to hope that within a short period of years the institute may become self-supporting (except, of course, as regards the cost of purchasing for the nation selected works of outstanding merit). But it is necessary to provide for an adequate guarantee fund to ensure the stability of the scheme, at least during its initial stages, and thus to enable a high standard to be rigorously maintained without regard to immediate financial necessities. The Board of Trade confidently hope that such a guarantee fund will be forthcoming.

AGRICULTURE AND THE GOVERNMENT: In the field of agriculture we have agencies and instrumentalities, fortunately, such as no other government in the world can show. The Department of Agriculture is undoubtedly the greatest practical and scientific agricultural organization in the world. Its total annual budget of $46,000,000 has been increased during the last four years more than 72 per cent. It has a staff of 18,000, including a large number of highly trained experts, and alongside of it stand the unique land grant colleges, which are without example elsewhere, and the 69 state and federal experiment stations. These colleges and experiment stations have a total endowment of plant and equipment of $172,000,000 and an income of more than $35,000,000 with 10,271 teachers, a resident student body of 125,000, and a vast additional number receiving instructions at their homes. Country agents, joint officers of the Department of Agriculture and of the college, are everywhere cooperating with the farmers and assisting them. The number of extension workers under the Smith-Lever Act under the recent emergency legislation has grown to 5,500 men and women working regularly in the various communities and taking to the farmer the latest scientific and practical information. Alongside these great public agencies stand the very effective voluntary organizations among the farmers themselves which are more

1 From President Wilson's Message to Farmers' Conference at Urbana, Ill., January 31 ,1918.

and more learning the best methods of cooperation and the best methods of putting to practical use the assistance derived from governmental sources. The banking legislation of the last two or three years has given the farmers access to the great lendable capital of the country, and it has become the duty of both of the men in charge of the Federal Reserve Banking System and of the Farm Loan Banking System to see to it that the farmers obtain the credit, both short term and long term, to which they are entitled not only, but which it is imperatively necessary should be extended to them if the present tasks of the country are to be adequately performed. Both by direct purchase of nitrates and by the establishment of plants to produce nitrates, the government is doing its utmost to assist in the problem of fertilization. The Department of Agriculture and other agencies are actively assisting the farmers to locate, safeguard and secure at cost an adequate supply of sound seed. The Department has $2,500,000 available for this purpose now and has asked the Congress for $6,000,000 more.


UNITED STATES: MORE extensive use of the metric system in the trade and commerce of the United States is recommended in a resolution adopted by the United States section of the International High Commission, of which Secretary McAdoo is chairman.

The commission has regarded this subject as of particular importance in the United States. It is, of course, unnecessary for the United States section to recommend to the Latin-American sections of the commission anything in connection with the metric system, which is exclusively in use throughout Latin America. One of the main obstacles to documentary uniformity as between the United States and Latin America is to be found in the fact that the United States does not make the use of the metric system obligatory, and consequently its consular documents have to

1 Publication authorized by the Treasury Department.

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