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allow the use of that system merely as optical. lished by the commissioners of the Park and Any uniform system of classifying merchan the department of forest zoology of The New dise, however, will require on the part of the York State College of Forestry at Syracuse. United States thoroughgoing and complete ad The park is a large area of about 30,000 acres herence to the metric system.
under the management of joint commissioners Of more importance than statistical and ad representing the states of New York and New ministrative questions is the use of the metric Jersey. The park lies along the lower Hudsystem in trade. Now that the United States son, including most of the scenic portion of is obviously being drawn into closer and more the Palisades, on the west bank of the Hudson, vital commercial relations by the rest of the and a relatively large area (the Harriman secworld, and particularly with Latin-America, tion) south and west of West Point, in the our manufacturers and exporters will be low wooded mountains of the Hudson Highobliged to meet the demands of their pros lands. pective customers in a somewhat more accom This survey is intended to relate the wild modating frame of mind than hitherto. Only life of the park to its numerous visitors, of the English-speaking nations still have to which during the season just closed there have adopt the metric system of weights and meas been about 48,000 campers, who averaged ten ures, and among them the British Empire, or days each. Investigations of the birds have at least Great Britain, seems to be giving been made by Professor P. M. Silloway; serious consideration to the necessity of mak the plankton organisms by Dr. Gilbert M. ing a change. Those who read the Commerce Smith and the fish by Dr. Chas. C. Adams Reports of the United States Department of and Professor T. L. Hankinson, assisted by Commerce know how numerous are the op A. E. Fivaz. The first season's field work has portunities necessarily allowed to pass by be been completed and publications on the survey cause of our inability to supply goods and ma are in preparation from the standpoint of park chinery constructed in accordance with the utilization. The birds have been studied from metric system. The subject has now assumed an educational and recreational, as well as an a most practical character in the minds of ecological, point of view. The plankton for those who are planning for post-war trade ex its bearing upon the problem of drinking pansion.
water needed in the park, the fish, and the The resolution adopted by the commission bathing facilities. The fish have been studied is as follows:
from the standpoint of food, education and The United States section of the International recreation. The water storage area has been High Commission, having in view the present greatly increased by dams, creating and enefforts to bring about the exclusive use of the larging ponds and reservoirs. A system of metric system of weights and measures within the
management for these waters and the streams jurisdiction of the United States, resolves :
is to be worked out in harmony with the aims I. That in the opinion of the section the adop
of the park. tion of that system would be productive of great advantage in the commercial relations of the
Those in immediate charge of the work are United States with the other American republics.
Mr. Edward F. Brown, manager of the camp II. That the secretary of the section be directed department of the park, and Dr. Charles C. to communicate a copy of this resolution to the Adams, forest zoologist of the college. This chairman of the proper committees of the Senate
is the first comprehensive ecological survey and the House of Representatives.
systematically conducted and intended to reAN ECOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE PALISADES
late primarily the wild life forest resources of INTERSTATE PARK
a large public park to the educational, recreLAST spring a cooperative ecological survey ational, scientific and economic activities of of the Palisades Interstate Park was estab the park. Many of the problems are the same
general character as those of our national PROFESSOR G. F. Hull, of Dartmouth Colparks. It will require several years to com lege, has been commissioned a major in the plete the plans now under way. Only the Ordnance Department, and is now in Washmore urgent problems were begun this season. ington. This survey has the hearty support of Mr. Dr. William H. Ross, of the Bureau of George W. Perkins, president of the Park Soils, has been commissioned a captain in the Commissioners, and Dean F. F. Moon, of the Chemical Warfare Service, and has been asCollege of Forestry.
signed to the Edgewood Arsenal, Edgewood,
Maryland. SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND NEWS
PROFESSOR ROSWELL P. ANGIER, of Yale UniThe Société Médicale des Hôpitaux de Paris
versity, is a captain in the Sanitary Corps, elected at a recent meeting, as corresponding
National Army, at the Hazelhurst Field Medmembers: Dr. Alexander Lambert, the presi
ical Research Laboratory, Mineola, L. I. He dent-elect of the American Medical Associa
has been engaged in research work on psychotion, director of the medical service of the
logical tests for aviators and in instructing American Red Cross in France; Colonel
other psychologists to give, at other aviation James T. Case, editor of the American Journal
fields of the country, tests already devised. of Radiology and chief of the radiologic serv Mr. B. H. Rawl, chief of the Dairy Diviice of the American Army in France; Pro sion of the Bureau of Animal Industry since fessor William S. Thayer of Johns Hopkins, 1909, has been appointed assistant chief of the consultant to the American Expeditionary
bureau. Force; Professor Morton Prince of Tufts Col In the U. S. National Museum Dr. Charles lege; Dr. Simon Flexner, director of the W. Richmond has been promoted to be assoRockefeller Institute for Medical Research, ciate curator of birds. Mr. Bradshaw H. and Professor Beverley Robinson of the Uni Swales has been appointed honorary curator of versity and Bellevue Hospital, New York, a former intern of the Paris hospitals. At the Professor C. D. Child, head of the departsame time, five British physicians were also ment of physics at Colgate University, is elected, Sir Almroth Wright, Sir Bertrand spending the current college year at Cornell Dawson, Sir Thomas Barlow, Sir Dyce Duck University, engaged in special government reworth and Sir William Leishman.
LIEUTENANT GEORGE O. FERGUSON, JR., assoWe learn from the Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences that among those at
ciate professor of psychology at Colgate Uni
versity, is stationed at Camp Lee, Virginia, in the Bureau of Standards are: Dr. F. W. Mc
charge of the psychological examination of Nair, president of the Michigan School of
men in that camp. Mines, working on airplane engine problems;
Dr. Thomas P. McCuTCHEON, associate proDr. C. Nussbaum, formerly instructor in
fessor of chemistry of the University of Pennphysics at Harvard University, engaged in the
sylvania, has been assigned to overseas duty study of aeronautic instruments; Mr. E. P.
as consultant chemist in connection with the Peck, formerly superintendent of operation
Chemical Warfare Service. Dr. McCutcheon, of the Georgia Railway and Power Company, who is serving in a civilian capacity, spent the assisting in the standardization of electrical
entire summer in government service at Washapparatus, and Lieutenant Henri Cretien, of ington. the French army, who has been engaged in
D. Forest HUNGERFORD, professor of chemresearch work in military problems related to istry at the University of Arkansas, has acoptics.
cepted a position with the United States De
partment of Agriculture, with headquarters at the third, on November 5, with biology and the Athens, Ga.
medical sciences. MR. N. A. BENGTSAN has been appointed The annual Thomas Hawksley lecture of special representative of the War Trade Board the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Lonfor work in Denmark and expects to leave soon don, was delivered in the hall of the Institufor Copenhagen. During the past summer and tion of Civil Engineers on October 4, by Dr. autumn he has been commodity expert, in W. C. Unwin, who took as his subject “ The charge of cereal investigations in the Bureau Experimental Study of the Mechanical Propof Research of the War Trade Board. Next erties of Materials." autumn Dr. Bengtsan expects to resume the
The first annual Streatfield memorial lecduties of professor of geography at the Uni
ture was delivered on October 17, at the City versity of Nebraska.
and Guilds Technical College, London, by ProPROFESSOR HENRY C. COWLES, of the Univer fessor W. J. Pope, who took as his subject sity of Chicago, delivered a lecture at the “ The future of chemistry.” meeting of the Geographic Society of Chi
The late Dr. Magnan, the French psychiacago on November 8, entitled “Forests and
trist, left $5,000 to the Paris Academy of Forest Politics in Illinois,” substituting for
Medicine, to be applied to the foundation of Mr. Currelly, who is detained in Toronto by
a triennial prize for the best work on mental illness.
medicine. Ar the first scientific meeting of the Zoolog
WE learn from Nature that a memorial ical Society of London for the present session
tablet and medallion of the late Mr. F. W. Professor H. M. Lefroy read a paper, illus
Rudler, in the quadrangle of the University trated by lantern slides, on the wheat weevil in
College of Wales, Aberystwyth, in which Mr. Australia, which has done so much damage to
Rudler was one of the earliest professors, the stores of the Wheat Commission.
1876–79, was unveiled by Professor J. MorAr a meeting of the New York Section of
timer Angus, on October 18. Mr. Rudler atthe American Chemical Society on November tached great value to students' geological ex8, the program consisted of fifteen-minute ad
cursions, in regard to which he himself renddresses on the subject of an institute for co ered devoted service during his membership operative research by chemists, biologists and of the Geologists' Association. A few of his manufacturers as an aid in the development friends are, therefore, desirous of creating a of the American drug industry. Addresses
fund to be capitalized, the annual income from were made by Dr. John J. Abel, Johns Hop
which is to be devoted, on the recommendation kins University Medical School (by letter);
of the professor of geology, towards the deDr. P. A. Levene, Rockefeller Institute for
frayment, where necessary, of the expenses Medical Research; Dr. C. L. Alsberg, U. S. Bureau of Chemistry; Dr. A. S. Loevenhart,
of students during such excursions. American University Experiment Station; Dr. OVER $3,000 has been contributed to the F. R. Eldred, Eli Lilly & Co.; Dr. D. W. Ramsay Memorial Fund in the United States Jayne, The Barrett Company.
up to November 1. It is hoped that the PROFESSOR HENRI L. Joly has given a course
American subscription may reach $10,000 by of three public lectures in English on France's January 1, 1919. Checks should be made payshare in the progress of science, at University
able and sent to the Ramsay Memorial Fund College, London. The first lecture, on October Committee, W. J. Matheson, treasurer, 2 22, dealt with mathematics, astronomy and Burling Slip, New York City. physical science; the second, on October 29, PROFESSOR VOLNEY M. SPALDING, formerly with chemistry and the natural sciences, and professor of botany in the University of Mich
igan, died at Loma Linda, California, on No- The meeting of the Connecticut Section of vember 12, at the age of sixty-nine years. the American Society of Mechanical Engi
MR. Douglas C. MABBOTT, biologist of the neers was held at Yale University on NovemBiological Survey, U. S. Department of Agri
ber 20. At the afternoon session in the Mason culture, has been killed in action in France, Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, Mr. J. at the age of twenty-five years. He was the Arnold Norcross presided and addresses were author of papers on American wild ducks and made by Mr. C. C. Sibley, plant engineer of their food habits.
the Marlin-Rockwell Corporation, on its new WINTHROP D. FOSTER, of the zoological di
Dixwell Avenue Power Plant, and by Mr. C.
E. Libbey, construction engineer, with Hollis vision, U. S. Bureau of Animal Industry,
French & Allen Hubbard, Boston, Mass., on died of pneumonia, on October 6, at Washing
the new University Central Heating Plant on ton, aged thirty-eight years.
Ashmun Street. At the evening session at CLARENCE SIDNEY VERRILL was lost on the
7.30 in Lampson Lyceum there was a joint Princess Sophia, which was wrecked on Oc
meeting with the United States Naval Unit. tober 26, on the coast of British Columbia,
Professor Breckenridge presided and an illuswith the loss of all on board. He was a min
trated address was given by Mr. W. H. Blood, ing engineer and was returning from the of the American International Shipbuilding examination of a gold mine. He was the Corporation, Philadelphia, Pa., on youngest son of Addison Emery Verrill, pro- Building of the Hog Island Shipyard." fessor emeritus of zoology at Yale University.
The Madrid correspondent of the Journal The annual meeting of the American Asso
of the American Medical Association writes ciation of Anatomists which is usually held
that Dr. Gomez Casas, physician of the Alduring the Christmas vacation, has been post- meira prison, reported to his superiors the poned until the spring, and will be held pos
presence of influenza among the inmates of sibly during the Easter recess.
the prison early in the first epidemic. The The council of the American Psychological governor of Almeira was not pleased at having Association has voted to abandon the annual
his province invaded by the disease, and he meeting scheduled for December, 1918. This
summoned Dr. Casas and ordered him to sign action seemed advisable in view of the pros
a written report to the effect that he had been pect of a very small attendance and many diffi- mistaken in his diagnosis, and retract his culties in the arrangements for the meeting. statements as to the existence of influenza in
PROFESSOR John W. HARSHBERGER has been the prison. The Colegio Medico publicly anelected president of the University of Penn- nounced that it would stand by Dr. Casas and sylvania chapter of the Sigma Xi. The pro- subscribe the amount to pay the fine which a gram for the session of 1918–19 is as follows:
governor ignorant of his duties had imposed November 20, The Engineering Departments, on him. At the same time an official protest University of Pennsylvania, speaker-Professor was filed with the central public health authorRobert H. Fernald. “Is Our Fuel Supply nearing ities. Exhaustion ! January 22, The John Harrison Laboratory of
The Ordnance Department of the Army, Chemistry. Speakers—Provost Smith and Pro- particularly in the production and Inspection fessor Walter H. Taggart.
Divisions, is in need of men with training in March 12, The Psychological Department, Col. the manufacture of explosives and the related lege Hall. Speaker-Professor Lightner Witmer.
raw materials. The manufacture of explosires May 1, Joint Meeting of Phi Beta Kappa and
is developing out of proportion to the number Sigma Xi. June 11, Gardens of the Zoological Society of
of men in the country who have had training Philadelphia. Speaker-Dr. Charles B. Penrose, and experience in that work. To meet this president of the Zoological Society.
condition the War Department Committee on
Education and special training is establishing shire College to succeed Professor V. A. Suyin the department of chemical engineering at dam, resigned. He is a graduate of Syracuse Columbia University in the City of New York University in the class of 1905 and took his an Ordnance Department School of Explosives doctor's degree at Cornell in 1915. While at Manufacture. The object of this school is Cornell he was instructor in physics and reto give men with proper preliminary qualifi
search assistant to Professors E. L. Nichols cations the training necessary to fit them for
and Ernest Merritt. use by the Ordnance Department as missioned officers in the supervision of factory DISCUSSION AND CORRESPONDENCE operation and inspection of the finished prod
FOOD OF AQUATIC HEMIPTERA ucts in plants manufacturing explosives and The reading of an interesting article in this raw materials for explosives. The school will JOURNAL by Hungerford, that discussed the be only for enlisted men in the military serv- food supply of certain aquatic bugs, caused me ice who are detailed for instruction in the to look up some of my own notes on the food of school by the Ordnance Department.
water-striders and other aquatic Hemiptera.
These notes were recorded mainly from obserUNIVERSITY AND EDUCATIONAL
vations made near Urbana, Ill., during the NEWS
years 1911–13 inclusive.
Hungerford? states: “In the literature dealThe will of the late Dr. John C. McCle
ing with aquatic Hemiptera, we are informed nathan, Connellsville, the value of whose es
that without exception they are predatory: tate is approximately $160,000, leaves the bulk,
those which dwell upon the surface capturing after the death of his widow, to Washington
such flies and other terrestrial insects as may and Jefferson Colleges to erect a building to
chance to fall into the water, and those that pass be known as the McClenathan Hall of Science.
their lives beneath the surface preying upon The Loyola University School of Medicine aquatic insects and similar organisms.” My has recently been reorganized. The buildings own conclusions, regarding the food of water and equipment of the Chicago College of bugs, formed from reading the literature on Medicine and Surgery were purchased in Sep- aquatic Hemiptera, if expressed briefly, would tember, 1917, making an important addition to be very similar to those just quoted, with some the resources of the school. In the depart- exceptions. ment of anatomy Dr. R. M. Strong, professor At the present, I recall three writers who of anatomy at Vanderbilt University Medical mention that aquatic bugs use other food beSchool has been appointed professor and head. sides insects. Mialls makes the following Dr. Thesle T. Job has been made assistant statement: “To this suborder [Heteroptera) professor of anatomy.
belong a number of very common aquatic inAr Cornell University Mrs. Dorothy Russell
sects. They are all predatory, feeding upon Naylor, '13, has been appointed instructor in
small insects or crustaceans." This writer mathematics in place of Percy A. Fraleigh, points out that, “ Nepa feeds mostly on small '17, who has received leave of absence for Na- insects, Ranatra, upon the water-flea (Daphtional service. Frances G. Wick, '05, has been nia) and other aquatic animals.” The followappointed acting assistant professor of physics ing is another quotation from Miall: 8 The infor the current year.
1“Notes Concerning the Food Supply of Some Dr. S. D. ZELDIN, of the College of Hawaii, Water Bugs," SCIENCE, N. S., Vol. XLV., pp. 336– has been appointed professor of mathematics
337, 1917. in Olivet College.
2 Ibid., p. 336.
8" The Natural History of Aquatic Insects,' DR. HORACE LEONARD HOWES has been ap- London, 1903, p. 346. pointed professor of physics at the New Hamp- 4 Ibid., p. 354.