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tured mind could have conceived and carried on as Astronomical and Astrophysical Society of you have done the symmetrical and rapid progress America, the Royal Astronomical Society of which has characterized the institution. That in
Great Britain, the Société Astronomique de addition to this great work you have been able also
France, the Society of Astronomy in Mexico, to render highly distinguished services to various international enterprises in the form of world ex
the Academy of Modena in Italy, the Deutsche positions, is another indication of the wide range
Meteorologische Gesellschaft in Germany, and of your powers.
other organizations. The results of his work Your broad qualities of mind have been accom- have been published largely in the Annals of panied by a warmth of heart which has bound us the Astrophysical Observatory. He is also the to you in especial affection. Our felicitations on author of a work entitled “The Sun," pubthis occasion spring therefore from sentiments of lished in 1911, and has contributed many scideep personal regard. You have been to each of us
entific papers to special astronomical and a wise counselor and faithful friend, no less than
astrophysical journals. trusted leader and able administrator. It is our hope that you may be spared to direct
THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN the activities of this institution for many years and
ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION to enrich with your friendship and counsel the lives
THE thirty-sixth annual meeting of the of each of us and of all others who shall be privileged to come within the circle of your compan
American Ornithologists' Union was held in ionship.
New York City, November 11, 1918. Owing
to the epidemic of influenza the public meetTHE WORK OF DR. C. G. ABBOT
ings for the presentation of papers were DR. CHARLES GREELEY ABBOT has been ap
omitted and the sessions were limited to busipointed assistant secretary of the Smithsonian ness meetings of the council and fellows and Institution. Dr. Abbot was born in Wilton,
members. The election of officers resulted in New Hampshire, May 31, 1872. He was grad- the choice of the following officers for the uated from the Massachusetts Institute of ensuing year: President, John H. Sage, PortTechnology, class of 1895, with the degree of land, Conn.; Vice-presidents, Dr. Witmer Stone, Master of Science, and in 1914 he was awarded Philadelphia, and Dr. George Bird Grinnell, the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science by New York; Secretary, Dr. T. S. Palmer, 1939 the University of Melbourne.
Biltmore St., Washington, D. C.; and TreasDr. Abbot was appointed assistant to Sec- urer, Dr. Jonathan Dwight, New York. Five retary Langley in the Smithsonian Astro- additions were made to the list of honorary physical Observatory in 1895, and has been
fellows and 14 foreign ornithologists were enengaged continuously in original researches rolled as corresponding fellows. The honorary on solar radiation in cooperation with Dr.
fellows elected were: Dr. Roberto Dabbene, Langley up to 1906, when he assumed entire of Buenos Aires; Dr. Alwyn K. Haagner, of charge of that work as director. His studies Pretoria, Transvaal; Dr. Einar Lönnberg, of covered the fundamental problems in con
Stockholm, Sweeden; Dr. Auguste Ménégaux, nection with the amount and variability of
of Paris, and Dr. Peter Suschkin, of Kharkov, solar radiation, its absorption in the solar
Russia. Five new members, Dr. Harold C. and terrestrial gaseous envelopes, and the
Bryant, George K. Cherrie, Lieutenant Ludlow effects of its variability on climate.
Griscom, Lieutenant J. L. Peters and R. W. In recognition of the character of his work, Williams, and 147 associates were added to Dr. Abbot has received the Draper gold medal
the rolls. from the National Academy of Sciences, the Although the union has had seventy-five of Rumford gold medal from the American its younger and more active members in miliAcademy of Arts and Sciences, and member- tary and naval service, it has survived the war ship in the National Academy of Sciences, the without suffering any decrease in its memberAmerican Academy of Arts and Sciences, the ship, its income, or in the size of its journal. It has not found it necessary to increase its for men gassed at the front.
This new dues and the past year has proved one of the method was adopted. most prosperous in its history.
DR. A. O. LEUSCHNER, of the University of The next meeting in 1919 will be held in California, will relinquish the duties of dean New York City.
of the graduate division at the university at
the end of the academic year, and has received SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND NEWS
a commission as major, Chemical Warfare This number of SCIENCE completes twenty
Service, with headquarters at Washington, and four years of weekly publication under the
has been detailed to the National Research
Council since the armistice. Captain W. H. present editorial management. The New Era
Wright, astronomer in the Lick Observatory, Printing Company have been the printers of
is connected with the Range Firing Section, the journal during this period, and it is be
Ordnance Corps, Aberdeen Proving Ground. coming to put on record its obligation to them
Dr. H. D. Curtis, astronomer in the Lick Obfor efficient and distinguished work.
servatory, is engaged in war work at the BuThe American Association for the Advance
reau of Standards. Dr. Russell Tracy Crawment of Science and the national scientific
ford, assistant professor of astronomy in the societies affiliated with it are meeting this University of California, is major in the Sigweek at Baltimore, the opening session being nal Corps, U. S. Army, at the Air Balloon held on the day the present issue of SCIENCE School, Ft. Omaha. Dr. Dinsmore E. Alter, is mailed. We hope to print next week the instructor in astronomy, University of Caliaddress of the retiring president, Professor fornia, recently appointed assistant professor Theodore W. Richards, to be followed by the of astronomy and physics, University of Kanaddresses of the vice-presidents and other ad- sas, is major in the Coast Artillery Corps, dresses and papers presented at the meeting. U. S. Army, in charge of the Enlisted SpecialDR. A. SMITH WOODWARD, keeper of the
ists School, Ft. Scott, California. Wallace Geological Department of the British Museum
Campbell, fellow in astronomy at the Univer(Natural History), has been awarded the
sity of California, lieutenant in the engineer Cuvier prize by the French Academy of
Corps, U. S. Army, is in France with the ExSciences.
DR. HUGH P. BAKER, who for nearly two SIR HERBERT JACKSON has been appointed
years has been serving as a captain in the U.S. director of the British Scientific Instrument
Army, has been released from service and has Research Association. He has resigned from
returned to resume his duties as dean of the the Daniell professorship of chemistry, King's New York State College of Forestry at SyraCollege, London.
cuse University. On account of an injury and LIEUTENANT COLONEL RAFFAELE BASTIANELLI,
because of his special training, Captain Baker professor of surgery in the University of
had far the last few months been assigned to Rome, has been elected an Honorary Fellow
special investigative work for the Intelligence of the New York Academy of Medicine.
Bureau of the General Staff at Washington,
D. C. Professor F. F. Moon, of the New York PROFESSOR G. F. NOVARO retires this year
State College of Forestry at Syracuse Univerfrom the chair of clinical surgery at the Uni
sity, who has been dean of the college during versity of Genoa, having reached the age of the absence of Dean Hugh P. Baker, has on seventy-five. He is a senator of the realm.
the return of the latter to his work, been LIEUTENANT COLONEL FRANK P. UNDERHILL, granted a year's leave of absence to begin imcommanding officer of the Yale Chemical mediately. Warfare Unit, has recently returned from At the school of mines of the University of France, where he went to introduce a Missouri Carroll R. Forbes, major of engineers, will return to his work as professor of magnifications, for application to anti-aircraft mining on January 3; Charles Yancy Clayton,
guns. who has been working in the Bureau of Mines
Miss ELIZABETH S. WEIRICK, for the past at Pittsburgh, Pa., on metallographic work for
eight years instructor in chemistry at Pratt the Ordnance Department, will resume his
Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y., has resigned her duties as assistant professor of metallurgy;
position there to take up the work of textile Captains E. S. McCandliss, F. E. Dennie and
chemist in the chemical laboratories of Sears Lieutenant R. S. Lillard, of the mines faculty,
Roebuck and Company, Chicago. are with the U. S. Engineers Army of Occupation in Germany, and Captain F. H. Frame,
MR. JOHN E. Schott, formerly an industrial assistant professor of physics, is with the Ord
fellow at Mellon Institute, has accepted a nance Department in France.
position with the Experimental Division of
the Hercules Powder Co., Kenvil, N. J. DR. LAFAYETTE B. MENDEL, professor of physiological chemistry at Yale, is attending
DR. H. N. WHITFORD has recently returned the meetings of the Inter-Allied Food Com
from a six month's trip in the southern part mission in Europe.
of Brazil, made in behalf of the Yale Forestry
School. While there he was engaged in propaDR. H. N. HOLMES, of the chemistry depart
ganda work in forest conservation and investiment at Oberlin College, has been released
gative studies. He had occasion to visit one from part work in order to carry out research
of the largest hard wood sections in the states for the National Research Council, having
of Espirito Santo and Minas Geraes. He also been appointed a member of a National Com
spent some time in the Araucaria forests of mittee of four on colloids.
southern Brazil. This latter is the largest CAPTAIN W. A. FELSING, Ph.D., has been
coniferous forest in the southern hemisphere. appointed adjunct professor of chemistry at
DR. J. J. GALLOWAY, of the department of the University of Texas. He has been sta- geology of Columbia University, spent the past tioned for some time past at the government summer in the Mexican states of Yucatan, arsenal at Edgewood, Md.
Campeche and Quintana Roo, studying the CAPTAIN PAUL J. HANZLIK, Medical Corps, geology and petroleum resources of the peninU. S. A., chief of the Dermatological Unit,
sula. Chemical Warfare Service, Camp Leach, DR. L. H. BAILEY is working at the Gray American University, has returned to his posi- Herbarium of Harvard University completing tion of assistant professor of pharmacology, the determinations of the collection of plants School of Medicine, Western Reserve Uni- he made in China in the spring of 1917. versity.
MR. C. T. R. Wilson has been elected presiRAYMOND L. BARNEY, scientific assistant at dent of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. the Homer station of the U. S. Bureau of The vice-presidents are Dr. Doncaster, Mr. W. Fisheries, has been promoted to be superin- H. Mills and Professor Marr. tendent and director of the Beaufort, N. C., Ar the annual meeting of the Royal Society biological station, to succeed S. F. Hilde
of Edinburgh Dr. J. Horne was elected presibrand, who was promoted last July to be dent. Vice-presidents were elected as follows: superintendent of the Key West (Fla.) bio
Professor D'Arcy Thompson, Professor J. logical station.
Walker, Professor G. A. Gibson, Dr. R. KidAt its last meeting the Rumford Committee
ston, Professor D. Noël Paton and Professor of the American Academy of Arts and Sci
A. Robinson. ences voted an appropriation of $250 to Dr. THE Swiney lectures on geology of the Louis T. E. Thompson, of Clark University, Royal Society of Arts in connection with the for the development of a gun-sight with two British Museum (Natural History), are given
during December and January by Dr. Thomas J. Jehu. The subject of the course, which consists of twelve lectures, is “ Man and his ancestry."
PROFESSOR J. Paul Goode, of the University of Chicago, gave an address entitled “The Prussian dream of world conquest” at the annual convention of the National Association of Investment Bankers, at Hotel Traymore, Atlantic City, December 9.
A MEMORIAL service for Samuel Wendell Williston, formerly professor of paleontology in the University of Chicago, was held at the university on December 8. The speakers were Professor E. C. Case, of the University of Michigan, and Professor Stuart Weller, of the department of geology and paleontology, and Professor Frank R. Lillie, chairman of the department of zoology.
B. 0. SEVERSON, associate professor of animal breeding in the Kansas State Agricultural College, died of influenza on December 4.
CAPTAIN ADELBERT P. Mills, assistant professor of materials in the college of civil engineering, Cornell University, died at a hospital in France, on October 20, of cerebro-spinal meningitis, aged thirty-five years.
Louis C. STERN, a civil engineer, died on November 30, of pneumonia, following epidemic influenza, in Boulder, Col. Mr. Stern was connected for some years with the Bureau of Surveys of Philadelphia and with the Pennsylvania State Department of Health, in the supervision of water supplies and sewage disposal throughout the state. At the time of his death he was instructor in sanitary engineering at the University of Colorado.
Mr. ROBERT JOHN Pocock, director of the Nizamiah Observatory, Hyderabad, died on October 9, aged twenty-nine years.
Nature states that the success of the British Scientific Products Exhibition, held at King's College, London, during the past summer, has led the British Science Guild to decide to organize another exhibition next year. The main object of the new exhibition will be to
stimulate national enterprise by a display of the year's progress in British science, invention and industry,
CONTESTS for the production of wheat of pure quality have been announced by the Italian Minister of Agriculture. All entrants must cultivate land in the Roman Campagna, and the kind of wheat to be grown must be selected from those announced by the Ministry which grew most favorably in that district. Contestants, to be eligible to the prizes must raise at least 20,000 pounds of wheat, of which at least half must be good for seed.
The prizes offered are $400, $300, $240, $200, $160 and $100.
ACCORDING to a press report an institute for scientific-technical research for problems connected with iron and steel manufacture is being established by the Ernesto Breda Company, of Milan. This is one of the first instances in Italy of the linking together of a scientific institute with an industrial concern. At the Breda plant in Milan new scientific theories and methods formulated in the institute for research will be tried out in the plants. The institute will offer to young men desirous of learning the iron and steel industry an opportunity of learning not only the science of metallurgy, but also its practical application. The establishment of the institute at the Ernesto Breda plant in Milan came in response to an appeal for the establishment of such institutes issued by the Scientific-Technical National Committee for Italy.
At the annual meeting of the Rhode Island Medical Society, the trustees of the Fiske Fund proposed the following subject for the prize essay for 1919: “ Recent Classification and Treatment of Pneumonia.” The prize for the best essay is $200. Each competitor must forward to the secretary of the trustees, on or before May 1 of the year of the competition, a copy of his dissertation. The trustees are Drs. Gardner T. Swarts, John M. Peters and Jesse E. Mowry, all of Providence. Dr. Peters is secretary.
A DINNER to celebrate the quartercentenary Competitors will not be required to report for of the granting of its charter to the Royal examination, but must submit applications and College of Physicians of London by King other material on or before January 7, 1919. Henry VIII was, as we learn from the British
The Bureau of Standards has published a Medical Journal, held in France on September
“Metric Manual for Soldiers,” the aim of 23, and was attended by almost all of the
which is to give to the American soldiers the Fellows of the College now serving in that
grasp of the metric system which will enable country, to the number of something less than
them to think and work in metric units. As The toast to the College was pro recommended no tables of equivalents need be posed by the chairman, Major-General Sir memorized. Brief tables and a vocabulary are Wilmot Herringham, O.B., A.M.S., and a con given for reference. The units are described gratulatory address to the College was signed by actual examples likely to be encountered in by those present.
military work. The American Public Health Association The comet discovered by Professor Schorr, held its postponed annual meeting in Chicago, of Hamburg Observatory, on November 23, was December 9 to 12. The program was designed observed on November 30 from the Naval Obto bring out all available information con servatory at Washington, and the Yerkes Obcerning the management of epidemic influenza, servatory in Wisconsin, according to telethough other aspects of public health were not grams received at the Harvard Observatory. neglected. Among the papers on the program The comet is very faint, being of the fourteenth were: “Etiology of Influenza," by Major Wil- magnitude, and is visible only in large teleliam H. Welch; “Mobilization of Medical and
scopes. It is in the constellation Taurus, not Nursing Forces," by Assistant Surgeon-Gen
far from the bright star Aldebaran. eral J. W. Schereschewsky; "Influenza and
ANNOUNCEMENTS have been made in the Pneumonia Vaccines," by Dr. E. C. Rosenow;
Journal of the American Medical Association “The Use of Sera in Influenza,” by Drs. Mc
of a Spanish edition, the initial number of Guire and Redden; “The Face Mask," by Colonel Charles Lynch and Dr. George
which will appear early in January. For the
time being it will be issued semi-monthly. It Weaver; “ Organization of State and Federal
is proposed to include in it practically all the Forces in Epidemics," by Assistant Surgeon
scientific matter that appears in the Journal. General A. W. McLaughlin and Dr. E. R.
Original articles and editorials that are of local Kelley; "History and Statistics of the Epi
or ephemeral interest will not be included. demic,” by Assistant Surgeon-General B. S. Warren.
UNIVERSITY AND EDUCATIONAL THE U. S. Civil Service Commission an
NEWS nounces an open competitive examination for specialist in animal husbandry and dairying
The sum of £20,000 has been given to the at an entrance salary ranging from $1,800 to
George Watson's College, Edinburgh, by Mr. $2,500 per year. This examination is scheduled
James Glass, of London, in aid of the estabto fill a vacancy on the editorial staff of The lishment of a school of chemistry at that insti
tution. Experiment Station Record, States Relations Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture, and The faculty of medicine of Western Unithe duties of the appointee will consist mainly versity, London, Ont., is planning the erection of the preparation of technical abstracts of
of a new medical college building at an estithe current scientific literature in animal hus
mated cost of $100,000. bandry (including animal breeding and feed
A RESEARCH fellowship of the annual value ing) and dairying (including dairy farming). of £150 has been founded at Guy's Hospital in