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of chemical research for new gases and pro- igible to the Volunteer Medical Service Corps tection against known gases which has been are all those who would be eligible to the carried on by the Bureau of Mines. All test- Medical Reserve Corps were it not for being ing and experiment stations will be under the over the age of 55, physical disability, comdirection of the Chemical Warfare Service. munity or institutional need, or dependents.

The responsibility of providing chemists Women doctors are eligible to the Volunteer for all branches of the government and assist- Medical Service Corps. ing in the procurement of chemists for in- The states included in the various groups dustries essential to the success of the war and are as follows: government has been intrusted to the Chemical Group No. 1.-Maine, New Hampshire, Warfare Service.

Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, ConAll chemists now in the Army will be re- necticut. moved from their units and placed under the Group No. 2.-New York, Pennsylvania, authority of the Chemical Warfare Service. New Jersey, Delaware, District of Columbia, Newly drafted chemists will be assigned to the Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia. Chemical Warfare Service.

Group No. 3.-Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, Authority to assign enlisted men or com- Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin. missioned chemists to establishments manu- Group No. 4.-Louisiana, Tennessee, North facturing for the government has been granted Carolina, Georgia, South Carolina, Florida, to the new section.

Alabama, Mississippi.

Group No. 5.-Iowa, Minnesota, North DaTHE ORGANIZATION OF PHYSICIANS FOR kota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Montana, WyWAR SERVICE

oming. The Council of National Defense authorizes

Group No. 6.— Missouri, Arkansas, Kansas, the following:

Oklahoma, Texas, Colorado. As the first step in a nation-wide campaign

Group No. 7.-Washington, Oregon, Idaho. to enroll every doctor in the United States in

Group No. 8.-Utah, Nevada, California, the Medical Reserve Corps of the Army, the

Arizona, New Mexico. Naval Reserve Force, or the Volunteer Med

By authority of Surgeon-General Gorgas, of ical Service Corps members of the committees

the Army; Surgeon-General Braisted, of the of the Medical Section, Council of National

Navy; and Surgeon-General Blue, of the Defense, for the states of New York, Pennsyl

United States Public Health Service; Dr. vania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Vir

Franklin Martin, chairman of the general ginia, West Virginia and the District of Co

medical board of the Council of National Delumbia met at the Hotel Washington in Wash

fense, has appointed the following committee ington. At this meeting the state representa- on classification of the medical profession of tives discussed with the representatives of the the United States for military and civil purCouncil of National Defense details of the

poses. Colonel R. B. Miller, Marine Corps, plan to be followed and received instructions. United States Army; Colonel V. C. Vaughan,

This meeting is the first of a series, the Marine Corps, National Army; LieutenantUnited States having been divided into eight Colonel H. D. Arnold, Marine Corps National groups. The work will be subdivided among Army; Surgeon R. C. Ramsdell, United States the state and county representatives of the Navy; Surgeon J. R. Phelps, United States Medical Section, Council of National Defense, Navy; Dr. Joseph Schoreschowsky, United in each state, and every doctor in the country States Public Health Service; Dr. Otto P. who has so far not done so will be asked to Geier, Dr. John D. McLean and Dr. C. E. apply for membership in the Medical Reserve Sawyer. Ex officio: Surgeon-General W. C. Corps of the Army, Naval Reserve Force, or Gorgas, United States Army; Surgeon-Genthe Volunteer Medical Service Corps. El- eral W. C. Braisted, United States Navy;

Surgeon-General Rupert Blue, United States In case I erect or provide during my lifePublic Health Service; Lieutenant-Colonel F. time for the erection of such a memorial ediF. Simpson and Dr. Franklin Martin.

fice as is described in the first part of this This committee is authorized to meet at article XXVIII., my trustees shall not be reregular intervals and to cooperate with the quired to erect an additional memorial buildcommittee on states activities, the state and ing, though they shall have complete power to county committees, and other agencies and so- apply my said residuary estate for the benefit cieties engaged in advisory or executive func- of the said university to the erection of other tions dealing with classifications and enroll- edifices of a memorial character or to the other ment for military, industrial and home needs.

purposes specified in subdivision I. All build

ings erected as aforesaid shall be made fireTHE STERLING BEQUEST TO YALE UNI

proof and shall be constructed in the most VERSITY

substantial manner. The residuary estate of John W. Sterling, which it is said will amount to $15,000,000, has

Mr. Sterling was graduated from Yale in

1864. His bequest is the largest ever made to been left by the terms of his will to Yale Uni

an American university, and the amount has versity. Mr. Sterling, who was of the law firm of Shearman & Sterling, died on July 5

only been exceeded by the gifts of Mr. Rockewhile staying in Canada at the fishing lodge

feller to the University of Chicago and of Mr. of Lord Mount Stephen. Of the remaining

and Mrs. Stanford to Stanford University. $5,000,000, $1,000,000 goes to the Miriam A.

MEMORIAL TO JOSIAH ROYCE Osborn Memorial Home at Rye, N. Y., and $4,000,000 to relatives, friends, employees and

SOME of the personal friends and colleagues charities. The clause which gives the residue

of Josiah Royce, who believe that his work and of the estate to Yale University is this:

his character made a deep impression upon a All the rest, residue and remainder of my wide circle of men and women, and that he beestate not hereinbefore effectually disposed of, came in fact the center of a large spiritual I direct my said trustees to dispose of in the community, many of whose members were unmanner following:

known to him, as he was unknown personally To apply the same, as soon after my decease to them, feel that the reverence and affection as may be practicable, to the use and for the which went out to him as a thinker and as a benefit of Yale University, in the erection in man should be embodied

some appropriate New Haven, Conn., upon land selected at its memorial of him at Harvard University, where expense by it with the approval of my said

he expressed himself in characteristic speech trustees, of at least one enduring, useful and

and writing for thirty years. architecturally beautiful edifice, which will

It is proposed, with this end in view, to creconstitute a fitting memorial of my gratitude

ate a fund of $20,000, to be known as the to and affection for my alma mater. The said

Josiah Royce Memorial Fund, the income of trustees shall have entire liberty and discre

which shall go to Mrs. Royce during her lifetion to apply any portion of the said property

time, and thereafter to the department of or its proceeds to the erection of a single building, and they shall apply the balance of philosophy of Harvard College, to be used in said property, if any, to the erection and equip

such ways as the department shall decide from ment of other fine and enduring buildings for

year to year. the use of students in the academical or gradu

There are evident reasons why this appeal ate departments, and, to some extent, to the

should not be delayed until the return of norfoundation of scholarships, fellowships or lec- mal conditions, natural as such postponement tureships, the endowment of new professor- might on some accounts appear to be. And ships, and the establishment of special funds further, the due honoring of our moral heroes, for prizes.

though a privilege under all circumstances is

especially a privilege and a duty in heroic Chicago, who is now in the Sanitary Corps of times.

the National Army attached to the Food DiThose who desire to subscribe may send vision of the Surgeon General's Office, is at their checks to Charles Francis Adams, Esq., present on duty in England, making a study treasurer of Harvard College, 50 State Street, of food conditions in the rest camps of the Boston. CHARLES W. ELIOT,

United States Army.
CHARLES P. BOWDITCH,

M. K. AKERS, professor of applied electricpresident, American Acad

ity, at the State College of Washington, has emy Arts and Sciences,

been granted leave of absence for the duration John GRIER HIBBEN,

of the war.

He is now conducting research president, Princeton Uni

work in the development department of the versity,

Western Electric Company of New York. R. F. ALFRED HOERNLE,

Harry L. Cole, instructor in chemistry at the chairman, Department of

State College of Washington, has been recomPhilosophy and Psychol

mended for leave of absence during the period ogy, Harvard University,

of the war, and is now training in the aviaLAWRENCE J. HENDERSON,

tion camp at Berkeley, California.
secretary, The Royce Club,
JAMES J. PUTNAM, M.D.

The Royal Society of Arts has awarded the
E. E. SOUTHARD, M.D.

Albert Medal for 1918 to Sir Richard Tetley WILLIAM ERNEST HOCKING

Glazebrook, C.B., Sc.D., F.R.S., “ for his services in the application of science to the indus

tries of peace and war, by his work as director SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND NEWS

of the National Physical Laboratory since PROFESSOR A. A. MICHELSON, head of the 1899, and as chairman of the Advisory Comdepartment of physics, University of Chicago, mittee for Aeronautics." The society's Albert has been commissioned as lieutenant-com medal, founded in 1863 to commemorate the mander in the navy.

presidency of Prince Albert, has been awarded Dr. Richard C. MacLaurin, president of annually “for distinguished merit in proMassachusetts Institute of Technology, has ac

moting arts, manufactures and commerce." cepted the appointment of director of college OXFORD UNIVERSITY has conferred the detraining, in charge of the Students' Army gree of master of arts honoris causa on John Training Corps under the War Department's Louis Emil Dreyer, Copenhagen, late director Committee on Education and Special Train of the Armagh Observatory. ing aiming to mobilize the higher institutions

The Birmingham medal of the British Inof learning.

stitution of Gas Engineers, has been presented PROFESSOR Julius STIEGLITZ, chairman of to Mr. John West, of Southport. Mr. West, the department of chemistry at the University

who is eighty years of age, has been awarded of Chicago, has been appointed as special ex

the medal in connection with his work for the pert in the United States Public Health Serv

gas industry and Ministry of Munitions. ice of the Treasury Department. This will not involve his work at the university. The gov

The David Livingstone Centenary medal of ernment assigns him two assistants, who will

the American Geographical Society has been be in the employ of the Public Health Service

awarded to Colonel Candido Mariano da Silva and will carry out their work in Kent Chem Rondon in recognition of his valuable work of ical Laboratory under Professor Stieglitz's di- exploration in South America. rection.

MR. HERBERT SAMUEL, M.P., has been elected MAJOR ANTON J. Carlson, chairman of the president of the Royal Statistical Society of department of physiology at the University of Great Britain.

PROFESSOR WILLIAM NORTH RICE, for the ogy which will stand as the monument of his

efforts. past fifty years professor of geology at Wesleyan University, is retiring from active work. Be it resolved that this appreciation of affection

from his colleagues and associates be entered upon Dr. S. J. BARNETT has resigned his post as

the minutes of this faculty meeting and the ex. professor of physics at the Ohio State Uni

pression of their deep sorrow at his loss be extended versity in order to accept the position of phys to the members of his family. icist-in-charge of experimental work at the

DR. RICHARD RATHBUN, since 1897 assistant department of terrestrial magnetism of the

secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, and Carnegie Institution of Washington. He en

since 1899, in charge of the National Museum, tered upon his new work at Washington, on died on July 16, aged sixty-six years. July 15.

PROFESSOR Pozzi, a distinguished gynecoloThe series of War Lectures given in July gist and surgeon, on June 13, at the age of at the University of Chicago include the fol

seventy-two years, was murdered in his conlowing: James Rowland Angell, head of the

sulting room by a lunatic patient, who theredepartment of psychology, spoke on July 2, on

upon committed suicide. "Psychology in the Service of the Army."

A CABLEGRAM was received on July 16 at the On the same date J. Laurence Laughlin, pro

Harvard College Observatory from Professor fessor emeritus of political economy, discussed

B. Baillaud, director of the Paris Observatory, “ Economic War Lessons for the United

stating that Wolf's periodic comet was obStates.” On July 3 Professor Julius Stieglitz,

served by Jonckheere, at Greenwich, in the chairman of the department of chemistry, dis

following position: cussed “ Chemistry as a Factor in Modern Warfare." On July 5 Dean Rollin D. Salis

July 9.508 G.M.T.

R.A. 206 35m 13' bury, of the Ogden Graduate School of Sci

Dec. + 24° ence, presented “The Contributions of Geol

It was first reported by the Yerkes Observaogy to the War.” On July 9 “Infectious Dis

tory in California after an absence of seven eases and the War” was discussed by Edwin

years. Oakes Jordan, chairman of the Department of hygiene and bacteriology.

The daily papers state that Professor Vin

cent read recently before the Paris Academy The faculty of the school of medicine of the

of Sciences a paper in which he described the University of Pittsburgh, have passed the fol

preparation of a new serum which it is stated lowing resolution in appreciation of Dr. R. E.

has proved effective even in desperate cases of Sheldon, who died on July 9:

gas gangrene. Through the sudden death of Dr. Ralph Edward

A SPECIAL emergency act to give the governSheldon, professor of anatomy, the school of medicine of the University of Pittsburgh has lost one

ment control over all platinum in the United of its efficient teachers, an indefatigable worker,

States was recommended by members of the and a man of resolution who has reaped abundant Ways and Means Committee of the House of

Dr. Sheldon's death has closed an active Representatives on July 1, after hearing furcareer, which was ascending to its acme in the ther evidence of the short supply of the metal. mid-period of life. His work in the special field

Chairman Kitchin told the committee he beof neurology was gaining for him an eminent place

lieved the measure should be enacted immewith the leaders in this branch of research; his

diately instead of waiting for the enactment enthusiasm in building up his department was un

of the revenue bill, which may impose a heavy bounded and his wide interest in the sphere of higher education was ever active. His colleagues

tax on all platinum users. Members of the deeply appreciated him in his work and as a loyal

committee agreed the situation was serious and trusted friend, and closely followed the

enough to warrant prompt action to provide a growth of his successors. The medical faculty look sufficient supply of the metal for war manuforward to the publication of his book on neurol facture.

success.

SIR BERNARD MALLET, the Registrar-General frequently by the Civil Service Commission at of Great Britain, delivered a lecture recently many points in the United States. One is anat the Royal Institute of Public Health on nounced for August 21 and 22, 1918. Details “ The effects of the war as shown in vital sta of the examination, places of holding the same, tistics.” Dealing with the decline in the birth etc., may be had upon application to the Civil rate due to the war, he said that in England Service Commission, Washington, D. C., or to and Wales the births registered in 1913 num

the Patent Office. Should the necessity therebered 881,890. In 1915 they fell to 814,614. fore arise temporary appointments of qualified In 1916 there was a further fall to 780,520, the persons may be made pending their taking the slightness of the fall from the previous year Civil Service examination. Application for being due to the increase in marriages in such appointment should be made to the Patent 1915, when the number celebrated reached the Office. “record” figure of 360,885. In 1917 the births

OPPORTUNITIES in government work for registered fell to 668,346, a decline from the

women include the following, announced by 1913 figure of 24 per cent. Up to the present

the United States Civil Service Commission: there had been lost in England and Wales in

Bacteriologist: Vacancies in Public Health potential lives, on the standard of 1913, 650,

Service, at $1,800 a year. Applicants must 000. He thought that it would be long before

have graduated from a college or univerthe birth-rate reached the figure that obtained

sity of recognized standing in a course inbefore the war. Serious as this loss is to the

cluding biology and bacteriology and have had coming generations in Great Britain, he con

at least two years postgraduate experience in tinued, there is reason to believe that it had

practical bacteriologic laboratory methods. suffered less in this direction than the other

Biochemist: The United States Civil Service belligerent nations. In terms of percentages

Commission announces

an open competitive of loss on the pre-war population it may be

examination for biochemist for both men and assumed that Germany has lost in potential

women for duty in Washington or elsewhere, lives the equivalent of 4.5 per cent. of its total

at salaries ranging from $1,800 to $3,000 a pre-war population, Austria 5 per cent., and

year. Certification to fill the higher-salaried Hungary 7 per cent. The statement may be

positions will be made from those attaining hazarded that the present war, by the fall of

the highest average percentages in the examibirths it has occasioned, cost the belligerent

nations. Competitors will not be required to countries of Europe not less than 124 millions

report at any place but will be rated on eduof potential lives. While the war has filled

cation and experience and publications or the graves, it has emptied the cradles. At the

thesis to be filled with application. present time, every day that the war continues means the loss of 7,000 potential lives to the THERE are still many elements of uncertainty United Kingdom, France, Italy and the Cen in the search for oil pools, but some of these tral Empires.

are reduced to a minimum in regions where

rock outcrops are conspicuous and the relation TECHNICALLY trained men and women are of the oil pools to the structure of the rocks needed for the examining corps of the Patent

is relatively simple. These are the conditions Office. Those are wanted who have a scien in the Big Horn Basin, Wyo., a report on tific education, particularly in higher mathe which has recently been published by the matics, chemistry, physics and French or Ger United States Geological Survey, Department man, and who are not subject to the draft for

of the Interior, as Bulletin 656, “ Anticlines military service. Engineering or teaching ex in the southern part of the Big Horn Basin, perience in addition to the above is valued.

Wyo.” The report is one of a series on the exThe entrance salary is $1,500. Examinations isting and prospective oil fields of the state, for the position of assistant examiner are held several of which have already been published.

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