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the ambassador of Spain approached to express in behalf of the Duke of Parma his solicitude to form the "closest ties" with France. Sardinia announced through her minister the birth of a royal prince. All were received with courteous reciprocity. For America was reserved insult. For her late envoy, caresses.
Monroe was the last figure in this pageant. He mentioned his recall, and that he was instructed to announce the solicitude of the United States for the happiness of the French Republic ;-remarked that he was a witness of the revolution in his own country, and was deeply penetrated with its principles, which were the same with the revolution of France; that he had seen its difficulties; and remembering these, and the important services rendered by France, he had partaken with them in all the perilous and trying situations in which they had been placed. Having arrived in a moment of complicated danger, he, with the most heartfelt satisfaction, on taking leave, beheld victory and the dawn of prosperity upon the point of realizing, under a wise and excellent constitution, all the great objects for which, in council and in the field, they had so long and nobly contended. That this information would be received by his countrymen with the same joy and solicitude for its continuance, he now felt and declared for himself. The continuance of a close union and perfect harmony between these two nations was an object he had closely at heart, which he had ever endeavored to promote; and he asked to be permitted to express an earnest wish that this harmony might be perpetual. He offered his acknowledgments for the confidence and attention he had enjoyed, and his assurance, that he should never cease to pay them, the only acceptable recompense to generous minds, the tribute of a grateful remembrance.
Barras replied, "By presenting this day your letters of recall you offer a very strange spectacle to Europe. France, rich in her freedom, surrounded by the train of her victories, and strong in the esteem of her allies, will not stoop to calculate the consequences of the condescension of the American government to the wishes of its ancient tyrants. The French Republic expects, however, that the successors of Columbus, Raleigh and Penn, always proud of their liberty, will never forget that they owe it to France. They will weigh in their wisdom the magnanimous friendship of the French people, with the crafty caresses of perfidious men, who meditate to bring them again under their former yoke. Assure the good people of America, that like them we adore liberty; that they will always possess our esteem, and find in the French people, that republican generosity knows how to grant peace, as well as to cause its sovereignty to be respected. As for you, Mr. Minister, you have combatted for principles. You have known the true interests of your country-depart with our regret. We restore in you, a representative to America, and we preserve the remembrance of the citizen, whose personal qualities did honor to that title."
The ceremony ended, and these ambassadors were seen following the Directory, one by one, to the more public hall, where, amid the loud applauses of the populace, the Austrian flags captured at the recent battle of Arcola were laid at their feet.
General Pinckney meanwhile remained in Paris, uncertain how soon the threats of his imprisonment might be fulfilled, but resolved to await a written order to depart. The day after, information being received of the battle of Rivoli, in which a fifth Austrian army was destroyed, official notice was given to him in writing, to
quit the territories of the Republic. He repaired to Amsterdam.
These extraordinary events were unofficially known in the United States on the eleventh of March. While amazed resentment held the nation in suspense, then was seen how rank was the poison which had been infused by France. The Democratic presses foretold, they now defended the gross insulting interdiction. The "Aurora asserted, that before tranquillity could be restored, "the sins of the late administration must be buried;" while to reconcile the people to the insults to Washington, it basely charged him with the assassination, when in the colonial service, of a French herald. The rejection of Pinckney was declared to be "a natural consequence of the suspension of Adet, the act of his own government.” The reception of an ordinary minister, it was stated, "could not be expected; as France was determined to avenge herself for our treatment, it betrayed ignorance or folly to believe, that he would have been recognized." Thus it was attempted to fulfil the expectation of the Directory, that this rejection "would give rise to discussions which might afford a triumph to the party of good republicans the friends of France."
Widely different were the genuine sentiments of those of that nation whose voices rose above tumult and tyranny. At an opening of the council of five hundred, several members rushed to the Tribune. Cries of "Order," "Order," "to your places," were repeated in vain. The Tribune was besieged-extreme agitation ensued. Altercations were heard on every side ;-amid these violent clamors, a member reached the Tribune. He was seized by the throat. A scuffle followed, until the assailant was thrown down its steps amidst cries of "Order," "to the abbey "-deafening the assemblage. After a day occu
pied in restoring silence, PASTORET ascended, and asked their attention to the conduct of the Directory towards the United States.
Having alluded to the suspension of Adet and to the mission of Pinckney, he remarked, "AmericaAmerica has a man, who, the brave defender of the liberty of his own country--happy in having contributed to excite and to confirm, has always preserved for us, whose succors protected her successes, an unalterable sentiment of gratitude and fraternity. A man who could be the less suspected of predilection for Great Britain, because during the American war his possessions were always the first to be ravaged and burned. Restored to his fields, on the conclusion of peace with the ancient oppressors of his country, he lived in privacy, far removed from all public functions. It was there that he was sought by his government to become the mediator between two people whom he loved, and the pacificator of America. He might have brought complaints. He wished only to offer explanations. He comes tenlighten the French government as to the conduct of its agents and their calumnies towards his country. He comes to calm animosities of which the eclats threatened the repose of two worlds. He arrives, and is instantly ordered to quit France. It is not Pinckney whom they repulse. It is the government of which he is the minister, and the organ.
"And what at the same time have we been doing? Our agents at St. Domingo, announce to the minister of marine, that having no other financial resources, and knowing the unfriendly dispositions of the Americans, they had, to avoid perishing, armed privateers; that already eighty-seven corsairs were at sea; and that, for three months the administration had subsisted, and indi
viduals had been enriched by the product of their prizes. They assured him, that it required all their devotion and their patriotism not to be checked by any pusillanimous considerations. That the revolting conduct of the Americans and the indirect evidence of the intentions of the government made it their duty to order reprisals-corsairs armed against a friendly nation! Reprisals! when we are the assailants. Reprisals towards a nation which has not taken one of our vessels! Wealth acquired by the confiscation of the vessels of a people with whom treaties unite us; from whom no declaration of war sep
"What is the pretext? The treaty with Great Britain! Are we then the sovereigns of the world? Are our allies only our subjects, who cannot form treaties at their will?
"It is astonishing, indeed, to hear the French government accuse the United States of hostility, when, without a declaration of war, they are capturing all their vessels.
"Were not the United States the first to acknowledge our lioerty? Do not these piracies proceed from St. Domingo, to whose flying colonists they offered an asylum? Are these agents, agents of the West Indies, whom the bread of our ally rescued from famine?"