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THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE COPPER RIVER RAILROAD DEMANDED A GREAT DEAL OF

BLASTING AWAY OF ROCK, The photo herewith shown is one of the finest ever taken at the moment of such an explosion. The scattering pieces

of stone can be noted in detail.

except for preparations for beginning the continued about the daily average for the big bridge, but early the following spring entire run. In that time the big rotary there began the drive up the canyons. It was off the track not less than 1,500 was heavy work and fast but the easiest times, or thirty times to the mile. of all. The hundred and second mile was Still another hard fight took place bereached before track laying stopped. yond the end of the track. Here there Then began the winter in which the big was a thirty to eighty-mile haul by sled bridge was completed.

on the river ice to the scattered camps. But there were more fights than this But the river froze and thawed and overthat winter. Above the 102nd mile were flowed with appalling regularity; the ice long stretches of heavy rockwork to be piled itself into almost mountainous bardone and large crews were there to do it. riers, then sank away to pot-holes filled Supplies must be kept on the move. It with many feet of slush and water. Hunwas planned to lay temporary tracks dreds of tons of brush and the work of . across the river on the ice, but the chang- hundreds of men failed to keep a passable ing weather kept such a depth of water sled road open. and slush on its rough surface that even Nevertheless, somehow supplies were the tough Alaskan horses could not cross. got through and when the ice went out At last a running cable was rigged and a 3,000 men were at work. To keep them flat-bottomed sledge invented to bobble in food and material three river boats, its way through or over the icy morass. put together above the roaring cataract

By this time the fifty miles of upper of Abercrombie Canyon and powerfully track was deep in snow and this, with engined, went into early commission and the trains had frozen to solid ice a foot or through high water and low they strugtwo thick. At this snow and ice the great gled up and down over the shifting bars rotary with a train of coal cars and two of Wood Canyon. engines was thrown. It made a mile and So the work went on, still at racing a half the first day, then disappeared, to pace, with Hawkins, as ever on the job. arrive at Tickel, fifty miles inland, thirty- Heney, the contractor, himself a remarkone days later. Its first day's run had able man, worked with him side by side

“IT HAD TO BE DONE”

13

till the strain and exposure broke his years ago and has for many years been health and he went outside to die. identified with engineering projects in

The winter of 1910-11 saw the Copper the West. That is about all one can learn again crossed, this time at the 135th mile of him. From him one can get anything and the line far up into the Chitina basin. but facts about himself. Mr. Hawkins is Here another winter bridge fight took a most amazing combination of courage place. The deep, narrow Kuskalana and diffidence, of professional daring and Canyon must be crossed from rim to rim. personal modesty. After a visit to the Here a hundred feet or more in the air construction camps I went to him for the steelmen had to work in temperature additional data. From the engineer, then far below zero and under conditions in the midst of a heavy pressure of work, otherwise most trying. There were delays I received every possible assistance but here and as no materials could be got with the repeated admonition that he across the canyon till the

himself should be kept bridge was finished, the

in the background. Two delay meant several

days later came also a months of lost time

letter from Mr. Hawbeyond.

kins, four typewritten There was an

pages of which other thrilling race

were devoted to through trying

individual menconditions from

tion of his and the Kuskalana

Contractor to the Bonanza

Heney's staff, mine at Ken

each of nicott, the

whom, it present ter

seemed, deminus of the

served credit road. It was

for especially ended some

good work. months ago

The letter and now there

concluded: are daily trains

"Any reference the year round

to myself should and the high

be brought to a grade copper ore

minimum. My deposits of the

greatest concern is

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THE GREAT MILES GLACIER BRIDGE, 1.100 FEET OF
WHICH WAS PUT TOGETHER BY A GANG OF

STEEL WORKERS IN LESS THAN SIX WEEKS,

the faithful and construction fight

capable men who was made, are steadily flowing out to the accomplished this work." world and a region, which a few years This is a fine example of the kind of ago, was one of the most inaccessible in expression the men who really do things Alaska is now a morning's easy and give to their deeds. charming ride from Cordova, the seaport He meant it absolutely but his wish terminus.

has not been strictly obeyed, as the reader And to Hawkins belongs the lion's will have observed. Strict justice to that share of the great credit that is due. This man would not warrant such a silence. fight more than most engineering battles of Reflecting his habit of thought, Mr. today was a matter of men and he proved Hawkins writes with a fine simplicity and a man among men. He staked every lucidity of expression. His instinctive shred of professional reputation on as reserve and professional training make risky an undertaking as falls to the lot of him understate anything in which there is the engineer and his winning placed him a dramatic possibility and the result is, among the world's great builders.

therefore, sometimes the acme of forceErastus Corning Hawkins was born ful writing. near New York City about forty-eight Witness that "it had to be put back.

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RAW a line north and south Great commercial cities of the East, through New York City and South and West, doing their best to get practically every foot of the ready for the epoch-making opening of continent of South America the big ditch, have made these and other

will be found to lie to the equally surprising discoveries in geogeast of the line.

raphy. They have been drawing trade A line dropped directly south from the lines, with the canal as the center, to tip of Florida will land out in the Pacific show how close each of them is to the Ocean, far to the west of the westernmost vast, undeveloped markets of the Far coast of South America.

East and the western coast of South Including Alaska and the Alaskan America. islands in the territory of the United New Orleans, for instance, has figured States on the North American continent, out that the canal will put her six hunthe east and west center of the country dred miles nearer Asia than is New York. is located some scores of miles out in the With that as a starting point, the CresPacific Ocean, to the westward of San cent City has gone on to make elaborate Francisco.

preparations for the handling of the Those are perfectly apparent, but gen- enormous trade to which she feels she is erally unrecognized, facts to which the entitled by reason of her strategic posiimminent opening of the Panama Canal tion.

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CLEANING ONE OF THE GARBAGE CARS OF THE PUBLIC

BELT RAILROAD OF NEW ORLEANS.

for the old French city-the sleepy, exotic, picturesque, old town of magnolias, Creole beauties and Mardi Gras carnivals—to set its more noisy rivals an example of municipal enterprise and far-sighted planning. What is already done is declared by Commissioner of Corporations Herbert Knox Smith, to be “the best example in the country of a practical coördination of rail, industrial and water business, for the benefit of the entire community.”

New Orleans lies in a loop of the Father of Waters, backing up on Lake Pontchartrain. The great river furnishes a highway from the North for all the products of the Mississippi valley. Alongside the river also run great railroads, leading down from Chicago and the North.

Though located a hundred miles from the Gulf of Mexico, tlıe giant jetties built years ago by Captain Eads so confine the river that its resistless waters keep constantly scoured clean a deep channel, giving easy access for ocean going vessels. At the docks in New Orleans steamers from St. Paul, two thousand miles inland, and rusty cargo boats from Liverpool and Italy may rub noses together.

That these docks may be kept free of burdensome charges, that the gateway to

traffic may not be forced to pay a tribute to a private purse, more than seven miles of the river frontage are publicly owned and managed.

Nearly thirty great wharves have been built at public expense, fitted with huge steel warehouses for the storage of goods and

with modern machinery for the quick handling of grain, fruit, coal and other products.

But the people of New Orleans have not been content with securing permanent public control of their water front. Equally important with water transportation—more important to local industries —is transportation by rail. And just as railways by favoring one city or one section of a state, as opposed to others, have shown their power to divert and concentrate business prosperity, so have they the power to foster the growth of one section of a city—of one group of industries—at the expense of others. If a big plant has a switching track of its own running through its property, cases have been known where a rebate has been collected by charging the railroads to which freight is delivered a considerable sum for each car handled over the private tracks. And where loaded cars must be switched from the tracks of one road to another before getting started toward their destination there are always likely to be delays and other annoyances.

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HOW THE PUBLIC BELT RAILROAD SERVES THE SHIPPING INTERESTS OF NEW ORLEANS.

Prompt deliveries of freight—no matter manufacturing plants of the city, as well where it originates—to the desired rail as all the railroads, on an equal footing, road or the plant of the consignee are the City of New Orleans has built and essential to healthy business development. is now operating at public expense and

To meet these conditions, to put all the under public management a belt line

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