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Sioux Falls, S.

dispose of a large D. — Commission

issue of bonds to plan adopted 1909.

brokers to his satisIn this city of 15,

faction, sold the en000 population a

tire issue to residebt of $100,000

dents of the city by has been paid off in

private correspondtwo years. The

ence, making the floating debt is

best sale which has being reduced and

ever been made in the sinking fund

this city. accumulated.

Burlington, Ia.Topeka, Kan.

Plan in effect April Commission plan in

4, 1910. Populaeffect 1910. Party

tion, 34,324. In politics have been

first three months completely divorced

city was placed on from the city ad

a cash basis, presministration. For

ent debt refunded the first time a local

in serial bonds at railway company

412 per cent. interhas been compelled

est instead of 6 per to make street re

cent. Taxation was pairs when relay- W. J. HINDLEY, MAYOR OF SPOKANE, WASHINGTON. equalized and more ing its tracks. The

work accomplished city formerly attended to this. The at less expense. Mayor and councilmen Finance Commissioner being unable to devote their entire time to city affairs. All bills discounted and interest received ment, but they presently discovered that on daily balances in bank. About $20,000 under the constitution of the state, comwas saved the first year.

mission government in its ordinary form

could not be had. Whereupon they Columbia, S. C.-Plan in operation promptly adapted the plan to the conMay 11, 1910. Population, 26,311. For ditions. They elected a small city councurrent administrative and departmental cil from the city at large and that counexpenses since January 1st, the previous cil employed, at a good salary, an exadministration had expended $169,468.09, perienced civil engineer and executive to or a rate per annum of $468,536.00. Dur- act as general manager of the city. Locking the remainder of the year the com- port, New York, has asked that it be missioners spent $167,435.04 for the given power to make a similar experisame purposes, without curtailing workment. It proposes the election of a small in any way, or at a rate per annum of commission, the members of which shall $262,300.00. The old council spent $13,- serve in exactly the same capacity as the 289.00 while repairing 39 city blocks; the directors of a business corporation, emnew council thoroughly repaired 166 ploying as a chief executive a Municipal blocks for $17,426.00.

General Manager. In this way it is ex

pected that in cities which cannot afford Birmingham, Ala.—Plan in effect to pay for the full-time services of five April, 1911. In the first month under the important men, their expert advice can new plan the city borrowed $500,000 at be secured and the power and responsithe lowest rate in its history. The com- bility can be concentrated in a single man mission cut down the annual running ex- under their direction. penses by $75,000 in the first week.

As the German cities are administered

by professional Burgomasters, who may In this as in all other reforms, there be called from a small city to a larger, as is danger that enthusiasts will confuse their experience and ability grows, so the means with the end.

under this Staunton and Lockport plan a The commission plan is admirable only new profession of Municipal General so far as it proves the best instrument Managers might be developed in this through which honest and efficient city country. government can be obtained. There is Most important of all is the fact that nothing about it sacred-nothing which the people who live in American cities is not and should not be subject to have, at last, developed a sense of civic amendment. And there have already or community pride and responsibility. been proposed some most interesting And the short ballot and the so-called variations from the plan. One of them is commission form of government are apthat adopted by the city at Staunton, parently the best tools that have so far Virginia. Its citizens decided that they been found for giving effect to their new would like to try commission govern- aspirations.

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W HEN several big doctors with repu-

tations so widespread there isn't
room to hold them on this continent, told
Professor Irving Fisher of Yale that he
had about three years longer to live,
naturally he didn't like it. Professor
Fisher is a big man himself, one of the
country's foremost political economists.
However, he cast all scholarships behind
him, and announced in colloquial Eng-

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erally a man made oversoul and body. He was so glad over his accomplishment that he wanted everyone else to know just how it was done. With this end in view he lectures frequently on “Physical Efficiency as a National Asset.” His activities extend from day camps for consumptives to governmental health boards, and

never for an instant does he SLEEPING Out Doors IS AN EXCELLENT HEALTH INVESTMENT. let up or tire.

He is a living example of lish as vigorous as the doctors' own, his own theories and manner of existence, “Gentlemen, I'll fool you.”

and is one of the busiest men in New “Here's for three wasted years," he Haven. In between times he has written mourned as he turned his back on the a governmental report which is quoted green of college life and started for the all over the country on “National Vitalmild climate of the Pacific. But those ity: Its Waste and Conservation." three years proved the very backbone of His ideas are as big as the man himhis life and work, for he came back lit- self, which is saying much.



ago this man was trying to

But Hammon squeeze a living out

said: "I'll build a of some river-wash

successful dredge." land along the

He did, and his Feather River in

gold dredges have Butte County, Cal.

enabled California He needed water,

to lead the states in and like his neigh

gold production, bors he dug a well

the yearly output to get it. They had

from their operdug wells, too, but

ations totaling $7,in the process the

550,000. Having dirt and cobble

plowed up the surstones taken from

face of his dredgedthe hole represent

over land to a depth ed to them dirt and

of 50 feet, Hamcobblestones—noth

mon saw another ing more. They

way of squeezing believed there's no

blood out of the blood in a turnip.

turnip. He said: Wendell P. Ham

"Let's crush those mon, the man we

hard cobblestones are talking about,

into macadam and saw a lot of glisten

thus furnish cheap ing particles mixed

ballast and road in with the sand.

material for the He had been

railroad and the seeking gold

farmer.” Now, through the cirGot BLOOD FROM A TURNIP.

three huge plants cuitous route of

are working night raising golden fruit. Why not extract and day turning out 6,000 tons of the gold direct from the soil ? But was crushed rock each day. Next, why not it possible? The golden grains were too plant these lands to fruits and eucalyptus fine and too scattered to be obtained by from Australia ? It was done, and this any of the existing methods of placer also proved, like the other things that mining. Hadn't the Chinese tried it, and Mr. Hammon had undertaken, a big who could live cheaper than a Chinaman? success.

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