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NEW CAR UNLOADING
This chute rests on a framework inside DEVICE
the car while it is being loaded. In or
der to empty it into the wagon, it is NEW car chute, which is a great easily raised by a winch on the frame
saver of time and labor in unloading and then tipped to such a position that gondola cars, has recently been invented. its contents slide into the wagon.
The frame is entirely separated from the chute, acting merely as a supporting device to hold it, first, while it is being loaded, and later as a dumping device. This framework merely rests on the car across both sides.
When sufficient material has been taken from the car, the frame is tipped and the rear end is allowed to rest on the bottom of the car. This permits the
chute being brought down inside and ELM TREE TIED INTO
does away with all shoveling over the fect knots tied in it
edge of the car to the wagon. In either
of these two positions the dumping action atou: six inches in di is the same and the amount that the chute ameter at the base and
is tipped is always easily controlled by the
operator. be in good condition.
from the main limbs of the trunk. The tree is
is nearly twenty feet tall. It is about fifteen years old, and appears to
REPLACES THE SPADE,
The post auger is an implement of recent invention and is coming into general use. It digs a post hole expeditiously.
WIRELESS FOR AIRSHIPS.
According to the connections of the aerial and the complete set it will be noted that, when sending out the electrical waves, the alternating currents will radiate in every direction and will travel in proportion to the strength and capability of the set in regard to transmission. The system, if adopted by air-men, will give better results high in the air where there is little of atmospheric disturbance and therefore greater and better results can be accomplished. The distance in the air will be three to four times as great with the same set than if used on land.
THE I.EAF OF THE SUNDEW. Here is an interesting example of a device used by a plant to catch its insect food. There is a little sweetness in the center of the leaf and when a fly
TRACTION THRESHING MACHINES OF A NEW Sort. alights it is caught by the quick turning in of the tentacles. These hold the fly in position until it is
There is a man in Skowhegan, Maine, who has indigested, that is until actually eaten by the plant.
vented a traction threshing machine. The power is a gasoline engine and it is moved about by its own power with the separator which is built on a jigger of the four-wheeled delivery cart style. In moving
the threshing machine from place to place it travels vent the escape of the high tension
at the rate of about four miles per hour. It threshes grain faster than it can possibly be threshed with the
old fashioned threshing machine with horses. and wheels, thereby insuring a perfect ground insulation, the experimenters
S TEETH OF AQUATIC ANIMALS were enabled to communicate for the distance of about 372 miles without a HERE is an assemblage of the teeth of ground connection. The experiment took some aquatic animals—interesting if place along the banks of the Charles only for the reason that they are so difRiver with Jonescick Brothers at the foot ferent. of the Cambridge Bridge and Mr. I. For instance, the two outside ones are Wolff at the foot of the North Harvard the tusks of a walrus. They are the Street Bridge.
upper incisor teeth of the beast, and are not intended for chewing, but for defense.
All through creation is found the most astonishing adaptation of teeth to necessity. Thus the mighty ivory lance of the narwhal, ten or twelve feet long and strong and sharp enough to be driven through the side of a ship, is simply the left upper incisor of the creature. Once in a while, by a freak, both upper incisors will be developed in the narwhal, so that it is equipped with two spears instead of one. The female has no lance.
Likewise, the tremendous ivory spear
of the swordfish is merely a gigantic TEETH, RESPECTIVELY. OF WALRUS, SAWFISH. SWORD
tooth developed for fighting purposes. FISH, SPERM WHALE AND ALLIGATOR,
MINIATURE WOODEN MODEL OF THE U.S. PostOFFICE
DEPARTMENT BUILDING, WASHINGTON,
the elimination of the carburetor and NEW REVOLVING CYLINDER MOTOR FOR AÉROPLANES.
employment of injection with a means
for absolutely regulating the amount of marked feature of the model is that the gasoline injected into each cylinder, and tower is ornamented on its four sides
insuring that all cylinders will receive with real clock dials which show the cor
exactly the same mixture. This also rect time. The work is a faithful repro
makes it possible to do away with the duction of the department building, even
inlet valve, and employ one valve for to the electric light poles. The east and both inlet and exhaust, as only air is west wings are surmounted with poles bearing the national flag. Mr. Lipshitz is said to have spent two years in making the model. It is inclosed in a glass case.
NEW REVOLVING CYLINDER
MOTOR FOR AEROPLANES SINCE most of the laurels won by
heavier than air flyers have gone to motors of the revolving cylinder type, a new motor, by the world's first builders of that type, an American concern, is of especial interest. The first successful motor of this type was constructed in 1898.
The most interesting improvement found on this motor and perhaps the most important advance made in the construction of aviation motors since the introduction of the revolving cylinder type, is
A Bird's CEMETERY IN GERMANY. This is at the health resort at Beelitze. It is looked after by the patients at the Sanitarium. It often happens that the singing birds of all kinds which fly about the Sanitarium strike against the glass windows with such force that they fall to the ground killed by the impact. The patients bury these birds in a place set apart for the purpose. Every bird has its own grave adorned with some crosses and monu. ments,
drawn in by the
gree to the true suction stroke of
centipedes. the piston, while
Secondly, they the gasoline is
are not only harmsprayed within the
less, but very benecylinder where it is
ficial, inasmuch as mixed with the
they eat cockcharge of air be
roaches, bedbugs, fore compression.
and other noxious Having but one
insects. They are valve in the head
extremely fragile, of the cylinder, it
so that hardly more can be made amply
A SCHEME THAT MAKES DELIVERY OF MAIL RAPID. than a touch will large to insure a
break them to full charge and a free exhaust.
pieces. If cornered, they are capable of In order to relieve the cam controlling inflicting poisonous bites, but this is a the action of all five valves from the thing that almost never happens. heavy load of opening a large valve There is an old wives' notion to the against the high pressure at the time effect that these queer bugs get into exhaust takes place, the cylinders are people's ears and make trouble. It has provided with auxiliary exhaust ports, just about as much basis in fact as the which are uncovered by the piston on its idea that bats are liable to become endownward stroke. No check valves are tangled in women's hair. required over these auxiliary ports, as on the suction stroke, pure air and not a mixture of gas is drawn in, so what air is drawn in through the auxiliary ports QUICK WAY OF DELIVERING on the suction stroke becomes a part of
MAIL the explosive mixture in the cylinder, and being a constant quantity does not affect THIS photograph shows a very useful the operation of the motor.
and simple device and a great convenience to the rural mail carrier. The idea was taken from a dining room
“dumb waiter” by the handy man, who MYRIAPOD THE HOUSEWIFE'S utilized the stump of a tree and a wagon FRIEND
wheel. The top of the stump was cut
away leaving only a small "spire" to THE average housewife has a, particu- project up through the hub of the wheel
lar horror of "centipedes," as she and forming a pivot for the same. Mail calls the many-legged insects which now boxes were mounted on the wheel by and then make their appearance in odd fastening them to the felloe and spokes. corners of her ménage. They certainly The contrivance revolves, so that the cardo have a weird and unpleasant appear rier never needs to leave his wagon makance.
ing but one stop to serve 14 patrons. In some respects, however, she is mis The photograph was made in New Martaken about them. To begin with, they ket, Clark county, Indiana, a small vilare not centi
lage where a pedes at all,
post office had properly
been abanspeaking. En
doned when tomologists
rural service call them
began. Oscar "myriapods,”
Harmon, of and they are
Marysville, not even
Ind.. is the related in the
mail clerk "on This Horrible LOOKING CREATURE IS. IN REALITY. TH. FRIEND OF slightest de
MAKING SOUNDS VISIBLE.
in French) a, e, i, o, ou.
MACHINES which have been em
MAKING SOUNDS VISIBLE frame at a fixed distance by means of a
micrometric screw; the displacement of
the vibrating plate are therefore indeployed up to the present time for the pendent of the vibrations of the frame graphic reproduction of the registrations and depend exclusively on the voice. of the phonograph, require a great deal Besides, contrary to the usual method, of time and care in
the support of the order to make them
vibrating plate reperfectly correct.
mains fixed, and it The task of the op
is the cylinder erators, who study
which moves. the analysis and
When transformsynthesis of the
ing the phonograms vowels, has been
into curves the simplified by the
frame is replaced invention of an in
by a metal cork strument which
lever of which the rapidly transforms
relation of the into amplified
small to the large curves the impres
branch may be sions traced on
varied. This lever photographic cylinWIRELESS STATION OF 100.000 Volts.
remains vertical, ders.
Marconi telegraphy has become an efficient aid for both commercial and military purposes. The plant
while the sapphire In a new French shown in the illustration is one of the most powerful in the world and was installed by the French army
fixed to its small method there is at a cost of several hundred thousands of dollars at branch articulates
the summit of the Eiffel Tower, about 1,000 feet above placed beside the the ground. Its great power allows communication
on it tracing the cutting sapphire a
with the Marconi Station at Glace Bay in Canada,
grooves. blunt sapphire The illustration shows the most important parts of band of paper covwhich holds the
this plant, by means of which the Old and New World
ered with black