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represents the enterprising, wide-awake spirit of the great West. He notes progress with keen, inquiring eye, and records it with alert, interpretative imagination. Unconsciously, perhaps, he has made himself the historian of the Pacific Coast's material advance for the past decade. The land of sunshine and new hopes is apparently as familiar to him as the neighborhood

CHARLTON LAWRENCE EDHOLM. in which you were born is to you. He lets little of importance go by unrecorded. He and delighting thousands in more than one recounts everything, from the discovery of field of literature. the means of exterminating the teredo pest to the completing of the Los Angeles $23,000,000 aqueduct.

EDWARD F. BIGELOW, a naturalist, But this work, though of unusual breadth living at his home, “Arcadia" Sound and comprehension, does not include all of Beach, Connecticut, discovering the wonders Mr. Edholm's activity. He has another side of a vast universe through the medium of —that of poet and essayist—thus instructing the telescope, attempts to convey some of

these marvelous visions to TechNICAL WORLD MAGAZINE readers by macrophotography. Mr. Bigelow, in this field, is unsurpassed, if, indeed, he has been equalled.

He is to be envied for the delight his daily work must give him. In direct touch with nature, he carries on, in a systematic, scientific way, researches which many a man would consider to be recreation — a relief from the sterner duties of life. And yet Mr. Bigelow works with all the energy, persistence and patience of the most untiring individual in the world of active affairs. Men who accomplish the results he shows must not only love their work but take pleasure even in encountering and overcoming its obstacles.

Many know the fascination of the microscope; more, the fascination of the camera. It is the privilege of but a few, however,

to know the delight of the two



DUPUY was born with a nose for news, that is, scientific news, though he began his literary career as a writer of fiction. Editors, however, did not seem to buy this kind of writing as rapidly as the youthful Mr. DuPuy thought they should, so he abandoned fiction for the more substantial and, at the same time, far more lucrative field of presenting the latest results of the scientific world in popular form.

His brief sketches of men and women who are coming to the forefront in engineering, science and in the life of affairs, are especially strong and telling.

Mr. DuPuy lives in the city of Washington, the news center of America in science as well as in politics. He is alert, aggressive,

knows what appeals to this genWILLIAM ATHERTON DUPUY, AND His DAUGHTER. CELENE. eration of men and women in ma

terial development, and, what is D HARVEY MIDDLETON for a num- equally good, knows how to tell it. 1. ber of years has been engaged in the Over and above all this, Mr. DuPuy is writing of special articles. His articles are essentially a home-loving man. always timely, accurate and to the point. He was the first,-in the pages of the TECHNICAL WORLD MAGAZINE over a year ago—to direct attention to the horrors of using white phosphorus in the making of matches. This great and serious menace to the health and lives of men and women working in match factories, has recently, it will be recalled, received drastic congressional action.

Many of Mr. Middleton's contributions have received marked attention. His writings are never less than interesting, and often of vital importance. He is not carried away by his own previously formed opinions, in presenting the results of his researches, but is always unbiasedly open to the facts of each subject he investigates. Despite this open turn of mind nevertheless he can be moved to warmth and vigor. Mr. Middleton is a resident of New York City.



without saying ; yet there are many topnotch geologists who would probably be failures as Directors of the Geological Survey which during the last year carried on its roll nearly 1,000 members. The administration of this big bureau, with its complexity of work, ranging from the purely scientific, such for instance as the study of the fossil plants and snails living ten million years ago, to the strictly practical and economic, such as the valuation and pricing per acre of the government's coal lands, needs a man with a well balanced business head. Great specialists are usually poor business men, and accounting to Congress and Congressional appropriation committees for every dollar of a million and threequarter-dollar annual expenditure split

up into five or six separate specific approA REAL LIVE TEDDY BEAR FROM ESKIMO-LAND. priations-geology and land classification, Washington,

mineral resource statistics, topographic

mapping, map engraving, water resources THE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

investigations, and until, now the entire

work of the new Bureau of Mines—has CHE Directors of the United States been a job requiring unusual executive

Geological Survey have all been ac- ability. complished geologists, familiar with the The present director, however, as wildest of the wilds in America-Clar- did each of his predecessors, finds time ence King, Major J. W. Powell, both every year to get into the field for a dead, then Charles D. Walcott, at present month or two, and then he becomes a secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, plain geologist, and if he attaches himand now George Otis Smith. That the self to a survey field party, roughs it head of the Geological Survey should be with the rest of them just as if he were an eminent geologist might appear to go a mere field worker.

This little creature was seen by thousands at Seattle.



harbor, where it was raised by a crane, and photographed. From tip to tip across it measured sixteen feet and ten feet from nose to tail, and about two feet fe through. It weighed over 2,000 pounds.

MONSTER DEVIL-FISH THERE is probably no more remark

able form of fish-life than the manta, or ray, popularly known as the devil-fish, and found in the tropical waters of Mexico, Florida, and southern California. Imagine a monster many feet across the back, having powerful flaps or wings with which he drives himself furiously through the water, or vaults high in the air, and possessing such strength that he will drag a boat with a couple of men in it for twenty miles at a racehorse speed before becoming exhausted, and you have an idea of this remarkable fish.

The one depicted in the illustration was harpooned near Manzanillo, in Mexico, by a man who, after tiring it, gaffed it, tied it to his tug, and brought it into the


MOTHER ONE incubator, one kind and intelli

v gent terrier dog are the chief factors in the remarkable success that has come to a Phoenixville, Pa., man in his efforts as an amateur chicken breeder. The dog carefully and tenderly mothers the little chickens upon their leaving the incubator, and no hen could perform this task with greater success than has this dog, "Madge.”





OF THE SHIPPING FACILITIES OF THIS FAMOUS PORT. Educators of the present time are using all sorts of new methods to train the young in the practical things of the world. The Germans, with their usual thoroughness in all that pertains to education,

are in the forefront in such things.


PREPARING IRON-CONCRETE PILES FOR THE NEW MARINE STATION, DOVER. ENGLAND. The novel feature in connection with this station, to be erected on reclaimed land. is that it will stand on twelve hundred huge ferro-concrete piles. These are now being manufactured on the site, and range to seventy-five feet in length with seventeen inches diameter. They will be driven down into the chalk. Delay in waiting for the settlement of the foundations will thus be avoided. Piles will be sunk within the next year,

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