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a gross income of five hundred dollars an acre. W. W. Hall, who also lives near Hudson, has a plantation of sixty thousand trees.
“I will begin to cut mine in two years," Mr. Hall said. “I expect to harvest five hundred dollars' worth to the acre.
During the last eight or ten years while you are waiting for the crop to mature you don't have to give the trees any care. I believe it beats wheat raising on my land."
The catalpa speciosa or "hardy catalpa" is the only catalpa worth planting,
Kansas' State Forester says. The more post or pole production is not thus obcommon species, catalpa catalpa, is not tained. profitable. It is a very difficult matter to Where intensive methods are to be determine if seedlings purchased for practiced, the trees may be spaced three planting are true to name. Seedlings of and one-half by seven feet. By the time all species are so much alike that it is the trees are eight or ten years old they practically impossible to tell one from an- will be crowding one another badly, and other. It is only from the characteristics one-half of them should then be cut. of the mature trees or the seeds that the When the plantation is thinned, the recommon and the hardy species can be maining trees are left seven by seven determined, definitely. And then it re- feet, which is sufficient room to permit quires a close comparison of the points them to reach full development. Crowdof identification.
ing during their early period of growth One-year-old seedlings are the most is very beneficial as it causes the trees satisfactory for extensive plantings. At to develop clean, straight stems free this age the young plants are strong from heavy limbs. enough to establish themselves readily in It is quite a common practice among their new location, and to make a good catalpa growers to raise a crop of corni growth the first season. They also can between the tree rows the first year. The be planted at a much less expense at this corn usually more than pays for the cost age than when two years old. The ca- of cultivating the trees and thus reduces talpa is very readily transplanted, and the cost of producing the timber. with proper care a full stand is easily ob Catalpas require little care. After the tained.
third year no cultivation is necessary. Catalpas grow naturally in deep, rich You must just be patient and wait for soil, along creeks and rivers. Conse- the profits. Of course it will be wise to quently, they reach their best develop- see that the plantation is protetced from ment in rich, well-drained bottom lands. fire and live stock. The danger of injury It is an entirely safe proposition to plant by fire is not great unless there is a catalpa trees in any soil that will produce growth of grass or weeds on the ground. a good corn crop. Gumbo, poorly drained The litter from the trees does not accumsoils, or high, dry land is not desirable ulate in sufficient abundance to carry defor these trees. The general impression structive fires. Live stock of any kind is that catalpas require a sandy soil to at- harmful to the trees. It is best not to tain the best development is erroneous, allow any animals to range on the plantaMr. Scott says. A sandy loam or a sandy tion. soil with a clay or loam subsoil are all When sixteen or eighteen years old, right, but sandy soils with coarse sand or catalpas will yield three general fencing gravel subsoil are not at all suitable. posts to the tree. The trees that are cut
Six by six feet is the distance usually out when eight or ten years old are large recommended for planting the young enough to make one post apiece besides trees. This spacing is the most satisfac- considerable stove wood. If the trees tory when all the trees in the plantation are cut while they are in a good, thrifty are to be grown until they are sixteen or condition, the sprouts from the stumps eighteen years old. But if some of the will yield a second crop of posts in from trees are to be cut for posts or other pur- fourteen to sixteen years. This second poses as soon as they are large enough, crop will nearly equal the first in numand these cut promiscuously throughout ber of posts and value. They will be the plantation, the stand is left so open straighter and freer from limbs than the that grass and weeds soon gain a foot- posts from the first cutting, and quite as ing and the trees around the opening durable. Because it requires practically develop heavy limbs instead of tall, no attention the second crop is the most straight trunks. Too wide spacing al- profitable. It's like waiting on a paid up lows heavy limbs to develop near the endowment policy. And fully as safe, ground and as a result the best form for the Kansas forester says.
I I at
the first station near Honolulu—that block is accomplished principally by the began overland wireless-message send- natural weight of the wedge which is ining. It should be remembered and re- creased by the iron piece on its top. corded as well as the more famous, The machine is driven by an electric but no more justly so, wireless stations. motor. The power is derived from an
Even if Honolulu, as in the event of a electric circuit, and on turning the lever war with the Japanese, for instance, of the auto-starter, the splitting of the should have all other communication with wood begins. The transmission of the the American continent cut off, there power from the motor to the kindling would still be the wireless. Wireless machine is by means of a belt. On the communication is now held with the motor being started, the hatchet is raised United States.
and goes rapidly down by means of a special mechanism within the machine.
Another arrangement for binding the ELECTRIC KINDLING
wood into convenient bundles, when MACHINE
split, is shown on the right side
of the picture. The wood THIS new device is
is put into the semi-circle born of the neces
of the iron frame sity of giving the
on a chain. This farmer help in his
chain is tightened strenuous day's
by means of a lever work. The ma
so that the pieces chine is a Ger
are brought close man invention.
together and the The strong
binding is thus easiiron frame
ly accomplished. in the fore
The farm ground is
lad with his connected
chores after with an iron
hours would an vil on
un questionwhich a
ably appreblock of
ciate this wood rests.
MACHINE THAT CHOPS WOOD WITH ELECTRICITY,
AN IMMENSE BAG FILLER
ANT-HILL A BAG filler
IN certain parts of o has recently
western Washbeen invented in
ington these imMaine, which, it is
mense ant hills are claimed, surpasses MONSTER TURTLE AT THE NEW YORK AQUARIUM. found, sometimes anything of the
measuring six feet kind hitherto invented in this line. in height by four in width. They are
The machine has one motion up, to built, usually at the base of a tree, by a clutch, and one motion down to release large black ant, out of dried fir and pine the bag, something that nearly ever other needles. This one had an outside layer bag filler, if indeed not all, lack. It will of small twigs and is about five feet high, hold any size of bag.
with very many paths made by the ants, It is not expensive. It sets on any or- running to it from all directions. The dinary platform scale and the cost is not little creatures must have done an enorover fifteen dollars.
mous amount of work. It can be worked in different ways, round on the side
MONSTER or in any direction.
LOGGERHEAD A large amount of
TURTLE material can be handled with it
THE New York and it does away
Aquarium rewith the Scoop
cently put on exbusiness. It fills
hibition a monster every part of the
loggerhead turtle bag. It gives a free
weighing about and unobstructed
four hundred surface to place the
pounds and of a bag and has an inA REVOLVER WITH SEARCHLIGHT ATTACHMENT.
length of nearly six complete ring that It is connected with a small electric battery, carried in
the pocket. and has attached to it a small, but strong drops on the bag
was taken by electric lighting apparatus. It can be made, by pressing
a and grips it, using on a button, to throw a powerful searchlight a con
siderable distance. If the householder is surprised at either large or night by burglars he can throw the light upon the intruders
and take careful aim while he remains in darkness himsmall bags. self and offers no target.
miles off Key West.