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BONUS SYSTEM FOR PARK of increasing efficiency among the men, EMPLOYES
and pays well in the long run. LO OS ANGELES, California, has a sys
X-RAY TO FIND PEARLS tem of paying a bonus to park em- A SIDE from surgical purposes, the ployes every month, which repays the only use found for the X-ray is said comparatively
to be in the small outlay
pearl industry by increased
It could be efficiency and
used in this economy
to among the
locate the beaucaretakers.
tiful ornaThe park
ments. Instead which is kept
of destroying in the best or
the oyster to der at the least
ascertain if it proportionate
contains pearls, cost is known
the rays might DAY LABORERS WORKING ON THE BONUS SYSTEM WERE FOUND as the banner TO INCREASE IN EFFICIENCY.
be used to show park for the
whether the month, and each employe of that park oyster contained a pearl, and if nothing receives an additional five dollars in his were discovered the oyster might be put pay envelope.
back into the sea so as to continue to The bonus system is also used on the grow. This procedure would preserve aqueduct to an even
almost countless numgreater extent, and has
bers of oysters that are resulted in great sav
annually destroyed. ing in time, and there
Doubtless many of fore in money. On this
the discoveries made big undertaking the bo
by scientists in their nus is paid for results ;
laboratories could be that is, a gang of la
put to practical use if borers which does more
there were but some than the specified
way to bring these disamount of drilling or
coveries directly before digging in the month
the public. Too often, receives extra pay
however, years pass by therefor. It is a just Pipe WHICH SIR WALTER RALEIGH. THE First before intelligent atten
ENGLISHMAN REPORTED TO HAVE SMOKED and far-sighted method TOBACCO, IS SUPPOSED TO HAVE USED.
tion is given them.
RAILROAD CROSSING AND
CHARLES M. NILES
HE two great arteries of com lar intervals. The flow of water in the merce in New York State culverts will be controlled by iron valves. the New York Central Rail- Snubbing posts and iron ladders will be road and the barge canal set in the concrete walls, for the con
will cross each other at a point venience of boatmen using the lock. five miles east of Utica. The level of While the crossing is under construccanal and railroad will be about the same, tion, the New York Central tracks are but a crossing at grade was obviously im- being carried around the works by a depracticable. So the railroad men and the tour a third of a mile in length. A branch state engineers got together and planned from the railroad parallels the lock site, a combined lock and crossing, whereby thus facilitating the unloading of supthe canal will be lowered twenty-one feet plies. The entire construction plant is and pass under the railroad to the lower conveniently arranged and up-to-date. land near the Mohawk River. This novel The work is progressing steadily, and the structure, with its approaches, will re new crossing will probably be in use this quire huge walls of concrete a quarter of a fall. mile long and nearly fifty feet in height. The material excavated from the apPanama hasn't got very much on that. proaches is used in making concrete. A The lock chamber will be of standard
steam shovel scoops up the gravel and barge canal dimensions—328 feet long deposits it in automatic dump cars, which and 45 feet wide—permitting
are whisked away by dinkey the lockage of two 1600-ton
locomotives to the "launbarges at one time. The
dry.” This apparatus gravel foundation is
looks like a confused so firm that piling
jumble of chutes is unnecessary,
and screens; but but the lock
it is saving the chamber will be
contractors floored with
thousands of three feet of
dollars by consolid concrete.
verting ordiA great steel
nary gravel bridge will
into first-class carry the four
aggregate for tracks of the
concrete. New York.
After being Central across
dumped into the canal just be
large hoppers at low the lower gates.
the top, the gravel The lock will be
passes through a filled and emptied by
series of revolving culverts passing through
screens while jets of water the side walls. Small ports
play upon it. In this manopen from the culverts into IN THE LOCK CHAMBER. ner the sand and stone are the lock chamber at regu
The concrete mixing tower is shown cleansed and assorted. in the background.
N the presence of the Emperor of sign to provide ample accommodation for Germany and a notable gathering passengers and crew. The wireless apthe steamship Imperator, of the paratus on the Imperator, it is asserted, Hamburg - American Line, was will be the most powerful of any ship in
launched recently at Hamburg. The the world and will be in constant service new liner, which establishes new stand at all hours of the day and night, to ards for size, luxury and—it is claimed receive or send messages. safety at sea, will enter the North At To drive this immense steel vessel it lantic service early next year. The will be necessary to install engines caImperator's length of 900 feet and her pable of developing 70,000 horsepower. tonnage of 50,000 render her the largest The Imperator is not expected to estabship in the world. She is to be followed lish a new time record for crossing the by two sister ships of about the same size. Atlantic. She will be driven at an aver
The Imperator is built with a double age speed of about 22/2 knots an hour. bottom, extending her entire length. In She will have four propellers driven by addition she will have coal bunkers at the turbine engines. the sides, practically giving her a double Probably the Imperator's most unique skin, rendering her a ship within a ship. feature will be a magnificent swimming The Imperator is also equipped with pool, reproducing with great fidelity a luxmany transverse bulkheads whose doors urious Roman bath. This cabin is two are controlled by hydraulic power from stories or decks in height, and surroundthe bridge, and can be closed simultane ed by a broad gallery. The ceiling of ously within a few seconds by touching a the bath is carried out in marble and lever. A complete system of electrical bronze. For those desiring special pricommunication extends throughout the vacy, beautiful suites are provided, inship, thus placing the officer on the bridge cluding a private veranda or deck. These in instant control with any part of the ocean “apartments" as they may be ship. Her owners declare that she will called, consist of drawing room, bed carry sufficient lifeboats of the latest de room and dining room.
WHEN THE STORM SEWER
choked with more water than it can carry is shown in this photograph of a Los Angeles street, taken after a heavy rain. The water flooding the storm sewer developed a pressure that forced a heavy iron man-hole out of place, and a geyser was formed that inundated the surrounding streets.
A FLOODED SEWER THAT BURST THROUGH A MANHOLE
INTO THE STREET ABOVE. AT Los ANGELES, CAL. STEAM MOTOR TRUCK
There is a joy in constructing one's THE THE motor truck shown in the illus own machines that the man who buys tration was made by its owner for does not experience.
does not experience. At first thought less than twenty dollars. All its parts the impression is obtained that this steam were gathered together from discarded motor truck is something for nothing. scrap iron. It is of ten-horsepower, with Reflection will show, however, that its two simple engines working at right inventor put into it a good deal more angles, in locomotive style. The maxi- than merely so many parts, and so much mum speed on a level road is twelve miles labor. He had to have the knack, the per hour. It has low speed for a heavy ingenuity, the skill to do this. The point, pull or for hill climbing. The weight of however, that the thing is there to do, the machine, with necessary coal and and can be done by the man who has the water for its operation, is one-half ton. eyes to see, and the patience to execute, The inventor uses his device to saw his is the one 'striking thing that every one neighbors' wood and to haul produce. should dwell upon when considering a
Automobilists, in their modern ma piece of work of this sort. It must have chines, stare in wonder as they pass the been a very slow process to accumulate strange looking vehicle on the highway. the parts.