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THE HEALTH OF THE CITIES

becoming more filthy.” In
passing, it must be put
down as a disgrace to a city
like St. Paul that it has in
this enlightened age paid its
health commissioner the
same salary as it pays the col-
lectors of dead animals, while
his assistant receives just a lit-
tle more per day than does the
garbage collector.
Two years ago a young man

WHICH OF THESE CORSO

DO YOU GET YOUR MLK FROM was made health-officer of the city of Wheeling, West Virginia. The doctors were very

POINTERS FOR SECUR. busy just then, and so were the undertakers, ING Pure MILK AND

IF YOU DONT DOW YOU SHOULD because of an unwarranted rate of death among the infants of that city. It was a sort of “race-suicide," but on a mammoth scale. The new health-officer was shocked results of his inspection in the columns and dumfounded as he read over the long of the daily press. The list of guilty death roll. The milk supplied by the venders was a long one, and its very provenders at once fell under his suspicion. portions startled the citizens from their Then he looked up the law. Too often costly slumber. But the efforts and health boards and officers are tied hand results were worth while. Today Wheeland foot by a lack of authority, but this ing has a uniformly good milk supply, Wheeling progressive felt sure from his for the people avoided the venders of interpretation of the law that he had the dirty milk as they would the plague, and power to put a stop to this heedless the venders whose names appeared sacrifice of infant life. He began by among the undesirables in the printed list, examining samples of milk sold in the were forced to mend their ways or go city, and then it dawned on him that this out of business. Now the little white course would be useless if he stopped at hearse is seldom seen on the streets of merely entering the results in his book the city of Wheeling. Even adverse of record, so he decided to make the facts advertising pays. known to his employer,—the people. Easton, Pennsylvania, is entitled to a When this became known, there were blue ribbon on the score of its method of vigorous protests and dire threats of vio- dealing with tuberculosis among the lence from the parties interested finan- poor. It is a widely known fact nowcially, but he went ahead in the face of adays that besides fresh air, proper and this stormy antagonism, and printed the nourishing food is one of the chief essen

tials in building up the tubercular victim

and bringing him back to health. Cream, Don't Dope Your Baby butter and eggs have a high value in this

respect, but where is the poor or povertystricken victim to obtain these? For in a majority of instances these unfortunates are of the poorer classes, and have a difficult enough struggle against the odds of life when in full health. But let them once get into the clutches of the white plague, and they will stand little chance of recovery unless supplied with proper nourishment in abundant quantities. Easton realized this, and so far it is the only city in the entire country

which has solved this phase of the dark A DOSE OF A "SOOTHING" Syrup IS THE SAME AS

problem of tuberculosis. Easton, with

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A BLOW ON THE HEAD.

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arms laden with generous quantities of cream, butter

COMPARISON OF EXPENDITURES

FOR IMPORTANT MUNICIPAL ACTIVITIES and eggs, goes right into

IN FOUR LEADING AMERICAN CITIES the homes of the needy

This data - for year 1900 - from tabulations of US Census Bureau tubercular victims, and sup

PER CAPITA EXPENDITURE plies all tubercular victims

CHICAGO with rich, bounteous provisions. It discriminates between charitably saving the starving and re-building into new life the shattered frames of the tubercular.

NEW YORK The only requisite necessary to obtain this richest of nourishment is a physician's certificate, stating that the bearer is a victim of the white plague. This

PHILADELPHIA plan is better and cheaper than hospitals, of which enough will never be built to supply the demand so far as tuberculosis is concerned, and other cities which wish

BOSTON to rank foremost in health POLICE activity would do well to follow Easton's lead.

In this limited distribution of medals to cities for achievement along health lines, Cincinnati must not EVIDENTLY HEALTH PROTECTION Is Not REGARDED AS BEING SO be forgotten. There are to be no more “blue Mondays”. down there on the Ohio, and henceforth washday will cease to be and a low death rate are two of the best the abomination of desolation for the advertisements that a city may have. The poorer families who are fortunate enough more enterprising of our cities are learnto live in Cincinnati. That city's health ing this, and are waking to the fact that board is entitled to the credit for carrying to grow in population and prestige it is out the idea, for they fully realized the not only necessary to attract new citizens, dangerous consequences often due to but even more necessary to preserve the damp, steaming clothes hanging to dry health of those they already possess. Just in the close quarters of the dwellers of as the insurance companies are realizing the tenements, and had the foresight to that it is more profitable to keep their see the sanitary benefits of a city public policy-holders alive and paying premiums laundry. So the laundry was built, and than it is to let them die, so some of the was just recently opened to the women cities are having it forced on them that of the crowded tenement districts. This a healthy man, woman or child is a real novel city plant includes enough driers, commercial asset to any community. washers and electric irons to meet the But it must be said to the shame of laundry needs of five hundred families most of our cities that they have not every week. It has proved to be sucli a more fully awakened to the possibilities success that Cincinnati is getting ready of this health age. There is little excuse. to build more of the same kind.

Information and practical knowledge are Performances like this, and of some of not lacking; in fact, those who would the other cities mentioned, benefit a city gladly guard the public's health have even in a financial way, for good health more knowledge for that purpose than

IMPORTANT AS PROTECTION OF PROPERTY.
A comparison of budgets of four of our great cities.

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pity it is," said a prominent APPROPRIATIONS FOR

sanitarian recently, “that CHICAGO'S PUBLIC SAFETY DEPARTMENTS some man could not have FOR THE LAST FOUR YEARS

patented the fresh-air treat

ment for tuberculosis! He HEALTH

would have been a millionaire many times over, and his treatment would have

been, without any doubt, POLICE

far more popular than Peruna!"

It is to be hoped that the

passion for drugging and FIRE

doctoring the individual will soon be a thing of the past, while the health and well-being of the species as a whole will be given more

attention. The problem of A COMPARISON OF CHICAGO'S APPROPRIATIONS FOR HEALTH. POLICE disease in relation to cities

merely requires the earnest Note that “Health" receives a smaller allowance each succeeding year.

consideration of those gift

ed with honorable political For Your Health's Sake-Keep Your Body Clean

sagacity; the exponents of medical science are doing their part as best they can. It is now up to the citizen to arouse

himself and awaken others to activity, for THE CRADLE of

henceforth it will be to the lasting disCLEANLINESS

grace of any city if it does not bend every effort to the wholesale eradication of disease by preventive measures accessible to all. Our cities have had the finger of scorn pointed at them often enough; they

have it in thein to become models for the A SUGGESTION. WHICH IF FOLLOWED. Would LOWER

civilized world—models that may even be

regarded with approval by a more enthey know what to do with,—oftentimes lightened civilization a number of generthey cannot even give it away! "What a ations hence.

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THE DEATH RATE IN THE CITIES

Wisdom of the Ancients

I Love thyself, and many will hate thee.
T A prosperous fool is a grievous burden.

The truth is always the strongest argument.
q Better be ignorant of a matter than half know it.

SUN-POWER TO IRRIGATE THE

.: NILE VALLEY

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HE sandy and sun-baked wastes this wonderful plant being sent to Egypt of the Nile, the arid lands of hap-hazard; it is going to fill an order the Texas Panhandle, the of the Egyptian government, an order nitrate fields of Chile, the des- given after a

board of expert erts of Africa, in short, those commissioners

had spent months dried out portions of the earth which for at the Tacony

plant as special centuries have resisted the efforts of the investigators

for the Khedive. farmer are to be reclaimed by the very It is backed

by British capithing that has made them desolate—the tal, placed

only after the sun.

most exhaust

ive investigation There was shipped recently from Phil- of the prac

tical use of the adelphia to Egypt the first section of the sun-power

plant.

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first sun-power plant ever invented and put to practical use. This is not the experiment of a dreamer but the completed and tested work—after many months of practical use in Tacony, a suburb of Philadelphia-of

The Egyptian order was the first but not the only one which has been placed in the past several months. With the assurance from the Khedive's commissioners and from the English financiers, orders

Tacony. Nor is

FRANK SHUMAN. WHO HAS RECEIVED AN ORDER FROM
THE EGYPTIAN GOVERNMENT TO INSTALL ONE

OF His SUN-POWER PLANTS.

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have begun to pour in from every section produce a plant that would originally of the globe until Mr. Shuman has found cost no more than about twice as much as it necessary to begin the erection of a a steam boiler of the same horse-power. plant to make sun-power plants. The The 10,000 horse-power plant now being work on this plant is starting now in shipped to Egypt meets this every rePhiladelphia.

quirement. This, in brief, is the story of the ulti- The plant which has been in operation mate success of years of effort, of work near Tacony is built low, so low that the and of testing, but it gives only a slight winds have never injured it since it has idea of the great factor that has entered been in operation. It is expected to opagricultural and manufacturing develop- erate about eight hours a day in the Nile ment and what this wonderful sun-ray- country and in this latitude it has already harnessing machinery will do.

turned out 3,000 gallons of water a minThe main object of the sun-power ute, throwing it to a height of 33 feet. plant is to produce practical power at the In Egypt, it is expected to treble, possibly ieast possible cost. The idea of "harness- quadruple, this capacity. ing the sun” has been the dream of in- Mr. Shuman commenced his experiventors and the desire of the commercial ments about ten years ago. The first exgiants. for years. Some efforts have met periments showed that if the sun's rays with a certain amount of success but not beat directly upon a glass vessel and if all with practical success. Toys, almost, losses by conduction, convection and have been invented which, were they radiation were prevented, the temperaused for commercial purposes, would ture within the vessel would rise to 1,000 prove far too costly to be practicable. It degrees Fahrenheit. The heat losses was toward the commercial use of the were prevented by a theoretically perfect sun-power plant that Mr. Shuman bent system of insulation, but this, of course, all his efforts.

was impossible for commercial purposes, To achieve his end meant high effi- because of the immense cost. It was ciency at a low cost of installation and found, however, that by the use of welloperation and with a length of service known and cheap forms of heat insulawhich would not mąke deter- tion sufficient loss could be prevented to ioration a fac

tor. It produce practical power at almost no cost. meant a plant

so de- The production of steam by atmosvised that it

would pheric pressure keeps the temperature not be unduly

affected down to 212 degrees Fahrenheit. If by wind and

weather there were no steam produced, the heat and so divided

that if would rise to 395 Fahrenheit in latitude one section

broke 40 north and possibly to 400 degrees down it might

be re- Fahrenheit near the equator. Whatever paired with

out af- excess steam is produced can be, of fecting the

oper- course, utilized. ation of the

other With these matters determined, Mr. sections. The

invent- Shuman commenced his practical experior bent his ef

forts to ments. He built three generators. The

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THE SUN-POWER PLANT IN ACTION, It is pumping three thousand gallons of water a minute to a height of thirty-three feet. The practicability of the

invention is therefore apparent.

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