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HITTING BELOW THE BELT

ARMOR

TEEL

WATER

COAL

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AMMU-
NITION

PASSAGE

COB

CROSS SECTION OF A MODERN BATTLESHIP, SHOWING HOW A DAVIS

SEND ITS EXPLOSIVE SHELL THROUGH THE COAL
BUNKERS AND INTO A BOILER ROOM OR
OTHER VITAL PART OF THE

VESSEL

the further a torpedo can run with a
fair likelihood of success the wider apart
ships must remain to avoid this
menace—relying then upon gunfire
to damage the foe.

An eight-inch armorpiercing shell at 2,000 yards

--_8N SHEL would be able to perforate a battleship’s casemate armor eight inches thick, but would not have enough velocity left to pierce the protective deck lying over the vitals. Two thousand yards is an improbably short battle range. Most of the next great sea fights will be settled virtually before the opponents get closer than 5,000 yards. On the other hand, the guntorpedo can reach its mark where the eight-inch rifle

TORPEDO WOULD INJURE THE OUTER BOTTOM AND THEN would be useless, and, once in touch with its target, could do untold damage. Instead of firing at the enemy at a dis- called, and the submarine are the vessels tance, it is like placing a pistol against his designed purposely to use the torpedo as temple before pulling the trigger.

their prime instruments of offense. The Recent tests of the Davis gun-torpedo destroyer counts upon her speed and the in the lower Chesapeake Bay have amply cover of darkness to get her close enough emphasized the possibilities of this inven- to strike her quarry-in the daytime she tion. The first time, the torpedo sent its would invite, practically, certain destrucprojectile through and through the tion if she tried to reach the foe in the target, the target representing the cross- face of modern rapid-fire guns. Here is section of a vessel with inner and outer where the submarine comes in. This bottom plating and three interposing order of torpedo craft expects to do in bulkheads of tough steel. The shell ex- broad daylight what the destroyer hopes ploded in the water on the far side of to do under a cloak of fog or the gloom the target. The next test consisted in of night. In either case the Davis gunthe torpedo assaulting the side of the torpedo adds immeasurably to their target which had an outside protection potential powers of doing harm, giving of armor plate. The shell burst when it the defense a heavier burden to bear and hit this plate and did not penetrate, but increasing the tax upon the nerves of the it wrecked the structure so much that the personnel. target sank shortly afterwards. Had the This new weapon has robbed the enfuse been properly timed, the projectile veloping water of a vast measure of its would have passed through the armor protective value, has made the submarine and have burst inside the structure. The gun more dangerous than the biggest trials in the Chesapeake were govern cannon now carried aboveboard, and mental repetitions of private tests which completely upsets the prevailing schemes had been carried out successfully some for under-water defense against the tortime previously.

pedo. Truly this is revolutionary; and The sea-going torpedo boat, or tor- well may we ask the question, What is pedo-boat destroyer as it is commonly coming next?

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HE citizens of Colorado have inated with John Brisben Walker, and a

started a campaign to provide committee of prominent Colorado men is
for the President of the now in charge of the movement.
United States a summer home The proposed home is on Mount Fal-

in that state. The plans, con, fifteen miles from Denver, in the which have already been completed, call front range of the Rockies. It is planned for a veritable palace of most original to make the gift a token from the people and picturesque design, the like of which of Colorado, and contributions are now does not exist in this country. It will coming in from all over the state. The take rank with any of the existing palaces fund was started by subscriptions from of European monarchs. The idea orig- leading bankers and business men in

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Denver. Ground has already been broken con stands preeminent. Its magnificent and it is hoped the building may be con- rocks are softened by lichens. Night and structed in time for next summer. morning on the mountain are like the

President Taft when apprised of the beginning of creation; it is so different summer home plan, expressed the opinion from the rest of the world that it seems that no locality could offer finer natural as if one were in a fairyland of color. attractions for such a structure.

A hundred tiny lakelets of quicksilver The proposed house will be unique in come into view as the sun rises over the many ways and exceedingly attractive, limitless plains to the east, and at evenThe plans as prepared by Architecting these change to turquoise, or rose James B. Benedict call for a noble and color, or emerald as the sky may reflect. massive structure of gray granite, con- From the north terrace of the mountrasting with the natural setting for the tain, upon which the drawing room and building. The house will provide ample library will open, the steep mountain side, room for the President's attendants. Au- wooded with pines, drops down two thoutomobiles would bring the summer capital sand feet into the rushing waters of Bear within forty minutes of Denver.

Creek; to the south, seventy-five miles The view that the site of the building away, is Pike's Peak. Denver lies fifteen commands is its strongest feature, and miles away to the northeast. When a it is this that was strongly urged in mak- passing cloud covers the city with its ing a choice of sites. Among all the won- shadow, the plains seem barren of houses. derful and beautiful scenic spots within Then suddenly the sunlight pierces a short distance of Denver, Mount Fal- through, and a great city stands revealed. В у

FRANCIS B. ATKINSON

Secretary of the Committee on Organization

COMMITTEE ON ORGANIZATION. Mrs. M. S. Grainger, President Illinois Federation of Women's Clubs; Arthur G. Graham, President Small Park and Play Ground Association, Evanston; Mrs. J. H. Jaffray, Vice President Cook County League of Women's Clubs; Dr. Rachel Hickey Carr, 4810 Lake Ave., Chicago; Mrs. Harriette T. Treadwell, Chairman Social Committee Chicago Equal Suffrage League, formerly President Chicago Teachers' Federation; Francis B. Atkinson, Secretary; John Fitzpatrick, President of Chicago Federation of Labor; Mrs. Harry S. Hyman, Chairman Program Committee Illinois Federation of Women's Clubs; Mrs. George Vosbrink, Vice President for the First District, Illinois Federation of Women's Clubs; Mrs. Freeman Brown, President Cook County League of Women's Clubs; Miss Jennie F. W. Johnson, President South Side Equal Suffrage League; Mrs. M. S. Hartshorn, Chairman Woman's Party of Cook County ; Mrs. C. E. Clifton, President Woman's Club of Evanston; E. R. Pritchard, Secretary Chicago Health Commission; Mrs. E. L. Bay, President, Mrs. H. R. Risinger, Recording Secretary, Woodlawn Woman's Club; Mrs. Thomas H. Hall, President Millard Avenue Woman's Club; Rev. A. E. Bartlett, Church of the Redeemer, Chicago; Miss J. Macklin Beattie, President Canal Zone Federation of Women's Clubs, Ancon, Isthmus of Panama; Mrs. S. P. Johnson, President New Mexico Federation; Mrs. Julian Heath, Chairman Committee on Household Economics, City Federation of Women's Clubs and President Housewives' League, New York City; Mrs. L. G. Wheeler, Corresponding Secretary Wisconsin Federation.

cinders,

RS. JULIAN HEATH, Presi- munication from the President of one of dent of the New York House- the State Federations of Women's Clubs

wives' League, is one of the new is given: and enthusiastic members of the Feder "My husband is in the mercantile business ated Marketing Clubs. The league of and the proposed methods of distribution which Mrs. Heath is the head was

through local houses is of considerable per

sonal interest to us. I shall be glad to assist formed under the auspices of the Com

in the establishment of such an organization mittee on Home Economics of the New and believe that it will be highly beneficial. York Federation of Marketing Clubs- If I can serve you on committee or otherwise, which has 165,000 members.

please command me." The plans of the league are similar to Similar expressions of approval have those of the Federated Marketing Clubs been received from both wholesale and which Mrs. Heath so warm

retail grocers and food ly endorses:

manufacturers. The Presi"Your papers have been care

dent of one of the trans-confully considered by me and also

tinental railroads, says: by our Central Council. All are enthusiastic in regard to your scheme. It is, I believe, a step

"Your plan is not only based beyond what we are undertak

on sound business principles, ing and which our work will

but it seems to me to be a great educate for. I want, now, to

humanitarian movement. We catch every buyer and make her

believe that one of the most imrealize her power and responsi

portant functions of our own bility. I can help you here in the

work is to teach the farmer East and shall be glad to do so."

how to make more profit by

being a better business man. Since the relation of the

As I understand it, your plan Federated Clubs plan to the

proposes to accomplish the dealer is one of its most

same object for the business of

the household and I am sure practical features, it is with

that the farmers, as well as the satisfaction that this com

Mrs. JULIAN HEATH.

railroads, will be with you.”

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THE FEDERATED MARKETING CLUBS

91

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THE Scoop.

additional check on dishonesty, all reports of short weights made to a local office will be immediately disseminated to all club members dealing with grocers in that district.

WILL THE FARMER STAND BY US ?

The Secretary of a Chicago Labor Union writes: “When the Chicago Labor Unions ran a co-operative store, the commission men overbid them with the farmers and cut off their sources of supply. What are you going to do about that?"

To protect both the farmer and the THE LUMP OF PUTTY BENEATH THE PAN HELPS consumer, it is necessary to enter into a TILT THE SCALE.

written contract. This is the way the

Middleman deals with the farmers, the WAYS OF CHEATING AND THE PENALTY.

creameries and other food produce 's IT is difficult for a man to

and he is perfectly right in doing so. be an inspector without

When it comes to standing by · looking the part. The re

one another, isn't the consumer sult is that as soon as an in

as much to blame as the prospector of weights and meas

ducer; being always ures appears—which is not BEWARE OF THE WIRE

NAILS IN THE often as there are few in

ready to desert à man

BOTTOM OF spectors in proportion to the

who has reduced prices, ground to be covered—most

for some large comof the various instruments of decep

petitor who temporarily tion can be readily removed until

reduces them still more? he goes away. Moreover, few cities have any weight and measure in

DETECTION OF BUTTER spectors.

SUBSTITUTES. Even without such inspection, prob

Place a sample of butably not one grocer in a thousand would

ter, two or three times the cheat in his weights and measures if con

size of a pea, on a large sumers, in any organized and systematic

spoon over an ordinary gas way, would protect the honest man

lamp or burner. Good fresh against the competition of the dishonest.

butter will boil quickly and Under present conditions, one dishonest

quietly, producing a numgrocer in a neighborhood almost compels all the other grocers to practice similar REDUCING Weights BY BORING dishonesty and to offer fictitious bargains based on these short weights and measures.

Wherever there is a sufficiently large group of buyers in a given district in any city or community to warrant the establishment of a local office, Marketing Club members will, in addition to reduction in prices and insurance of quality, be insured honest weights and measures in dealing with all grocers distributing for members. Scales and measures will be subject to inspection by inspectors em

Butter Is WEIGHED IN A WATER-LOGGED WOODEN ployed by the Marketing Clubs. As an

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PLATE.

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