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in each year of a complete official roster of State, county and village employees in the classified service. This publication seemed necessary on account of the fact that the roster contained in the Commission's annual report was likely to be a year old at least by the time these reports could be obtained from the State printer. The first such roster was issued under date of July 1, 1910, and embracing as it does complete list of the positions in the classified public service, together with the classification, the name of each incumbent, the date of his entrance into the service, date of his entrance into present position, and compensation, constitutes a compendium of information that, if revised twice a year as proposed, will be widely useful.

The chief examiner also was authorized by the Legislature of 1910 to compile and publish a pamphlet of information in regard to examinations, with sample question papers and other data of value to persons desiring to enter competitions for places in the public service.

Examination Work. The end of the year finds the work of the examinations division well in hand, with the papers in all competitions held during the year rated and the results reported. The record for the year includes 357 open competitive examinations, with 8,540 candidates; and 101 competitive promotion examinations with 965 candidates.

The year has seen a further development in the matter of oral examinations, an innovation initiated in 1905 by this Commission, and now thoroughly approved by experience. The Commission recognizes the limitations and dangers that lie in the system, but believes that when practicable of application and properly safe guarded, it provides an invaluable aid in passing upon the qualifications of candidates for positions in the successful filling of which the personal equation is of paramount importance. In competitions for the position of county probation officer, in that for transfer tax appraisers, and in those for superintendents of the State Colony at Sonyea and the Home for Feeble Minded Women at Newark, it has given most satisfactory results.

Investigation of an alleged impersonation in an examination conducted by the New York Municipal Civil Service Commission

for inspection of masonry, held on May 17, 1900, afforded evidence of collusion between a father and son by which the former was improperly recorded as having taken and passed said examination. These men had been transferred to the State service under the law establishing the Public Service Commission. The State Civil Service Commission gave notice that it would refuse to further certify the payrolls of these two parties to the fraud, and as a result both were dismissed from service.

Meetings and Investigations. The Commission has held regular meetings in the first and third weeks of each month throughout the year, and additional meetings as the needs of the service required.

Charges preferred by Mrs. Emma I. Dehler against the sheriff of Queens county, alleging that she had been induced by threats to sign a declination of the office of assistant matron in the jail and that the sheriff had violated the Civil Service Law by the employment in that position of a person“ way down on the list,” were investigated by the Commission. The sheriff was found not to have acted in good faith in the matter, only appealing to the Flaherty decision when he found he could not get a favorite into the place with consequent protection of tenure, but as he went out of office on December 31, 1909, there was no practical question on which the Commission could pass.

On recommendation of Commissioner Kraft, who investigated the case of Albert Vantine, a veteran of the Civil War, alleged to have been separated illegally from the service of the board of education of the city of Mount Vernon, the complaint made in the latter's behalf was dismissed. It appeared that Vantine, appointed provisionally to the office of city building inspector, had failed to pass the open competitive examination or attain a place on the eligible list and could not therefore claim preference as a veteran to the appointment.

The investigation of the administration of the Municipal Commission of Buffalo is referred to under another heading.

Changes of Classification Requested. With the prospect of a change of political control in the State administration, the Commission has been deluged with applications

for the transfer of positions from the exempt and non-competitive classes to the competitive class, with the view of removing these places from possible consideration as so many opportunities for the reward of activity in political service. The applications are as follows: From the State Forest, Fish and Game Department, the positions of secretary and chief game protector; from the Fiscal Supervisor of State Charities, the position of inspector of buildings, heating and lighting; from the Secretary of State, the positions of chief of the automobile bureau and of messenger; from the Superintendent of Public Buildings, the positions of paymaster, messenger and weigher, chief orderly, machinist and locksmith, stone cutter and tile-setter, chief carpenter, carpet-man and shade-maker, upholsterer, assistant machinist, plumbers and gas fitters and gardeners; from the subordinates of the Superintendent of Elections, for the Metropolitan district, with the latter's approval, about one hundred positions of deputy. While it is probably true that the interests of the public service might be served by the retention of experienced and capable employees, the Commission has considered the presentation of such applications at this time inopportune, and laid them all on the table.

The Commission took the same course last year as recounted in its report for 1909, when the transfer of county offices in New York county from Democratic to Republican control, and the coincident change in Kings county from Republican to Democratic control brought forth many applications from outgoing officials of both parties for the covering in of their appointees. The consistent policy of the Commission has been not to make political changes occasion for the use of its power of reclassification.

In Conclusion. The Commission appreciates the prompt and cordial response which the State officials, elective and appointive, have made to its inquiries and to its suggestions for concerted action by the different administrative departments, and also for their co-operation in making the constitutional obligation that appointments to public office shall be for merit and fitness effective and respected. To the Attorney-General and his deputies it is under especial obligation for advice as to the construction of statutory provisions and for their successful defense in successive litigations of the action of the Commission. To Mr. Samuel H. Ordway and Mr. Charles P. Howland of New York and President Rush Rhees of the University of Rochester it is indebted for assistance in conducting examinations. To the newspapers, for their aid in extending notice of examinations, it also returns thanks.

Respectfully submitted,

CHARLES F. MILLIKEN,
JOHN E. KRAFT,
ROSCOE C. E. BROWN,

State Civil Service Commission.

CHIEF EXAMINER'S ANNUAL REPORT

ALBANY, N. Y., December 31, 1910. To the State Civil Service Commission:

GENTLEMEN.— The Chief Examiner submits the following report of the work of the examinations division during the year 1910.

Organization of the Division But few changes have taken place in the organization of the division during the year. Miss Harriet W. Bingham, stenographer, resigned on May 15, 1910, and her place was filled by the promotion of Miss Mabel P. Vanderpoel, the position of the latter being filled by the promotion of John E. Carpenter from page to junior clerk. The page position was filled by appointment from the register of Martin Flynn, on May 16, 1910. On July 11, 1910, Raymond Jones was appointed to this position which had been made vacant by Flynn's transfer to the administration division.

The Work of the Division The work of the examinations division is on the increase; about 20 per cent. more candidates have been examined in open competitive examinations during the year 1910 than in 1909. The total number of persons examined competitively and non-competitively this year is 13,658, as compared with 11,431 in 1909.

As usual, a considerable proportion of the examining work during the past year has been done outside the office, but on the whole, we have been able to keep the work very well up to date at all times.

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