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heavily overtaxed fellow citizens—the said fortunes : At the beginning of last month it

Its Last being the only visible fruit of the policy of colonial st


seemed probable that Ministers would extension. Add to all this that the fever is playing

be defeated on the Welsh Bill in Comhavoc with the French troops in Madagascar

mittee or on the second reading of the Local

Veto Bill. It was well known that they had not a invalids are returning to France by the shipload

majority for Local Option. The Liberal brewers and there is already a cry for reinforcements which

could not be induced to vote for a Bill which Sir will have to be attended to; otherwise the campaign

William Harcourt supported with a zeal due will terminate in a disaster which will wreck the

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possibly to the fact that in his old age he has found Ministry,

the one and only enthusiasm of a lifetime. It was U Altogether the situation is full of elements understood, however, that the difficulty about Local : Keep the of danger which may at any moment Option would be solved by shelving it to an autumn Peace Now ? draw to a head with results disastrous session, which would have to deal with one to a general peace. It is one of the aggravations of man one vote, clipping the claws of the House the situation that the foreign policy of Austria- of Lords, and the introduction of prohibition Hungary is no longer in the experienced hands of in patches. The Welsh Church Bill remained. Count Kalnoky, whose devotion to peace and confi. Mr. Lloyd George and Mr. Thomas were showing dence in the pacific policy of Great Britain have been their teeth, on one division 'the Government counted upon for many years as one of the constant majority went down to seven, and it was quite on facts which told for continued tranquillity. Under the cards that at any moment this slender majority these circumstances it is not surprising that there might disappear altogether. The action of the are many Englishmen whose one feir about the Liberal Whips in cancelling Mr. Gladstone's pair, in coming elections is that they may result in the order that he might have a free hand to deal with return of a majority too small to render a firm and the Welsh Bill, increased the uneasy feeling in the dignified foreign policy possible. Now that the Tzar Liberal ranks that the ground had shifted under has gone, it is the Prime Minister of England more their feet, and it was with more incredulity than with than any one else who can hold the balance even and satisfaction that they heard that Mr. Asquith at keep the peace of the world ; and a Prime Minister the last moment had succeeded in squaring the who has no considerable majority behind him in the recalcitrant Welsh members, and that the Bill House of Commons is not in a position to maintain was safe. The mutinous MacGregor, who had more than his own equilibrium.

shaken the dust off his feet in wrath against the Dolné We have dealt elsewhere with the one Government because their assurances about the : Lord great event which has overshadowed crofters were not good enough for him, brought upon

Rosebery. everything in home politics-namely, the Government an ugly defeat at Inverness, the the substitution of a Salisbury Cabinet for a Rose- only subsidiary advantage of which was the quietus bery Administration. The end long perceived came which it administered to Mr. Donald Macrae. Their at last in a very unexpected fashion. The Liberal Irish Bill, which had been well received by those majority had been gradually dwindling. One bye- whom it concerned, appeared to be the only piece of election after another had eaten into their narrow legislation which would be got through this Session. margin. Each of the groups which make up the com- Unfortunately, even in Ireland, Ministers.contrived posite majority had developed mutinous elements in inadvertently to provoke an effervescent outbreak of the shape of those cut-throats of faction who were dissatisfaction which contributed indirectly to their prepared to wreck their party if their demands were final overthrow. not immediately satisfied. Ministers lost even the mm This penultimate misfortune arose out of will to live, and more than one of the Cabinet Cromwell a proposal, originating no one knows regarded the final coup de grace with profound Statue. exactly how, to erect a statue to Oliver gratitude. “Do not condole with me,” said one of Cromwell. Lord Rosebery is probably the first the most distinguished of their number ; “what I English Prime Minister who had publicly proclaimed have been praying for for months has at last come to his admiration for the Lord Protector, and it was pass." I do not know of any case when an outgoing assumed, without evidence, that the proposal to Ministry was so glad to die as that which gave up the erect a statue outside Westminster Hall to the seals of office on June 29th. .

victor of Naseby and of Dunbar emanated from the

The Fall o

Prime Minister. Such, however, was not the fact. The proposition seems to have originated in the Office of Works. Members of the general public discover from time to time that Cromwell has no statue,

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: The Revolt When the first vote for £500 was taken

of the for the commencement of a statue which

Irish. Mr. Thornycroft had agreed to erect for £3,000, Ministers had not long to wait in order to discover the blunder into which they had stumbled. Of course if Mr. Balfour had been capable of rising superior to the temptation which assailed him, all might have been well. Unfortunately for almost the first time in his career Mr. Balfour played the unworthy part of a Randolph Churchill, Instead of rising to the occasion with a magnanimity which would have done him honour, he eagerly seized the chance of discrediting the Government by stooping to a course of policy which was unworthy of his reputation. No doubt ecclesiastical rancour against the great Protector still exists in many a country parsonage, but Mr: Balfour seldom plays to his gallery so meanly as he did when he attacked the memory of Cromwell for the sake of embarrassing Sir William Harcourt, On the 250th anniversary of the battle of Naseby the House of Commons voted the money for the statue by a majority of fifteen. Ministers were saved from defeat solely by the votes of a few Liberal Unionists and Ulster Tories. The question came up again on report. Another division was challenged, and the Whips reported adversely as to the chances of success. So, making a virtue of necessity, Ministers put up Mr. Morley to announce the abandonment of the proposal. The Conservatives were of course in high glee and the Irish for the moment were appeased, but the wrath of many Liberals and Nonconformists knew no bounds. The sum of £3,000 necessary for erecting the statue was at once contributed in the House of Commons, but the mischief was done. Ministers had escaped by a humiliating retreat from a position into which they should never have blundered. But although they had saved their lives by the skin of their teeth, the incident created an uneasy feeling that the end was near.

ha How near the end was, however, no one Resignation anticipated. On Friday night, June 21st, of the Duke. the House assembled with no suspicion that the end was at hand. Ministers were in good spirits, for Mr. Campbell-Bannerman was able to announce the successful completion of a long and delicate negotiation which he had been conducting, in order to clear the ground for the reorganisation of the army. The Duke of Cambridge, who for some time past has been little more than a dignified figure-head of the army, bad consented

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and write to the papers or to Ministers suggesting that the omission should be repaired. One of these innumerable communications seems to have put the Office of Works in motion, and the First Commissioner consulted the Chancellor of the Exchequer on the subject. They decided that it would be a good thing to erect a statue to Cromwell, and there. upon consulted their colleagues as to where the statue should stand. Some said one thing and some another, but only two raised the prior question whether there should be a statue at all. No one had any objection to do honour to the greatest of English rulers, but a small minority demurred to bringing for. ward a proposal which was certain to irritate the Irish beyond bounds. Their warnings were unheeded and the proposal went forward.

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The Fatal


to resign the office of Commander-in-Chief, and hence forth the command of the army would be vested in an officer appointed for a term of five years Everybody congratulated everybody else on the achievement of an object which had long been regarded as inevitable, and Sir William Harcourt, it is stated, for the first time that Session went off to the Terrace to enjoy a quiet smoke with his faithful gossips, Mr. Labouchere and Sir Wilfrid Lawson. He is said to have remarked, as he took his seat on the Terrace: “ There is at least one night on which there is no danger of a Ministerial crisis." Yet it was on that night of all others that the Ministry fell

The occasion was insignificant enough. a Mr. Brodrick, acting as the mouthpiece

HARD HIT! of Mr. Chamberlain, who had been chafing

With an apology to Wr. W.Q. Orcbariste, B... impatiently against the refusal of the Government to

From the Watainster Gazetts. give up the ghost, moved to reduce the salary of Mr. Campbell

The defeat, unexpected as it was, was Bannerman, the Salisbury's not unwelcome. A Cabinet Council was Secretary of War, Accession. held on Saturday, and in the evening by £100, in order Lord Rosebery tendered the resignation of his to bring before the Cabinet. The Queen accepted it, and sent for Lord House what he de Salisbury to undertake the formation of a Ministry. clared was the Mr. Balfour complained somewhat bitterly that Lord neglect of the War Rosebery had resigned instead of dissolving, but as Office to keep in the House had censured the Secretary of State for stock an adequate War for not providing adequately for the national supply of cordite defence, it is difficult to see what other course it was cartridges for small possible for them to have taken. After a little arms The Minis- delay a new Cabinet was formed, and on the followterial Whips were ing Saturday, June 29th, Lord Rosebery and his

caught napping. colleagues handed their seals of office to Her Majesty. THE HOS. W. ST. JOES BRODRICE, U. In vain Ur. Camp. Later in the day (Frok a photograph by Russell.) bell-Bannerman as she entrusted

sured the House them to Lord that not only was he satisfied with the supply of Salisbury, who cartridges in reserve and at command, but he by that time had could give the most positive assurances to the completed his same effect by Sir Redrers Buller, the Chief of Staff, Cabinet and was who for some time past has virtually been the in a position to Commander-in-Chief of the British Army. These undertake the assurances, however, went for nothing with the administration Opposition, who snatched & division at the dinner of affairs. The hour, and to their own infinite surprise put the policy of the inGovernment in a minority of seren. Half-a-dozen coming AdminMinisters were absent and very few members voted. istration is one It is interesting to note that the only Liberal who of dissolution. voted with the majority was Sir Charles Dilke, so By the middle that the Liberals of the Forest of Dean who sacrificed of this month morality to party at the last election have had their the elections will CSION IS NOT ALWAYS STRENGTH. reward.

be in full swing

From the Westminster Gazette.

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