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and distinction, having served brilliantly through the Civil War, from which he came out a BrigadierGeneral. Returning to his Indiana home, he rose rapidly as a lawyer and a Republican politician. In 1893 the Republican nomination would have filled the cup of his life-long ambition ; but it did not come to him, and he was asked to accept a nomination from the Populists, whose convention was held at, Omaha. His hesitancy before declining to become the Populistic standard-bearer--a circumstance which kept the Populists anxiously waiting for some time—showed how lightly the party tie held a man who had all his life been considered one of the foremost of Republican leaders. Later on, in that same campaign, it was announced that Judge Gresham had concluded to vote for the Democratic 'candidates, and Mr. Cleveland gave the country' a surprise by selecting the “man without a party" as his Secretary of State. His career as Secretary of State began with the unfortunate blunders of the Administration's Hawaiian policy; and for more than two years the American people, regardless of party, bave evinced a certain uneasiness and anxiety touching the wisdom of the Administration's treatment of foreign questions. It is, however, quite too early to pass any final judgment upon the conduct of the State Department under Mr. Gresham's headship. He has been succeeded by Mr. Olney, the legal adviser of the Cabinet, a lawyer of high standing, especially among “solid” men.

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Captain Middleton and Mr. Hudson are now the masters of the situation until August, when the new House of Commons will assemble to vote the necessary supplies. I discuss elsewhere both the record of the late Ministers and the personnel of the new Cabinet; suffice it here to say that the expectation is universal that Lord Salisbury will come back from the country with a sufficient majority to carry on until such time as circumstances precipitate a breach between him and Mr. Chamberlain. That gentleman, who is now Secretary for the Colonies, is the most conspicuous member of the Cabinet after the Prime Minister.

The death of Walter Death of the o. Gresham, Secretary 1 American Col (Secretary of of State for the United

state. States, has been the most prominent event of the past month, so far as American public affairs are concerned. Mr. Gresham had for more than thirty years been a man of influence



The Liberal Ageut.


The Couservative Agent,

· The Cuba

in London.

of the pau The ju Avential

Secretary Olney's first important act in

Women sent as delegates from no fewer

The World's Insurrection." the State Department was the issue of a

Women's than twenty-three different countries * proclamation warning American citizens Convention assembled last month in London under against participating directly or indirectly in the 100m the presidency of Miss Frances E. Willard Cuban revolution. This proclamation was evoked to hold the third Biennial Convention of the World's by the reports of considerable activity, on the Women's Christian Temperance Union. This inFlorida coast and elsewhere in the South, in the formal international parliament of crusading fitting out of small expeditions in aid of the patriots womanhood was enthusiastic, unanimous, and who are trying to throw off the Spanish yoke. The jubilant. Lady Henry Somerset was the most action of the State Department was immediately influential woman present after Miss Willard, and followed by a corresponding display of energy in the the proceedings were characterised from first to last Naval Department, and Secretary Herbert forthwith by a burning hatred of strong drink and a cheering dispatched a vessel to patrol the Florida coast. spirit of self-confidence unusual in an assembly Spain is more alarmed than ever, and is sending exclusively female. There were receptions to the many more fresh troops. She is also purchasing a delegates at the Mansion House and at Reigate Priory, fleet of small steamers, which she will arm and place crowded meetings in the Queen's Hall, and an imupon Cuban patrol duty. The hopes of the Revolu- mense demonstration and spectacular display in the tionists grow higher every day, and if Spain should Albert Hall, where deputations from all lands, clad prevail in the end her victory will have cost her far in appropriate costume, defiled before the President. more than it can ever benefit her.

It was a memorable illustration of the unifying Prospects Business is distinctly

of looking up. In America

Trade. there is an unmistakable revival of trade. The alarm occasioned by the Silver Party has to some extent died down. The prospect of crops is better than the average, and a more hopeful feeling is general. In Australia also there is a better prospect. Our Australian colleague sees golden possibilities in the results of the Chino-Japanese war. He says :

Both Japan and China offer markets of unexplored vastness to the chief products of these colonies, and as one clause in the new treaty stipulates that China shall be open to Western commerce, it is clear that commercial possibilities of a very golden sort are unfolding for all the chief Australian products. Neither China nor Japan, for example, can hope to grow the fine wools of Australia, yet they offer an almost limitless market for them. Japan, in addition, promises to become an extensive purchaser of leather and butter, wines, etc., and the Japanese, with that same mental alertness which has made them victorious in the field over an empire ten times greater in bulk than their own, are clearly awake to the commercial value of Australia. The Japanese Diet on February 7 adopted a report in favour of subsidising great lines of communication with Europe, America, and Australia, but these lines are to be subsidised in the order of their importance, and the Lower House declared the Australian service to be of the greatest immediate urgency, and recommended the expenditure of £60,000 From Judg.]


[May 25, 1895. in the establishment of a direct service with Australia.

The old story with the inevitable result.


power of an idea. What was it that gathered all Brethren of modern science, and what they said was these thousands of organising units, nerve cells and regarded very much as the law and the testimony on centres from so many lands to the Albert Hall ? the matter in discussion. Both of them probably Simply the idea of an

owed this unique disAmerican farmer's

tinction more to literary daughter, that the

ability than to the oritime had come for

ginality or profundity of concerted action on the

theirscientificstudy. As part of women as women

for Professor Huxley, he to combat intemperance

probably gained more and its related curses all

attention by the veheround the world. Is it

· mence and energy with any wonder that, having

which he assailed the achieved so much, these

conventional orthodoxy white ribboners should

of the day than by any be speculating whether,

contribution which he after all, the Parliament

made to science. He of man, the federation

was a rare “slogger," of the world, may, like

and whenever he took man himself, have to

off his coat, whether it come into being through

was against Mr. Glada woman?

stone or a Bishop, or the Death of

Pope or General Booth, Professor Huxley.

the public always After long and linger

gathered around the ing illness, the man who

ring, knowing they of all others was best

would have some rare known to the public as

sport. The last article an exponent of modern

which appeared from his science has passed away.

pen in periodical literaA few years ago, when

ture was the opening of men talked of science,

his reply to Mr. Arthur the names of Huxley

Balfour's “ Foundaand Tyndall always THE LATE PROFESSOR HUXLEY.

tions of Belief.” In were the first to rise (Prom a photograph by the Stereoscopic Co.)

that, however, he to the mind. Others

hardly began his atmay have made greater discoveries, and there may tack—an attack which now, alas, must remain for be many who would be considered much more impor- ever undelivered. His death leaves a gap among our tant by the scientific experts ; but to the man in modern men which no one at present seems qualified the street Huxley and Tyndall were the great Twin to fill.


Italian Parliament opened.

German Emperor entertained on board H.M.S.
M. Zaimis elected President of the Greek

Srvereign. June 1. Formal transfer of Formosa to Japan com

Chamber of Deputies.

Fighting between Turkish troops and bands of pleted at Kelang. House of Assembly, at Cape Town, adopted Mr.

Macedonians in revolt. Aunual Convention of the Irish National League

Rhodes's motion for the Annexation of British Bill introduced in the Newfoundland Legislature of Great Britain. Bechuanaland.

to reduce the salaries of the Governor and Umra Khan placed in strict confinement by the

Ameer of Afghanistan.
The Powers demanded of the Porte an indemnity

for the injuries inflicted on their Consular
Officials, and also the disarmament of Bedouins

at Jeddah.
12. Bimetallist Convention opened at Memphis,

Transvaal troops route: Magoeba's forces; the

chief himself being killed.
13. Annual Fisheries Conference,

The Tantallon Castle, with Mr. and Mrs.

Gladstone on board, arrived at Hamburg.
In the House of Assembly, at Cape Town, the

Budget statement was introduce.
14. M. Delyanni submitted his Budget statement to

the Greek Chamber.
15. The Tzar conferred the Order of St. Andrew on

the French President.
Spanish Government decided to send an addi-

tional 25,000 troops to Cuba.
17. Viscount Hampden appointed Governor of New

South Wales.
l'ortuguese Chamber of Deputies destroyed by

Free State Volksraad agreed to join the Custom 3

Union Conference.
Harlem Ship Caval opened.
Council Meetings of the National British Womer's

Temperance Association opened.

18. The Porte made a second reply to the Powers re

the Armenian Question.
Commander of the Italian Fleet.

Sigcau, the Pondoland chief, surrendered to the New Minister of Foreign Affairs in Austria-Hungary. . (Pkotograph by Vianelli.)

South African Government.
King and Queen of Denmark entertained on

25. Princess Hélène's marriage to the Duke of

Aosta. 3. Canon Awdry appointed Suffragan Bishopol 19Official Festivities connected with the Opening

board the Tantallon Castle at Copenhagen.

New commercial agreement between France Southampton.

and Switzerland ratified.

of the Baltic Canal began at Hamburg. Hou. R. B. Brett appointed Secretary to the

New Slavery Convention agreed to by Egypt. Resiguation of the Austro-Hungarian Ministry. Office of Works.

Maynooth Centenary celebrations began. International Miners' Congress opened in Paris.

Scenes in the Italian Chamber; attack on 26. International Railway Congress opened at the Congress of Co-operative Societies opened at

Signor Crispi.

Imperial Institute. 20. New Zealand Parliament opened. Huddersfield.

Sir Arthur Nicolson appointed British Minister New Austrian Ministry formed. Capt.-General Primo de Rivera of Madrid shot

at Tangier, and Mr. F. II. E. Elliot was ap21. Baltic Canal declared open and christened the by a Captain of the Infantry whilst receiving

pointed to succeed him as Consul-General at Officers. " Kaiser Wilhelm Canal ” by the German

Sofia. Porte replied to the Powers on the question of


Honorary degrees conferred, at Oxford, upon reforms in Armenia. 22. Festivities at Kiel closed.

Lord Shand, Sir H. Loch and others. New Tariff Bill introduced in the Melbourne 24. Sir Arthur Haliburton appointel Permanent

Admiral Saldanha da Gama, the Brazilian inLegislative Assembly. Under-Secretary for War.

Hirgent leader, committed suicide. M. Bachmann elected President of the Swiss

Banquet given to Dr. W. G. Grace by the

27. Legislative Assembly, at Victoria, rejected Mr. Federal Assembly. Gloucestersbire C.C.C. in honour of his one .

Murray Smith's motion to establish a maxi5. Congress of Co-operative Societies closed.

hundred centuries.

mum ad valorem duty of twenty-five per Canadian Parliament rejected a motion in favour

cent. of Women's Suffrage.

Annual Meeting of the English Church Union. Legislative Assembly, at Sydney, carried the

Lord Salisbury complete 1 his new Cabinet. repeal of Customs Duties.

Lord Rosebery was invested by the Queen with Captain Cavijo, who attempted to assassinate

the Order of the Thistle. the Spanish Capt.-General, was executed at

The projected Russo-Chinese Loan reported to San Isidor.

be a failure Cloud-burst in the Black Forest district of

The Sultan appointed Shakir Pasha “Imperial Würtemburg; 50 lives lost.

Inspector of Armenia.” 6. The Shabzada was entertained by the Corpora

29. The Prince of Wales entertained the Shahzada tion of London.

and others at Marlborough House. Armenian Inquiry Commission closed.

The retiring Government went to Windsor to Statue of the late Sir John Macdonald, at

deliver up the Seals of Office, and the new Montreal, unveiled by Lord Aberdeen.

Government afterwards went to Windsor to New Commer ial Treaty between Greece and

be invested. Russia ratifie l.

Dissolution Honours were announced. 7. Education Department issued a revised scale of

Cardinal Vaughan laid the foundation stone of charges for School Board ele tions.

the new Catholic Cathedral at Westminster. Canadian Government decided to reduce the

Mr. Rose-Innes (M.) was returned for the permanent military force of the Dominion

County (ouncil in North-East Bethual Green from 1,000 to 800 men.

with 1,584 votes, against 1,492 recorded for the International Miners' ('ongress closed.

Progressive candidate. German forces in the Cameroons ivfli tel severe

BY-ELECTIONS. losses on the rebellions Bakoko tribes. Japanese established headquarters in Formosa

June 7. Chorley Division :at Taipebfu.

On the death of Lieut.-General Feilden, Lord Mr. Ricbard Olney appointed American Sere

Balcarres (C) was rurned upopposed. tary of State.

15. Inverness-shire : 8. Djevah Pasba, the Turkish Grand Vizier, was

On the resignation 01 Dr. Macgregor, a bydismissed, and Said Pasha appointed in his

election was held witl the following result :stead.

Mr. James E. B. Baillie (C) .. 3,164 10. Postmaster of New Zealand conferred with the


Mr. Donald Macrae (L).. .. 2,614 Canadian Premier on trade matters. New Governor of New South Wales.

Unionist majority .. — -650 Debate in the French Chamber on the Foreign

In 1892 the figures were (L) 3035; (U) 2706 ; Policy of France.

(Photograph by Russell and Sons.)

Liberal majority, 329.


the law respecte introduela vote agreed to.

Is read thical

28. Cork:


12. Muuicipal Franchise (Ireland) Bill read third On the resignation of Mr. Wm. O'Brien, a by

time. election was held with the following result:


Funeral Expenses of Children Insurance Bill Mr. J. F. X. O'Brien (N) . .. 4,309 17. Market Gardeners' Compensation Bill read

withdrawn. Mr. Ald. Roche (P) .. .. .. 4,132

second time.

13. Committee of Supply-Civil Service Estimates. Marine Insurance Bill passed through Com- 14. Committee of Supply -Adjourned debate on the Nationalist majority .. 177 mittee.

Civil Service Estimates. In 1892 the figures were-Mr. W. O'Brien (N),

18. Admivistration of Estates (Consolidation) Bul Debate o i the second reading of the Sea Fisheries 5,273; Mr. Maurice Healy (N), 4,759 ; Mr. "

(North Pacific) Bill. read second time. W. Redmond (P), 3,186 ; Mr. Allerman . Museums and Gymnasiums Amendment BillizMr Shaw-Lefevre introdu.ed a Bill to amend

Report of supply on the Uganda vote agreed to. Horgan (P), 3,077-majority of Mr. M. Healy

withdrawn. over Mr. W. Redmond, 1,573. Naturalisation (Residence Abroad) and Local

the law respecting the use of locomotives on Elections (Corrupt Practices) Bills read third


Welsh Disestablishment Bill-Clause 5 agreed to. time. NOTABLE UTTERANCES.

Supreme Court (Officers) Bill withdrawn. 20. Royal Assent given to several Bills.

Report of Supply.-On the Motion of Mr. Justin June 4. Mr. Bryce, at Aberdeen, on the Govern-

Court of Consignations (Scotland) and Post McCarthy, the Government's proposed Statue ment. Office Act (1891) Amendment Bills read

of Oliver Cromwell was defeated by 220 to 83. Mr. Hall Caine, at Stationers' Hall, on Authors

second time.

18. Sea Fisheries (North Pacific) Bill read second and Publishers.

time. Professor Lankester, at the Royal Institution, on Life Assurance Companies (Payment into Court) Biological Progress.

Bill read third time.

Welsh Disestablishment Bill-Clause 6.

Friendly Societies Bill read second time. 5. Lord Hopetoun, at Elinburgh, on the Colony of 21. Inebriates Bill read second time. • Victoria.

London County Tramways Bill read second 19. Welsh Disestablishment Bill-Clause 6. Sir J. Stansfeld, at Halifax,'on 'the Equality of time.

20. Welsh Disestablishment Bill-Clause 6; Mr. Men and Women in Public Life. 24. Lord Rosebery announced the resignation of the

Thomas's Amendment rejected by 172 to 165 Mr. Bryce, at Tarlan:], on Agricultural :De Government.

votes. pression.

Judicial Committee Amendment Bill read second 2i. Mr. Campbell-Bannerman announced an imporDr. Huggins, at the Royal Institution, Yon


tant schem: of Army Reform and the resignaSpectroscopic Astronomy. Extradition and Mortgagees' Costs Bills read

tion of the Duke of Cambridge ; but later on, 8. Dr. Waldstein, at Cambridge, on Art.

third time.

the Government were defeated by seven votes. Professor Cornu, at the Royal Institution, on the Sea Fisheries Bill read first time.

in Committee of Supply, and the Government, Atmosphere. 25. Sea Fisheries Bill passed through all its stages,

resigned next day in consequence.

[graphic][graphic][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]

11. Sir W. C. F. Robinson, at the Hotel Métropole,

Court of Consignations (Scotland) and Post Office Varal Works Bill ordere I for Third Reading. on Western Australia.

Act (1891 Amendment Bills read third time. House Tax (Consolidation) Bill read second time: 12. Mr. Chamberlain, at Mercers' Hall, on the Judicial Committee Amendment Bill passed Friendly Societies, the Outdoor Relief (Ireland), House of Commons. • Committee.

and the Volunteers (Military Service) Bills Lord Salisbury, at Westminster Town Hall, on 27. Royal assent given to the Seal Fisheries (North

were read a third time. the Church and Religious Education.

Pacific) Bill and several others.

24. Sir W. Harcourt announced the resignation of Mr. Gonsuké Hayashi, at the London Chamber Lord Salisbury announced that the new Govern

the Government. of Commerce, on “ The Foreigu Commerce of

ment would dissolve Parliament on July 9 Japav.".

Seal Fisheries (North Pacific) Bill was passed.

or 10. 14. Duke of Devonshire and Mr. Chamberlain, at

Friendly Societies Bill read second time.

25. North British Railway Bill read third time. the Hotel Métropole, on the Unionist Alliance. 28. Third reading of the Judicial Committee Amend. 26. Adjournment till July 1. Lord Rosebery, at Clerkenwell, on London

ment Bill Goverument.

The Volunteers (Military Service) Bill and the 17. Mr. H. F. B. Lynch, at the Royal Geographical Outdoor Relief (Ireland) Bill passed.

OBITUARY. Society, on Armenia. 20. Mr. Asquith, at the Hotel Métropole, on the

1. Sir James Bacon, 97.

HOUSE OF COMMONS. Civil Servi e.

3. Right llon, Sir Charles Murray, 88. 22. Mr. Henry Vivian, at the Society of Arts, on 10. Sea Fisheries (North Pacific) Bill read first time. 4. Sultan of Johore, 60. "What Co-operative Production is Doing.”

Fatal Accidents Inquiry (Scotland) and the Lieut.-General Sir Charles Crawford Fraser, 65. 24. Mr. 0. H. Howarth, at the University of London,

Local Government (Scotland) Bills referred 17. Sir Geo. H. Porter. on “ Sierra Madre of Mexico."

to Scotch Standing Committee.

18. Lord Colin Campbell, 42. 25. Mr. Mundella, on Co-operation.

Outdoor Helief (Ireland) Bill read second time. . Mr. J. E. Hodgson, RA, 64. 26. Mr. Balfour, at Ardwick, on the Political Crisis. Conciliation (Trade Disputes) Bill referred to Mr. George Smith, of Coalville, 64. 27. Dr. Parker, at tbe City Temple, on the General

Standing Committee on Trade.

0. Mr. Henry Moore, R.A., 64. Election.

11. Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Bill read second 23. Dowager Marchioness of Lansdowne, 76. 28. Lord Lindonderry, in Manchester, on Tory and time.

24. Dr. W. C. Williamson, F.R.S., 78. Radical Governments.

Adjourned Debate on the second reading of the 29. General Peixoto, ex-President of Brazil. · Mr. Healy, on the Liberal Party and Ireland.

Light Railways Bill.

Professor Huxley, 70.

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