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port, see Fishing and Contents of Badminton Magazine,
Stepben, Sir James Fitzjames, Sir F. Pollock ou, Nat R, Iug.
Stevenson, Robert Louis,

Portrait and Autograph of, Cos, July.
The Works of Stevenson, ER, July.

R. L. Stevenson at Vailima, Samoa, Fr L, Aug.
Stewart, Mother, Miss F. Balgarnie on, G T, Aug.
Su lermann's Play, " Sodom's Ende," H. Schütz Wilson on, TC, June.
Sunday in St. George's in the East and the London Docks, Sun H, Aug
Superstitions: The Evil Eye, Q R, July.
Swelen, see under Scandinavia.
Switzerland (see also Mountaineering):

In Chalet Land, C, Aug. Symonds, J. A., Q R, July.

Taka koji, C J, Aug.
Tangier, see under Morocco.
Tarpon-Fishing, see under Fishing.
Theatres and the Drama (see also Contents of Theatre):

Actors and Dramatists, Herbert Spencer on, CR, Aug.

A Dialogue on the Drama, by H. A. Kennedy, NC, Aug.
Theosophy, see Contents of Borderland, Lucifer.
Tibet as a New British Market, by C. E. D. Black, N C, Aug.
Tischendorf's Greek Testament, Q R, July,
Torpedoes, see under Navies.
Transvaal, see under Africa.
Tundale, Vision of, by W. A. Craigie, Scot R, July.
Turkey :

Armenian Question, see Armenia.
Sancta Sophia, Constantinople, Robert Weir Schultz on, Scot R, July.
Constantinople, Prof. J. P. Mahaffy on, Chaut, July,

Ping, Lee, Guy Booth by ou, C J, Aug.
Poetry :

Poets, Herbert Spencer on, CR, Aug.
Occasional Poets, by T. Newbigging, Man Q, July.
The Early History of English Poetry, Ch Q, July.
Some Aspects of Recent Poetry, by Wm. Wallace, Scot R, July.
Poetic Pride, H. M. Sanders on, GM, Aug.

Poema del Cid, W. Butterworth on, Man Q, July.
Political Economy, see Contents of Economic Review, Quarterly Journal of

Politics, (see also Electoral, Parliamentary):

Empiricism in Politics, T. Mackay on, Nat R, Ang.
Polk's (President) Diary in the Lenox Library, New York, J. Schouler on,

A M, Aug. Positivism, see Contents of Positivist Review. Poultry-Farming : Reminiscences of a Poultry-Yard, Black, Aug. Prayer: A Defence of Prayer, by Dr. W. Barry, NC, Aug. Prison Committee Report, Sir E. Du Cane on, NC, Aug. Psychical Research, see Ghosts; and Contents of Borderland, Proceedings of

the Society for Psychical Research. Psychology, (see also Contents of Mind, Monist, Psychological Review):

T. J. Hudson's Duality of Mind Disproved, by Rey. T. E. Allen, A, July.
Queen Victoria, Childhood of, W H, Aug.
Queensland, see under Australia.
Race Problems of_America : A Negro on the Negro Question, by Prof. W. S.

Scarborough, Free R, Aug.
Railways (see also Contents of Engineering Magazine):

The Dawn of the Railway Era, by W. B. Paley, TC, June?
Great Mountain Railways, by J. H. Means and J. C. Branner, Chaut,

The Proposed New Route from British North America, Duncan Macarthur

on, W R, Aug.
Railway Batteries and Armoured Trains, Col. Boxall on, FR, Aug.
Rhodes : The Fall of Rhodes, H. H. Crellin on, GM, Aug.
Rogers, Dr. J. Guinness, Personal Reminiscences by, Sun M, Aug.
Rome, see under Italy.
Rose-Growers, Q R, July.
Rosebery, Lord, (see also Electoral, Parliamentary):

Lord Rosebery and the Liberal Party, by W. L. Stobart, 1
Rosse, Earl of, Sir Robert Ball on, GW, Aug.
Rural Banks, see Savings Banks.
Ruskin, John, Henriette Corkrun on, TB, Aug.
Russia : The Censorship of the Press, R. G. Burton on, WR, Aug.
St. Bernard's, Susan Gavan Duffy on, Ir M, Aug.
Samoa, (see also Stevenson (Robt. L.)):

Samoan Life on the Copra Plantations, F, M. Turner on, Fr L, Aug.
Sanitation, (see also Contents of Public Health):

The Disposal of a City's Waste, Col. G. E. Waring, jun.,on, NAR, July. Sans-Gêne, Madame,- The Real Madame Saus-Gêne, by C. Johnston, Cal R,

Savings Banks: Rural Banks, Mrs. E. M. Lynch on, G M, Aug.
Scandinavia :

The Case for Norwegian Liberalism, by Prof. Sars, FR, Aug.

A King's Scheme of Scandinavian Unification, by Carl Siewers,'F R, Aug. Science, (see also Contents of Science Progress):

Science in Fetters, by Prof. St. George Mivart, D R, July. Scotland (see also Contents of Scottish Review) :

The Men of the Hills, Mac, Aug.

On Western Islay, by J. Baker, CFM, Aug. Scott, Sir Walter, Some Characteristics of Scott's Poetry, by Principal A. M.

Williams, Scots, Aug. Seeley, Sir John Robert, J. R. 'Tanner on, EH, July. Shakespeare's Clowns, A. W. Fox on, Man Q, July Sheep : Wild Traits in the Sheep, by Dr. L. Robinson, N A R. July. Shipping: The Proposed New Route from British North America, Duncan

Macarthur on, W R, Aug. Single Tax, see under Laud. Siráf, Ancient Trading Centre of the Persian Gulf, by Capt. A. W. Stiffe, G J,

Aug. Smith, Adam, and His Friends, ER, July. " Social Evolution," by Benjamin Kidd, T. Roosevelt on, NAR, July. Social Purity : Opposing Views by Legislators on Age of Consent Legislation,

Symposium on, A, July.

Social Anarchy, by Grant Allen, H, Aug.
Socialism and the Christian Social Union, Ch Q. July.
“Social England," L QJuly.
Social Anatomy, LQ, July.

The March of Socialism in France, by A. Hamon, Free R, Aug.
Soudan, see Egypt and the Soudan.
Sound, Mystery of, by W.M. Clemens, Lipp, Aug.

The Spanish Peninsula, by B. 0. Flower, A. July.
Spanish Pictures, by Gleeson White, I. Aug.

The Romance of Spain, by C. W. Wood, Arg. Aug.
Spain, Philip II. of, Passing of, A. Harcourt on, TB, Aug.
Spencer, Herbert,
"Comte, Mill, and Spencer," by Prof. Watson, Prof. J. Ivera h on, Crit R,

Spencer versus Balfour, by Prof. St. George Vivart, N C, Aug.

United States (see also Race Problems, Bible in Schools, Education ; Berkshire,

Boston, Chicago, Colorado, California, etc.): Sound Carrency the Dominant Political Issue in America, by W Salomun,

F, July. Wall Street and the Credit of the Government, by A. C. Steveus, RRA,

July. How Free Silser would Affect the United States, br E. 0. Leech, NA R. Jule. The Minimum Principle in the Tariff of 1823 and Its Recent Revival in the

Upite i States, by S. B. Harding, A APS, July. Salutary Results of the Income Tax Decision in America, by G. F. Edmund

F, July. Political Dangers of the Income Tax Decision in America, by E. B. Whitney.

F, July. Position of the American Representative in Congress, by C. H. Lincoln, AAPS, July.

Previous Era of Popular Madness in America and Its Lessons, by E. G. Ross, F, July Six Years of Civil Service Reform in the Unite 1 States, 1889-1895, T.

Roosevelt on, Scrib, Aug. Political Heredity in the United States, by H. King, Chaut, July. The Americau Social Problem as affected by Immigration, Dr. B. F. Kidder

on, Hom R, July. Bathing at the American Sea-Shore Resorts, J. Howe Adams on, Cos, July. Universities :

Modern Oxford, W. Channing Arnold on, TC, June.
Oxford University, Auna M. Clarke on, CW 1, July.
Oxford Degrees for Women, see under Women.
Three Years under the New Ordinances :
A Graduation Address to the Scottish Universities, by Prof. A. Seth,

Scot R, July.
Utopias, Ancient and Modern, by H. C. Shuttleworth, MP, Aug.
Wales : A Plea for the Welsh Llyns, by H. O. Newland, T C, June.
Warwickshire, George Eliot's Neighbourhood, by George Morley, TC, June.
The Transporting Power of Water and the Making of Land, by W. H.

Wheeler, Long, Aug.
Notes on London Bridge Waterworks, by E. W. Hulme and R. Jenkins,

Ant, Aug.
Wedding-Cakes, F. Steelcroft on, Str, July.
Weimar, see under Germany.
Wesley Ghost, Andrew Lang on, CR, Aug.
Whyte, Dr. Alexander, Interviewed by Mrs. Tooley, Y W, Aug.
Wolseley, Lord, Colonel Maurice on, USM, Aug.
Women (see also Conteuts of English woman's Revuero):

Woman, Past or Present? by Lady Violet Greville, TC, June.
Oxford Degrees for Women :

Case, Professor T., ov, FR, Ang.
Grose, Rev. T. H., on, FR, Aug.

Wells, H. G.,on, Bkman, Aug.
The Shop Girl, Miss M. A. Belloc on, I, Ang.
The Position of Dutch Women, by M. E. Aleida Schanze, H. Aug.
How a Girl lived in Ancient Athens, by S. E. Hall, Ata, Aug.
Yachting : The Britannia, Min, Aug.

FOR SALE. THE ARMENIAN MAGAZISE, Vols. 1 to 46, with the exception of Vol. 39. From 1777 to 1823. First published by Rev. John Wesley. Cloth. Good condition.-Mrs. LOWTHER, 60, Queen's Road, Bayswater.






LONDON, Sept. 2, 1895. as to the dangers which menace the tranquillity we The appointment of Field-Marshal Lord have so long enjoyed. I don't think there will be The New Commander- Wolseley to the command-in-chief of war. But I do feel that it will depend upon the

in-Chief. the British army, in place of the Duke courage and resolution and resource of Lord Salisbury of Cambridge, has been hailed with general satis- and his colleagues, whether we reach the New Year faction. The Duke lingers reluctant at the wings, in peace. In Armenia, China, Siam, and Central being loath to quit the stage on which he has been so Africa there are plenty of questions which may at long a conspicuous figure. But although he delayed any moment explode like a bomb, and it will need his departure, feeling, as he says, he has the spirit of all the firmness of a Ministry with a majority of a young man of twenty-five under the hair silvered 150 at its back to prevent the local explosion firing by the snow of seventy-six winters, he has gone at the general powder magazine. last, and Lord Wolseley reigns in his stead. With The Chief The peril, the only serious peril, to peace the passing of the Duke disappears the last link Hope of is now as always in Paris. And our which connected the army of to-day with the army Peace chief security, that the innumerable questhat fought in the Crimea. Lord Wolseley, who tions which are at issue between England and France fought as a youngster before Sebastopol, is a man of all round the world will not be allowed to culminate the new school, the worthy head of an army which in war, lies in the strength and the efficiency of regards soldiering as a profession and a science rather the British fleet. Those French journalists who than as an amusement. If any one can give us are perpetually writing as if they desired nothing so twenty shillings for one pound in the shape of much as war with England, although they may inflame efficient soldiers, Lord Wolseley is that man. Let the relations between the nations, are not after all us hope that the uniform good luck which has the real rulers of France. When the French Ministers followed him through all his career will not desert and Deputies' look seriously into the question of him now that he has achieved the summit of his peace or war, they will find themselves confronted ambition.

, hy a series of considerations which will almost The change has not been made a moment certainly lead them to avoid pushing matters to Chances too soon. I hope that the year will pass extremities. A war with England would be of

of War. without any outbreak of war, but the necessity a naval war, and in a naval war France barometer seems to be falling rapidly, and in the without allies, or with an ally whose fleet could not time of storm and stress Britain does well to have effect a junction with her squadrons, could not keep her most capable captain in the saddle. There is a the sea. She would either have to face battle in feel of cannon thunder in the air. I am not an the open against superior numbers, in which it is alarmist. I think I may fairly claim to have been almost a mathematical certainty that the victory always one of the optimists as to the prospects of would remain with the stronger fleet, or she would peace. But not for many years have I felt so uneasy have to confine herself to furtive expeditions from


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keep the sea. And as every YUNNAN FU 1

colony over sea depends in the

last resort upon the naval YU NA N

strength of the mother country, it is evident that France outre mer is also a hostage for whose safety French statesmen must reckon. A victorious war

against France would be a dire Cheng Hung

calamity which every good citiΞΤΕΟΞΝ

zen must dread as only one PROPOSED

degree less horrible than a war BUFFER STATE

terminating in defeat. But

thanks to our fleet and the achieng Kong

unquestioned preponderance of PELUANG PRABANGE

our naval power, we could do KARENI STA

so much more injury to France - Chieng mai - Nan AENENEAME

than France could do to us, that 104

if French statesmen keep their VIA British Territory B French Territory Chinese Empire E Siamese Territory. The area left white shows the part still in dispute

senses they will not allow any of -50 100 150 MILES

* the frontier controversies to drag fortified ports and a war on our commerce. In the Republic into a war for which they are not either case the first month of the war would reveal prepared, and which, however it might result, to every one the one undisputed but seldom vaunted would entail the indefinite postponement of the fact underlying the controversy, that the French long hoped for reconquest of their lost provinces. flag would of necessity disappear from the sea. The Dispute

ut. The most dangerous question between Imagine the condition of a French Government with

on the England and France is the controversy a million armed men excited to madness against :

Mokong. as to the sovereignty of the Shan State,

Kiang Kheng, on the Upper Mekong. This perfidious Albion, absolutely beyond reach of their

State, which straddles across the Mekong, was a guns, with the British fleet in command of the sea,

dependency of Burmah. When we annexed Burmah, and every French colony a hostage in the hands of

we took over all its dependencies, including Kiang the British Government. I do not say this in any spirit Kheng. We ceded the northern province of of Chauvinist boasting. It is a simple statement of Kiang Hung to China on condition that China what would happen to us if we exchanged navies would not part with it again except to us. The with France. We cannot wage aggressive war upon French when they made their treaty with Siam any European Power. Alone among the nations we put forward claims to the territory east of the have preserved our youth from the curse of com- Mekong which conflicted with the sovereignty pulsory soldierhood. But if we were to be attacked, we took over from Burmah. France and England unless all the laws governing naval warfare were to

agreed to a friendly delimitation of their respecbe suspended in favour of our foe, there is no Power

tive territories on the spot. But while negotiations

were in progress the French twice attempted to in Europe whose flag could float on the high seas a month after declaration of war.

establish themselves in the disputed territory. There

upon our representatives bundled the French out, The Power that has the weaker fleet has

garrisoned Mengsin, the capital, with a force of Spractically given its ironclads as hostages to Fortune. Po

Goorkbas, and publicly declared that Kiang Kheng was to the Power which has the stronger fleet. Allowing that every French ironclad afloat is

and would remain part and parcelof the British Empire. as good as the best English ironclad of its class, and

At the same time the French have made arrangements recognising that the French seaman is as good as our with China as to Kiang Hung which are incompatible blue jacket, our preponderance of force is sufficient to within the condition on which we ceded that State enable us to render it impossible for the French to to China. We have protested and refused to recognise


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