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Oh for a Sound

Next to the prominence of Mr. Healy, Mr. Chaplin himself, what could be done. This is of the Voice the most conspicuous thing in English a work which cannot fail to commend itself to the that is still! politics has been the absolute effacement political and social instincts of Mr. Jesse Collings. of John Morley. Since the day when Mr. Morley

Ministers finding that they were threat

The left the Central Railway Station of Newcastle, after

Speakership.

in ened with the formation of a cave and the declaration of the poll, he has been heard of as

the revolt of a considerable section of little as if he had been absolutely snatched to the their followers if they opposed the re-election of stars, after the fashion of ancient heroes whose Mr. Gully as Speaker, acquiesced with a somewhat mysterious disappearances were only thus satis- bad grace, and they have therefore the great factorily explained. Mr. Morley, of course, has a advantage of having a Liberal in the chair whose right to efface himself if he pleases, but the Liberal name and authority will cover all the coercive public which has followed him and trusted him and measures they will be compelled to adopt in the way relied upon him for many years to supply what may be of stilling debate and checkmating obstruction. At regarded as the moral backing of the party, must one time it seemed more than probable that the Tory be forgiven if it feels a little sore at his silence. rank-and-file would insist upon replacing Mr. Gully Mr. Morley is not exactly the man to eat his heart with a man of their own, but wiser counsels prevailed. out in sulks, but I confess to feeling some measure The same rank-and-file, however, are much exercised of sympathy with those who wish that in the midst in spirit by the appointment of a Liberal Unionist of this period of bewilderment and dismay, there had to the Solicitor-Generalship of both England and been heard from the far north one strong clear note Ireland. But, as Sir Edward Clarke refused the of encouragement and hope.

post, finding it more profitable to continue his m Lord Salisbury, in the debate on the private practice than to accept the Solicitor-GeneralThe Home Policy of the Queen's Speech at the opening of ship, it is difficult to see why the Tories should Government. Parliament, defined the functions of complain ; but there is no doubt of a deeper feeling government in terms which are significant of much. on the part of the Tadpoles and Tapers of the He declared that the great lesson of the election charlatans that Mr. Chamberlain's gang, as it has was to proclaim to both parties that in “ the main been called, has obtained an undue share of the from henceforth they must fight within bounds of the loaves and fishes. Constitution; and that it is not the re-arrangement of Mr. Mr. Chamberlain himself continues to be political machinery, but it is the improvement of the Chamberlain. the hero of the situation. The only imdaily life of the struggling millions, and the diminu- portant speeches which have been made this last tion of their sorrows, which is the blessed task that month have been made by him, and that they were Parliaments are called into existence to perform.” important speeches, no one can deny. He has reThis is the proclamation by the Prime Minister of what ceived deputations on Swaziland and on West Africa, Mr. Carlyle used to call “ The condition of England and he has made speeches on the Colonial estimates question,” as the chief problem which will engage dealing with the general question of Colonial policy, the attention of his Administration. The most and also the particular question of Newfoundland pressing form of this question is always that of the and Cyprus. Everything that he has said has conUnemployed. Lord Salisbury, in reply to the memo firmed the accuracy of the estimate which I put last rial of the London Settlements, has promised the month in his “ Character Sketch.” Mr. Chamberlain subject his consideration, and Mr. Chaplin, of the has got hold of a great idea. He is going to do for Local Government Board, has expressed his sympathy the Colonies what he did for Birmingham, viz., use with the attempt to form colonies, although asserting the credit of the whole for the purpose of developing that his legal advisers deem these colonies to lie outside the resources of each. As he told the West African of the province of the Bourd of Guardizas. It would merchants, and as he had previously told the House be well if, in the course of the recess, a general con- of Commons, the new Government had decided upon ference could be held representing all those who are a new policy and a great policy. Our Colonies, intimately concerned with the Unemployed question. especially our Crown Colonies, he regards as being in The societies which have been formed for promoting the condition of undeveloped estates, estates which allotments, for creating rural colonies as well as can never be developed without Imperial assistance. emigration societies and the like, might all be brought The British investor, therefore, is to be invited, together to consider, say under the presidency of under the ægis of the Imperial Government, to

us

The New

as a

comes

invest some of his superfluous wealth in the develop levied as before. It seems likely that the agitation ing of this estate, and if the British investor refuses for restricting the immigration of pauper aliens and this, in Mr. Chamberlain's opinion he had better the import of prison-made goods from abroad will have never gone to these Colonies at all.

share the fate of the dreams of the bimetallists and Mr. Chamberlain lets see plainly of the Lancashire cotton spinners. i Colonial enough the working of his mind upon

Business prospects in the States are Policy.

Business this matter. The old Empire of the

improving so rapidly, that it is no longer

and Sport. Romans, which constructed admirable public works

possible to deny the existence of a great in all the barbarous countries that they conquered, trade revival which in time will affect this country, fills him with admiration, and it is to him a source of and will probably do more to solve the Unemployed lamentation that the British Empire cannot compare question, at least temporarily, than all the projects with Rome in this respect. But his primary reason of Mr. Chamberlain. Against this, however, we for desiring to use the surplus wealth of the Empire have to put the fact that the harvest at home has in developing its Colonial estates, is not so much for been much injured, first by the long drought, and then the sake of the Colonists, as because it is only in such a by the rain which fell out of due season. The chief policy of development that he can see any solution of interest both in England and America these last the question of the Unemployed There is no means,

few weeks has been neither political nor industrial he says, of securing plenty of employment to the so much as social and sporting. The visit of the United Kingdom excepting by developing old German Emperor to Cowes Regatta and to the North countries and creating new ones.

He is, therefore, of England, and the great international race between going to shoulder this responsibility and appeal to

Lord Dunraven's Valkyrie III. and Defender have public opinion, which he thinks is ripening upon the excited and are exciting much more interest in the question, to support him in the measures necessary majority of people than the debates in Parliament. to give effect to his general idea.

This is all very

The Cycle

The rage for cycling continues to spread well; but reducing it to plain English, the question

and increase, and the lady cyclist, instead

Revolutionist. to this: Will Mr. Chamberlain give an

of being a rare bird, is now becoming so Imperial guarantee to the British investor whose common a phenomenon as hardly to attract remark. funds he desires to utilise in this policy of Colonial Among all the agencies which have been influential development? If he will, then he can get as much in humanising women,--that is to say, giving money as he likes ; if he will not, well, it is, to say

them a share of the common life with its common the least, doubtful.

humanities, with its weariness,

its weariness, thirst, hunger Ministers on the whole have manifested and adventures and general commingling with The Inevitable Dis- a prudent reticence as to what they the common life of our common world, the cycle : illusioning. would do, or what they would 'not do, stands easily first. It is also possible, although but they have already been compelled to crush in not probable, that it will leave a permanent trace the bud some of the hopes which they fostered so upon the dress of one half of the race. When assiduously during the electoral period. Mr. Balfour, women cycle, whatever dress they wear, whether it for instance, has dealt a cruel blow to the hopes of be rational or skirted, they break once for all the bimetallists. In replying to a question, he with the tradition that it is indelicate for any stated that he had

to think that one to show a stockinged calf, and when once an international agreement would at the present that ancient tradition is broken down the scope

for moment be the result of an international con variation in female costume will be indefinitely ference

upon the subject. Therefore there is to be no increased. Note one odd thing. This month a international congress, and thereby at one fell swoop Parisian journalist has been collecting the views of go the hopes of all the silver men all over the world. several eminent actresses as to the cycling dress. As to the Indian Cotton Duties, Lord George Madame Sarah Bernhardt of all people in the world Hamilton had to be even more ruthless. After condemns strongly any departure from the ancient carrying Lancashire by making the electors believe conventions, for, said this eminent priestess of austere that the Indian Cotton Duties would disappear if morality: “The moral consideration

be the Liberals were defeated, he can do nothing more supreme.

The outdoor life encouraged by the than say that he will forward the memorial of bicyclette is dangerous, and carries with it very Lancashire to the Indian Government for their ob grave consequen

t upon this would servation, and meantime the duties continue to be

be quite super

no

reason

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EVENTS OF THE MONTH.

30. Li Hung Chang summonel to Pekin as Inperial

Chancellor. Aug. 1. Cape Town House of Assembly passel the

Severe Fighting on the Congo between Native Be buanaland Annexation Bill.

Troops and Dervishes. Russia refused to recognise the so called "

31. Bull Fighting in South of France stopped by the Bulgarian Government.

Authorities. New Chilian Ministry formed.

Further Fighting between Bulgarian Dervishes 2. Close of the British Melical Congress.

and Turkish Troops in Macedonia. Massacre of more British Missionaries at Wha

Narrow Escape of the King of Servia fr: m sang, near Kucheng.

drowpiug at Biarritz. Morocco complied with the German Ultimatum. 3 New Graving Dock at Southampton opened by the Prince of Wales.

NOTABLE UTTERANCES. International Geographical Congress concludel.

At the International Geographical Congress :l'orte replied to the lowers re Armenian

July 31. Sir John Kirk aul Capt. Lugari on Reform Scheme.

“ African Colonization."-Discussion by Mr. University Extension Conference at Oxford.

Stanley, Count Peril, and others. Sanguinary Brea 1 Riots ia l'ersia. 5. Annual C ngress of the Ancient Order of

Slatin Pasha on the death of General Gordon

and his own cap. irity. Foresters.

Count leeil on 1 ropical Africa. Turkish Reserves left Coastantinople for Mace

M. Lionel Dècle on Africau Ivory Traffic. donia.

Aug, 1. Herr C. E. Borchgrevink on “The Voyage Brussels Communal Council protested against

of the antarctic to Victoria Land." the Education Bill.

Dr. C. M. Kan on "The l'rogress of Exploration 6. German Emperor arrivelat Cowes for the Royal

in tbe Westeru Half of New Guinea.' Yacht Squadron Regatta.

Mr. E. F. Gautier on" Explorations in MadaGreat Britain demande i protection for all British missionaries in China, and the capital punish

2. Baron Nordenskjald's paper on Ancient Charts ment of the perpetrators of recent massacres.

and Sailing Directions " was read. 7. Bishop Raudall Davilson appointel to the See

Prof. H. Waguer (Göttingen) on "The Origin of Winchester.

THE LATE BARON TAUCHNITZ.

of the Medieval Italian Nautical Charts." Other British and American mission stations attackel pear Canton.

(Photograph by Prumm.)

Mr. H. Yule Oldham on “ The Importance of

Mediæval Manuscript Maps in the Study of 8. Conferene of the lastitite of International Law opeve i at Cambridge. 13. New Parliament of New South Wales opepel.

the History of Geograpbi.al Discovery."

3. General Annep koff ou The Importance of Gerne Annual Conferen e of the British Institute for 14. Close of the Conference on luternational Law.

graphy in View of the Economic and AgriConference of M.P.s favourable to the legislative Public Health opened.

cultural Cri: is.” Wreck of the Eastern aud Australasian Steam

programme of the National Agricultural ship Compa y's steamer Catterthun; 60 lives

Union. lost.

15. Fatal Boating Acci lent on the River Tay; four Aug. 2. Mr. Chamberlain, at Birmingham, on the 9. Miners' Federation Conference passed resolutions lives lost.

Unionist Víctory. in favour of the Mines (Eight Hours) Bill. 16. Annual meeting of the Church Defense Institu- 6. Mr. Gladstone, at Chester, on the Armenian 10. Last General Electiou Result declared State

tion.

Atrocities. of Parties : 340 Conservatives, 71 Liberal New Commercial Treaty between France and 7. Lord Kimberley on Political Progress. Unionists, 177 Liberals, 12 Parnellites, aul

Switzerland ratifie l.

9. Sir R. Rawlinson, at the Crystal Palace, on the 70 Anti-Parnellites-Unionist majority, 152. Inter-Parliamentary Peace Conference close 1.

Earth. Retention of Chitral sanctioned by the linperial Belgian Chamber passed the Education Bill. 15. Sir Henry Fowler, Wolverhamptos, ou the Government. 17. Annual meeting of the Cobden Club.

General Election.
19. International Co-operative Congress opened.

Severe earthquake shock in New Zealand.
20. Deputation to Mr. Chamberlain on the allege 1

grievances of the Swazi nation against the

Boers.
Channel steamer Seaford run down in a fog by

a cargo steamer ; passengers and crew save i.
21. Mr. W. Kenny, Q.C. (L.U.), appoiuted Solicitor-

General for Ireland.
22. New First Class Battleship, Prince George,

launched and christene 1 by the Duchess of

York at Portsmouth.
South Australian Budget Statement submittel.
23. Earl Cadogan, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland,

made his State entry into Dublin.
International Co-operative Congress clos d.
Mr. C. B. Finlay (L.U.) appointel Solicitor-

General for England.
Ohio Democratic State Convention rejected Free

Silver Coinage.
24. National Co-operative Festival at the Crystal

Palace.
25. Boating Disaster off Skeguess ; fire lires lost.
26. Sir W. C. F. Robinson resignel the Governor-

ship of Western Australia.
27. Annual Meeting of the Rural Labourers'

League.
Ministerial Statement in the Belgian Chamber
as to the fighting on the Coago and the

execution of Mr. Stokes.

Shakir Pasha left Constantinop'e for Armenia.

28. Sir A. Mackenzie appointel Lieut.-Governor of THE REV. E. S. TALBOT, D.D.

Pengal.

THE RIGHT REV. RANDALL T. DAVIDSON, D.D.,
The New Bishop of Rochester.
Legislative Council, at Sydney, introducel a

The New Bishop of Winchester. (Photograph by Heslop Woods, Leels.)

Bill for the refurm of that House.
The Sultan appealed to France and Russia to

(Photograph by Elliott and Fry.) Rev. Cavon Talbot appointel to the Bishopric of eudeavour to induce Great Britain to modify Rochester.

ber attitude respecting the Armenian Question. 12. Prince Ferdinand returned to Sofia.

29. German Torpedo boat sunk off Kiel; thirteen 20. At the Co-operative Congress :13. Mr. Justin M'Carthy re-elected Chairman of the

of the crew drowned.

Mr. T. A. Brassey on “ Co-oper. tive Irish Parliamentary Party. President Faure visited the King of Greece in

Production and Profit-Sharing." Close of the Health Congress. Paris.

Mr. J. Bryce on the Social Experiments British and American Consuls left Foochoo for Exteusion of Strike in the Dundee Jute Trade.

of Co-operators. the scene of the Wbasang Massacre.

30. Legislative Assembly, at Sydner, read a second 21. Sir Walter Foster, at Ripley, on Radical Policy. Inter-Parliamentary Peace Confereuce opene l at

time, ibe Land and Income Tax Assessment 27. Lord Lansiluwpe, at Westminster, on the AgriBrussels. Bil

cultural Depression.

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HOUSE OF COMMONS.
12. New House of Commons met and unanimously

re-elected Mr. Gully as Speaker.
13. The Speaker-elect formally assumed the duties

of his Office.
14 Swearing in of Members.
15. Queen's Speech read. Debate on the Address

opened by Mr. Legb-debate a journed after

Dr. Tanner had been suspende l.
16. Mr. Healy's Municipal Franchise Bill introduced

and read a first time.
Debate on the Address resume ant again

adjourued.
19. Mr. Brodri:k announcel that Lord Wolseley

would be the New Commander-in-Chief.
Discussion on Agriculture and the Unemployed

iu the Debate on the Address.
The Address to the Throue was carried by 217

to 63.

House went into Committee of Ways and Means.
20. John Daly declared iucapable of sitting as M.P.

for Limerick.
House went into Committee on the Civil Service

Estimates and reported progress.
Supply-Civil Service Estimates. Debate on

Foreign Affairs.
Supply Civil Service Estimates. Debate on

the Colonial Vote.
Supply-Civil Service Estimates.

Report of Supply agree i to.
TIIE LATE REV. R. W. STEWART, M.A. 26. Supply-Civil Service Estimates.

27 Message from the Queen acknowledging (Photogi aplı by J. 11. Vewman, Sydney.)

THE LATE MR. CHARLES STOKES. Address to the Throne.

(Photograph by Turner, Barnsbury Park.) PARLIAMENTARY.

Supply-Civil Service Estimates.
Debate on Irish Questions, after which the 31.

the 31. Supp.y-Civil Service Estimates. Army Votes HOUSE OF LORDS.

agreed to. report of Supply was agreed to.

Public Works Loan Bill, and the Public Office Aug. 12. Her Majesty's Fourteeath Parliamet 28. Supply-Civil Service Estimates. Discussion opened by Royal Commissioa. on Educational matters.

(Acquisition of Site) Bill passed through

Committee. 13. Queen's approval of the choice of Mr. Gully as Expiring Laws Continuance Bill rea 1 first time.

& Bill to re-enact Section 13 of tile Purchase of Speaker was signifie 1.

29. Mr. Chamberlain introduced a Bill for Removing 15. Queen's Speech read. Duke of Marlborough

doubts as to the Validity of an At of the

Land (Ireland) Bill was reai a first time. move and Lord Ampthill Seconde i the

Dominion of Cavada respecting the Deputy address to the Throne. Dehate thereon and Speaker of the Seuate.

OBITUARY. Address agree i to.

Supply Civil Service Estimates. Irish Votes July 31. Sir Thomas Wade, 77. 19. Statement by Lord Lansdowne on the Army

agreed to.

Aug. 1. Prof. von Sybel, 78. Reform Scheme.

30. Supply-Civil Service Estimates. Navy Vote 2. Mr. Joseph Thomson (African explorer), 37. 26. Lord Lansdowne made an important statement

agreed to.

7. Frederick Eugels (Socialist, 75. about the New Commauder-in-Chief.

Public Works Loans Bill, Public Offices (Ac- 17. Dr. W. Done, so." 30. Message from the Queen ackuowledgiug address

quisition of Site) Bill, and the Expiring laws 28. Princess Elizabetb of Prussi, 33. to the Throne.

Continuance Bili, were rea i a second time.

Rev. Dr. Hooppell (antiquariau), 62.

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FT

ARCHBISHOP CROKE.
A PRELIMINARY MEDITATION.

seas, it seemed as if I were seeing in a glass darkly a Twas a beautiful night in June when I last crossed picture of the world of men and of the Catholic Church.

from Holyhead to Kingston. The picturesque and Humanity, like the westward-bound steamer spurning varied outlines

the waves with rest. of the Welsh hills

less paddle, sweeps were fading behind

onward to the open me, while still over

sea, there to navithe waters gleamed

gate without aid of the beacon lights

lighthouse or landfrom the towers

mark

Far behind which the Brethren

us, receding more of the Trinity House

and more in the dim have strewn along

eternity of past time, the margin of the

stand the tall and deep. There was

stately lighthouses, hardly a ripple on

with their lamps still the waters, and the

trimmed and burnmotion of the steamer

ing, which the was scarcely percep

Catholic Church in tible save for the

ancient days reared vibration of her pad

in the name of the dles. Overhead and

Trinity for the safety far behind streamed

of the wave-tossed the sooty plumes of

mariner. The lights rolling smoke; the

dwindled and disfolds now and then

appeared in the disshot with sparks of

tance, but still for fire, like threads of

those nearer the gold in a raven

shore they glow with plume. I was almost

unflickering brillialone on deck

ance, tended with alone with the stars

sedulous care by and the waves and

those who watch the fast-receding

while others sleep, coastline, with its

that navigation may mountainous back

be safe and the sailor ground, from which

may gain his harbour the revolving lamps

unharmed by shoal stretched, long

or rock. ribands of silver

I was on my way across the water. To

to Ireland, the most the southward a sail

faithful and most ing ship, with every

western outpost of stitch of canvas

the Papacy in spread, seemed to lie

Europe. And as I like “a painted ship

thought of the upon à painted

history of tbe Isle ocean.” And every

of the Saints, and moment the steamer

remembered that the was carrying us

Archbishop whom I swiftly further and

was going to interA Reproces further into the

view was the suevast expanse that

cessor of prelates stretched before us

who, from the days a vague watery waste, (From a photograph by Lawrence, Dublin.)

of St. Patrick even unrimmed by aught

until now, had kept save the sky, on the other side of which lay our the lights of the Grace of God burning for century after destined haven. The beauty and the solitude of the century in the midst of the Irish race, I did not marvel scene naturally disposed to meditation. And as I at the devotion of the Celt to the night-watchmen of the paced the deck, watching the attenuation of the silver Pope. Who is there who can see a lighthouse at night or riband of light and the dimmer and dimmer outline of the revolving gleam from the anchored lightship without the strand where the lighthouses glowed like the eyes feeling the soul stirred within him at the thought that all of sentinels, vigilant and sleepless for the safety of the round our shores there is not a point or promontory, a

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ARCHBISHOP CROKE.

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