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lying low. Austria has been preoccupied with the victory of the anti-Semites in the Vienna elections. Germany last month celebrated, with great demonstrations of enthusiasm, the twenty-fifth anniversary of Sedan, while the Italians with equal heartiness celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of the oocupation of Rome. Crispi signalised the Roman demonstration by the delivery of an eloquent and powerful onslaught upon the policy of the Pope, who, although secure in his spiritual sovereignty, continues to cherish vain hopes of the restoration of the temporal power. Crispi spoke wisely and well, but the spectacle of Crispi solemnly reproving Leo XIII. for worldly ambition is rather rich. The Pope is in a very difficult positionhow difficult no one knows but himself ; all that outsiders can see is that he has played a very delicate game with extraordinary tact and patience. Let us hope that he may never be exposed to the crucial test of having to face the problems that would be precipitated by a great European war.

It used to be the fashion to sneer at the International absorbing interest which was taken by Yachting.

Be the Greeks of the old Empire in the contest of the circus. Gibbon, however, would hardly care to point his sarcasm at the expense of the Byzantines were he living to-day, for millions of Englishmen, face to face with all the immense questions which involve the fate of empires, have been so pre-occupied with the yacht races for the American Cup as hardly to spare a thought for anything else. Lord Dunraven built a yacht

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From I. Papagallo.]

[September 29, 1893. THIE FÊTEJ AT ROME. Let me shave off your beard. For twenty-five years you have graciously hidden your beautiful face. Your Rome no longer exists; nevertheless, make yourself beautiful in these days, which are en féle for me, and every bo'ly rushes to see your Vatican, my Colosseum, and the Quirinal, with Crispi as guard.


Russian influence in the Balkan penin- C
sula upon a foundation firmer than
that of arms or of religion. It may

Low bok be. But if it is, there is one man in Great Britain who will probably see in her action a hint which may bring about a federation of the British Empire on a somewhat similar basis. There is some resemblance between Mr. Chamberlain and M. de Witte, and there is no doubt that a British

TECOIT Imperial guarantee for Colonial debt would be a master stroke of policy that naturally would commend itself to our municipal statesman.

While France and Russia The Triple are

(October 5, 1895. foregathering with


JOHN TO JOXATHAN: “Yes, you've beat me fair enough on the running path ; but for all the members of the Triple Alliance are that I'm hanged if I like your way of yachting.”.

From Moonshine.

1 Alliance.

demonstrative effusiveness,


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after his own design, named it Valkyrie III., letter to the committee in which he protested and, challenged the Americans to defend their against having to endanger the lives of his men by right to the American Cup. This Cup must be sailing over a course crowded by attendant steamsailed for according to the provisions of the Trust boats. Unless they took certain drastic precautions. Deed of the New York Yacht Club. The Defender against a repetition of such conduct on the part of having defeated all rivals among American yachts, the steamers, he declared his determination not to was selected to represent the American yachtsmen sail the course again. The committee decided they in the international contest. The course being com could neither shift the course nor take the preparatively close to one of the greatest cities in the cautions he suggested. Thereupon, when the third world, was crowded with a flotilla of steam-boats, race came to be sailed Lord Dunraven merely carrying sightseers. As there is no law, divine or crossed the line with his yacht and then withdrew. human, by which steam-boats full of sightseers can The Defender covered the course followed by the be kept from trespassing on an ocean course over mob of steam-boats, and having won three out of which the yachts are to sail, the first two races-for five of the races, secured the Cup once more for FILOiJiao thouffl' ini ANT NO

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as a rule no one takes any notice beyond those immediately concerned. On this occasion, however,

the fact that the two yachts represented two nations d ana odno

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excepting those in the umpire's boat, it is probable From the Detroit Journal.]

the result would have been the same, and the

Americans were fairly entitled to their victory. But, h'eyes h'if h'I don't think h'I could have done 'im doutcherknow !"

the Americans themselves being the judges, there the Cup goes to the winner of the best five-were was ample ground for Lord. Dunraven's protest. sailed with considerable peril to the respective yachts against the way in which the yachts were interfered On the first day there was a fair start, and the with by the steamers. And it was the worst of bad Valkyrie was fairly beaten by the American yacht. taste and ill-feeling to hold him up to ridicule Both boats, however, suffered from the eagerness of and contempt simply because he did not consider the attendant steam-boats to see the races from start it safe to risk the lives of his men in rushing over to finish. On the second day the Valkyrie, at the the course which no one could keep clear. Imagine moment of starting, fouled the Defendor, injuring the Derby run at Epsom with the miscellaneous her top-mast, and rendering it impossible for her crowd of sightseers meandering on the course to spread her full canvas. Notwithstanding through which the horses come thundering down to this, the Defender hoisted a protest flag and went on the winning-post! But people who are excited over with the race. The Valkyrie succeeded in distancing a race or a fight seldom take much pains to keep her crippled antagonist, and was the first to pass the cool heads or civil tongues, and for a few days there winning-post. The race was claimed by the D-fender was a rather ugly slanging match between the meaner on account of the foul, and the committee, after due champions of the respective boats, which afforded an deliberation, decided that the claim was just. Before unpleasant example of what may be regarded as the the decision was closed Lord Dunraven handed a latent instincts of the worst tempered of both nations.

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There are some who argue from this that international contests should be avoided lest they should generate international ill-feeling. That is all nonsense: If America and England are to be united, we must not be too squeamish about such evidences of temper as are inevitable when differences of opinion manifest themselves. You cannot make an omelette without breaking eggs. Neither can you bring two nations together nor two individuals together without multiplying points of friction, which, when nations or individuals are very headstrong and self-opinionated, will often culminate in much bad language. But unless people do come together and

pared with the Americans, in the athletic sports. It is true that the heat was terrible, but the Americans broke their own records as well as ours, and there is no doubt that we were fairly whipped. No one can reasonably deny that we are taking our licking like gentlemen. It is one of the disadvantages of making sport the ground of meetings of nations, that sport has an immense attraction for the seum of both nations, and the riffraff of the saloon and the slum cannot be expected to behave with the nice courtesy which should prevail around the lists in which an international tournament takes place. Still, even the sportsmen of both nations will learn


From the Chicago Times-Herald.)



take the risk of friction, they will always remain in time to be civil, and that will be a great gain. I apart. So far from deprecating the international sometimes think there is more hope, from this point contests' because they afford an opportunity for dis- of view, of the conversion of prize-fighters than of playing the seamy side of national character, that is a editors. bagatelle compared with the importance of accustom

The British Association met this year at ing the two nations to take a keen interest in friendly Parliament of Ipswich. Sir Douglas Galton, the Presicontests. As another British yachtsman has entered Science. dent, delivered the inaugural address, his yacht for next year's race, there is no harm done, which called for little remark. The meeting, on the and whether we win the cup or lose it, we can rely whole, was somewhat commonplace, but it was relieved upon our people bearing themselves. in seemly by one or two papers of somewhat sensational interest. fashion.

One, which was followed by an interesting discussion, The Defeat

mem. John Bull has, however, suffered rather described the cannibals of West Africa from a someof our badly at the hands of his vigorous pro what sympathetie point of view. There is one tribe Athletes. geny, for not only has his yacht been that habitually eats all its old people as soon as they beaten, but our picked athletes were nowhere, com- show any signs of decrepitude-a primitive method of

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A Japanese

settling the problem which we are fumbling over in have been badly beaten in their attempt to inter our Old Age Pensions, and it also consumes all the fere with the cultivation of opium in India, bodies of enemies who are slain on the field of may find a more promising field of warfare if battle. The results, from a physical point of view, are

they select the field
they select the field

suggested by Li Hung declared to be so admirable, that it would seem as if the

Chang. cosmic forces which lead to the survival of the fittest


The would tell in favour of the cannibals of that tribe.

In Home politics there has been an This, however, is only seeming, for cannibalism has a Home extraordinary lull. When Mr. Balfour

Politics. fatal disintegrating tendency. Union is the secret

left Downing Street, almost his last of Progress, and the experience of mankind shows

remark was that he was goinġ to Scotland to that your brother never quite trusts you when he has

play golf, and as far as possible to forget all subat the back of his mind the thought that you are won- lunary things. He seems to have succeeded, and dering whether he would taste better roast or boiled.

everybody else seems to have succeeded in this praiseThe other paper was that by Mr. Flinders Petrie, worthy effort to secure a perfect holiday in the in which he deprecated the excessive zeal shown by

perfect weather we have had in September. The some civilised people in thrusting their opinions down

Liberals have been perfectly dumb. You might look the throats of every race with whom they come in

through the newspaper's in vain for a single utterance contact. Mr. Petrie's paper led to quite a demonstra by any of the Liberal chiefs. After the general election against clothes. It would really seem as if we tion every one rests. Mr. Morley abode in his tents were at last beginning to learn that morality and civil- in the North of Scotland: Lord Rosebery went to Dunisation cannot be exactly measured by the amount of robin, Lord Spencer has gone to India ; Mr. Asquith,

hang round the human person. Mr. Acland, and Mr. Campbell Bannerman seem

Apropos of our duty towards the coloured to have disappeared into space. On the other side, Warning races with whom we come in contact, the only speeches of any note were made by the about Opium. there is a very instructive passage in the

sace in the Duke of Devonshire, and they were important report of the peace negotiations conducted between

chiefly because of the calm but merciless fashion in Li Hung Chang and Count Ito, which has been sent

which he put the extinguisher upon the sanguine me by a correspondent in China. The plenipoten- hopes entertained by some of his colleagues as to the tiaries were discussing the future of Formosa, when possibility of heroic action in the direction of Old the question of opium came on the tapis. The

Age Pensions It would seem that we are going to following is the report of the conversation which

witness in the Unionist Cabinet the old duel that took place :-

used to be fought day after day in the Gladstone H. E. Li: Formosa is very malarious. You lost many lives

Cabinet between the Duke of Devonshire and there before. Most of the Formosans smoke opium in order to Mr. Chamberlain. Mr. Chamberlain is a light counteract the effects of malaria. H. E. Ito: When we take Formosa we shall forbid opium

weight, but he hits hard. "The Duke of Devonshire

weight, but ne nis hard. smoking.

is a heavy weight and a great stayer. As Mr. ChamH. E. Li: It is an old habit with the Formosans. H. E. Ito: Yet Formosa was populated before opium was

berlain used to remark in the old days when they produced. We have kept opium out of Japanese ports by the used to have their tussles in the Gladstone Adminismost stringent prohibitions, and have consequently no opium tration 6 Lord Hartington is slow but keen and he smokers. H. E. Li: I admire that.

always hits the nail on the head.” H. E. Ito: I discussed the question of the prohibition of opium with Minister Yen, and he heartily agreed with me.

he Of course, at present all seems peace,

The One H. E. Li: Great Britain insists on bringing opium into

Hope of the but you only need to pierce beneath the our ports. We have increased the duties, but what more

Liberals. surface to find how rancorous and bitter can we do?

H. E. Jto : The duty is much too low. Treble the amount is the feeling on the part of the Tory rank-and-file would be none too much.

H. E. Li: We have spoken of it frequently, but Great against Mr. Chamberlain and “the Birmingham gang." Britain will not consent.

Mr. Chamberlain has certainly taken care of his H. E. Ito: Opium-smokers are all indolent; you cannot make good soldiers of them.

own, and the appointment of Mr. Findlay as H. E. Li: Great Britain has forced opium on us, and we Solicitor-General was almost the last straw which cannot stop it.

broke the back of the Tory camel. For the H. E. Ito: If you devised methods to stop the consumption it would soon cease to be imported.

moment, however, the word has been passed that If China were to act on the Japanese hint it would even a majority of 150 does not justify open be awkward for India. The anti-opium people, who sedition; but there are many slighted politicians

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