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LONDON, December 2nd, 1895. At the foot of the rocky plateau stands the vast plain of
· civilised Europe. A majestic stream gushes across it. The Emperor William is again justifying
Lines The Kaiser's
of mountains bound the horizon, and in the valley cities are Picture the observation made long ago that his discerned, in the midst of which tower churches of various Politics. true rôle in life was to be a newspaper
· creeds. In the foreground is the Castle of Hohenzollero. But
newspaper over these peaceful landscapes clouds of calamity are rolling up. editor.. The post would have suited him much better Dark pitchy vapours obscure the sky. The path trodden hy than that which he now occupies. He seems to feel
el the invaders in their onward career is marked by a sea of
Hamnes proceeding from a burning city. Dense clouds of smoke this himself, and last month he astonished his subjects twisting into the form of hellish, distorted faces ascend from by coming out as political cartoonist,—which may
the conflagration. The threatening danger in the form of
Buddha is enthroned in this sombre framework. A Chinese indeed be regarded as a long step towards editorship. dragon, which at the same time represents the demon of I reproduce by permission as frontispiece of the
Destruction, carries this heathen idol. In an awful onset the
powers of darkness draw nearer to the banks of the protecting REVIEW OF REVIEWS this first incursion of the Kaiser
stream. Only a little while, and that stream is no longer u into a field hitherto free from
barrier. Imperial and Royal intruders.
Beneath the original cartoon The Emperor did not draw the
His Majesty wrote the autograph picture ; he gave the idea to the
legend : “Nations of Europe, artist, approved of the finished
defend your holiest possessions.” result, and presented the original
The Near It would be more to as a delicate compliment to the
Eastern the purpose just now Tzar. Lest any one should fail
Question. . if ourImperial Editor to understand this unique ex
Cartoonist would prepare another ample of Imperial picture politics,
picture, illustrating his view of the Nord-Deutsche was' author
the Near Eastern Question, which ised to accompany the engrav
at present is very much more ing with the following semi
pressing than any danger with official exposition of what its
which Buddha and the Yellow Imperial author wants it to
Dragon have anything to do. signify
The situation in Asiatic Turkey The Far The explanation,
is alarming to the last degree ; Eastern Situa- which is certainly
massacres are reported daily. tion from a not lacking in
The Moslems in the provinces German not lacking in ex
exStandpoint. plicitness, is as
hearing that the Powers insist. follows :
upon the Christians having
LORD SALISBURY. On a plateau of rock bathed in
officials in proportion to their light radiating from the Cross — that symbol in which numbers, grimly respond to their benevolent alone Christians win their victories-stand allegorical figures
intentions by reducing the Christian population of the civilised nations. In the foreground is France shading her eyes with her left hand. She cannot yet to vanishing point. In Erzeroum there seems to altogether believe in the proximity of danger; but Germany, be now no doubt that the massacre was carried armed with shield and sword, follows with attentive eye the approach of calamity. Russia, a beautiful woman with out in cold blood by the Turkish soldiers in a wealth of hair, leans her arm, as if in close friendship, obedience to definite orders from the authorities. on the shoulder of her martial companion. Beside this group Austria stands in resolute pose. She extends her
In Syria, the Mohammedans have been armed, right hand in an attitude of invitation, as if to win the co the troops have been supplied with green flags, and operation of still somewhat reluctant England in the common task. Italy stands between these two Powers, and, like
the Christians await in an agony of suspense the Germany, eagerly gazes on the calamity which menaces them. signal for a slaughter grim and great. The Sultan The rearguard of this group of noble female figures is formed by a young girl with ringlets of curling hair. She images the
and his pashas appear to have made up their ininds smaller civilised States, and she, too, carries a spear. In that the Christian populations need to be thinned front of this martial group of many figures stands unmailed the winged archangel Michael, holding in his right hand a
down, and, as the Powers bark but dare not bite for flaming sword. His countenance is turned towards the female fear they should bite each other, the horrible work of group, his features reflect grave energy, and his outstretched
massacre plus torture, outrage, and plunder goes left hand, which points to the approaching horror, also emphasises the invitation to prepare for the sacred conflict. merrily on. So widespread has been the devastation
I have discussed elsewhere, not assuredly What will have to be in any spirit of uncharity towards the
done. Sultan, what Europe will have to do. The difficulty is immense. For if we hit the Ottoman Empire too hard it will break to pieces under our eyes, and the general scramble will begin. But if we are to be paralysed by fear of breaking it to pieces, the Turk will have a free hand to slaughter the Christians into silence. If only the Kurds would kill a few Americans, or even one British Consul, there would be a quick stop put to all this dilly-dallying. But so long as it is only Armenians who are being cut up, the risk of action is too great. What will have to be done sooner or later is that the Sultan will have to be told in plain terms that he must stop all this bloody work or be deposed, and when he is deposed the Ottoman Empire should be administered, as the public debt is at present, by an
International Commission. A paper Sultan might SIR PHILIP CURRIE,
be conveniently installed as the figure-head of this British Ambassador at Constantinople.
Commission, which would do all its business in his .. (Photograph by Russell.)
name, and which, as it would have cash to pay its
troops, would probably be obeyed..If only the that ominous rumours of impending famine are Powers could trust each other for five years every current throughout Anatolia, and this winter it is one would be astonished to find how simple a probable sheer starvation will carry off thousands problem this Eastern Question is. But there would whom even the Kurd and the Turk have spared. have to be, first, a self-denying ordinance binding all Here, indeed, is a tempting picture for the Imperial the Powers to seek no private ends and to respect the cartoonist's pencil.
• integrity of the Ottoman dominions; and secondly, Caricature, indeed, finds a tempting Powers hold theme in the way in which the Powers
together. are holding together on the Turkish Question. Lord Salisbury's declaration at the Mansion House on Lord Mayor's Day was very explicit. “Nothing,” he said, “has impressed itself more strongly on my mind than the disposition of the Great Powers to act together, and their profound sense of the appalling dangers which any separation of their action might produce.” That is satisfactory so far as it goes. But “the disposition to act together," of which Lord Salisbury speaks, is not very visible to the naked eye. To talk together, yes, To make representations together, also yes. But to act together--hum! It is to be feared their “profound sense of the appalling dangers which any separation of their action might produce," neutralises their disposition to act, and reduces the Concert of Europe to impotence. All the Powers are so afraid of getting out of step if they march, that they keep on marking time, and meanwhile the massacre
THE HON. M. H. HERBERT, goes on always like the guillotine in the days of
Secretary of the Embassy at Constantinople. the Terror.
(Photograph by Alman, New York.)
the governing Turk would have to be resolutely sectarian demands would stand out in clear relief. reduced to his proper position as Constable of Europe, The worst of it is when men say “ Church” they at instead of being allowed to forget all bounds of once feel as if an aureole of deity encircled their moderation in the belief that he is the Shadow proposal, whereas if they could only be brought to say of God.
“sect” they would see the plain truth in all its unThe Prime Lord Salisbury last month made two pleasant reality. Lord Salisbury is of the Anglican Minister and the Schools speeches, both of them very good, so far sect. Cardinal Vaughan's sect is the Roman Catholic,
of Sects. as they relate to Foreign Affairs, and , and, qua sects, . they stand on just the same not by any means bad in their reference to domestic footing as the Wesleyans or the Muggletonians.
would be powerless. The only chance for national Mr. Rhodes would have made short work of the as opposed to sectarian, education lies in the fact Colonial Secretary's attempt to be Moatlhodi. It is that the Duke of Devonshire, Mr. Chamberlain, and extremely satisfactory that Mr. Rhodes should havo Sir John Gorst, who, although not in the Cabinet, is shown such readiness to meet what he regarded no still Minister of Education, are reported to be by doubt as the somewhat unreasonable prejudice of the no means of one mind with Lord Salisbury on this British public. It would have been extremely matter. The real battle will take place inside the unsatisfactory, and indeed disastrous, if Mr. Rhodes Cabinet, and we shall await the result with interest. had listened to those who were all for pumping upon : “ The Man The
en The position of at least one Liberal- Khama, and letting “the British public be d-d!” who Rights Unionist Minister has been strengthened The settlement by which Khama retains his sove
Things." by the course of events last month. Mr. reignty, with power to exclude liquor, over his own Chamberlain, who is now being generally recognised territory, under the direct supervision of the Colonial
Office, contents him, and what contents Khama contents those who have made his cause their own. In return for this substantial concession of his claim, Khama cedes to the British South African Company a strip of land giving them right of way, and a line of rail through his land to Rhodesia. The reversion of Khama's territory will go to the Company. But that is not a question for to-day or tomorrow.
- Mr. Chamberlain made a very important Mr. Cham
berlain's speech at the banquet given by the Manifesto.
enitesto. Agent-General for Natal on November 6th to celebrate the completion of the Natal-Transvaal Railway. Mr. Chamberlain put his foot down with emphasis upon Matthew Arnold's “ weary Titan” theory of the British Empire. His speech was full of buoyant hope and confidence in the future of the race which inherits the influence, resources, and power of the British Empire :
We have a common origin, we have a common history, a common language, a common literature, a common love of liberty and law. We have common principles to assert, we have common interests to maintain. I have said that it is a slender thread that bound us together. I remember on one occasion having been shown a slender, frail wire which a blow might break, and I was told that it was capable of trans
mitting an electrical energy that would set powerful machinery SIR FRANCIS SCOTT, K.C.M.G., C.B.,
in motion. May it not be the same in the relation that exists The Commander of the Ashanti Expedition.
between our colonies and ourselves, and may not that thread
be capable of carrying a force of sentiment and of sympathy that (Photograph by Elliott and Pry.)
will yet be a potent factor in the history of the world? I am
told on every band that Imperial Federation is a vain and by the public, although not by his colleagues, as the
empty dream. I will not contest that judgment, but I will say
this-that that man must be blind indeed who does not sce second man in the Cabinet, was very much en évidence that it is a dream which has vividly impressed itself upon the in November. He has launched an expedition against mind of the English-speaking race; and who does not admit
that dreams of that kind, which have so powerful an influence King Prompeh which will certainly make its way,
upon the imagination of men, have, somehow or other, an with or without bloodshed, to the Ashanti capital to unaccountable way of being realised in their own time? If it
be a dream, it is a dream that appeals to the highest senti. dictate terms of a settlement that will open up the
ments of patriotism, and even to our material interests. It is auriferous beds behind Coomassie to British enter a dream that is calculated to stimulate and to inspire every prise.
I one who cares for the future of the Anglo-Saxon people. But his chief exploit, and that which won
think myself that the spirit of the time is, at all events, in the for him from Khama the title of Moatlhodi, “the direction of such a movement. man who rights things,” has been the arranging Well done, Joe! But how these glowing Impeof a compromise between the Bechuana chiefs and rial heroics will be chilled when treated in the Mr. Rhodes. Of course Mr. Chamberlain was but Cabinet with the frosty cynicism of Lord Salisbury ! the go-between. Any awkwardness on the part of Mr. Chamberlain has also made an important