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blanks shall be rejected and not taken into count in enumeration of votes or reported by the tellers.


MESSAGES. Messages received from the Senate and the President of the United States, giving notice of bills passed or approved, shall be entered in the Journal and published in the Record of that day's proceedings.


EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS. Estimates of appropriations, and all other communications from the Executive Departments, intended for the consideration of any committee of the House, shall be addressed to the Speaker and by him referred as provided by clause 2 of Rule XXIV.

RULE XLIII. QUALIFICATIONS OF OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES. No person shall be an officer of the House, or continue in its employment, who shall be an agent for the prosecution of any claim against the Government, or be interested in such claim otherwise than as an original claimant; and it shall be the duty of the Committee on Accounts to inquire into and report to the House any violation of this rule.


JEFFERSON'S MANUAL. The rules of parliamentary practice comprised in Jefferson's Manual shall govern the House in all cases to which they are applicable, and in which they are not inconsistent with the standing rules and orders of the House and point rules of the Senate and House of Representatives.


PRINTING. 1. All documents referred to committees or otherwise disposed of shall be printed unless otherwise specially ordered.

2. Motions to print additional numbers of any bill, report, resolution, or other public document shall be referred to the Committee on Printing; and the report of the committee thereon shall be accompanied by an estimate of the probable cost thereof. Unless ordered by the House, no bill, resolution, or other proposition reported by a committee shall be reprinted unless the same be placed upon the Calendar. Of bills which have passed the Senate, and of House bills as amended by the Senate, when referred to the House, there shall be printed four hundred copies.

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The province of this volume is to teach patriotism. The unity of a novel and the sequence of a history is lacking, but its place is no less important in that it will make the present generation and the coming generation realize what a country is ours and what advantages and what privileges are ours to enjoy. For these reasons it will not be out of place to sketch the life and work of a typical American—of a man among men- of a soldier, a statesman, a citizen, of one who had tasted the bitter and the sweets of life, who was the embodiment of patriotism-in warlike and peaceful times—who knew and realized the debt a nation owes its defenders and who ever sought to keep green the memory of what the soldiers of the Rebellion suffered; and whether quartered in the sheltered tent of a private or wearing the shoulder-straps of earthly favor, he was ever found in the front ranks of the army of public burden bearers. The subject of this sketch, General A. D. Shaw, was an ardent advocate of the National Memorial University, for he saw in its erection an influence to be brought upon future generations, inestimable to the youth of this great Republic.

Albert Duane Shaw was born in the town of Lyme, December 27, 1841. He came from patriotic stock and his life was one of patriotic zeal. His great grandfather on his mother's side was a major in the Revolutionary War and his grandfather on his father's side, although but a lad, saw service under Washington. Col. Shaw was a son of Henry Shaw and Sally Ann GardnerShaw. His parents migrated from New Jersey.

His earlier days were passed upon the farm where were laid the foundations of physical health which enabled him to lead the strenuous life of usefulness he did.

His early education was received in the common schools of Lyme and at the Belleville Union academy. Later he was a student at St. Lawrence University, Canton, N. Y. The Civil War broke out when he was 18 years age.

It was then that his heritage of patriotism manifested itself. With no thought of fame to gain, but only of his imperilled country, in June, 1861, he enlisted as a private in Co. A, 35th regiment of New York Volunteers at Watertown. He was the first volunteer from Cape Vincent and walked from that village to Watertown to enroll his name among those, many of whom, like himself, have passed beyond the sound of the bugle's call. He was mustered into service with his regiment at Elmira, N. Y., in July,


1861. His career as a soldier was one of great credit and it is said that during the term of service of his regiment he was never for a day absent from the ranks of his company and to use his own words, “Company A never stacked arms without my rifle was among the number."

In 1863 he was appointed special agent of the provost marshal's office in Watertown, under Capt. Fred Emerson, and was discharged at the close of the war in 1865, receiving the warm thanks of the commanding officer for his "able and faithful performance of every duty.” No greater compliment can be paid a soldier's worth than these words.

The war over he entered upon public life. His career in the same has been so closely identified with current events for the last forty years in the northern section of New York State and in fact throughout the United States, that a recital of the same would be but the repitition of Jefferson County history. His services were always distinguished and honorable and to the last mentioned qualification can be attributed in no small degree the greatness he attained.

The beginning of his public life was his election to the Assembly from the second district of Jefferson County in 1866. He remained one year in that office. In 1868 he was appointed United States consul at Toronto, Canada. His consular service at that place was made conspicuous by his official reports, which Hamilton Fish, the secretary of state, declared were "the very best of any consular officer in the service.”

Reward always comes to those who merit it and in 1878, during Grant's administration, Col. Shaw was appointed to the important consulate at Manchester, Eng. Just before his departure for England, the citizens of Toronto tendered him a public dinner at the Queen's hotel. The prime minister of the Dominion, the Hon. Alexander Mackenzie, sent a laudatory letter to Col. Shaw from Ottawa, complimenting him for his ability and impartiality in the discharge of his official duties. Hon. Oliver Mowat, premier of Ontario, was present, as was Hon. Geo. Brown, Mayor Morrison, who presided, and many other leading citizens of Canada and of the United States. An address was presented to Col. Shaw, couched in warm terms of approval, for his services as an official and his qualities as a man.

In 1885, owing to a change of administration at Washington, he was superceded by an appointee of President Cleveland. His career at Manchester was a most brilliant one. His qualifications as a man among men won for him the esteem of all and upon his retirement from Manchester a public meeting was held in the town hallof that city at which the citizens presented him with a sil

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