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ver casket and an illuminated address both of great intrinsic value and beauty. The speeches on that occasion were freighted with good words and some 1,800 of the leading citizens were present.

The honors conferred upon Col. Shaw and Mrs. Shaw while in England were many. He was elected a member of the famous Manchester Arts Club in 1880 and from time to time delivered addresses before it. This club represents the highest type of English art and literature. To be elected a member of it is an honor awarded to but few foreigners, and Englishmen only of social distinction and culture are admitted. At the Saint Andrew's society dinner in Manchester in 1882, he presided in the absence of the Earl of Aberdeen, the first time an American ever took the chair at a dinner of that society. The Colonel, on that occasion made two speeches, which were highly complimented. Soon after the death of General Philip Sheridan, a memorial meeting was held in London in' his honor by members of the United States army, past and present, temporarily sojourning in England. Col. Shaw made the principal address, and it was eminently worthy of the occasion and of the memory of the distinguished soldier in whose honor the memorial was held.

Upon his retirement from Manchester a member of the Arts. Club said of Colonel Shaw at a farewell banquet: “At all events, from what we know of Colonel Shaw of his thoroughness, his eloquence, and his ability in every sense—we may be assured that whatever question he takes up, and whatever way he looks at our great institutions, he will look at them with a thoughtful and intelligent mind, unbiased, and thoroughly free, with the desire to understand us." In conclusion the speaker called upon the company to drink to the health of their guest (Col. Shaw) as “a consul, as a member of the club, a soldier and as a man among men.'

Upon his departure he was also tendered farewell receptions at Stockport and Oakfield and by the members of the Clarendon Club, and many organizations of a secular, social, political nature.

It was in 1867 that Col. Shaw received his title, being appointed by Gov. Reuben E. Fenton as colonel of the 36th regiment of the N. Y. S. N. G.

In 1872, Colonel Shaw married Mary Sherwood Keith, daughter of Charles W. Keith, Esq., of Chicago, Ill. Mrs. Shaw was a worthy companion of her illustrious husband and her death which occurred but a year ago the 12th of February, was a shock to the colonel from which he never fully recovered.

After his retirement from the consulate at Manchester Col. Shaw resided in Watertown, N. Y., and up to a few years ago

made many trips to England in the interests of large business enterprises in which he affiliated himself.

Colonel Shaw has been three times president of the Young Men's Christian Association, a member of Joe Spratt post, G. A. R., and was elected president of the Watertown, N. Y., Chamber of Commerce in 1893.

In 1898 he was elected Department Commander of New York State and the year following was elected Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic at Philadelphia. As Commander-in-Chief he was an indefatigable worker and during his year of office delivered addresses in nearly every State in the Union and was everywhere received with the most flattering demonstrations.

In politics the Colonel has always been a staunch Republican and in all presidential campaigns lias been in demand as an orator. During the recent campaign he traveled many miles and delivered hundreds of speeches in behalf of his party.

He was unanimously nominated at the congressional convention held at Watertown, N. Y., June, 1900, as Congressman to fill the unexpired term of the lamented Charles A. Chickering and also the regular term. He was elected by an unusually large majority.

By his death Colonel Shaw leaves two daughters, Mrs. Herbert Williams, of Brooklyn, and Mrs. Benjamin Folger, Jr., of Kingston, and one son, Dr. Henry L. K. Shaw, of Albany.

Colonel Shaw was interested in several business ventures, being a large stockholder in the Agricultuural Insurance Company and president of a company for the development of power at Niagara Falls. He also made several trips to England in the interests of a Tennessee mining company.

It has been said in the above sketch that Colonel Shaw was a man among men. When the poet said: "The world wants men, large hearted, manly men, Men who shall prolong the psalm of labor and the song of love,” he described that type of manhood to which Colonel Shaw belonged.

Like many men of note Colonel Shaw began life in an humble environment. He was the son of a farmer and grew, by his own efforts, to a man of greatness. He was not only a scholar, a soldier, an orator, a statesman, but all in one.

In his youth Colonel Shaw toiled upon the farm. This gave him a ready sympathy with the efforts of the farming class for improvement and the advancement of agriculture. His interest in this behalf won for him the highest esteem of the

farmers. When farmers gathered in the interests of their calling, on public occasions, Colonel Shaw was always an invited guest. His eloquence and inspiring speeches, always demanded, were an inspiration and caused the future to look brighter and more hopeful to those within the range of his voice.

When the duties of the school offered themselves he undertook them with that earnestness and thoroughness which characterized his entire life. He never did things by halves. All that was of worth in the books he assimilated and it was stored away in the brain cells for future use. How well this determination to let nothing escape his keen observation and study was demonstrated by his easy manner of address and readiness when called upon. Among his schoolmates he excelled and also among his college acquaintances. No subject, no matter how difficult, was beyond the grasp of Colonel Shaw's intelligence.

As his days in school and college were closing, the call for men to fight came. He did not hesitate to throw off his civilian clothes and don those of a private soldier. That same faculty of application manifested itself in his life as a soldier. He was always ready for duty and did whatever was desired of him. He did his duty. That made him a soldier among soldiers for it is a good soldier that does as he is told. He was always on hand at roll call and when his comrades stacked arms his rifle was among the guns. He never lagged behind, but was always found in the front file.

The war over he returned to private life. But not for long. He was called to public life and a speech made by him in the assembly in 1866 bore the stamp of oratory and eloquence which grew more powerful as the man grew greater. Then he was sent to a foreign country as consul. There he showed the same qualification of true greatness—duty. He paid the closest attention to the duties of his office and his reward came in the form of promotion to a higher office and a wider circle of influence.

At Manchester, England, is seen the same spirit. His ready sympathy drew men toward him and his quick love and honesty cemented the bonds of friendship so that even time could not break them. In Manchester he was loved by the poor and of him the Mayor of Manchester said: "He used to aid by stealth," meaning that he preached not his charity to the world. Those high in official circles learned to honor him and those whose minds turned to art and literature found in him true fellowship. All of which showed that he was a man of many attainments.

He became a member of the Grand Army of the Republic. In doing so he became a comrade both in name and fact. He saw that the old veteran was not receiving his just dues and he

threw down the gauntlet to those who would deprive the soldier of his rights. They saw his worth. They elected him their Department Commander. The Department saw his worth and called upon the veterans throughout the country to elect him their Commander-in-Chief. They did so and how well he served them. Scarcely a state in the Union did he fail to visit in the interests of organization. He went to Washington and labored for them and by his unceasing efforts he secured for them favorable legislation. When his labors were done they voted him a gold medal of great intrinsic value and beauty.

While he was engaged in Grand Army duties the death of Congressman Chickering left vacant a seat in Congress. The minds of the party leaders, and the rank and file as well, turned toward Col. Shaw. With the greatest unanimity he was nominated and by a large majority elected. Upon his arrival at Washington he at once launched himself upon the duties of his office. He began to lay plans the completion of which would be of material benefit to his constituents. But death cut off his life before the plans could be completed, before his voice could be heard in their behalf. The shock was great. His true worth suddenly swept over them and the loss of this great man overwhelmed them.

His domestic life was one of simplicity and love. He had a most amiable wife and her death, only a year ago, had been a great sorrow to the Colonel and weighed heavily upon him. The love between himself and wife was a mutual one and their happiness complete. He and Mrs. Shaw were model parents and saw to it that their children had every advantage available. Col. Shaw was a Christian man and a life long Baptist, being a member of the Baptist Church.

Col. Shaw was a man of many excellencies—an industrious man-rounded out in all the attributes of gentleness and companionship—a wholesome character from whom one could always learn something—a man of high standard in morals, in politics, in business. To him travel was only a means of drawing comparisons between other lands and his own native country, where his kindred lay buried; where he himself was born, where all his earliest ambitions had their inception and first development. Looked upon in any light, he was an estimable personality-one whom it is a delight to remember. He best honored himself when he honored his native country—for it showed him a worthy son, and she will remember him among those other faithful ones, who, in other lands, amid other environment, have "justified the honors they have gained."

RESUME OF IMPORTANT BILLS

CURRENCY ACT, KNOWN AS HOUSE BILL No. 1

This bill became a law after a long and exhaustive debate.
The bill is composed of eleven sections as follows:

Sec. 1, 2, 3, and 4, provide for the establishment and maintenance of the gold standard. In declaring gold to be the standard of value the bill clearly states that we are already operating under such standard. The first provision is that the standard unit of value shall, as now, be the dollar, and shall consist of 25.8 grains of gold, .9 fine, or 23.22 grains of pure gold, being the one-tenth part of an eagle. While claiming that gold is now the standard, its reenactment acts as a reaffirmation and dispels all doubt which may have arisen in the public mind.

Sec. 5 and 6 provide for the coinage of subsidiary coin and worn and uncurrent coins, and the repeal of the statute limiting the issue of subsidiary coin and fraction currency to fifty million.

While the old law limits this issue to fifty million the present law legalizes the increase in subsidiary coin which was on September 30, 1899, $76,523,333.00. Owing to the growth of population and the great volume of small transactions the further increase of subsidiary coin is necessary. This necessity has been common of late on account of the vastly increased business of the country, requiring change in small transactions. The Secretary of the Treasury is thus given the power to use his own discretion as to the amount of subsidiary coin to be issued.

Sec. 8 and 9 provide for the issue of national bank note circulation to the par value of the bonds deposited for their security.

The changes in the national banking law are as follows:

Under the old law the circulation of a national bank was 90 per cent. of the face value of the bonds deposited by such bank to secure the circulation. The new law allows the circulation to be equal to the face value of the bonds.

Under the old law the banks paid an annual tax of 1 per cent. on its circulation. Under the new law they pay one-half of i per cent. Under the old law the current bonds of the several issues

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