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Napoleon in command of troops of
the Convention, 123; commands
army of Italy, 125; expedition to
Egypt, 127; returns to Paris, 128;
first consul, 131; frames new con-
stitution, 132; reforms, 133;
emperor, 134; relations with for-
eign nations, 136; marries Maria
Louisa of Austria, 138; Russian
campaign, 138; abdication, 139;
Waterloo, 141; character, 141.
National Assembly, early meeting
in France, 105; proceedings, 105;
moves to Paris, 106.
National Convention, origin, 107;
meets in the Tuileries, 109; parties
in, 109; proclaims republic, 110;
condemns Louis XVI. to death,
110; under Robespierre and Dan-
ton, 111; proclaims the existence
of a Supreme Being, 116; con-
demns Robespierre, 118, 119; ac-
quires supreme power, 120; meas-
ures, 121; forms constitution, 121;
organizes troops, 123.
National Intelligencer, establish-
ment of, 365.

Natural phenomena, influence on
civilization, 23.
Navigation Act, 300.
New England, settlement of, 293.
New Orleans, founded, 284.
New polity, 47; summary, 395.
New York, founded, 284.
Nice, Council of, 38.
Nobility, titles of, abolished in
France, 106.

Nobles, feudal, in the crusades, 79;
overthrown by Richelieu, 85.
Non-intercourse Law, 370, 371.
Norman Conquest, 155.
Norman lords in England, 160.
Nullification, origin, 360.
Nuremberg, treaty of, 269.

Oath of supremacy, 185.
Odoacer overthrows Empire of the
West, 29.

Orleans, Duke of, guillotined, 113.
Ostrogoths become masters of Italy,


Oxford, Provisions of, 165.

Paganism, end of, 38.

Paine, Tom, pamphlet on
Sense," 312.

Papacy, 259; extent of power
during the Middle Ages, 263;
denounced by Luther, 267; edict
of Nantes, 271; opposition of
Descartes, 272; of Richelieu,
275; treaty of Westphalia, 277.
Papal power, decline, 178; statutes
against, 183.
Pariahs, 3.

Paris improved by Philip Augustus,
78; government, 108; under Na-
poleon, 124.

Parliament summoned by barons,
167; legislative functions recog-
nized, 173; privileges, 203;
struggle with James, 204; oppo-
sition to Charles, 208; Long
Parliament, 212; remonstrance
against the crown, 214; victory
over Charles I., 216; turned into
the street by Cromwell, 226;
Barebones Parliament, 227; con-
stitution under Cromwell, 229;
Rump Parliament, 235; under
Charles II., 246; supreme power,

،، Common

Pastoureaux, devastations by, 78.
Patriots' struggle for power in
France, 125.

Peasants in France, 75.

Penn, William, 284; character, 298.
Peru, early civilization, 9.
Peter the Hermit, 261.
Petition of Right, 208.
Philip Augustus continues struggle
against feudality, 78; improves
Paris, 78.

Philip, Duke of Orleans, character,

Philip, King of Macedonia, anec-
dote concerning, 19.

Philip IV. of France, 79; said to
have raised first standing army,

Physical science, culture of, in
France, 100.

Pisistratus founds the first hospital
for wounded soldiers, 15.
Plato, philosophy of, 17.
Plymouth, landing of Puritans, 284.
Plymouth colony resists mother
country, 299.


Polybius, opinion of government, | Religion of India, 3; of Egypt, 7;


of Europe, 12; of Greece, 21.
Revolution in France, 104; victims,
112; influence, 120; in England,
212; in America, 308; views of
leading men, 311; war, 314.
Revolutionary tribunal formed, 111;

suppressed, 121.

Pompadour, Madame de, mistress
of Louis XV., 96.
Ponce de Leon discovers Florida,

Pope, bull against English barons,
164; opposition to, in England,
183; laws against, repealed, 189;
defied by Elizabeth, 190; powers,


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Richard I. of England, 161.
Richard II. succeeds to English
throne, 171.
Richard III.
throne, 175.
Richelieu invested with supreme
power, 85; opposition to papacy,

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Russia, alliance against Napoleon, | Tinville, Fouquier, 117; beheaded,


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Tory party, origin, 243.
Tournaments, origin, 59.
Treaty of Westphalia, 277.
Tropical climates, character of, 22;
influence on civilization, 23, 25.
Tuileries sacked by the mob, 108.
Tyndal, 270.

United States colonial epoch, 283;
mother country renounced, 299;
Declaration of Independence, 308;
Revolutionary War, 314; con-
dition of the states in 1776, 316;
confederation, 318; peace, 323
failure of the confederation, 325;
Constitutional Convention, 328;
new constitution, 330; presidency
of Washington, 338; of John
Adams, 356; of Jefferson, 363;
commercial treaty with Eng-
land, 367; Embargo law, 369;
presidency of Madison, 371; war
with England, 372; presidency of
Monroe, Missouri Compromise,
385; presidency of John Quincy
Adams, 387; summary, 400.
Universal suffrage, 133.

Vandals accept Christianity, 41.
Vedas, 1.

Virginia, landing of English, 284.
Vishnu, 3.

Vitry burned, 78.
Voltaire, character, 99.

Waldenses, 264.

Wales annexed to England, 168.
War of the Two Roses, 175.
Warwick, Earl of, 174.
Washington, George, commands
American forces, 308; letter to
Captain Mackenzie, 311; vic-
tories at Trenton and Princeton,
317; letter to Congress, 319; char-
aoter, 321; views of the confed-
eracy, 326; letter to Lafayette,
327; president of the Constitu-
tional Convention, 328; presi-
dency of, 338; relations with
Jefferson, 350; farewell address,

Wat, leader of insurgents, 171.

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From the Earliest Accounts to the Latter Half of the Nineteenth Century. Containing over Forty-six Thousand Articles (Authors), with Forty Indexes of Subjects.


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