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of their several corps. - Impediments, and slowness of their movements.-
Sykes finds himself in advance of the rest of the army.--He encounters
McLaws near the Newton House.- Description of the position.— A sharp
engagement takes place about noon.— Numerical superiority of the Con-
felerates. The combat spreads.- Arrival of Rodes' division.— Jackson
to have nineteen brigades.-Hooker could easily hold him in check.--He
suddenly orders a retreat.- Astonishment of the generals and Union
soldiers.-Fatal and unaccountable decision.-Jackson invests the Fed-
erals in the forest.-Hooker summons a council of war.—Consequences
of his error.- Description of his positions. They are bad.—He sends for
the First corps.-Sedgwick's instructions.-Lee joins Jackson.-Daring
project of the latter adopted by Lee.- Position of the Confederates on the
evening of the 1st of May.-Jackson commences his flank march on the
morning of the 2d.—Preceded by Stuart, he makes a wide détour.-Diffi-
culties of his march.-Lee's precarious position. The Federals perceive
Jackson's column.-Inaction of Hooker. - He believes the enemy to be
retreating, and orders Sickles to follow him.-Combat near Catherine
Furnace.- Mistake of the Federals.-Jackson continues his march.-
Fight between Sickles and McLaws.-Jackson reconnoitres Howard's
positions.- Description of these positions.-Weakness and imprudent
security of the Eleventh corps.-Jackson's preparations for an attack.-
Silent march in line of battle through the forest. Surprise and rout of the
Federals. They are eagerly pursued. - Their efforts to re-form.- Devens'
division is crushed.- Jackson attacks Schurz at Dowdall's Tavern.-His
lines get mixed up, but carry the position.--Schurz's disaster.-Stein-
wehr's division is struck in its turn.--Positions conquered by Jackson.-
Howard sends to Sickles for assistance.- Dangerous situation of the
latter.-Obstacles at Chancellorsville.- Precipitate return of Sickles.-
Jackson continues to advance.--Pleasonton arrives in time to hold him in
check.-Charge of the Seventeenth Pennsylvania cavalry.-Death of Kee-
nan of the Eighth Pennsylvania cavalry – The artillery brought together
by Pleasonton checks Jackson.—The Confederates resume the offensive.-
They encounter the Third corps. Disorder and exhaustion in the Confed-
erate lines. They halt.-Jackson brings Hill forward to the front.--
He makes a reconnoissance ahead of the skirmishers.—He meets those of
the enemy.-In returning he is seriously wounded by his own soldiers.-
The Federals advance. --Jackson is carried off.- Arrival of Berry's divis-
ion on the right of the Federals.-- Defensive dispositions of Slocum.-
Sickles attacks the Confederates.— Terrible combat between Birney and
Hill.-The latter is wounded.- Jackson on the point of being captured.-
The Federals have the advantage. The conflict ceases at midnight.-
Positions conquered by Birney.-Berry has been less fortunate on the
right.-Stuart, while at Ely's Ford, called upon to take command of
Jackson's corps. - He adopts his first measures.—Lee's demonstration
during the evening.



Gravity of Hooker's situation.—Position of his army on the evening of the

2d.-He ought to take the offensive on the morning of the 3d.—The Con-

federate army is divided; the least check would be fatal.—Hooker has the

choice between Chancellorsville and Marye's Heights.-He remains im-

movable, and directs Sedgwick to take the offensive. -Stuart's position on

the 3d at daybreak.- Hooker recalls Sickles to Fairview.-Lee's instruc-

tions to his lieutenants.-Stuart's first movement.--He attacks Sickles in

retreat.— Birney at Fairview.--Stuart masses his artillery against him.-

He advances on the left.—He crosses Lewis' Creek.-Sickles repulses

him.—The battle rages along the whole line.- New attack of the Con-

federates.- After a desperate struggle they are again repulsed.-Stuart

brings his reserves into action.-Success of the Confederates on the

right. They are soon checked and driven back.—The Confederates

halt.—Lee's attack upon Hooker's left.-Combat between McLaws and

Hancock.-Situation of both parties at nine o'clock in the morning.-

Hooker's inactivity.-Sickles and Slocum address him in vain.-Fatal

immobility of one half of his army.--Stuart cannonades Chancellors-

ville.—Hooker is wounded. The Federal army is without a chief.—The

Southerners attack Fairview once more.—Lee with the Second Confeder-

ate corps.-Vigorous attack from the Confederate right.—The Federal line

gives way everywhere at once.-Concentric fire upon Chancellorsville. -

Splendid retreat of Sickles and Hancock.—The Federals abandon Chan-

cellorsville.-Their new position.-Lee prepares to attack them.-He

is stopped by the news received from Early.—Task imposed upon Sedg-

wick by Hooker.- Position of the Confederates on the 1st of May in front

of the latter.—Hooker's error.-Sedgwick occupies Fredericksburg on the

morning of the 2d.—He wastes much time before approaching Marye's

Hill.— Early's arrangements.-Sedgwick decides at last to attack him.-

The Confederate position is speedily carried.-Early's line is pierced --

He falls back to the southward with part of his forces; Wilcox takes the

remainder westward.-Sedgwick's slowness.-

3.-Wilcox delays him, and takes

position at Salem Church.-Lee with the First corps leaves Hooker to go

to the relief of Wilcox.—He reaches Salem Church before Sedgwick.--

The battle opens at once.- A desperate struggle brought to a close by dark-

ness.-Sedgwick's movement is checked.-Strong position of the Confeder-

3.—The Federals may yet rectify their mistakes.-Different plans pre-

sented to Hooker's consideration.--His wound incapacitates him, for the

present, from resuming command.—The Federal army is paralyzed. -

Warren visits the Sixth corps.-Confused exchange of despatches between

Hooker and Sedgwick.–Difficult situation of the latter.-Hooker, having

no longer any idea of resuming the offensive, remains on the defensive.-

Hooker waits in vain for Lee's attack on the 4th.-The latter takes nearly

all his forces against Sedgwick.--Stuart with three divisions detains

Hooker.—Early recaptures Marye's Hill.-He is repulsed before Taylor's

Hill - Position of Sedgwick.-Lee attacks him eastward and southward
at the same time.-- Anderson's success.- McLaws makes a movement,
but too late.-- Night puts an end to the combat. - Sedgwick retires
upon Banks' Ford.—Hooker might remedy his errors by joining him.-
He gives him contradictory orders.-- The First corps recrosses the river.-
The game is up for the Federals.--Hooker decides to retreat.-Council
of war.—A violent storm.—The rise in the river endangers the bridges.-
Retreat of the army.-Exhaustion of the Confederates.—They rest on the
4th.—The Federals cross the Rappahannock again in great haste.-The
passage is effected by six o'clock in the morning.-Lee returns to Freder-
icksburg.--Death of Jackson on the 10th of May.-Losses of both armies.

- The absence of their cavalry is the first cause of the defeat of the Fed-
erals.—Hooker too confident of victory.--Progress of the Federal cav-
alry.-Stoneman's raid.--Inaction of Averell.-W. II. F. Lee goes to Gor-
donsville.--Stoneman at Louisa Court-house the 2d of May.-Stoneman's
delay.-He divides his forces on the evening of the 2d at Thompson's
Four Corners.-Wyndham cannot destroy the bridge at Columbia.-Gregg,
at Hanover Junction, fails to destroy the bridge of the North Anna.-
Stoneman recrosses the Rapidan on the 7th.-Kilpatrick appears before
Richmond.-He reaches Gloucester Point on the 7th.-Davis, after de-
stroying Ashland Station, had arrived there the day before. ---An attempt
of Mosby against Warrenton on the 3d of May.-Stoneman has obtained
no satisfactory results.-Situation of the Federal army.--Responsibili.

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Operations along the coasts of the Southern States during the first months

of the year 1863.—Division of this chapter.-D. H. Hill and Long-
street sent into North Carolina and South-eastern Virginia.-Positions of
the Federals.-Keyes in the peninsula of Virginia.—Peck at Suffolk.-
Engagement at Kelly's Store on January 30.-- Foster occupies the inland
sea:-Small naval operations during the winter.-Longstreet to attack
Suffolk.-Foster takes twelve thousand men to Port Royal.—Great mis-
take.-Foster returns to New Berne.-Demonstration of the Confederates
against Fort Anderson, March 13.-Hill invests Washington on Tar
River, March 30.-Foster comes to the rescue.—The reinforcements can-
not reach the place.-Steps taken to raise the blockade.-Hill raises the
siege April 16.-He joins Longstreet.-Peck ordered to send three thou-
sand men to Foster.-He learns the approach of Longstreet before their
departure.- Description of Suffolk.-Longstreet wants to take it by sur-
prise. - Peck is on his guard.-- The navy comes to his assistance.-IIanson
and Cushing.-Longstreet declines to make an assault.— Ile wishes to force
the passage of the Nansemond.-Strong demonstrations April 13.-Combat
fought at Mount Washington.—General Getty, on the 14th, silences the

Confederate batteries. The gunboats reappear at Suffolk.–Tłe battery
of Hill's Point.--Fruitless attempt to destroy it.-Getty takes possession of
it on the evening of the 19th.-Longstreet refuses to cross the Nansemond.-
Reconnoissances of Cushing at Chuckatuck, and Corcoran toward Eden-
ton.- Artillery-duels favorable to the Unionists.-- Arrival of Hill with
large guns; everything ready for the attack.–First news of the battle of
Chancellorsville.—Longstreet, called back to Richmond, raises the siege
on the 3d of May.—He is not eagerly pursued, and reaches Richmond on
the 10th.-Small naval operations in Virginia.- The Federal South
Atlantic squadron.-The Montauk.-It attacks Fort McAllister.—The

Confederates have two iron-clad vessels at Charleston.-Position of the

I naval division blockading this port.-Ingraham attacks it January 31.-

He seizes the Mercedita.-The Palmetto State and the Chicora attack

the Keystone State.—The Union vessel disabled. --She escapes from the

Confederates.-Ingraham retires.- Losses of the Federals.- The Confed-

erates pretend to have raised the blockade.-The Federals lose the Isaac

Smith.- Arrival of the new monitors at Port Royal.—The Montauk

destroys the Nashville February 28.—The new monitors attack the fort

March 3.-Results of this experience.-Occupation of Jacksonville by

negro troops.—Jacksonville is evacuated March 31.-Plunder and dis-

orders.- Preparing to attack Charleston.-DuPont has nine iron-clads.-

Preparations for defence.-Generals Beauregard and Ripley.—The forts

of Charleston.—The batteries Gregg and Wagner.—The three lines of

defence.—Obstacles among the passes.- Armament of the works.—Diffi-

culties of the task imposed upon DuPont. — Ile determines to reduce Fort

Sumter. -Struggle for supremacy between the naval and land artillery.-

The Federal iron-clads cross the bar April 6.-DuPont gives the signal

of attack on the 7th.-Imposing spectacl'.—Opening fire.—The New Iron-

sides works badly.--The monitors stopped by floating obstacles. They

fight under steam in a circle of fire. ---Slowness of their fire - The mon-

itors begin to suffer.-The Weehawken is withdrawn, followed by the

Passaic.- Damages to the monitors.- Injuries to Fort Sumter.- Retreat

of the monitors.-Loss of the Keokuk.--Results of the fight more favor-

able to the monitors than the Federals supposed.- Disappointment of the

Federals.--Di Pont declines making another attack.-He recrosses the

bar on the 11th. -The Secretary of the Navy orders him to renew the

attack.-He refuses.-A new plan of attack by land and sea.-General

Gillmore replaces Hunter June 2.- The English steamer Fingal becomes

the Atlanta.--Her construction and armament.—She waits till June for a

favorable opportunity to put to sea.- Exaggerated hopes of the Confed-

erates about the Atlanta.–She attacks two monitors on the 17th of June,

and is speedily disabled.--She strikes her flag.–Triumph of the fifteen-

inch guns.—DuPont is superseded by Admiral Dahlgren.- Naval ope-

rations in the Gulf of Mexico.-Small expeditions on the coast of Flor-

ida.-Commodore Bell takes the place of Renshaw west of the Missis-

sippi.—He arrives before Galveston January 10.-Entrance of the Ala-

bama on the scene.-Operations of this privateer since November, 1862. -

Negligence of the Federal government.—The Alabama evades all pur-


suit.-She visits the Baharcas and hides on the coast of Yucatan.-She
appears suddenly before Galveston, and is chased by the Hatteras. - She
draws the latter to some distance, and, after a brief engagement, sinks
her.—The raising of the Galveston blockade is of no use to the Confed-
erates. - The Federal government does not recognize it.—The Confed-
erates burn two Federal vessels before Sabine City. - They capture the
Barataria on Lake Maurepas.- Burning of the Preble before Pensacola,
April 27.-Small operations in Western Virginia.—Jones occupies Phil-
ippi and Morgantown, March 25th and 27th.—Encounter at Fayette

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I he capture of Vicksburg the main object of the Federals in the West.-

Grant's forces.--He is preparing to reach Vicksburg by water.--Impossi-
bility of turning this place.-Port Hudson too far. The fet to be intro-
duced below Vicksburg and above Haines' Bluff.— The bayons of the
Mississippi.-Williams' canal.-Porter trying to find a passage to reach
Yazoo River.— The arsenal of Yazoo City.--The Queen of the West passes
the Vicksburg batteries, February 2, 1863.–She fails to destroy the
Arkansus.—The Indianola passes in her turn.- Ellet, without waiting for
her, reascends Red River on the Queen of the West.–Capture of the Era
No. 5.—The Queen of the West falls into the hands of the Confederates,
and, in conjunction with the Webb, attacks and captures the Indianola.
The Williams canal destroyed by a freshet and abandoned.- Efforts to
open a passage along the left bank of the Mississippi.-Opening of the
Yazoo pass.-An expedition penetrates it, February 24.- After strenuous
efforts it enters Cold Water, March 2.-Situation of the Federal army.-
Preparing to sustain the expedition to Yazoo Pass. The course of Yazoo
River, and Fort Pemberton.-The gunboats attack the latter without
effect.-An artificial inundation against the fort.-- Return of the expe-
dition.-Its critical situation.-Porter leads a new expedition, and Sher-
man prepares to sustain it.-Description of the country he has to trav-
erse.--Porter's difficulties.- Destruction of cotton along the route.--On
the 20th of March, Porter is stopped near Rolling Fork.-Sherman is not
able to join him, the road behind him being obstructed.--He determines to
return.-- Return of the Milliken's Bend expedition, March 27.--Quinby
joins the expedition to Yazoo Pass. He again attacks Fort Pemberton
in vain.—The expedition is recalled by Grant.—The Confederates destroy
the Indianola.-- Preparations of Banks and Farragut to attack Port Hud-
son.-On the 14th of March, Farragut attempts to force a passage.--

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