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THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR.
Early in December, 1897, the North Atlantic was now evident that war was unavoidable. Squadron was ordered to the Gulf of Mexico for April 9 Consul-General Lee left Havana. maneuvers. It cons.sted of the first class battleships Iowa, Indiana and Massachusetts, the sec PRESIDENT ON INTERVENTION, on class battleships Maine and Texas, the armored cruisers New York and Brooklyn, the cruisers
On April 11 the President sent a message to
Congress recommending armed intervention by the Detroit and Montgomery, the monitor Terror and
United States, in these words: "The only hope the gunboat Vesuvius. The ships were ordered
of relief and repose from a condition which can to keep out of Cuban waters. The
no longer be endured is the enforced pacification government in sending this large squadron to the
ol Cuba. In the name of humanity, in the name vicinity of Cuba was resented by the Spanians of civilization, in behalf of endangered American in the island. There was rioting in the city of interests, which give us the right and the duty to Havana. Consul Gelerai Lee thought toat Ameri
speak and to act, the war in Cuba must stop. In can interests demanded the presence in the harbor
view of these facts and of these considerations, I of a warship. At his request the battiednip ask the Congress to authorize and empower the Maine, under Captain Sgabee, was ordered
to President to take measures to secure a full and Havana. It went with the consent of the Spanish final termination of hostilities between the govgovernment, Spain arrang to seni tha
ernment of Spain and the people of Cuba, and to Vizcaya to New York to return the visit of the
secure in the island the establishment of a stable Maine and the ship arrived there on February 19. government capable of maintaining order and obOn February 9 a letter from Senor De Lome, the serving its international obligacions, insuring peace Spanish minister to the United States, to Senor and tranquillity and the security of its citizens, Canalejas was pubilshed. In it the President was as well as our own, and to use the military and callela "poi-house politician," and statements naval forces of the United States as may be necwere male which showed that Spain regarled the essary for these purposes." On April 25 the War autonomist proposals in Cuba as pretexts for gain- Department ordered the regular troops to various ing me for miliary Operations. The next day points on the South Atlantic coast. On April 19 Minister De Lome resigned under compulsion, ani the intervention resolutions were passed by Conon F bruary 15 Senor Luis Polo y Bernabe was
gress. They were as follows: appointed to succeed him.
INTERVENTION RESOLUTIONS. BLOWING UP OF THE MAINE,
First-That the people of the Island of Cuba are Between 9 and 10 o'clock on the evening of the and of right ought to be free and independent. same day the baitleship Maine was blown up in Second--That it is the duty of the United States Havana harbor, resulting in t'he destruction of to demand, and the Government of the United the ives of 264 sailors and marines and two of - States does hereby demand, that the government ficers. Two days later a board of inquiry was of Spain at once relinquish its authority and gov. appointed to ascertain the cause of the explosion. ernment in the Island of Cuba and withdraw its The board consisted of Captain W. T. Sampson, of land and naval forces from Cuba and Cuban walthe Iowa, President; Lieut.-Commander Marix. ers. Juige Advocate, and Captain F. E. Chadwick and Third-That the President of the United States Lieut.-Commander Potter, of the New York. The be, and he hereby is, directed and empowered to Spanish authorities asked permission to co-operate use the entire land and naval forces of the Upited with us in the investigation, but this request was States, and to call into the actual service of the refused. On February 21 the board began its in- United States the militia of the several States to vestigations at Havana. A few days later, owing such an extent as may be necessary to carry these to the general expectation war, Congress resolutions into effect. unanimously appropriated $30,000,000 for national Fourth-That the United States hereby disclaims defense to be expended at the discretion of the any disposition or intention to exerc se sovereignPresident On March 19 the bo rd of inquiry ty, jurisdiction or control over said island, exfinished its investigations and on March 28 its cept for the pacification thereof, and asserts its report was submitted to Congress It concluded determination when that is accomplished to leave with this sentence: "In the opinion of the court the government and control of the island to its the Maine was destroyed by the explosion of a people. submarine mine, which causell the partial ex
The next day the resolutions were signed by the p'osion of two or more of her forward magazines. President and an ultimatum setting forth their The next day several resolutions declaring war provisions Was forwarded to Spain. Passports on Spain were introduced in both Houses. The were given to Senor Polo, and he left Washington. day before the Maine report was submitted the On Apri: 21 Stewart L Woalford, United States President had asked Spain to agree to an armistice Minister to Spain, secured his passports from the in Cuba until October, that there might
be Spanish Government and left Madrid. The war negotiations for peace between the ineurgents and began at 7 o'clock on the morning of this day. the Spaniards. Spain rejected this proposition.
SAILING OF THE BLOCK ADING PROTEST OF THE POWERS.
SQUADRON. On April 7 representatives of six European pow On April 22 the North Atlantic Squadron called ers waited on the President in the interest of from Key West to blockade the Cuban ports bepeace and submitted this note: "The undersigned tween Cardenas and Bahia Honda, on the north representatives
of Germany, Austria-Hungary, of the island, and the Port of Cienfuegos on the France, Great Britain, Italy and Russia, duly au-south. Shortly after noon the gunboat Nashviile, thorized in that behalf, address in the name of Commander Wastuburn Maynard, returned to Key their respective governments a pressing appeal to West with the Spanish freight ship Buena Venthe feelings of humanity and moderation of the tura, the first prize of the war. Two days later President and of the American people in their ex the torpedo boat Porter ran in close to the Cuban isting differences
Spain. They earnestly coast near Matanzas. Its commander, Lieut. John hope that further negotiations will lead to C. Fremont, was put uehore to deliver messages to agreement which, while securing the maintenance representatives of General Gomez, comman'ler in of peace. will afford all necessary guarantees for chief of the Cuban forces. This was the first the re-establishment of order in Cuba. The pow-hostlle landing on Cuban soil. The first engage ers do not doubt that the humanitarian and dis ment occurred on the morning of April 27, when interested character of this representation will be the New York, the Cincinnati and the Puritan fully recognized and appreciated by the American had a fight with the Spanish and batteries at nation" The President replied as follows: The Matanzas. They silenced the batteries in 18 min. government of the United States appreciates the utes. On May 12 Admiral Sampson's squadron, Humanitarian and disinterested character of the which had been in search of the Spanish ships communication now made on behalf of the powers under Admiral Cervera, approached the harbor of named, and, for its part, is confident that equal San Juan, Porto Rico, where it was thought the appreciation will be shown for its own earnest Spanish Squadron might have taken refuge. It and unselfish endeavors to fulfill a duty to hu w?s not found there, but the fortifications of the manity by ending a situation, the indefinite pro- | mart ware bombarded Admiral Sampson sent the longation of which has become insufferable." It' auxiliary cruisers St. Paul
St. Louis to
THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR-Continud. search for the Spanish squadron. While he ha l| Lezo and El Cano, and the auxiliary cruiser Isla ben bombarding San Juan the gunboat Wi.ming- de Mindanao, besides several torpedo boats. Dewey ton,' the revenue cutter Hudson and the torpedo destroyed these ships before 11 o'clock without the boat Winslow approached Cardenas. It was not oss of a single man and without causing serious known that any Spanish ships were in the harbor, damage to hs own fleet. The next day he rebut when our boats were within range the Span- duced the fortifications of Cavite and took possesiards opened fire on them. In this engagement sion of them. Hiving been reinforced in the Ensign Worth Bagley, executive officer of the meantime by several ships and several thousand Winslow, was killed, the first American Officer soldiers under command of General Wesley to die in the war. Another fight had taken place Merritt, the army and
the navy on August at Cienfuegos, on the south coast, when our ships | 13 attacked the city of Manila. After a short engaged in cutting the cables there were attacked. fight the Spanish commander surrendered, Admiral Cervera's squadron, which included the armored cruisers
REORGANIZING AND ENLARGING Vizcaya, Almirante Oquendo, Infanta Maria Teresa and Cristobal Coion, the
'HE ARMY. torpedo boat destroyers Furor, Pluton and Terror,
At the outbreak of the war the regular army
consisted of but 26.040 men. It was evident that and the torpedo boats Ariede, Azor and Rayo, had sailed from the Cape Verde Islands on April this number was too small. By special legisla29. It was sighted off St. Pierre, Martinique, on
tion an increase was authorized, and the President May 19, and was next heard from at Curacoa.
was directed to call for such volunteers as were The flying squadron, under Commodore Söhley,
needed to form an auxiliary army. The following
table exhibits the strength of the Regular Army went after Cervera's ships. It was reported that they had reached Cienfuegos, and Commodore
at the beginning of the war with Spain and at the
close of hostilities. Schiey remained off that harbor for a day or so. CERVERA AT SANTIAGO.
August. On May 21 it was learned that Cervera was in
Organization. the harbor of Santiago. Commodore Sxhiey at once
Offic'rs took up position before this port. Early on the
Men. morning of the 29th Admiral Schley ran in close to the harbor and saw the Cristobal Colon lying officers & staffs 535 2,674 548 at anchor inside. He thereupon notified the Navy
7,980 Department that he had found Admiral Cervera Cavalry.
435 7,935 419 11,591 and his fleet at Santiago. The shore bat- Artillery
305 7,660 869 12, 454 teries were bombarded on May 31. For five Infartry.
15 296 987 22, 158 weeks our ships under the command of Admiral Miscellaneous..
1,879 Sampson continued the blockade of Santiago. Naval Constructor R. P. Hobson, on June 3, took *Total... 2,191 42,034 2,323 56,365 the collier Merrimac into the mouth of the harbor Enlistments in and sunk her, to prevent the Spaniards from
3,400 getting out. He was assisted by seven men. He and they were made prisoners by the Spaniarus *Includes 5,363 men of Hospital Corps, which are while they were attempting to swim from the exclusive of authorized strength. wreck to a steam launch unier command of Cadet Under the first proclamation calling for volunPowell, which had been sent for their rescue. A teers, issued on April 23, the President asked for few days earlier the battleship Oregon, that had 125,000 soldiers, apportioned among the Stales as been ordered from the Pacific station on March follows: 14, arrived at Key West, and was immediately Alabama-2 regiments infantry and i battalion. sent to join the blockading squadron. On June 6 Arkansas-2 regiments infantry. and on June 6 Admiral Sampson bombarded the Caiifornia-2 rgiments infantry, 2 battalione, Santiago fortifications. Between the first and ser 4 heavy batteries. ond bombardment a squad of marines was landed Connecticu:-1 regiment infantry, 2 light batat Guantanamo to provide a convenient place for teries, one heavy battery. recoaling the ships. They were attacked by the Colorado-1 regiment infantry, 1 battery. Spaniards but held their position. On the morn
Delaware-l regiment infantry. ing of July 3 Admira. Cervera attempted to escape
Florida--1 regiment infantry. from the harbor. Commo lore Schiey was in com Georgia-2 regiments infantry, 2 light batteries. mand of the ships before the entrance, Almiral
Ilinois-7 regiments infantry, 1 troop cavalry. Sampson having
gone a little time before to Indiana- 1 regiments infantry, 2 right batteries. Aguadores to consult with the commander of the Iowa-2 regiments infantry, mght bat:eries. l'nited States troops. The Teresa, the Vizcaya, Kansas-3 regiments infantry. the Colon and the Oquendo got out of the harbor. Kentucky--3 regiments infantry and 2 cavalry. They were pursued by the Brooklyn, the Texas, Lousiana-2 regiments infantry. the Iowa, the Oregon and the Indiana, and were Maine--1 regiment infantry. I heavy battery. all destroyed or disablei. The torpedo boats Ter Maryland-regimen: infantry, 4 heavy batror and Pluton were attacked by the Gloucester teries. and sink. The Soinish loss in this battle was Massachusette-4 regiments infantry, 4 heavy approximately 600 lives, 1,200 prisoners and $12,- batteries. 100,000 worth of property: the American loss was Michigan-4 regiments infantry. one killed, George H. Fllis, chief yeoman of the Minnesota-3 regiments infantry. Brooklyn, and ten slightly wounded. After the Miesissippi--2 regiments infantry. battle of Santiago our ships had a brief engage Missouri-5 regiments infantry, 1 light battery. ment at Manzanillo and at Nipe.
Montana-1 regiment infantry.
Vebraska--2 régiments infantry.
New Hampshire-1 regiment infantry. While these things were happening in Cuba New Jersey-3 regiments infantry. Commodore George Dewey, commander the New York-12 regiments infantry, 2 troops cavAsiatic squadron, had been busy in the East, alry.
V hen war was declared he was orderei to move North Carolina-2 regiments infantry, 1 heavy against Manila, the capital of the Philippines. battery irrat Britain issued a proclamati of neutrality, the terms of which compelled him to sail April 27 squado cavalry.
Ohio-6 regimento Infantry, 4 light batteries, 2 From the British port of Heng Kong. He arrived Oregon-1 regiment infantry. with his fleet, consisting (of the protected cruiser Pennsylvanid-10 regiments infantry, 4 heavy Olympia, the cruisers Raleigh, Baltimore and ba **f rice. Boston, the gunboats Concord and Petrel, and the Rhode Island-1 regiment infantry. Pispatch boat McCullogh, at Manila Bay on South Carolina-- regiment infantry, 1 light bat. pril 30.
tery, 1 heavy battery.
avlte. The Spanish ships were the cruisers Vermont--1 regimert infantry.
THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR--Continued. Wisconsin-3 regiments infantry.
of each company of engineers to 150, and or the Wyoming-1 light battery, 1 troop cavalry. Signal Corps to 200 first class privates and 40 secDistrict of Columbia-l baitalion infantry.
ond class privates. North Dakota-5 iroops cava ry. South Dakota-i tre cavalry.
GENERAL SHAFTER'S EXPEDITION. Idaho---2 troops cavalry.
The first attempt of the Army to land in Cuba Vevada-1 iroop cavalry.
was niade on May 11, when the steamer Gussle Arizona-2 troopa cavalry.
sailed with two companies of the ist United States New Mexico-4 troops cavalry.
Iniantry, with a supply of food, horses, arms and Oklahoma--1 troop cavalry.
ammunition, for the Cuban forces of General As the war progressed it was found that this
Diaz in the Province of Pinar del Rio. This ex number was not arge enough, and on May 20 pedition was not successful. On May 30 the jih another proclamation was issued calling for 75,000 Army Corps, under command of Maj.-Gen. Shafmen, apportioned among the States as foilows: ter, was ordered to sail for Cuba and attack the Alabama, 855; California, 1.326; Connecticut, 1,326; city of Santiago by land, in co-operation with Ada Colorado, 109; Georgia, 1,326; Ilinois, 2,652; In-miral Sampson's feet by sea. This expedition diana, 1,544; Iowa, 218; Kansas, 883; Kentucky. sailed on June :4, convoyed by ships from Admiral 1.32€; Louisiana, 332: Maine, 332; Maryland, 414; Samson's squadron. It comprised 773 officers Massachusetts, 1.326; Michigan, 2,326; Minnesota, and 14 364 enlisild men. The infantry force con1.326; Mississippi, 661; Missouri, 1,326; Nebraska, sisted of the 1st, 20, 30, 4th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, :,326, New Jersey, 1,326; New York, 4,308; North
12th, 13th, 16th, lich, 20th, 21st, 220, 24th and 25th Carolina, 779; Ohio, 2.307; Oregon, 218; Pennsyl Regulars, the hist New York Volunteers, the 20 vania, 1.962; Rhode Island, 218; South Caroilna, Massachusetts Volunteers, the Ist District of Co885; Tennessee, 1,326; Texas, 1,326; Utah, 111; lumbia, 18t Illinois, Sth Ohio, 33 and 34th MichiVirginia, 883: Washington,
West Virginia, i gan Volunteers. The following troops were later 1,326; Wisconsin, 1.405; Wyoming, 123: Nevada, 332; sent to relieve the Fifth Army Corps and to form Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Indian Ter garrisons of the Department of Santiago: 5th U. ritory. 1.326.
S. Infantry, 23d Kansas Volunteer Infantry, 8th In ad ili vion, Congress authorized the organiza Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 24 U. S. Volunteer Intion of three regiments of volunteer cava ry, three fantry, 31 U.S. Volunteer Infantry, 4th U. S. Volunengineer regiments and ten regiments of yellow teer Infantry, 5th U. S. Volunteer Infantry and Hb fever immunes, making the total volunteer army U S. Volunteer Infantry. The cavalry force conabout 2.5,000 men. These added to the large reg. sisted of two dismounted squadrons of four troops ular army made the total number of men engaged each from the 1st, 3d, 6th, 9th and 10th Regular in the war 273,000. This large army
Cavalry and two dismounted squadrons from the organized into seven corps, which were ordere i ist Volunteer Cavalry,
commanded by Col. into camp at the following places: First Corps, Leonard Wood, with Lleut.-Col. Theodore RooseChikamauga, Major-General John R. Brooke, velt, second in command. This was the commanding; Second Corps, Chickamauga ani organization known as the "Roosevelt Rough Rialater at Camp Aiger, Va., Major-General William ers." There was also one squadron of the 28 Reg. M Graham, commanding: Third Corps, Chicka ular Cavalry, which took its horses with it. The mauga, Major-General James F. Wade, command artillery force consis:ed of Light Batteries E and ing: Fourth corps, Mobile, Major-Genera! John J. K of the 1st Artillery, Light Batteries and F of Coppinger; Fifth Corps, Tampa, later at Santiago, the 2d Artillery and Siege Batteries G and Hof Major-General William R. Shafter, commanding; the 4th Artillery. There were also two companies Sixtn Corps, Chickamauga, Major-General James
of engineers and afteen staff officers, beside some H. Wilson; Seventh Corps. Jacksonvi.le, Major- | fifty newspaper correspondents and representatives General Fitzhugh Lee, commanil'ing. An Eighth of the armies and navies of Europe. It arrived Corps was organized among the troops at Manila, off Santiago on June 20. At about the same time and Major-General Wesley Merritt placed in com Gen, Calixto Garcia appeared at Accerraderos, mand. Major-General Joseph Wheeler was assign. Afteen miles west of the city, with 4,000 Cubans, ed to command the cava ry division that was
and a conference between them and the Americans organized at Tampa.
was arranged. On June 22 the landing of the The following table exhibits the strength of the American troops was begun at Daiquiri, a few Volunteer Army at the periods indicated:
miles east of Santiago. On June 23 the advance
under Brig.-Gen. Henry W. Lawton pushed on to STRENGTH OF THE VOLUNTEER ARMY.
Siboney, nire miles west of Daiquiri.
On June 24 the American advance reached La May. August.
Guasimas, where the enemy was encountered. On
the next day the Battle of La Guasimas was Organization,
fought, resulting in a victory for our troops. In Enlist'd om. Enlist'd
this battle Captain Allyn K. Capron, Jr., asa cers. men. cer's. men. Sergeant Hamilton Fish, besides several privates of the First Volunteer Cavalry. known
as the Major-generals.
Rough Riders, were killed. On June 25 the AmeriBrigadier-generals.
can advance occupied Savilla, with Lawton's divis. Adjutant-Gep'l's Dept..
ion in front, Wheeler's dismounted cavalry next
and Brig.-Gen. J. Fcrd Kent's division in the rear. Inspector-Gen'l's Dept.
The advance continued on June 27; the outposts Judge-Adv.Gen'l's Dept
reaching to witain three or four miles of Santiago. Quartermaster-Gen'al s
On June 29 General Shafter landed and went to Dept
the front and established his headquarters near Subsistence Dept..
those of General Lawton. On June 30 General Medical Dept..
Lawton made a careful reconnoisance of the Pay Dept.......
country about El Caney, and orders were issued Corps of Engineers
by General Shafter for an attack to take place Ordnance Dept...
on July 1. This order was obeyed, and at 7 Signal Corps.
111 1,173' o'clock on that morning the light battery. comEngineers
150 3 »6
manden Dy Allyn K. Capron, Sr., opened fire. Cavalry 285 5,97! 389 7.003
The fighting continued until late in the after
noon. the brunt cf it 83 1,836 Heavy artillery
General 2 570
upon Chaffee's brigade, composer of the 69
Seventh, Light artillery.
1,716 120 4,265
Twelfth and Seventeenth Infartry, which such Infantry. 5,862 109.066 7,319 188.947 celei in taking the village. On the same "wy
Genral Wheeler's division of disinountei cavalry. Total 6,224 118,580! 8.783 207,214assisted by Gereral Kent. took the fortifications
on San Juan hil.. We had broken the enemy's By act of Congress, April 26, 1898, the peace lines in the principal points and continued the organization of the various arms of the Army was fighting on the next day. General Shafter tele. materially changed. Each regiment of infantry graphed to Washington for reinforcements and now consists of three battalions of four companies eight day's later 6,000 man reached him. With each. The enlisted strergth of a company of ir. these the city was completely invested. On Sunfantry was increased to 106 men; that of a troop I day, July 3, Admiral Cervera attempted to escape of cavalry to 100; of a battery of heavy artillery from the harbor with his squadron, and General to 200; of each battery of light artillery to 173; Shafter demanded the surrender of the city; this
THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR-Continued. demand was refused. The foreign consuls in San with his forces and compelled the Spaniards to tiago requested that the bombardment be delayed [trcat. This is known as the battle of Hermiuntil the foreign residents had been removed to qu-rs. In it We lost one killed and filleen places of safety. This request was granted and wounded. General Schwan advanced to Aguairuce was allowed, which continued until July 9. Tied and on August 13 he was attacked by 1,300
Spaniards near Rio Canas, but suffered no los es SURRENDER OF SANTIAGO. Brigadier-General Henry had been sent in the General Miles arrived in front of Santiago on Viruction of Aljuntas. When he reached that town July 12 and at his suggestion a meirig was held he found that the garrison of 400 Spaniards had
Wen the lines, a which th Span.sh and in retreat-1. He pushed on 10 Utua io, the SpanAmerican generals d scuss d the terms of sur iards fleeing before him. He advanced to Arica render, and in July 16 the surrender was agreed and received an offer of surrender, but did not to upon these conditions: 21.00 refugees to go accept, because his force was too small Toe back to Santiago; an American Infantry patrol o army's main task in Porto Rico was the capture roads surrounding the city; our hospital corps tu of San Juan, the capital. Ma or-Gen ral John R. g.ve attention to sick and wounded Spanish sol Brooke sent Brigadier-General Peier C. Haines diers; all Spanish troops in the province of San- with two regiments of volunteers toward that city. tiago, except 10,000 at Holquin, to come to the They occup** Guayama without opposition, but city to surrender; the guns and def nses of San discovered the en my entrenched two miles betiago to be tu'red over to the Américans in good yond the town. He bent back for reinforcements condition; Spanish troups to surr nder their arms:
and General Brooke came forward with the main all Spaniards to be cor veyed to spa n and to take | body of his command and dislodged the Sp.n. portable church prope ty, and Spaniards to co
iards. (oamo was taken on August 9 after a brier operate with Americans in destroying harbor
eng'gament in which we had six mon wounded mines, Our total loss in th- atack on the city
Troop C of Brvoklyn was in this battle. Then was 1,593 men killed, wounded and missing.
we had a small engagement with the Spaniard:
near Aybonito. They were shelled by Pott's busTHE PORTO RICO CAMPAIGN. tery of the Third Artillery. We lost One man
killed and five wurded. This action took placThe attack on Porto Rico began at once. The
on August 12. and as General Wilson was a bout first of the troopships. under command of Major. to order a renewal of the attack the news of the General Miles, salied from Guantanamo, Cuba, armistice came. July 21, with the Sixth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Sixth Illinois Voiunieer Infantry, of
CAPTURE OF MANILA. General G. J. Garreison's brigade of General suy V. Henry's division, and Batteries C and F, The country's first serious blow against Spain Third United States Artillery; Battery B. Fourth had been struck at Maniia, in the Phi.ippine IsiUnited States Artil.ery; Battery D. Fifth United ands. After the capture of Cavite by the Navy States Artillery; detachment of recruits, Signal Major-General Wesley Merritt was appointel and Hospital Corps, making a total of 3,554 officers mil tary governor of Manila. The first expedition und men, and landed at Guanica, Porto Rico, July for the Philippines, under command of Gen. T. o. 1898. On Juấy 21 the Sixteenth Pennsylvania M. Anderson, United States Vo.unteers, salied Volunteer Infantry, Second and Third Wisconsin May 25, consisting of the First California Infantry. Volunteer Infantry Companies D and M, Sixth Second Oregon Infantry, five compani-s Fourteenth Hilinois Volunteer Infantry, making a total of 162 United States Infantry, and detachment of officers and 3,130 enlisted men, under command of (alifornia Artillery-115 officers and 2,386 enlisted Major-General James H. Wilson, sailed from men-arriving off Manila June 30. The second exharleston,
S. C. arriving at Guanica July 27. pedition, unier the command of Gen. F. V. July 23 the Eleventh and Vineteenth United States Greene, United States Voiunteers, sailed June 15, infantry, Batteries and M, Seventh United and consisted of the First Colorarlo, First VeStates Artillery; Troop B, Second Cavalry; and
braska, Tenth Pennsylvania Infantry, four comBattery B. Fifth tillery, making a totai of 80 panies Eighteenth and four companies TwentyOfficers aml 2,831 enlisted men, under command oi third United States Infantry, two batteries Utah Brigadier-General Theodore Schwan, United States Artillery and detachment of United States EngiVolunteers, sailed from Tampa, Fla., arriving at near's--a total of 158 officers and 3,428 enlisted men Ponce August 2. Juiy 23 the Philade.phia City -arriving at their destination Juiy 17. The third Troop, Pennsylvania Cavairy; A and C, New York expedition, under the command of Generals VerCavalry: B, Pennsylvania Artillery; Twenty-sev- ritt, United States Army, commanding corps, and enth Indiana Light Pattery; A, Ilinois Artillery; MacArthur, United States Volunteers, sailed June
Missouri Artillery: Troop H, Sixth United 27 anul 29, and consisted of four companies of states Cavalry: Company F, Eighth United States Eighteenth and four companies of Twenty-third Infantry, under command of Major-General John I'n'tel States Infantry, four batteries of Thir R. Brooke, United States. Army, sailed from New- Uniel Sates Artillery, one company Uni ei s:a:es port News, arriving at Guayama July 31. July 28 Engineers, First Id iho, Wyoming, Thirteen h
Third Ilinois Volunteer Infantry, Fourth Minnesota, and First North Dakota Infantry, the orio Volunteer Infantry and Fourth Pennsylvania Astor Battery and detachments of Hospital and Volunteer Infantry, making a total of 145 officers Signal Corps, a total of 97 officers and 4,650 enand 3,581 enlisted men, under command of Briga- listed men, which arrived at their destination July dier-General Peter C. Hains, United States Vo: 23 and 31. urteers, sailed from Newport News, Va., arriv. Brgy'ier General F V Greene had gotten his ing at Arroyo August 3. August 10 the First Ken trco's in a strong pos'tirn pior to the arrival ucky Volunteer Infantry; Batteries and C. of General Merritt. On July 31 Brig di’r-Generd Pennsylvania Volunteer Artillery; Sheridan's Arthur Mc Arthur reached Mania, acompan ed Troop, Pennsylvan'a (avalry; Governor's Troop, by General Merritt. Now th re we e 5,502 mn Penn-ylvania Cavalry, making a total of 48 officers in position to attack. On August 7 G ne al Merand 1.109 enlisted men, under command of Briga ritt and Admiral Dewey sen: a jo'n* let er to the fier-Genera: F. D. Grant. United States Volun- Spanish Captain-General, ntfiig him to remove trers, sailed from Newport News, Va., arriving ron-combatants from the cty within two days, at Ponce August 16.
The Spaniards replied that th y had no place of General Miles himself with a force of 3,400 ren, refuge for the non-combatants. Cn August 9 a 1 *ft Guantanamo Bay on July 21, an 1 on July 24 formal demand for the surrender of the city was irrived off Guan'co on the south ep'ist of Prto made. The surrender was refusod, but the CapRico. Captain Wainwright, with the Gloucester, tain-General offered to consult the home governLienced the slight oransition made by the Span- i mert, if we wruld give him ime. This we de. tarls; then our troops were landed without Ices of clined and a joint attak was ordered for August life. An advance was made towards Yauco and on 13. Our fl-et fail. d frim (i vie on the mrning Ju!y 26 we took possession of the railroad connect of that day and bgin an attack on the flank of ing it with Ponce. Two days later Ponce surrender the Spirish entrenchmerts. The
ceased ed without further resistance wh-n the demand was firing within half an hour and the t'oops on the made by our shins
July 29 tro ps were shore, led by Generals Given and Mc Arthur, be. landed from transports at Pne. Our forces took gan an attack. The Span ards were driven to the possession of Mayaguez and Aguad.la, and sa wal's of Marila and pri mptly sur endereil. The pana la Grande, anl San German. About three navy suffered ro loss n the act on and th- army miles beyond the latter village a force of 1,200 lost niy 12 men kill d and 10 wounded. We took Spaniards was
met. General Schwan advanced' 13,000 prisoners and 22,000 arms. To atd in holding
THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR-Continued. what we had in our possession the fourth expe as possible, the entire Fifth Army Corps being dition, under command of General E. S. Otis, ordered to Montauk Poin:. On August 16 the United States Volunteers, sai.ed July 15, and President appointed the following mi, itary comconsisted of six troops Fuurth United States Cav. missions with instructions to arrange for the ocalry, iwo batteries sixih Unted Sta:es Artillery, cupation by American troops of Porto Rico and five companies Fourteenth United Siates Infantry, (wa. For Cuba: jor-treneral James F. Wade, ini dictacnmnt of recruts, a total of 42 officers Rear Admiral Wiliam T. Sampson and Major. and 1,640 enlisted men, and arrived at its dest na General Matthew C. Busler. For Porto Rco: lion August 21. The fifth expedition under som Major-General John R. Brooke, Rear-Adminai mard or Colonel H. C. Kessier, of the First Mon Winfied S. Schley and Brigadier-General William tana Infant.y, sailed July 19, and consisted of th: G. Gordon. First Montana In.antry and d.tachment of re. cruits, a total of 31 othicers and 1,294 en isted men, TIE PEACE COMMISSIONERS. arriving at destination August 24, The sixth expedition, under command of General H. G. Otis,
A few days later the President a pointed the fol. United States Volunteers, sailed July 23, and con
lowing as the American members of the cuen sisted of eight companies of the First South Da
mission to negotiate a treaty of peace: secretary kota and detachments, a total of 50 officers and
of State William R. Day, Senator Cushman K 816 enlisted men, arriving at destination Augus!
Davis of Minnesota, chairman of the Senate com24. The seventh expedition und r command of mittee on foreign affairs; Senator William
P. Lieutenant Colonel Lee stover, First South Da Frye of Maine, member of the committee on for kota Infantry, sailed July :9,' and consisted of eign affairs; Whitelaw Reid of New York, and four companies of First South Dakota and de
Senator George Gray
of Wilmington, Dela
ware. tachment of recruits. a total of 23 officers and 8:1 enlisted men, arriving at destination August 31
The Spanish members of the Commission are:
Senors Eugene Montero Rios, Buena ventura AbarThe eighth expedition sailed on October 19, 27,
zuza, W. z. de Villarutia, J. de Garnica and Gen28 and 30, and consisted of the Twentieth Kansas,
eral R. Cerero. First Tennessee and First Washi'g'on Inf ntri Volunteers and a battalion of Cal f'rnia Artillery.
THE TREATY, a total of 99 (fficers and 2.567 enlist d men. Th total forces of the eight expeditions make a grand It was agreed that the commissioners should met total of 730 officers and 17,123 enlisted men.
in Paris. Their first session was held on Octob
Iet 2 o'clock in the afternoon.
The last session was held on Saturday, Decem
ber 10, when a treaty was eigned in duplicate. It The defeat at Santiago convinced the Spaniards povided for the relir.quishment of sovere.gnty that there was little use of con iniing th WAT
over and ciaim of title to Cuba; the cession of un July 25 it w?s announced that the Spanish
Porto Rico and other Spanish Possessions in the Foreign Minister had decided to open direct nego West Indies, together wien Guani in the ciations for peace wichth: United salto. On t'e drones; the cession of the Philippines and the pas. same day a noe was drafted in Madrid, making
ment by the United States of $20,000,000 to Spain to peace propcea's, and it was submitted to our guia
over the money borrowed for local improvements: ernment by M. Cambon, the French Ambae acor
the terms of the evacuation of the Philippines; the to this country. who had been se.ected to re, re
ledge of the United States to preserve order in the eent Spain in the nigotiators. On July 30, Am
Philippines pending the ratification of the treaty; besador (ambon was notified he could call at the White House and received our official reply. Then lease by Spain of political prisoners for offease
the release of military prisoners mutually; the rea public announcement Wus m. de of the nature
in Cuba and the Philippines; the pledge of the of our proposals. On August 2 it was announced
United States to inaugurate in the Philippines an from Spain that our terms wou'd be accepted, but
“open door po.icy as well as for many details the formal action by the Spanish government was not taken until August 7. On August 9 the French
involved in the readjustment of relations affected
by the American victory. ambassador called at the White House and not fied the President of Spain's official action. On August
LOSS OF LIFE. 10 he received the copy of the protocol, which was cabled to Madrid, and on August 12 the document The total loss of life in the Army during the was signed in the White House. These are its war from May 1 to September 30, from all causee. provisions:
according to a statement issued by the War DeTHE PROTOCOL.
partment, was 2.910. Following are the casualtier
in detail: Casuaities attending the siege and 1. That Spain will relinquish all claim of soy surrender of Santiago: At La Quasima, on June ereignty over and title to Cuba.
24, present for duty. 74 officers and 1,067 enliecei 2. That Porto Rico and oher Spanish islands men. Lilled, officer and is enlis.ed men; woundin the West Indies and an island in the Ladrones, ed. 6 officers and 41 enlisted men. Operations to be seiected by the United States, sha.. be against Santiago from July 1 to 12, embracceded to the latter.
ing actions at Suan Juan, El Oaney
and 3. Tha: the United States will occupy and hold Aguadores and aotions around Santiago: presthe city. bay are harbor of Maniia, pending the
ent. 838 officers and 17,358 enlisted men. Killed conclusion of a treaty of peace which shali deter- | 22 officers and 222 enlisted men; wounded, 93 offi mine the control, disposition and government of
cers and 1.288 enlisted men. the Philippines.
Casualties aiichid.rg the operations in Port 4. That Cuba, Porto Rico and other Spanish Rico: At Guanica road on Jury 25, 1 officer and . Islands in the Wesi Indies shall be immediate yeniisced men wounded. At Guayama, August 3, evacuated, and that commissioners, to be ap
4 enlisted men wounded. Four miles north pointed within ten days, shab, within thirty days Guayama, on August 8, 5 enlisted men wounded from the signing of the pro.000., mest at Hats
August 9, 6 enlisted inn
At Hermiqueras, on ana and San Juan, respectively, to arrange and wounded,
August 10, 1 execute the details of the evacuation.
enlisted man killed; : officer and 15 enlisted mer 5. That the United States and Spain will each
wounded. At the pass near Ayboniio. on Auguappoint not more than five commissioners to ne 12, 2 enlisitd men killed; 2 officers and 3 en goriate and conclude a creaty of peace. The com
listed men wounded. missioners are to meet at Paris not later than Casualties attending the operations in Manila: October 1.
In the uenches be ore Manila from July 30 10 6. On the signing of the protocol, hostilitre August 5, 13 enlisted men killed: 7 offi'ers and 3
Arlisted men will be cuspended and notice to that effect wi:1
wounded. During the assault on be given as possible by each goveini- Manila, August 13, 4 enlisted men killed, 3 officers
and 39 enlisted men wounded. ment to the commanders of its military and nava:
Grand total: In (h, klied. 23 officers ard 237 forces.
enlisted men; wounded, 99 officers and 1,332 enARMISTICE ORDRED.
l'ested men. In Porto Rico, killed, 3 enlisted me As soon 29 it was signed President McKinley wounded, 4 officers and 36 enlisted men. 44 Ja. Issued a proclamation declaring an armistice and nila, killed. 17 erlisted men: wounded, 10 officers onders were sent to Admiras Sampson and Dewey, and 96 enlisted men, Total killed. 23 officers, 257 and to Generals Miles, Shafier and Merritt, di en isted men; wounded, 113 officers and 1,467 en. recting them to cease hostilities. T'he troops from listed men. In addition 4 officers and 61 eniisted Cuba and Porto Rico were sent home as rapidly men died from wounds.