Page images

began to desire [1 him to do] as he had ever done unto them. 9 But Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye that I release unto you the King of the Jews ? 10 For he knew

that the chief priests had delivered him for envy. 11 But c Acts iii. 14. Cthe chief priests moved the people, that he should rather

release Barabbas unto them. 12 And Pilate answered and said again unto them, What will ye then that I shall do unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews ? 13 And they cried out again, Crucify him. 14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out [m the more] exceedingly, Crucify him. 15 And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified. 16 And the soldiers led him away into the hall, n called Prætorium; and they call together the whole band. 17 And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head, 18 and began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews ! 19 And they smote o him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him. 20 And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him. 21 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross. 22 And I not expressed in the original.

m omit. n render, which is.

o render, his. 8.] This is also peculiar to Mark-in Mat. DIERS. Matt. xxvii. 27-30 (omitted in thew it is Pilate who first offers them the Luke). John xix. 1–3. See notes on choice-in Luke they cry out, but it is Matthew. 16.] hall, the court or guard away with this man, &c.” ver. 18.

room, but open, see note on Matt. xxvi. 69. coming up probably implies the rising of 17.] purple, in Greek, is vaguely used, the crowd in excitement-or perhaps their to signify different shades of red, and is coming up towards the palace, as “ when especially convertible with “scarlet,as they were gathered together" in Matthew. St. Matthew.

9.] Here our account differs from 20—23.7 HE IS LED TO CRUCIFIXION. Matthew and agrees with John, ver. 39. Matt. xxvii. 31–34. Luke xxiii. 26–33.

10.7 He knew is the imperfect John xix. 16, 17. See notes on these. tense: He was aware, He perceived, His 21. Alexander and Rufus] It is quite apprehension of it was concurrent with the uncertain whether Alexander be identical action going on. 12.] whom ye call with either of the persons of that name the King of the Jews is "Jesus, which is mentioned Acts xix. 33, 1 Timn. i. 20, 2 Tim. called Christin Matthew. Neither of iv. 14, or whether those, or any two of these expressions can well have been copied them, represent one and the same person. from the other. 13.] again only refers There is a Rufus saluted Rom. xvi. 13. to “cried out ;" see ver. 8, where this is The words coming out of the country implied in began to desire:"they had determine nothing as to its being a working not cried out this before.

day or otherwise, any more than they 16—19.] JESUS MOCKED BY THE SOL- that passed byMatthew, ver. 39: nothing

they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull. 23 And they P gave him (pp to drink] wine mingled with myrrh : but he received it not. 24 And when they had crucified him, d they 9 parted a Ps. Ixil. 18. his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take. 25 And it was the third hour, and they crucified him. 26 And the superscription of his accusation was written over, The King of the Jews. 27 And with him they crucify two 99 thieves ; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left. [r 28 And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, e And he was numbered with the trans- e Isa. liii. 12. gressors.] 29 And fthey that passed by railed on him, ' Ps. xxii. 7. wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, 8 thou that deschini. 18. stroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, 30 save thyself, and come down from the cross. 31 Likewise also the chief priests mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; himself he cannot save[$. 32 Let Christ the King of Israel] descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified P render, offered.

PP omit.

I read, part. 99 render, robbers.

r omit. 8 render, himself he cannot save, the Christ, the king of Israel. Let him descend now. ...

g ch. xiv. 58.

Jobn ii, 19.

is said as to the distance from whence he way affecting the authenticity of the came. 22.] the place Golgotha--or narrative, nor the truthfulness of each perhaps the place of Golgotha, as the word Evangelist; but requires some solution Golgotha would then answer to a skull in to the furnishing of which we are not the interpretation; St. Luke has the competent. It is preposterous to imagine place which is called a skull.23.] that two such accounts as these of the prowine mingled with myrrh is “vinegar ceedings of so eventful a day should differ mingled with gallin Matthew, which see. by three whole hours in their apportionLiterally, they were giving, i. e. they ment of its occurrences. So that it may offered.

fairly be presumed, that some different 24-28.] HE IS CRUCIFIED. Matt. xxvii. method of calculation has given rise to the 35–38. Luke xxiii. 33, 34, 38. John present discrepancy. Meanwhile the chroxix. 18–24. 25. the third hour] This nology of our text,--as being carried on date is in agreement with the subsequent through the day, and as allowing time both account, ver. 33, and its parallel in Mat- for the trial, and the events of the crucithew and Luke, but, as now standing un. fixion,-is that which will I believe be explained, inconsistent with John, xix. 14, generally concurred in. All the other where it is said to have been about the solutions (so called) of the difficulty are not sixth hour at the time of the exhibition worth relating. of our Lord by Pilate. I own I see no 29–32.] HE IS MOCKED ON THE satisfactory way of reconciling these ac- CROSS. Matt. xxvii. 39–44. Luke xxiii. counts, unless there has been (see note on 35–37, 39–43. (John xix. 25–27.) Our John) some very early erratum in our narrative, derived from a common source copies, or unless it can be shewn from with that of Matthew, omits the scripother grounds than the difficulty before tural allusion, He trusted in God," &c. us, that John's reckoning of time dillers Matthew, ver. 43. 32. And they that from that employed in the other Evan- were crucified with him] See notes on gelists. The difficulty is of a kind in no Luke.

i Ps. luix, 21.

with him reviled him. 33 And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole t land until the

ninth hour. 34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a b Ps. xxii. 1. loud voice, [tt saying,] "Elöi, Elöi, lama sabachthani ? which

is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? 35 And some of them that stood by, when they heard it, said, Behold, he calleth Elias. 36 And one ran and filled a spunge full of vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink, saying, Let alone ; let us see whether Elias will come to take him down. 37 And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and a gave up the ghost. 38 And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom. 39 And when the centurion, which stood over against him, saw that he so [V cried out, and] u gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God. 40 There were also women looking on kafar off : among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother

of James the less and of Joses, and Salome; 41 who also, 1 Luke viii. 2, when he was in Galilee, 'followed him, and ministered

unto him ; and many other women which came up with him unto Jerusalem.

42 And now when the even was come, because it was the

k Ps. xxxviii.

tt omit.

t render, earth.
u render, breathed his last: the words are not as in Matthero.
v omitted by several ancient authorities, probably rightly.

33–37.] SUPERNATURAL DARKNESS. accused as having declared Himself to be. Last WORDS, AND DEATI OF JESUS.

40, 41.] the less—literally, the Matt. xxvii. 45–50. Luke xxiii. 44–46. little--either in age, or in stature, so disJohn xix. 28-30. Our account is nearly tinguished, hardly, at the time of this verbally the same with Matthew.

Gospel being written, from James the son 34.] Elöi, the Syro-chaldaic form, answer of Zebedee, but more probably from James ing to Eliin Matthew. Meyer argues the brother of the Lord, the bishop of that the words in Matthew must have been Jerusalem : see Introduction to Epistle of those actually spoken by our Lord, owing James. This Mary is the wife of Alphæus to the taunt, that He called for Elias. or Clopas; see John xix. 25. Salome The last word is pronounced Sabáchthani, is called in Matthew, “the mother of the not Sabachtháni. 36.) On the differ sons of Zebedee :our Evangelist menence in Matthew, see notes there.

tions that they had accompanied Him to 38-41.] SIGNS FOLLOWING HIS DEATH. Jerusalem ;-and we may observe a curious Matt. xxvii. 51–56. Luke xxiii. 45, 47– variation of the wording, in followed 49. Omitted by John. See notes on Mat- Him when He was in Galilee," and "folthew. 39.] which stood over against lowed Jesus from Galilee- the former him-a minute mark of accuracy, so com- rendering necessary the additional clause, mon in Mark. S0-S0 majestically, which came up with Him,&c. as Theophylact. There was something in 42–47.] JOSEPH OF ARIMATHÆA the manner of this last cry so unusual and BEGS, AND BURIES, THE BODY OF Jesus. superhuman, that the Centurion (see on Matt. xxvii. 57–61. Luke xxii. 50–56. Matthew) was convinced that He must John xix. 38–42. For all notes on the have been that Person, whom He was substance of the common narrative, see


preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, 43 Joseph of Arimathæa, an honourable counsellor, which also m waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in m Luke ii. 25, boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus. 44 And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead : and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead. 45 And when he knew it of the centurion, he gave the vv body to Joseph. 46 And he bought fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone unto the door of the sepulchre. 47 And Mary Magdalene and Mary [w the mother] of Joses beheld where he was laid.

XVI. 1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magv literally, corpse.

W not expressed in the original. Matthew. 42. the preparation, that already taken place. 45. gave] The is, the day before the sabbath] The Friday passage cited from Cicero to shew that it afternoon (the preparation — Parasceve, was customary to give money on such “the name by which Friday is now gene occasions, is not to the point; "the parents rally known in Asia and Greece.” Wordsw.) were obliged to purchase with money a before sunset, at which time the Sabbath speedy death,is not said of the body would begin, and the taking down, &c. after death, but of a fee given to the would be unlawful. The three Evangelists officer for shortening the torments of the do not imply that this “preparation” had executed.

46. bought] Therefore any thing especial in it, as St. John does, it was not the first day of unleavened ver. 31. 43.] honourable, probably in bread, which was one of sabbatical sancits later sense of noble, i.e. in station. But tity; as indeed the whole of this narrative Meyer supposes it rather to refer to some shews, but such expressions as this more thing noble in the character or appearance strikingly.

in a sepulchre] It is of Josepb. counsellor, a member of not said, but implied, both here and in the Sanhedrim ;-see Luke, ver. 51.

Luke and John, that the tomb was his waited for the kingdom of God is common oun - for how should he place the Body to Mark and Luke. went in boldly] there otherwise ? The newness of the Characteristic of St. Mark's narrative. On tomb is not mentioned here, but by the the change of mind produced in Joseph other three Evangelists. 47.] Mary and in Nicodemus by the crucifixion, see of Joses — understand mother; see ver. 40. note, John xix. 39. 44.] There is no That the same person is so called here, and inconsistency, or but a very tritling one, Mary of James in the next verse, points to with the order in John, ver. 31, to break a difference of origin in the two accounts their legs and take them down. The cir- here, of the Crucifixion and Resurrection. cumstances related there had taken place,

The mother of the Lord bad in but no report of them had been made to all probability previously departed: see Pilate. And the Body of the Lord had notes on Matt. xxvii. 56 and John xix. 27. not been taken down, for some reason

St. Luke generalizes, and says, the which does not appear, but which we can women who came with Him from Galilee. easily guess :- if Joseph had declared to

Some have understood by Mary of the soldiers his intention of begging the Joses or Jose or Joseph (for all are read Body, nay, had immediately gone (perhaps here in the MSS.), the wife or daughter with them) to Pilate for that purpose, - of Joseph of Arimathæa-some, the mother and went in boldly looks like a sudden of the Lord: but both unnecessarily, and and unannounced application,they would without proof. have left the Body for him to take down. Chap. XVI. 1-8.7 THE WOMEN,

marvelled if he were already dead COMING TO THE SEPULCHRE, ARE AP- he wondered at the fact thus an. PRISED OF HIS RESURRECTION. Matt. nounced to him of His death having xxviii. 1-10. Luke xxiv. 1-12. John


dalene, and Mary [w the mother] of James, and Salome, a Luke xxiii. a 8 had bought sweet spices, that they might come and

anoint him. 2 And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre y at the rising of the sun. 3 And they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre ? 4 And when they z looked, they saw that the stone was rolled away: for it was very great. 5 And zz entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were affrighted. 6 And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him. 7 But go your way, tell his disciples and

Peter that he goeth before you into Galilee : there shall ye w not expressed in the original.

X render, bought. y render, when the sun was risen. z literally, looked up.

zz read, when they came to. xx. 1–10. On the general difficulties of back as the reason why they questioned this portion of the Gospels, and my view who should remove the stone, is not only respecting them, see notes on Matthew. harsh, but inconsistent with the usage

1. when the sabbath was past] It of this Gospel. 5.] In Matthew-an was strictly when the Sabbath was ended, angel, sitting on the stone which he had i. e. at sunset, that they bought the spices. rolled away. Here he is described as he St. Luke xxiii. 55, places it on the evening appeared, and we are left to infer what he before the Sabbath; a slight but valuable was. In Luke,--two angels appeared to discrepancy, as shewing the independence them in the tomb. The incident to which of the accounts. To suppose two parties these accounts point, must be distinct froin of women (Greswell) or to take bought that related John xx. 11, which was after as pluperfect (as the A. V.) is equally Mary Magdalene returned from the city. arbitrary and unwarranted. anoint It is not worth while to detail the attempts him] This had not been done as yet. Nico. which have been made to reconcile these demus (John xix. 40) had only wrapped various reports of the incident: they prethe Body hurriedly in the spices with the sent curious examples of the ingenuity, and linen clothes. 2. when the sun was (probably unconscious) disingenuousness, risen] This does not agree with Matthew, of the Harinonists. I may mention that “as it began to dawn toward the first day Greswell supposes the angels in Matthew of the week- Luke, “at early (or deep) and Mark to be distinct, and accounts for dawn;" or John,“when it was yet dark :” were affrighted in our text thus: “After - nor indeed with "rery early in the morn- seeing one angel without already, they ingof our narrative itself. If the sun were probably less prepared than before was up, it would be between 6 and 7 to see another so soon after within.' o'clock; which in the East especially, 6.7 From the come of St. Matthew, I should where even public business was transacted be inclined to think that his is the strictly very early, could not be so called. Even accurate account. This word implies that Greswell virtually acknowledges a difficulty the angel accompanied the women into here. 3, 4.) It had been rolled away the tomb: and if so, an imperfect narby an angel, Matthew. for it was rative like that in the text might easily very great is stated as a reason why they describe his whole appearance as taking could see that it was rolled away on look place within. 7.] But breaks off the ing up, possibly at some distance. This discourse and turns to a new matterexplanation is according to St. Mark's But now rather do ye ... and Peter] manner of describing minute circumstan. It is hardly perhaps likely that the tial incidents; but to refer this clause denial of Peter was the ground of this

« PreviousContinue »