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The Aaronick Priesthood a Type of
HEB. IX. 7, 11, 12.
Into the fecond [Tabernacle] went the High
But Chrift being come an High Priest of good
HE Unction of Jefus as the Meffiab or Chrift, and the Offices he was invefted with by Virtue of that Unction, are the Subjects to which I have already bespoke your Attention. His Prophetick Office, which
was the first he was to perform; I have al- SER M.
The next Office that comes in order to be fpoke to, is his Sacerdotal or Priefly one; For this alfo he muft neceffarily perform, or he could not be the Chrift. The Predictions that are contained in the Old Testament concerning himself, foretelling no less clearly that he should be a Prieft, than that he fhould be a Prophet. For thus fpeaketh the Lord of Hofts (by his Prophet Zech.) Saying, Behold the Man whofe Name is the BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his Place, and he fhall build the Temple of the Lord: even he shall build the Temple of the Lord, and he shall bear the Glory, and fhall fit and rule upon his Throne; and he shall be a Prieft upon his Throne, and the Counsel of Peace fhall be between them both, Zech. vi. 12, 13. i. e. The Meffias, (who, according to the Promife of God, was to be a peculiar Branch or Offspring from David's Lineage or Stock) fhould build up
SER M. a fpiritual Temple, the Church, in which he fhould reign as a King, and at the fame Time officiate as a Priest: For the Kingdom and the Priesthood being in him both joined in one Person, there shall be no clashing of Jurifdiction between the two Offices. Of the fame Perfon it is that David fays, prophetically, The Lord hath fworn and will not repent, Thou art a Prieft for ever, after the Order of Melchifedeck, Pf. cx. 4. And at the fame Office both Isaiah and Daniel evidently point, when the former mentions his bearing the Sins of many, and his making Interceffion for the Tranfgreffors, Ifai. liii. 12. and the other, his making Reconciliation for Iniquity, Dan. ix. 24. From the Nature of which Performances, his Sacerdotal Office muft neceffarily be inferred. Since therefore it is evident that the Chrift was to be a Prieft, I must now, in order to fhew that Jefus is the Chrift, go on to fhew that Jefus is a Priest.
And in doing this, I have the Sacred Author of my Text to fupport me. For in the Paffage which I have read to you (which is one and the fame Sentence, though separated by three Verses which I fhall have no Occafion to speak to) he first recites the principal Office of the High Priest amongst the Jews; and
and then obferves how exactly it was anfwer- SER M. ed by Jefus the High Priest of the Christian Church; though in fuch a Manner as that every Circumftance fhews a Virtue in the Antitype which was wanting in the Type. Into the fecond Tab. &c. in
This is the Subject, and this the Text which the Course I am engaged in directs me to speak to: A Subject of the greatest Importance and Concern to all Mankind; I would therefore lay the true Notion of it before you, in as clear and intelligible a Manner as I can. And the best Way to do it I apprehend is this, viz.
I. FIRST, to fhew what was the Nature and Office of the High Priesthood amongst the Fers: And then
II. SECONDLY, to explain how Jefus, as the Meffiab or Chrift, did affume, and perform and finish all which that Priesthood prefigured.
I. FIRST, I would lay before you the Nature and Office of the High Priesthood amongst the Jews. In order to which it will be proper to obferve in the first Place, what the Holy Penman of the Epistle before us VOL. II. M
SER M. himself remarks, viz. That every High Prief taken from among Men, is ordained for Men in Things pertaining to God: So that he was a Mediator between God and Man: In fome Cafes representing the one, and in fome the other. In Prayers and Praises, he was the Mouth of the People; their Petitions and Thanksgivings being all offered up to God by him. But in Abfolutions and Bleffings he was the Reprefentative of God, pronouncing with Authority, as from God's Mouth, and in God's Stead. And thus far he was not fingular in his Priesthood: All Priests whatsoever, whether Patriarchal, Jewish, or Chriftian, having ever performed the fame Offices, and ftood in the fame Relation between God and their People.
But you must remember that under the Jewish Difpenfation, (which was all typical, i. e. fhadowing and representing, by fome Rites and Ceremonies, what was in Time to be performed by fome great Antitype, for the Salvation of Mankind, under that Oeconomy) the Priests not only rendered the Calves of their Lips, but had material Sacrifices alfo to offer. For every High Prieft taken from among Men, was ordained for Men in Things pertaining to God; that he might offer both