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Work"; by Rev. T. H. Pattison, of Rochester Publication Society and the women's societies, Theological Seminary, on "The Bible in the in the interest of a completer co-operation in the Twentieth Century':; by Dr. C. R. Blackall, collection of the offerings and the prosecution of editor of the Society's periodicals, on “The Sun the work in the field. day-school Problem of the Twentieth Century”; “3. We recommend the introduction and mainand by Rev. James Edmunds, of Oregon, on “A tenance of one missionary magazine representing National Sunday-school Institute. Rev. W. C. all the missionary work of the denomination, Bayless, Rev. R. J. Temple, and Rev. E. M. with possibly a juvenile publication covering the Stephenson also spoke. Secretary Rowland's same ground. annual report showed an increase in the Society's *4. In view of the fact that many Baptist assets for the year of $27,729.17. In the publish churches contribute to missionary work only ing department the aggregate of sales for the through the treasuries of the women's societies, year is $670,972.27; merchandise, $382.969.48; we earnestly recommend that every church feels periodicals, $288,002.79. This shows a decrease itself under obligations to recognize in its annual of $1,645.36 from the sales of the previous year. offerings the claims of the general societies upon In the missionary department the receipts for all its members. missionary work from churches, individuals, in "5. We urge all of our societies, the general come from invested funds, bequests, etc., were societies and all women's societies, to abandon $108,982. 24. The deficit in the missionary depart. public appeals for specific objects or persons. ment at the beginning of the year was $11,909.92. “6. We recommend the appointment of a comIt is now $18,624.26, showing an increase of mittee of nine by the bodies to which we report, $6,714.34.
to take into consideration the whole matter of Missionaries and workers to the number of 110 our collection agencies and work of our district have been employed; 374 Sunday-schools were secretaries of the three main societies to report organized; 644 persons were baptized; 2,828 Sun at the Anniversaries in May, 1902." day-schools and individuals were aided by dona In Section 1, the words, “at the earliest possitions of Bibles, books and periodicals; 747 ble date,” were stricken out and an amendment institutes were held. Officers: President, Samuel substituted the words, “change their constituA. Crozier; Secretary, A. J. Rowland, 1420 Chest tions so as to requre the same qualifications as nut St., Philadelphia, Pa.
to voters, and that the constitutional changes be At the joint mass-meeting Thursday afternoon submitted at the Anniversaries in 1902.' (May 23) there was an animated discussion on The sixty-ninth anniversary of the American the recommendations of the committee on co Baptist Home Mission Society was held May 23-24. ordination, making the delegates from the The leading speakers were: Dr. L. C. Barnes, on churches the same for the three leading denomi “Our Mission to Roman Catholics”; Dr. E. B. national societies, and proposing other changes. Palmer, "A Visit to Porto Rico”; Rev. W. H. Section 1 of the report was amended, requiring Sloan, "Mission Work in Mexico"?; Dr. W. M. action at the meeting in 1902; sections 2 and 6 Lawrence, “Home Missions in the Twentieth were passed, and sections 3, 4, 5 were rejected. Century”; Dr. J. E. Jones, “Negro Preachers”; The six recommendations of the report are as and Dr. Wallace Buttrick, “Our Negro Schools." follows:
The treasurer's statement showed that the re"1. It is the judgment of this commission that ceipts for the year were $706,833.67; expendithe best interests of our work as a denomination tures, $706,630.26. The number of churches aided reyuire that the annual gatherings of the Ameri during the year is 52. Respecting the work of can Baptist Home Mission Society, the American the Society the report of the Secretary, Dr. T. J. Baptist Missionary Union and the American Morgan, furnishes these details: The whole Baptist Publication Society should be representa number of laborers, missionaries, and teachers tive and delegated bodies, having the same basis supported wholly or in part by the society has of representation, so that the delegates to the been 1,119. These have been distributed as folthree societies shall be, so far possible, identical. lows: In New England States, 43; in the middle
“As a step necessary toward this end we and central States, 64; in the southern States, 215; recommend that the several societies, at the ear in the western States and Territories, 830; in the liest possible date, and after mutual consultation Canadian dominion, 8; in Mexico, 20; in Alaska, through their executive boards, change their 2; in Cuba, 9; in Porto Rico, 8; French missionaries constitutions so as to require the same qualifica have wrought in 6 States; Scandinavian missiontions of voters at their anniversaries.
aries in 23 States; German missionaries in 21 "It is believed that such action is fundamental, States and Canada; colored missionaries in 19 and if taken would create an atmosphere in which
States and Territories. Among the foreign popua 'better co-ordination would be possible. If the lation there have been 279 missionaries and 15 executive officers and boards of our several teachers; among the colored people, 53 and 191; societies could be brought to realize, as such the Indians, 20 and 23; the Mexicans, 14 and 6; action would help them to see, that their consti the Cubans, 6 and 3, the Porto Ricans, 6 and tuencies were actually one, a distinct advantage 2 respectively; among the Mormons, 3 teachers, would be gained, and if the representatives of and among Americans, 578 missionaries. The our churches could go up to the Anniversaries Society aids in the maintenance of 31 schools with the clear conviction that an actual respon established for the colored people, the Indians sibility concerning the entire work of the denom and the Mexicans. There are ñ day schools for ination rested upon them, it is certain that a the Chinese, and other day schools as follows: better co-ordination of the different departments one in Utah, 1 in New Mexico, and 1 in Cuba; in of our work would be the result.
all 41. The report shows 1,954 churches and out"2. We suggest that there be a mid-year con stations supplied; 4,906 received by baptism; 81 ference of the executive boards of the American churches organized. An important resolution Baptist Missionary Union, the American Baptist was adopted, urging increased attention to the Home Mission Society, the American Baptist public education of Indian children. Officers:
President, E. M. Thresher; Corresponding Secre Moss: Recording Secretary, B. Mac Mackin, 1420 tary, T. J. Morgan, 111 Fifth Avenue, New York Chestnut St., Philadelphia. City.
On Sunday morning, May 26, the annual misThe thirteenth annual meeting of the American sionary sermon was preached by Dr. E. W. Hunt, Baptist Education Society was held May 25. The of Boston. At the centennial mass-meeting in opening address was given by President N. But the afternoon four short addresses were given by ler, of Colby College. Other speakers were Presi Dr. E. E. Chivers, Rev. C. A. Barbour, Rev. S. B. dent W. H. P. Faunce, of Brown University, Meeser, and Rev. R. M. West. The two speakers Principal D. W. Abercrombie, of Worcester at the missionary mass-meeting in the evening Academy, and President N. E. Wood, of Newton were Dr. John Humpstone, who spoke on “MisTheological Institution. Dr. H. L. Morehouse sions in the Light of our Lord's Resurrection," read extracts from the annual report submitted. and Dr. E. M. Poteat on "A Christian World.' Five institutions in the United States and Nova The American Baptist Missionary Union held Scotia were aided to the amount of $70,000. This its eighty-seventh anniversary, May 27-28. It will bring $305,000 to our denominational colleges may be called the most notable gathering of when all conditions are met. The development Baptists in recent years, because of the addresses of denominational institutions in America is with of missionaries from the scenes of conflict in out parallel elsewhere. A view of the century China. On the first day the situation at the
front was discussed by Rev. D. Downie, of India, Rev. W. A. Stanton, Burma, and Professor L. E. Hicks of Rangoon. Tuesday morning, May 28, Rev. E. W. Clark spoke on “Ripening Fields in Assam,” followed by Rev. P. Frederickson on missionary work in Africa. At the afternoon session Rev. J. H. Scott spoke on "The Sunrise Kingdom”; and "The Transition in China" was the topic of several speakers from abroad. At the evening session Rev. J. S. Adams, of China, discussed the causes of the Boxer outbreaks, holding that the source of the trouble is the unjust treatment China has received from foreign nations. The treasurer's report showed that the total of receipts the past year was $687,706.13; expenditures, $574, 132.10. Officers: President, R. O. Fuller; Corresponding Secretaries, Henry C. Mabie and Thomas S. Barbour, Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass.
The Southern Baptist Convention held its forty-sixth session at New Orleans, La., May 9-14, 1901. The meetings were largely attended. Reports showed that the contributions were as follows: For foreign missions, $156,083.33; for Sunday-schools, $78,380.97; and for home missions, $91,075.11. Officers: President, W. J. Northen; Secretaries, Rev. Lansing Burrows, Nashville, Tenn., and Rev. O. F. Gregory, Baltimore, Maryland. The convention will meet next year at Asheville, N. C.
The Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland held a joint meeting with the British Congregational Union in London, April, 1901. The greatest of living Baptist preachers, Dr. Alexander Maclaren, of Manchester, England, presided in
company with Dr. Joseph Parker, of the City ALEXANDER MACLAREN, MANCHESTER, ENGLAND.
Temple, London. According to the statistics
published in the Baptist Handbook for Great shows an increase from one institution to nearly Britain and Ireland, there are at present 2,739 200 in the Baptist denomination, from $50,000 Baptist churches in the British Isles, increased school property and endowment to about $44,000, from 2,704 last year; 3,918 chapels, 365,678 mem000; from 92 students to 40,000. Receipts of the bers, as compared with 353,258 last year; 51,825 past year were $103,500.15; expenditures, $99, Sunday-school teachers and 528,131 scholars, 490.12. Officers: President, Nathaniel Butler; 5,564 local preacher and 1,992 pastors in charge. Corresponding Secretary, H. L. Morehouse, 111 On new edifices and improvements £163,581 has Fifth Avenue, New York City.
been expended and debts have been reduced The forty-eighth anniversary of the American £86,839. The Twentieth Century Fund has reBaptist Historical Society was held Saturday ceived large additions. Officers: President, evening, May 25. The chief address was given Rev. William Cuff ; Vice-president, Dr. Alexander by Dr. H. S. Burrage on “Senator Hoar and the Maclaren; Secretary, Rev. J. H. Shakespeare, 19 Early Baptists of New England,” in which he Furnival St., London, E. C. maintained that the Baptists “have always asked Incomplete returns from the Baptists of Ausfor themselves and all others soul liberty.” The tralia are as follows: Number of ministers, 132; Secretary reported valuable additions to the his of churches, missions and preaching stations, 351; torical library of the Society. Officers: Presi. members, 70,361; Sunday-school pupils, 16,100. dent, B. L. Whitman; Vice-president, Lemuel The figures for British America are: Canada,
528 churches and 46,674 members; New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward's Island, 546 churches and 51,390 members.
For other countries of the New World the statistics are: Mexico, 32 churches and 1,232 members; Central America, 15 churches and 1,000 members; Alaska, 2 churches and 35 members; Porto Rico, 5 churches and 132 members; Cuba, 18 churches and 3,087 members; Jamaica, 182 churches and 33,952 members; Haitai, etc., 14 churches and 5,932 members; Argentina, 4 churches and 100 members; Brazil, 23 churches and 1,524 members; Patagonia, 1 church and 15 members.
Tables of foreign-speaking Baptists have been compiled by Professor Rimaker, whose summaries are here given: German Baptists, 68,726; Slavic Baptists, 19,149; Scandanavian Baptists, 73,130.
The American Baptist Yearbook supplies these totals: Baptists of Asia, 119,745; of Africa, 6,700. The grand total of all the Baptists in the world in 1901 is estimated from 5,012,880 to 5, 136,215.
BARRYMORE, MAURICE (Herbert Blythe), the actor-playwright who recently became insane, was born in India, 1847. He was graduated from Cambridge University, England, and studied for the Civil Service. Afterward he gave up the practice of law for the stage. He had a notable career as an actor, taking leading parts with Modjeska, Mrs. Langtry, in the A. M. Palmer company and others. He is the author of several plays: “Nadjeska," "The Robber of the Rhine" (libretto), etc. While playing last winter he frequently showed signs of mental collapse, and early in April he was confined at Bellevue Hospital, New York, where he occupied his time when rational, by writing a new play.
BESANT, SIR WALTER, M.A., F.S.A., the author, died in London, June 10, 1901.
Walter Besant was born August 14, 1836, at Portsmouth, England. The Besant's were prosperous trades people and the boy was born into an atmosphere of culture and refinement.
He first attended King's College, London, and afterwards Christ's College, Cambridge, distinguishing himself as a student and especially as a mathematician. For nearly
years (1861-67) he was senior professor of mathematics in the Royal College of Mauritius. His first work, "Studies in Early French Poetry” was published in 1868. In 1873 appeared “The French Humorists," in 1877 “Rabelais” and in 1882 “Readings from Rabelais." Meantime his first novels, “Coligny" and "Whittington" had appeared and the writer had formed a partnership with James Rice in the production of a series of novels that bear their names. The most famous of Mr. Besant's own novels is “All Sorts and Conditions of Men."
It was in this book that he first revealed himself as a deep student of social questions and an ardent sympathizer with the people.” The heroine of his story was the founder of a “Palace of Delight,” which later was realized in the "People's Palace," erected and still maintained in the East End in London. “The Children of Gibeon,” in which the condition of industrial women in the great cities is discussed, was another of Besant's books strongly social in character and matter.
(1895), "The City of Refuge" (1896), "The Fan and the Book” (1899), and "The Fourth Generation" (1900). He was also the author of the "Lives" of Edward Palmer and Richard Jeffries. His “Studies” of places in and about London are remarkable for the clearness and the fine literary skill which characterize them. They include "London" (1892), “Westminster" (1895), "South London" (1898), and as his last work-published last April—“East London,'” a study of that city, now having a population of 2,000,000, which he had seen grow up in London within the last twenty years.
Mr. Besant was Secretary of the Palestine Exploration Fund from 1868 until 1885, and it was largely due to his efforts that the organization proved so successful.
In May, 1895, Mr. Besant became Sir Walter Besant, being knighted by Queen Victoria, an honor which had been offered him before, but which he refused until he felt certain that it was a distinction conferred upon his profession as such, rather than upon him as an individual.
Sir Walter visited the United States twice, the last time being in 1893, during the World's Columbian Exposition.
The chief work of his closing years has been the preparation of an exhaustive encyclopedia of London on the lines of Stow's original survey. This undertaking had engrossed his leisure from novel writing for six years and has been virtually carried to completion.
In the passing of Sir Walter Besant the poor of London have lost a friend who never seemed to weary of pleading their cause. He leaves two sons both of whom are fighting in South Africa. One is a Captain in the Warwickshire and the other a trooper in the Imperial Yeomanry.
BOER WAR, THE.-The war in South Africa corps of 32,000, and other troops, making a total was reported to be over May 31, 1900, at the time of 47,000. At the beginning of the war there of the occupation of Johannesburg by Lord Rob were less than 25,000 regulars in South Africa. erts, but the latest reports represented the It is said that the Boers had less than 30,000 in burghers as still fighting. An important en the field then. gagement, in which hundreds of men were killed In November the Boers were occupied with and wounded, was fought at Vlakfontein May seizing small towns, derailing trains, attacking 29, 1901.
convoys, blowing up bridges, and bombarding the Only a brief chronicle of events is attempted besieged towns. Their operations were so suchere. The war began Oct. 11, 1899, with the cessful that the British gave up the plan of camseizure of a train by the Boers. The next day paign into the Orange Free State and directed Natal was invaded, and the Free State troops their efforts to relieve Ladysmith, Kimberley, took Philipstown in Cape Colony; on Oct. 13 New and Mafeking. The worst disaster was the battle Castle and Vryburg were occupied by the Boers. at Modder River (Nov. 28). Two armored trains were derailed and captured, December was a gloomy month for England. and a few small skirmishes took place in the first General Gatacre suffered a severe reverse at week of the war, but no serious fighting before Stormberg (Dec. 10), losing nearly 90 killed or the battle of Glencoe (Oct. 20), in which 4,000 wounded and 633 men taken prisoners. In the Boers under Commandant-General Joubert were terrible battle of Magersfontein (Dec. 11) General defeated by the British forces under General Wauchope was killed. General Methuen's force Symons, who was mortally wounded. The Brit withdrew, losing more than 900. At Colenso ish casualties were 40 killed, 189 wounded, and a General Buller attempted to cross the Tugela
River (Dec. 15) and miserably failed, sustaining many casualties—900 killed and wounded, and 220 missing. He also lost eleven heavy guns. The confident predictions of easy success and a speedy ending of the South African business had not been fulfilled. More troops were dispatched, not only from Great Britain, but from Canada and Australia. Lord Roberts was appointed commanding general of the new army, with Lord Kitchener as his Chief-of-the-Staff, the former leaving England Dec. 23. In the latter part of the month the British were cheered by news of successes at Dordrecht and Colesberg (Dec. 31).
In January several determined attacks on Ladysmith were withstood and the Boers were repulsed at Rensburg (Jan. 15). After a desperate attack Spion Kop was won (Jan. 24), and almost immediately the British were forced to retire owing to the terrific fire of the Boers.
On Feb. 5 General Buller made a third attempt to reach Ladysmith, but failed In the meanwhile Lord Roberts, who arrived at the Cape Jan. 10, had organized a new army and took the field Feb. 6, marching rapidly toward the Orange Free State. This move had the effect of dividing the Boer forces, General Cronje leaving the neighbor
hood of Ladysmith and swiftly marching northLORD ROBERTS, V. C.
ward, pursued by General Kelly-Kenny. The forces around Kimberley were so reduced that
General French met with but little resistance in squad of hussars taken prisoners. The Boer loss entering the famished town (Feb. 16). For the is not known. During the next ten days Elands fourth time Buller tried to relieve Ladysmith, laagte was fought (Oct. 21), Dundee was occu and succeeded. When he entered the town pied by the Boers, and there was hard fighting (March 1), the garrison were in dire straits for at Rietfontein, Kimberley, Mafeking, and Lady food. More than 600 had been killed or died of smith. At Nicholson's Nek about 317 British disease, and about as many more had been were killed and wounded, and 920 captured wounded. At Paardeberg Cronje with 4,000 men (Oct. 30).
was surrounded, and after a stubborn resistance The month of October saw Ladysmith, Kim for nine days was overwhelmed by a force ten berley, and Mafeking cut off from communication times as large. Before his surrender (Feb. 27), with the outside. world. Thenceforth these the British suffered heavy losses. Later (April 3) beleaguered garrisons were the centers of inter Cronje and 1,000 Boer prisoners sailed for St. est, and their relief was the main object of Gen. Helena. Redvers Buller's movements. General George The Boers were now thoroughly disheartened White was in command of a force of 10,000 or by these disasters, and Presidents Kruger and more at Ladysmith, which was well supplied Steyn made peace proposals, which Britain sumwith provisions and ammunition. At Kimberley marily rejected, saying unconditional surrender Colonel Kekewich had 700 regulars and some was necessary:
European nations declined to 1,500 volunteers. Colonel Baden-Powell was intervene, and the appeal to the Washington stationed at Mafeking with 1,500 men.
government was fruitless. The President's tenOn Oct. 31 General Buller arrived at Cape der of friendly offices as mediator was not acceptTown, with a force of 6,000 cavalry, an army able to Lord Salisbury. One defeat followed
In August many efforts were made to capture De Wet, but he successfully eluded his pursuers. At Harrissmith about 700 Boers surrendered to General Rundle (Aug. 19). Later the British advances caused the Boers to leave Nooitgedacht, releasing 1,800 British prisoners.
From his headquarters at Belfast Lord Roberts issued a proclamation (Sept. 1), annexing, the Transvaal as a colony of the Queen's dominions. A combined advance by Generals Buller and Hamilton was then made on Lydenburg, against the Boers under Commandant-General Botha, who was obliged by ill-health to give up the command to General Viljoen. The Boers could make no effectual stand, but broke up into small forces. It was reported that the British had at this time 15,000 prisoners of war. In the latter part of
another, and on March 13 Lord Roberts entered Bloomfontein, the capital of the Orange Free State. Gradually the Boers fell back, leaving their chief towns south of the Vaal in the hands of the British, but concentrating at Kroonstad. General Joubert died March 27, and was succeeded by Louis Botha as Commandant-General. At this time, when many of the Boers were losing heart, the daring General Christian De Wet, by a clever trap, won a victory at Sannah Post, killing or wounding 250 men, capturing 423, and taking 7 cannon. He had 1,400 burghers, and Colonel Broadwood, who had 2,500 men, with difficulty got away with five of his twelve cannon. The loss of the Boers was 16 killed and wounded.
Early in April 405 British troops were captured at Reddersburg, and the Boers were active at Wepener (in the south of the Orange Free State), which was relieved (April 25) by General Rundle. There was severe fighting at Thabanchu April 27 and 30. At this time the envoys from South Africa, Messrs. Fischer, Wessels, and Wolmarans, visited Europe in behalf of the Boer republics. Finding their mission hopeless, they came to the United States and spoke at large public meetings in the prominent cities, arousing great enthusiasm among the people, but getting no encouragement from the President and his Cabinet.
In April, 1900, the British War Office reported a long list of soldiers killed in action-211 officers and 1,960 men, besides 2,045 who died of disease and wounds. Among the 5,222 officers and men invalided home, many died after their return to England. About the same time 9,000 were in the hospitals, making the casualty and sick list more than 22,000. Boer losses in killed, wounded and missing were also heavy. The exact figures are not known.
In the meanwhile Lord Roberts rested at Bloomfontein and made preparations for another campaign. He began the march northward May 1, his columns stretching wedge-shape over thirty miles and driving the Boers before them. In danger of being flanked, the burghers retreated before greatly superior numbers. Mafeking was relieved May 17, after the resourceful BadenPowell and his little band of brave but weakened soldiers had undergone a siege of 217 days. The available forces of Lord Roberts and his generals now amounted to 200,000, while the Boers in the field numbered 20,000 or less. With but little opposition, the British entered the Transvaal and occupied Johannesburg May 30. The same day Lord Roberts proclaimed the annexation of the Orange Free State as the Orange River Colony. A few days later (June 5) Pretoria capitulated, and more than 3,000 British prisoners at Waterfall were released; about 900 were removed by the Boers. In a few weeks the chief districts of the Transvaal were under British control, but south of the Vaal the Boers under De Wet showed renewed strength and were engaged in cutting railway lines and capturing convoys.
In July the British defeated the Boers at Ficksburg and captured Bethlehem and Rietfontein. At Nitral's Nek, eighteen miles from Pretoria, a considerable British force was captured (July 11), and at Honing Spruit “another unfortunate occurrence took place” (July 21), the capture of a supply train with 100 men. General Prinsloo, with a large force of burghers, surrendered July 30.
September about 3,000 Boers under General Pienar surrendered to the Portuguese authorities.
On Oct. 6 General Buller left for England. Generals French, Barton, and Knox remained to round up De Wet. Lord Roberts, considering the large movements of the war practically at an end, left Pretoria in November for Cape Town, whence he sailed for England Dec. 11.
On October 19 President Kruger sailed on a Dutch war vessel to Europe, landing at Marseilles (Nov. 22), where he received a popular demonstration, and later at Paris and The Hague (Dec. 6) he was enthusiastically welcomed by great crowds.
The list of casualties on the British side up to Oct. 31, 1900, was 46,026. Deaths in South Africa of officers and men numbered 10,698, and 208 of those sent home as invalids died. The missing were 829. Nearly 35,000 were invalided.