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strength of all on the strength of each. In payments in 1879; since then every dollar has its reasonable application it is just, fair and been as good as gold. impartial, equally opposed to foreign control We are unalterably opposed to every measand domestic monopoly, to sectional discrimi- ure calculated to debase our currency or impair nation and individual favoritism.

the credit of our country. We are therefore We denounce the Democratic tariff as sec-opposed to the free coinage of silver except by tional, injurious to the public credit and de- international agreement with the leading comstructive to business enterprise. We demand mercial nations of the worla, which we pledge such an equitable tariff on foreign imports ourselves to promote, and until such agreewhich come into competition with American ment can be obtained the existing gold standproducts as will not only furnish adequate ard must be prserved. All our silver and parevenue for the necessary expenses of the per currency must be maintained at parity government, but will protect American labor with gold, and we favor all measures designed from degradation to the wage level of other to maintain inviolably the obligations of the lands. We are not pledged to any particular United States, and all our money, whether schedules. The question of rates is a prac- coin or paper, at the present standard, the tical question, to be governed by the con- standard of the most enlightened nations of ditions of the time and of production; the the earth. ruling and uncompromising principle is the

IN BEHALF OF THE VETERANS. protection and development of American labor and industry. The country demands a right

The veterans of the Union army deserve settlement and then it wants rest.

and should receive fair treatment and gen

erous recognition. Whenever practicable IN FAVOR OF RECIPROCITY.

they should be given the preference in the We believe the repeal of the reciprocity | matter of employment, and they are entiarrangements negotiated by the last Republi- tled to the enactraent of such laws as are can administartion was a national calamity best calculated to secure the fulfillment of and we demand their renewal aud extension the pledges made to them in the dark days. on such terms as will equalize our trade with of the country's peril. We denounce the other nations, remove the restrictions which practice in the pension bureau, so recklessly now obstruct the sale of American products and unjustly carried on by the present adminin the ports of other countries, and secure istration, of reducing pensions and arbienlarged markets for the products of our trarily dropping names from the rolls and farms, forests and factories.

deserving the severest condemnation of the Protection and reciprocity are twin meas- American people. ures of Republican policy and go hand in

OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS. hand. Democratic rule has ruthlessly struck

Our foreign policy should be at all times down both and both must be re-established.

all our Protection for what we produce; free ad- / firm, vigorous and dignified, and

interests in the western hemisphere caremission for the necessaries of life which we

fully watched and guarded. The Hawaiian do not produce; reciprocal agreements of islands should be controlled by the United mutual interests which gain open markets States, and no foreign power should be per. for us in return for our open market to mitted to interfere with them; the Nicaothers. Protection builds up domestic in

raguan canal should be built, owned and opdustries and trade and secures our own mar

erated by the United States; and by the ket for ourselves; reciprocity builds up for purchase of the Danish islands we should eign trade and finds an outlet for our sur

secure a proper and much needed naval plus.

station in the West Indies. PROTECTION OF SUGAR.

ARMENIAN MASSACRES. We condemn the present administration for not keeping faith with the sugar producers

The massacre of Armenians has aroused of this country. The Republican party favors the deep sympathy and just indignation of such protection as will lead to the production the American people and we believe that the on American soil of all the sugar which the United States should exercise all the influAmerican people use,

exert to bring these and for which they ence it can properly

end. pay other countries more

atrocities to an than $100,000,000

In Turkey American annually.

residents have been exposed to the gravest

dangers, and American property destroyed. FOR WOOL AND WOOLENS.

There and everywhere American citizens and To all our products to those of the mine American property must be absolutely proand the field as well as to those of the shop | tected at all hazards and at any cost. and the factory-to hemp, to wool, the prod

FAVORS THE MONROE DOCTRINE. uct of the great industry of sheep husbandry, as well as to the finished woolens of the mill, full extent and we reaffirm the right of the

We reassert the Monroe doctrine in its we promise the most ample protection.

United States to give the doctrine effect by FOR HOME SHIPPING.

responding to the appeals of any American We favor restoring the early American pol- state for friendly intervention in case of Euicy of discriminating duties for the upbuilding -opean encroachment. We have not interof our merchant marine and the protection of Pered and shall not interfere with the existing our shipping in the foreign carrying trade, so nossessions of any European power in this that American ships—the product of Ameri- hemisphere, but those possessions must not, can labor, employed in American ship yards, an any pretext, be extended. We hopefully sailing under the Stars and Stripes and, look forward to the eventual withdrawal of manned, officered and owned by Americans, the European powers from this hemisphere and may regain the carrying of our foreign com- o the ultimate union of all English speaking merce.

parts of the continent by the free consent of THE FINANCIAL PLANK.

its inhabitants. The Republican party is unreservedly for FOR CUBAN PEACE AND INDEPENDENCE. sound money. It caused the enactment of From the hour of achieving their own inde. the law providing for the resumption of specie pendence the people of the United States have

regarded with sympathy the struggles of other REPRESENTATION FOR ALASKA. American peoples to free themselves from Eu- We believe the citizens of Alaska should ropean domination. We watch with deep and

have representation in the congress of the abiding interest the heroic battle of the Cuban United States, to the end that needful legispatriots against cruelty and oppression, and lation may be intelligently enacted. our best hopes go out for the full success of their determined contest for liberty.

TEMPERANCE AND MORALITY. The government of Spain, having lost con- We sympathize with all wise and legitimate trol of Cuba, and being unable to protect the efforts to lessen and prevent the evils of inproperty or lives of resident American citi- temperance and promote morality. zens, or to comply with its treaty obligations, we believe that the government of the United

RIGHTS OF WOMEN. States should actively use its influence and

The Republican party is mindful of the good offices to restore peace and give independ- rights and interests of women. Protection ence to the island.

of American industries includes equal opporINCREASE OF NA VIAL POWER.

tunities, equal pay and equal work, and pro

tection to the home. We favor the admisThe peace and security of the republic and

sion of women to wider spheres of usefulness the maintenance of its rightful influence and welcome their co-operation in rescuing among the nations of the earth demand a

the country from Democratic and Populist naval power commensurate with its position mismanagement and misrule. and responsibility. We, therefore, favor the Such are the principles and policies of the continued enlargement of the navy and a com. Republican party. By these principles we plete system of harbor and sea coast defenses. will abide and these policies we will put into

execution. We ask for them the considerate FOREIGN IMMIGRATION.

judgment of the American people. Confident For the protection of the quality of our alike in the history of our great party and American citizenship and of the wages of our in the justice of our cause, we present our workingmen against the fatal competition of platforni and our candidates in the full aslow priced labor, we demand that the immi. surance that the election will bring victory gration laws be thoroughly enforced and so to the Republican party and prosperit! to extended as to exclude from entrance to the the people of the United States. United States those who can neither read nor write.

Foraker's Speech Nominating William CIVIL SERVICE ENFORCEMENT.

McKinley. The civil service law was placed on the William McKinley of Ohio, unanimously :statute book by the Republican party, which selected as candidate for President, was placed has always sustained it, and we renew our re- in nomination by ex-Governor Foraker of the peated declarations that it shall be thoroughly

same state. and honestly enforced and extended wher

The nominating speech was

follows: ever practicable.

“Mr. Chairman and gentleman of the conFOR FREE BALLOTS.

vention, it would be exceedingly difficult if We demand that every citizen of the United not entirely impossible to exaggerate the disStates shall be allowed to cast one free and agreeable experiences of the last four years. unrestrained ballot and that such ballot shall The grand aggregate of the multitudinous be counted and returned as cast.

bad results of a Democratic national adminis

tration may be summed up as one stupendous CONDEMNATION OF LYNCHINGS.

disaster; it has been a disaster however not We proclaim our unqualified condemnatior without at least one redeeming feature, it has of the uncivilized and barbarous practice, wel: been fair-nobody has escaped it. (Laughter) known as lynching or killing of human beings. It has fallen equally alike upon all sections suspected or charged with crime, without pro- of our country, and all classes of our people, of law.

the Republican and the Democratis, the rich

and the poor, the big and the low have sufferNATIONAL ARBITRATION.

ed in common.

Idleness and its consequent We favor the creation of a national board poverty and distress have been the rewards of of arbitration to settle and adjust differences labor; distress and bankruptcy have overtaken which may arise between employers and em- business, shrunken values, have dissipated ployes engaged in interstate commerce. fortunes, deficient revenues have impoverished

the government, brought about bond issues, FOR FREE HOMESTEADS.

and bond syndicates have discouraged and We believe in an immediate return to the scandalized the nation. Over against this free homestead policy of the Republica'n fearful penalty, is however, to be set down party and urge the passage by congress of one great compensatory result, it has destroythe satisfactory free homestead measure ed the Democratic party. (applause) The proud which has already passed the house and is columns which swept the country in triumph now pending in the senate.

in 1892 are broken and noiseless in 1896. Their

boasted principles when they came to the test ADMISSION OF TERRITORIES.

of a practical application have proven nothing We favor the admission of the remaining but fallacies, and their great leaders have territories at the earliest practicable date, degenerated into warring chieftains of petty having due regard to the interests of the and irreconcilable 'factions. Their boasted people of the territories and of the United principles when put to a test of proper apStates. All the federal officers appointed for plication have proven delusive fallacies. the territories should be elected from bona “Their approaching national convention is fide residents thereof and the right of self but an approaching national nightmare. No government should be accorded as far man pretends to be able to predict any good practicable.

result to come from it, and no man is seeking




of any


nomination of that convention,o r accept any | tariff. They do not fear the warlike prepkind of public trust by proclaiming their arations of Europe, but they do fear its cheap willingness to stand upon any platform thai manufacture. Their real danger is not from may be adopted. The truth s, the party that foreign navies carrying guns, but from forcould stand up under the odium of human eign fleets bringing goods. This is the year slavery, opposition to the war for enfranchise-of the people. They have risen in their ment, reconstruction and specie resumption, might. From ocean to ocean, from lake to at last finds itself overmatched and undone gulf, they are united as never before. We by itself. It is writhing in the throes of know their wishes and are here to register dissolution superinduced by a dose of its own

their will. They must not be cheated of medicine. No human agency can prevent its their choice. They know the man best qualiabsolute overthrow at the next election, ex-fied and equipped to fight their battles and cept only this convention. If we make no

to win their victories. His name is in every mistake the Democratic party will go out of heart, on every tongue. His nomination is power on the fourth of March, to remain out certain, his election sure. His candidacy will until God in His wisdom and mercy

and sweep the country as a prairie is swept by goodness shall see fit once more to chastise fire. This is the year of the people. In His people.

their name, by their authority, I second the “So far we have not made any mistake. We nomination of their great champion, William


as have adopted a platform, which notwithstand- McKinley.

a favorite son ing the scenes witnessed in this hall this morn-state, but as the favorite son of the

States. ing meets the demands and expectations of the United

Not as

concession American people. It remains for us now as

to Ohio, as

an added honor to the the last crowning of our work here to com

nation. When his country called to arms, he plete our work by nominating a good candi- took into his boyish hands a musket and 'foldate. The people want a good Republican, lowed the flag, bravely baring his breast to they want something more than a wise patrio- | the hell of battle that it might float serenely tic statesman, they want a man who embo-1 in the Union sky. For a quarter of a century dies in himself not only all of those essential he has stood in the fierce light of public place, qualifications, but who in addition, in the high- and his robes of office were spotless as the est possible degree typifies in a monetary bition than the honor of his country and the

driven snow. He has cherished no higher amcharacter, in record, in ambition and in pur; welfare of the plain people. Steadfastly, courpose, the exact opposite to all that is signified and represented by the free trade, deflict mak- ageously, victoriously and with tongue of fire,

he has pleaded their cause. His labor, ability ing, bond issuing, labor saving democratic administration (cheers). I stand here to present of the United States with legislation in their

and perseverance have enriched the statutes to this convention such a man.

His name


behalf. All his contributions to the masterWilliam McKinley.”

pieces of American oratory are the outpourMr. McKinley's nomination was seconded ings of a pure heart and a patriotic purpose. by Senator Thurston:

His God given powers are consecrated to the

advancement and renown of his own country Speech of Senator Thurston Seconding and to the uplifting and ennobling of his own

countrymen. He has the courage of his conthe Nomination of William McKinley. victions and cannot be tempted to woo success

or avert defeat by any sacrifice of principle “Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the con

or concession of popular clamor.. In the hour vention—This is the year of the people. They of Republican disaster, when other leaders are conscious of their power; they are tenacious of their rights; they are supreme in fastly by that grand legislative act which

were excusing and apologizing, he stood steadthis convention; they are certain of victory bore his name, confidently submitting his case now and in November. They have framed

to the judgment of events, and calmly waiting the issue of this campaign. What is it? for that triumphant vindication whose laurel Money? Yes, money, not that which is coined this convention is impatient to place upon his for the mine owner at the mint or clipped brow.

Strengthened and seasoned by long by the coupon cutter from the bond, but that congressional services, broadened by the exwhich is created by American muscle on the ercise of important executive powers, master farms and in the factories. The Western

of the great economic questions of the age, mountains clamor for silver and the Eastern eloquent, single hearted and sincere, he stands seashore cries for gold, but the millions ask to-day the most conspicuous and commanding for work—an opportunity to labor and to character of this generation, divinely live. The prosperity of a nation is in the dained, as I believe, for a great mission to employment of its people and, thank God, lead this people out from the shadow of adthe electors of he United States know this versity into the sunshine of a new and endurgreat economic truth at last. The Republican ing prosperity. Omnipotence never sleeps. party does not stand for Nevada or New York

"Every great crisis brings a leader. For every alone, but for both; not for a state, but for supreme hour Providence finds a man. The all. Its platform is as broad as the land, necessities of 1896 are almost as great as as national

the flag. Republicans are those of 1861. True, the enemies of the nadefinitely committed to sound currency, but tion have ceased to threaten with the sword, they believe that in a government of the and the constitution of the United States no people the welfare of men is paramount to longer tolerates that the shackles shall fret the interests of money. Their shibboleth the limbs of men, but free trade and free coinof this campaign is "Protection." From the age hold no less menace to the American vantage ground of their own selection they progress than did the armed hosts of treason cannot be stampeded by Wall Street panics and rebellion. If the voice of the people is, or free coinage cyclones. Reports of inter- indeed, the voice of God, then William Mcnational complications and rumors of war Kinley is the complement of Abraham Lincoln. pass them lightly by; they know that the real Yea, and he will issue a new emancipation enemy of American prosperity is free trade, proclamation to the enslaved sons of toil, and and the best coast defense is a protective they shall be lifted up into the full enjoyment



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of those privileges, advantages and opportuni-| tleman, soldier, statesman, patriot, William ties that belong of right to the American McKinley." people. Under his administration we shall command the respect of the nations of the

Vote for President. earth, the American flag will never be hauled The total vote on first ballot was: down, the right of American citizenship will McKinley

661 1-2 be enforced, abundant revenues provided, for- Reed

84 1-2 eign merchandise will remain abroad, our gold Morton

58 be kept at home, American institutions will


61 1-2 be cherished and upheld, all governmental


35 1-2 obligations scrupulously kept, and on the escutcheon of the Republican party will be in


1 delibly engraved the American policy-protec

The Vote by States. tion, reciprocity and sound money. My coun

Mctrymen, let not your hearts be troubled; the State.

Kinley. Morton.Reed. Quay. Allison darkest hour is just before the day, the morn- Arizona

6 ing of the twentieth century will dawn bright Alabama

19 and clear. Lift up your hopeful faces and re



Colorado-Cast no vote. ceive the light; the Republican party is California

18 coming back to power and William McKin- Connecticut.. ley will be President of the United States.

In an inland manufacturing city, on elec-


tion night, in November '94, after the wires Idaho-Cast no vote.
had confirmed the news of a sweeping Re- Illinois
publican victory, two workingmen started | Indiana

30 to climb to the top of a great smokeless Iowa


20 chimney. That chimney had been built by


26 the invitation and upon the promise of Re- Louisiana

11 publican protective legislation. In the fac- Massachusetts.

28 tory over which it towered was employment Michigan

Minnesota for twice a thousand men. It had stood a


17 cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night Maine for a busy, industrious, happy people. Now Maryland

15 bleak, blackened, voiceless and dismantled, Missouri

•Montana like a grim scepter of evil, it frowned down

New Hampshire. upon the hapless city, where poverty, idle- New Jersey ness, stagnation and want attested the com- New York..

17 plete disaster of the free trade experiment. Nebraska

16 Nevada

3 Up and up, they climbed, watched by the

North Dakota 6 breathless multitude below. Up and

North Carolina 1912 up, until at last they stood upon its summit, Ohio

46 and there in the glare of the electric light, Oregon cheered by the gathered thousands they un


Rhode Island :urled and nailed an American flag. Down South Carolina.. in the streets strong men wept the happy South Dakota... 8 tears of hope, and mothers, lifting up their Tennessee

24 Texas

21 babies, invoked the blessing of the flag; and


3 then impassioned lips burst forth in song Vermont

8 the hallelujah of exultant hearts; the mighty Virginia

23 pean of a people's joy. That song, the en- Washington

12 thusiastic millions sing it yet.

West Virginia

24 “Hurrah! Hurrah! We bring the jubilee;


Hurrah! Hurrah! The flag that makes us free.
So we sing the chorus from the mountains to the Total

58 8412

Hurrah for McKinley and protection.

*J. Donald Cameron, 1; blank. 4.

TERRITORIES. Over the city that free flag waved, caress- Oklahoma


1 ed by the passing breezes, kissed by the Indian Territory. 6 silent stars. And there the first glad sun

Dist. Columbia...

i New Mexico......

5 shine of the morning fell upon it, luminous Alaska and lustrous with the tidings of Republican Total vote cast, 922. success. On behalf of those stalwart workmen and all the vast army of American toil

The nomination was made unanimous. ers; that their employment may be certain; Speech of Franklin Fort Nominating their wages just, their dollars the best of the civilized world; on behalf of that dis- Garret A. Hobart for Vice President. mantled chimney and the deserted factory

Garret A. Hobart of New Jersey was placed at its base; that the furnaces may once more flame, the mighty wheels revolve, the in nomination for the vice presidency by whistles scream, the anvils ring, the spindles Franklin Fort. hum; on behalf of the thousand cottages “Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the round about and all the humble homes of convention-I rise to present this convention this broad land; that comfort and content- the claims of New Jersey to the vice presiment may again abide; the firesides glow, dency. We come because we feel that we can the women sing, the children laugh; yes, for the first time in our history bring to you and on behalf of the American flag and all a promise that our electoral vote will be cast it stands for and represents; for the honor for you nominees. If you comply with our reof every stripe, for the glory of every star; quest this promise will surely be redeemed. that its power may fill the earth

and its For forty years through the blackness of darksplendor span the sky, I ask the nomination ness of a universally triumphant Democracy of that loyal American, that Christian gen- the Republicans of New Jersey have main

up and



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tained their organization and fought as val- to work again their nefarious practices upon iantly as if the outcome were to be assured an honest people. But to-day, under ballot victory. Only twice through all this long reform laws, with an honest count, we know period has the sun shone in upon us. Yet, we can win. It has been a long, terrible through all these years we have, like Gold- strife to the goal, but we have reached it unsmith's captive, felt that

aided and unassisted from without, and we

come to-day, promising to the ticket here seHope, like the gleaming taper's light

lected the vote of New Jersey, whether you Adorns and cheers our way; And still, as darker grows the night,

give us.the vice presidential candidate or not. Emits a brighter ray.

We make it no test of our Republicanism that

we have a candidate. We have been too long “The fulfillment of this hope came in 1894. used to fighting for principle for that; but we In that year for the first time since the Re- do say that you can, by granting our request, publican party came into existence, we sent to lighten our burden and make us a confident congress a solid delegation of eight Republi- party with victory in sight, even before cans, and elected a Republican to the United contest begins. Will we carry Colorado, MonStates senate. We followed this in 1895 by tana and Nevada this year if the Democracy electing a Republican governor by a majority declare for silver at 16 to 1? Let us hope we of 28,000. And in this year of grace we ex- may. New Jersey has as many electoral votes pect to give the Republican electors a majority as those three states together. Will you not of not less than twenty thousand.

I come to make New Jersey sure to take their place in you, then, to-day in behalf of a new New case of need? We have in all these long years Jersey, a politically redeemed and regenerated of Republicanism been the lone star Democratstate. old things have passed away, and be- i ic state in the North. Our forty years of hold all things have become new. It is many lwandering in the wilderness of Democracy are long years since New Jersey has received

ended. Our Egyptian darkness disappears. recognition by a national convention. When we are on the hill top looking into the promHenry Clay stood for protection in 1844 New ised land. Encourage us as we march over Jersey furnished Theodore Frelinghuysen into the political Canaan of Republicanism, as his associate. The issue then was restora- there to remain, by giving us a leader on the tion of the tariff and was more nearly like Republican national ticket to go with us. that of to-day than at any other period which I can recall in the nation's political history. anism and love of country has been welded

Their Republic

are proud of our public men. In 1856 when the freedom of man brought the in the furnace of political adversity. That Republican party in existence and the great

is Republican who adheres *Pathfinder' was calle dto lead New Jersey the party in

state where there furnished for that unequal contest William L.


hope for the gratification of Davis as the vice presidential candidate. Since then, counting for nothing, we have asked personal ambitions. There are no camp fol

lowers in the minority party of any state. for nothing. During this period Maine has had a candidate for President and a vice presi- They are all true soldiers in the militant dent; Massachusetts a vice president; New army, doing valiant service without reward,

gain or the hope thereof, from Principle York four vice presidents, one of whom be

only. A true representative of this class o came president for almost a full term; In: Republicans New Jersey will offer you to-day. diana à President, a candidate for President He is in the prime of life, a never faltering and vice president; Illinois a President

friend, with qualities of leadership unsurpasstwice and vice presidential candidate; Ohio two Presidents and now a candidate for eral views, of wide public information, of

ed, of startling honor, of broad mind, of libthe third time; Tennessee a vice president, great business capacity, and with all a parliawho became President for almost a full term.

mentarian who would grace the presidency of We believe that the vice presidency of 1896 the senate of the United States. A native of should be given to New Jersey; we have rea

our state, the son of an humble farmer. He sons for our opinion. We have ten electoral

was reared to love of country in sight of votes. We have carried the state in the elec- the historic field on Monmouth, on which tions of 1893, 1894 and 1895. We hope and be the blood of our ancesters was shed, that the lieve we can keep the state in the Republican republic might exist. From a poor boy ucolumn for all time. By your action to-day aided and alone he has risen to his renown you can greatly aid us. Do you believe you among us.

In our state we have done for could place the vice presidency in a state him all that the political condition would permore justly entitled to recognition, or one mit. He has been speaker of our assembly which it would be of more public advantage and president of our senate. He has been the to hold in the Republican ranks? If the party choice for United States senator of the Rein any state is deserving of approval for the publican minority in the legislature, and had sacrificing of its members to maintain its or- it been in our power to have placed him ganization, then the Republicans of New Jer- the senate of the United States, he would sey, in this, the hour of their ascendency, af- long ere this have been there. His capabiliter long years of bitter defeat, feel that they ties are such as would grace any position cannot come to this convention in vain.

We of honor in the nation. Not for himself, but appeal to our brethren in the South, who for our state, not for his ambition, but to give know, with us, what it is to be overriden by to the nation the highest type of public officfraud on the ballot box; to be counted out by ial do we come to this convention, by the comcorrupt election officers; to be dominated by mand of our state, and in the name of the an arrogant, unrelenting Democracy.

Republican party of New Jersey-unconquered “We should have carried our state at every and unconquerable, undivided and

indivis. election for the past ten years if the count able, with our united voice speaking for all had been an honest one. We succeeded in that counts for good citizenship in our state throttling the ballot box stuffers and impris- and nominate to you for the office of vice oning the corrupt election officers, only to president of the republic, Garret A. Hobart have the whole raft of them pardoned in a day, of New Jersey.



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