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spirit comes to him by inheritance. He was President and General Rutherford B. Hayes born January 29, 1843, at Niles, Trumbull has paid a warm tribute to McKinley's record county, O., in the frame house which answer- as a soldier. He says: “Young as he was, just ed the double purpose of a country store and a little past the age of 17, coming from an dwelling. His father, William McKinley, sr., academy to the mp, he entered with е а at the time of the birth of the subject of new, strange life-a soldier's life-in the time this sketch, was managing a large iron fur- of actual war. Young as he was, it was soon Dace at this small Ohio village. The Mc- found that in business, in executive ability, Kinley inherited not only fighting qualities, young McKinley was a man of rare capacitybut the skill of iron manufacturing from their of unusual and unsurpassed capacity-especialrevolutionary ancestors. The father took ly for one of his age. When battles were naturally

to

this occupation and fol- fought, where service was to be performed lowed it until 1876. In 1829 hees- and warlike things, he always took his place. tablished an iron foundry at Fairfield, Colum- The night was never too dark; the weather biana county, O., and for many years there- was never too cold, there was no sleet, after carried on the business at New Wilming- storm, or hail, or snow, or rain that was in ton, 0. Leaving Niles he took up his residence the way of his prompt and efficient performin Poland because of the educational advan- ance of every duty. When I became comtages of the academy there. In 1869 he movedmander of the regiment, he soon came to be to Canton with his family, intending to retire, upon my staff, and he remained there for one but he managed iron interests at Caseville, or two years, so that I did literally and in fact near Saginaw, Michigan, up to 1876, when he know him like a book and loved him like a retired. He kept track, however, of his busi- brother." ness up to within less than a month of his Mr Hayes goes on to speak of McKinley's death, which occurred November 24, 1892. At part in the battle of Antietam, his rapid 88 years of age the mother of the candidate promotion, and valiant service. Many disstill takes a lively interest in current events. tinguished men graduated from the TwentyShe lives at the family home at Canton, and third Ohio. The official records show that with her resides an unmarried daughter, Miss McKinley's military life and advancement Helen McKinley, and two orphan grandchil. were most creditable. He enlisted June 11, dren.

1861, in the regiment named, was promoted to William McKinley's boyhood life realiy be commissary sergeant April 15, 1862; second gan at Pa

nd, O.
a little

lage about eight lieutenant of Company D, September 23, miles from Niles, while he was still young, 1862; first lieutenant of Company E, February and had a pleasant home in this village in 7, 1863; captain of Company G, July 25, 1864; Mahoning county.

he was detailed as acting assistant adjutant In that old Ohio town William McKinley general of the first division, first army corps was brought up, attending the public school, the staff of General Carroll; brevetted and subsequently the academy there. Life at major March 13, 1865, and mustered out of Poland, until the war broke out, was far service July 26, 1865. He took part in all the from exciting. Boys like McKinley were battles in which the regiment was engaged, obliged to study hard, and not unfrequently numbering eighteen. Beginning at Carnifax do odd jobs to help earn money for books ferry, September 10, 1861, and including South and tuition, teaching school, clerking in Mountain, Antietam, Lexington, Winchester, stores, working on the farms or taking up Fisher's Hill, and ending at Cedar Creek, Va. some other occupation during vacation. | October 16, 1864. Young McKinley had his share of this, for Returning from the war McKinley entered he himself taught one term of winter school upon the study of the law with Judge in what was then called the Kerr district. Charles E. Glidden, at Poland, afterwará The school house still stands. It is about two taking a course of study at the Albany Law and a half mile:s by road southwest of Po- school. He studied law for two years with land. But young McKinley went "across Judge Glidden and after completing his lots" to shorten the distance. This sort of course in the Albany Law School, began life, while it developed and sharpened the practice immediately, being admitted to the intellect, had a tendency to shorten the pe- bar in Canton, O. This took place in the riod between boyhoood and young manhood. spring of 1867, when he bade adieu to his The record is that young William was a real old friends and followers at Poland and boy, full of fun, loving athletic sports, fond began his career at Canton. That he of horses, hunting and fishing, and all out- highly regarded from his advent in Canton door exercises; but notwithstanding this, at is evident, from the fact that he had hardly 16 years of age, he took upon himself a se- been there more than two years before he rious view of life. Before he was 18 he had was accorded the honor of the Republican inlisted for the civil war.

nomination of prosecuting attorney. He at From early childhood William McKinley once took the stump, entered vigorously into had the advantage of that careful, intelligent, the political campaign, and, to the great surreligious training which parents of the high prise of those who had regarded his fight as character of his father and mother would be hopeless, Stark county being strongly Demexpected to inculcate. He had the advantages ocratic, he was elected. In this contest he of the public school of Poland, and afterward first evinced his great ability as a successful of the academy, which was regarded as an campaigner. Within three days he had excellent institution in those times. He left won by his own energy in office, which is the academy and entered Alleghany college, usually regarded as a prize to a young attorwhere he remained but a short time on ac- ney. He served as district attorney of Stark count of illness. Upon his recovery he did county for two years, and was renominated, not return to Alleghany, but taught a country but defeated, keeping his opponent's majorischool.

ty, however, down to 45. At this period in his life he enlisted in In 1876 William McKinley announced hima company-of the Twenty-third Ohio regi- self as a candidate for congress. The sitting ment, which was commanded by Colonel, after- congressman, L. D. Woodruff of Mahoning, ward General William S. Rosecrans. Ex-'Judge Frease and several other Republicans,

was

man

three of them from his own county, were oppo effect on this man in the way of beneficial exDents for the nomination. When the conven-ercise as a regular gymnasium course has uption was held he was nominated on the irst on most men. ballot over all the other candidates. For four- 'Although inclined to stockiness in build teen years he represented the district of which with, indeed, a tendency to corpulency, McStark county was a part-not the same dis- Kinley is shapely and well proportioned. His trict, for it was gerrymandered three times, head is well set on a stout neck and a fine pair the last time so successfully as to prevent Mc- of shoulders. His chest is full, showing a Kinley's election. While in congress Mr. Mc- strong lung capacity. His legs are sturdy. Kinley served on the committee of the revis. He is muscular naturally. The fact is not ion of laws, the judiciary committee as generally known that he is possessed of great well as on the committee of expenditures physical strength. The personification of dig. of the post office department and the nity in his bearing, there are few matured committee on rules,

and

when General men of his physical build who are so buoyant Garfield was nominated for the presidency of movement as he. It is only on very raro McKinley was assigned to the committee on occasions that McKinley dances, but fortunways and means in his place. He continued ate is the young woman who secures him for a to serve on the last named committee until partner, for not only is he a veritable beau the end of his congressional career, being ideal of gallantry, but he is almost youthful in chairman of that committee during the fifty- ease, lightness and elasticity of step.' first congress and the author of the famous McKinley's marvelous powers of endurtariff bill which bears his name and which has ance have been mostly manifested in politimade his name familiar all over the civilized cal campaigns. It is said that during the last world. He was defeated for congress in 1890 five years he has spoken to more people than by J. G. Warwick by 363 votes.

any other living man during an equal length In 1891 Mr. McKinley was nominated for of time, an dit is also asserted he has dur. governor, the honor coming to him by unani-ing his life, made more speeches and admous choice. He was put in nomination by dressed a greater number of people than any ex-Governor Foraker at the state convention other

in the world. The secret of in Columbus. The campaign opened at Niles, McKinley's physical strength and vitality is McKinley's birthplace. There was a big po- his splendid constitution, good digestion and litical and industrial .parade, which was re ability to sleep under almost any conditions. viewed by the gubernatorial candidate from He comes of a hardy race, Scotch-Irish, and the veranda of the house in which he was his family is a healthy, robust, long lived born. From the day of his nomination until one. He lives plainly, and does not know his election he made 130 speeches and visited what excess means, although occasionally 86 out of the 88 counties in the state. In 1893 his doctor will advise him to place a closer he was again elected governor of Ohio by the limitation upon the number of cigars he largest vote ever given to a candidate, after a smokes a day. Gentleness and consideration campaign that was noted for its liveliness and for others are the distinguishing traits of sharp debates with his opponent, L. T. Neal, McKinley's character. For over a score of beginning at Akrou and going through the years he has been a devoted attendant upon state.

a delicate wife, who has exhibited heroic paGovernor McKinley took an active part in tience under suffering. the Republican national convention of 1892, Mr. McKinley's personal appearance is a he having privately and publicly expressed great aid to his power as a platform speaker. himself as in favor of the renomination of He always wears a black frock coat, closely President Harrison. He was elected a dele buttoned. His face is pąle, and he uncongate at large as a Harrison man, and the un- sciously assumes a statuesque pose. At first derstanding was that Ohio would vote solidly he is slow of utterance and low of voice. for the President's renomination. McKinley This is a method with him, for he believes was the permanent chairman of the convention, that he can only get the full strength of his and his speech in opening the proceedings was voice by reaching it gradually. As a rule set down as a masterful representation of the he makes but few gestures, but those he issues before the country in 1892. On the only does make are emphatic. When well into ballot 'taken for the nomination for President, his subject, and with an attentive audience, in spite of the fact that the Ohio delegation | his voice rings out clear and loud. was instructed for Harrison, McKinley re- His great platform work during the camceived 44 votes and Harrison 2. Notwithstand-paign of 1894 has become a matter of hising McKinley's challenging of the vote and a tory. Every part of the country demanded considerable debate, the only change which his presence, and beginning with September could be made was to increase his vote to 45, 25 and ending with November 2 of that year and thus it was recorded.

he made 371 speeches, at as many places in A writer on McKinley has recently said that the country. reaching from Indianapolis, Ind., 'physically he is somewhat of a paradox. Or- through that state, Missouri, Kansas, Iowa, dinarily he has very good health, and is ca- Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, pable of marvelous endurance, yet he takes Ohio, Kentucky, Louisiana, West Verginia, but little exercise. He possesses the family Pennsylvania, New York and ending at Akron, characteristic physically. Several times dur- Ohio. ing his gubernatorial term his physician at He made as many as twenty-three speeches Columbus prescribed amild dose of exercise, in one day, most of them of course being short. as a cure for malaria or indigestion. McKin- At Lincoln, Neb., there were among his hearley would take a walk around the state house ers 500 cowboys, who had ridden ninety miles and up a street for a square or so, a total dis- to hear him. Alt St. Paul there were several tance of, say half a mile, would return to his men in the audience who had traveled long hotel all in a glow. One would really think distances from their homes in Dakota to hear that he had performed quite a feat of pedes- him speak. So it was everywhere, men travtrianism. On these trips he always liked to eling long distances to listen to him. At New be accompanied by personal friends. The Orleans the enormous auditorium, built for fact is, a half mile walk seemed to have as the Fitzsimmons-Hall fight, seating over 12,000

people, was packed completely, and men and has gone into manufacturing and is the presiwomen were turned away unable to gain en- dent of several companies, in which he repretrance. Everywhere he was enthusiastically sents large financial interests, but does not received.

own much stock himself. He lives at PaterThe history of the tariff bill, of which he is son and may be considered the most public the acknowledged father, has been written. spirited and influential citizen of that place. His speeches in its advocacy have been record- He has a lovely home on the principal streeted. McKinley has always been consistently a large frame house three stories high, of the a strong protection ist.

old fashioned French style of architecture, On January 25, 1871, in the quaint old with a wide porch half way around it, a spaPresbyterian Church, in Canton, o., built al- cious yard, inclosed by a white picket fence, most entirely by her grandmother, Ida Sax- and a few fine shade trees. A recent addition ton, daughter of James A. Saxton, cashier of to the rear is an art gallery, with some fine the Canton bank, became the wife of Mr. pictures upon the walls, which is also used McKinley. She was at the time cashier .of as a ball room. Mrs. Hobart might be conher father's bank. During the fourteen years sidered the social leader of Paterson, and enin which her distinguished husband repre- tertains a great deal, but in an unostentatious sented the Eighteenth Ohio district in con- way. gress, her life was of a retired character, but

Mr. Hobart is a native of New Jersey, a in a quiet way she entertained many of her graduate of Rutgers college in the class of husband's friends and people became much '63, and went to Paterson to study law with attached to her. She was considered one of Socrates Tuttle, who for a time was the leader the belles of President Hayes' administra- of the bar in the northern part of the state. tion and was one of Mrs. Hayes' most inti. He soon became a partner, married Mr. Tutmate friends. The death of her mother, the tle's daughter and took the corporation busifirst great sorrow of her life, followed sixness of the firm in his hands. As counsel he months later by the death of her little naturally became a director in various comdaughter Ida, and then by that of her 3 year panies, and when they did not pay he generalold Katie, prostrated her, and since then she ly was appointed receiver or manager, so that has never known the happiness of perfect after a time he drifted out of the law into the health. During the last few years, however, active charge of manufacturing establishments Mrs. McKinley's health has greatly improved owned by his clients. He was receiver and and, though unable to take active exercise. afterward president of the New Jersey Midshe no longer finds it necessary to seclude land railway, the New York, Susquehanna and herself and is able to drive out, do shopping, Western, the Montclair railroad, the Jersey receive visitiors and take part in social City and Albany road and other small lines pleasures of a quiet character. The home at one time or another, and has reorganized life of Mr. and Mrs. McKinley has always them and put them on their feet or sold them been remarkable for devoted affection, one

out to other and stronger associations. He is to the other.

at present a director in several railways, inMr. McKinley is a member of the Methodist cluding the Lehigh Valley, and last December church, and has made many addresses before

was seleoted as an arbitrator to settle the religious gatherings, including speeches at the differences of the Joint Trafic association. He dedication of the Young Men's Christian as

is president of the local gas company, the sociation building at Youngstown, O., Septem- water company, a street railway company and ber 6, 1892; the general synod of the Lutheran

the First National bank, and is a director in church at Canton, O., May 27, 1893; the Ep

the great Barbour Thread

company, the worth league in Cleveland, June 30, 1893, and Pioneer Silk company and various other manuon July 13, 1894, before the great convention facturing corporations. of the Society of Christian Endeavor. His

Protest of the Silver Men. most recent appearance before a religious body was at the general conference of the Methodist

Following close upon the withdrawal of church in Cleveland during the month of May the silverites from the St. Louis convention, in this year.

headed by Senator Teller, this statement

was sent to the convention signed by SenGarrett A. Hobart's Career.

ators Teller of Colorado, Dubois of Idaho and Senator Garrett A. Hobart of New Jersey, Cannon of Utah, Congressman Hartman of the nominee for vice president of the Repub- Montana and Mr. Cleveland of Nevada as lican party, is a member of the national com

the representatives of their respective states mittee and was shown to be the choice of the

on the committee on resolutions: delegation from his state for second place on To Republican National Convention of the the ticket by a unanimous vote at a meeting

United States: in the headquarters of the New Jersey men

In announcing the purpose asserted in this at St. Louis on Monday last. He has been paper it is due to our constituents and to all along a pronounced advocate of McKinley ourselves that there shall be a public showfor the presidency, although several other in- ing of vindicating facts. The sole authorized fluential representatives of New Jersey at the expression of national Republican faith from convention have expressed a decided prefer- June 9, 1892, until the present date, has been ence for Reed. Hobart was prominently men

the platform adopted in national convention

at Minneapolis. Neither the utterances of tioned for vice president as early as Sunday state conventions the attitude of inlast in other quarters than in the gathering dividuals could change the tenor of that platplace of men from his own state and his form or abate the sanctity of its binding chances for the nomination grew brighter elected as

force. Every delegate to this convention was

its adherent and its advocate. every hour. He was supported by Quay. True, one of its most important paragraphs

Mr. Hobart was educated as a lawyer, but has been subjected to such a divergence of

nor

a

a

construction as to make its language unsat- | producers. Our creditors are nations of conisfactory during the intervening time and sumers. Any system of international or nadangerous, if continued in the future, but of tional finance which elevates the price of the intent contained within that language human product makes our burden lighter and there has never been a doubt. It is the right- gives promise of that day when it shall be ful province of this convention to revise the entirely lifted and our country freed finanparty tenets and to announce anew the party cially, as it is politically, from the dominapurpose. The majority of this convention tion of monarchy and foreign autocracy. Any in the exercise of such authority has this system of finance which tends to depreciate day made official enunciation of Republican the price of human productions, which we law and gospel. With much of the platform must sell abroad, but it so far adds to the we agree, believing that in many essential burden of our debt, and conveys a threat of particulars it compasses the needs of hu- the perpetual servitude of the producers of manity, affirms the maintenance of right and our debtor nation to the consumers of credproposes the just remedy for wrong. But it itor nations. To use it is a folly without a declares one elemental principal, not only in parallel that this country or any political direct contravention of the expression of party therein should deliberately accept a party faith in 1892, but in radical opposition money system which enriches others at our to our solemn conviction. We recognize that cost. History, philosophy, morals, all join in all matters of mere methods but just and with the commonest instinct of self-preservahelpful that the minority shall yield to the tion in demanding that the United States will of the majority, lest we have chaos in shall have a just and substantially unvarying parties and in government. But as no pro- standard, composed of all available gold and nouncement by majorities can change oppos- silver, and with it our country will progress ing knowledge or belief sincerely entertained, to financial enfranchisement. But with so it cannot oblige minorities to abandon or single gold standard the country will go on disavow their principles. Assuredly as it is to worse destruction; to continued falling requisite for peace and progress that minori- prices; until our people would become the ties shall yield to majorities in matters of hewers of wood and the drawers of water for mere methods, just so surely is it necessary the consumers in creditor nations of the for the same peace and porgress that minori- earth. To such an unholy end we will not lend ties shall not yield in matters of fundamental ourselves. Dear as has been the Republican truth.

name to us adherents, that name is not so dear The Republican platform 'of 1892 affirmed as the faith itself. And we do not sacrifice that the American people from tradition and one jot or title of the mighty principles by interest favored bimetallism and demanded which Republicanism has uplifted the world the use of both gold and silver as standard when we say that at the parting of the ways money. This was accepted as

declara

we cling to the faith, let the name go where tion in behalf of the principle upon which it will. We hold that this convention has serests the interests of every citizen and the ceded from the truth; that the triumph of safety of the United States. In such terms such secession would be the eventful destructhe platform was then satisfactory to the tion of our freedom and our civilization. To believers in bimetallism within our party; that end the people will not knowingly folonly because of equivocal construction and low any political party and we choose to take evasion has it_since been demonstrated to our place in the ranks of the great mass of be insufficient. The platform this day adopted citizens who realize that the hour has come in the national Republican party convention at for justice. Did we deem this issue less imSt. Louis says: “As the declaration of 1892 portant to humanity we would yield, since has been by a majority of the party con- the associations of all our political lives strued to justify a single gold standard for have been intertwined with the men and the our monetary basis, and as the recent trend measures of this party of past mighty achieveof the official power of the party has been ments. But the people cry aloud for relief; in that direction, we can but assume that they are bending beneath a burden growing the money plank of the new platform, being heavier with the passing hours; endeavor no much more favorable to perpetuate, gold longer brings its just reward; fearfulness monometallism will be determinedly used in takes the place of courage and despair usurps behalf of that idea. The Republican party the throne of hope and unless the laws of the has won its power and renown by pursuing country and the policies of political parties its purposes courageously and relentlessly. shall be converted into mediums of redress, It is, therefore, only in accordance with the the effect of human desperation may some party's history to assume that if it shall time be witnessed here as in other lands and

to present authority in the United in other ages. States it will crystalize into the law and

Accepting the fiat of this convention as the administration under this tempting platform present purpose of the party we 'withdraw the perpetual single gold standard in from this convention to return our constitufinances. This, if long continued, will mean ents the authority with which they invested the absolute ruin of the producers of the us, believing that we have better discharged country, and finally of the nation itself. The their trusts by this action which restores to American people not only favor bimetallism them authority unsullied than by giving cowfrom tradition and interest, but from that wise ardly and insincere indorsement to the greatinstinct which has always been manifest in est wrong ever willfully attempted within the the affairs of a people destined for the world's Republican party-once redeemer of the peoleadership. Under the operation of our great ple, but now about to become their oppressor, demand for advancement we have become to unless providentially restrained by the votes other nations the greatest debtor nation of of free men. the world. We pay vast charges, which every year accumulate against in the clear- | Silverite's Idress to the People of the ing house of the world with the

United States. money

the

world procured by the disposal

commodities in

the On June 19, after many of the state delemarkets of the world. We are a nation of gations had left St. Louis, the work of the

come

our

us

of

our

no

as

convention having been completed, the silver have been developments and achievements or bolters who had remained, met in secret ses

ease and comfort to the favored of mankind; in sion and after some discussion adopted and the still greater and more important domain of so

cial reform we have stood still or retrogressed. issued the following address:

It is not that the people have not felt the stir. To the People of the United States:

rings determination that this inaction has en. Obeying she call of duty and justified by the dured, but because of the rule of party which has common citizenship of this republic we address largely controlled men in and out of office. It has this communication to the people and the forth- become a source of reproach to any man that he coming convention of the United States. In doing should dare to renounce allegiance to organization.

we claim no authority or right other than Men have been expected to submit their views to which belongs to every man to express personal the dictation of conventions, although it is comoon viction, but we respectfully solicit the CO- mon knowledge that conventions have been swayed operation of al: who believe that the time has to views and declarations not the most approved come for a return to the simpler and more by the mass of the people nor progressive for their direct method of naming men for national service welfare, than has obtained in recent years.

We do not arrogate to ourselves one iota more Political party organization is necessary be- of intelligence, patriotism or courage than is poscause without it the individuall voter 14 dumb, sessed by any of our fellow citizens. But we feel bu the party is only the m s, not the end; that the time has come for the performance of a It is the voice and not the sense. As the world duty to this country, and, for our part, though advances in this' wonderful epoch of intellectual we shall stand alone, we will make an endeavor development and physical improvement there is in the direction of that duty. Parties may outlive 1 constant requirement for better things.

The their usefulness; the truth never becomes obsoindividual feels that requirement and needs it, lete. Every generation of free men has the right or he fails in life's endeavor. Parties must also to afirm the truths of past knowledge and present obey the same law. It follows, therefore, that the acquirements, and if the enforcement of these moment a party shall choose to stand still or

truths shall make necessary a departure from retrogress it is no longer efficient to achieve party organization, the people have this right and the end to which the people are necessarily will exercise it until old parties shall return to destined. There is sanctity in mere party

the truth or new parties shall be created to effect names and the mark of decay is set on individ- it into law. ual strength in a nation when the absolute If the voices which have sounded to us from rule of politica. organization coerces from the every state in this Union are an indication of the truth for the sake of expediency and establishes real feeling this year is the appointed time for insincere submission to partisan rule for the sake the people to

assert

themselves through such of power.

mediums may

give best promise of the Recognizing the value of the splendid achieve achievement of justice. But whether we are misments of the political parties in this country, as taken or not concerning the general sentiment in elsewhere, we are yet constrained to believe that the United States, we have not mistaken our for more than twenty years no one of them has own duty in withdrawing from the Republican been entirely sufficient for the needs of the people.

convention, feeling it is better to be right and The great trend to better things, resting in the

with the minority in apparent defeat than to be heart and purpose of all men, has been stayed wrong with the majority in apparent triumph. during the latter part of this generation by the We hold that in the great work of social evolufailure of the parties to express in their achieve

tion in this country monetary reform stands as ments the highest hope and aspiration of the mass the first requisite. No policy, however promising of the people who constitute the parties. And there

of good results, can take its place. Continuation has been growing in this country-swelling with during the next four years upon the present each recurrence of national election-a great mass financial sy'stem will bring down upon

the of independent thinkers and voters, which falling

American people that cloud of impending evil, to within itself to control, has gravitated between the

avert which should be the first thought of statestwo great parties. Since 1872 (excepting, possibly men and the first prayer of patriots. Our very the election of 1876) the pendulum has swung from institutions are at stake. To-day, with the rapside to side with each four years. In 1872 the Re

idly increasing population, with widely swelling publican party elected the President; in 1876 the demands, the basis of our money is relatively Democracy claimed the eleotion; in 1880 the Re.

contracting, and the people are passing into a publican party elected; in 1884 the Democrats elect

servitude all the more dangerous because it is ed; in 1888 the Republicans elected; in 1892 the

not physically apparent. The nation itself, as to Democrats elected; in 1896 (until within a few

other nations, is losing the steady courage which weeks) it has been conceded that the Republicans

could make it defiant in the face of injustice and would elect. What has been the cause of this internal wrong. From the farmer and the tradesmighty oscillation of a mass which this year has

man to the government there is apparent the probably obtained controlling proportions? Every shrinking from giving offense, lest the vengeance man can answer to himself. If he has been an ob- of some offended financial power should descend. server, if he has had interests that were affected. The business man submits some portion of his if he has felt a hope to see greater justice done judgment and his will, and the nation submits and has seen that hope blasted, if he knows that

some portion of its international right lest some the general disaffection has arisen from the fact

mighty foreign creditor shall make destructive that the party promises made were broken to the

demands. Where will all this end if the people people by party performance, he knows that so shall decline to assert themselves. Where will it soon as the election was over and successful candi-end if the older parties in the determination to dates installed, they became the servitors of the maintain themselves in power for power's sake party and the advocates of a narrow and non- alone shall refuse to recognize the right and the progreusive policy;within which alon. these seemed hope of humanity? The country cannot much to be an assurance of selfish safety and partisan longer exist free and independent against all approval. During all this period we have lacked a the rest of the world, nor can its people much great constructive administration. No new social longer be free in the noblest sense of the term truth has been put forward in an effective way. if the United States, a debtor nation, shall follow While in all the departments of physical life there a policy dictated by creditor nations. We produce

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