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all of the necessaries of life. Other nations con- to the people the name of a man for the presisume our product. In the race for existence it is dency of the United States whose life in public and a constant struggle between producer and con- in private represents those distinguished virtues sumer. Our present system of money deliberately which adorned the day and the deeds of the submits to the desire and the profit of creditor earlier times of this republic; a return to which nations, leaving us in the mass, and as individuals virtues is requisite for the prosperity and contentA prey to the money gathering and the deadly
ment of the people and the perpetuity and comCheapening of the old world. As the debt to cred- manding example of free institutions. That name itors abroad increases on the mass of the na
is Henry M. Teller-a man of the people and for tion the price of human production on the farm
the people. He is of no section. His experience and and in the workshop is decreased with appaliing service, his devotion to the common justice and rapidity exacting more and more toil from our
the common cause of his fellow citizens has been citizens to meet the given demand and holding
as wide as the country. We believe that the people over their heads a threat of the day when con
of the United States have in their hearts, as he Ascation to meet their obligations will leave
has had, their interests in his purpose through all them bare and defenseless. The only remedy is
the work of an exalted life. to stop falling prices-the deadliest curse
It is not merely as the exponent of monetary reof national life. Prices never will cease falling
form that we present this man to the people. It under the single gold standard. The restoration
is true that he has waged a mighty war for the of bimetallism by this country will double che
restoration of the money of the constitution, and basis of our money system. In time it will double
his name has been identified as that of no other the stock of primary money of the world-will living man with this great cause. But had his stop falling prices and steadily elevate them until
services been less demanded and less noticed in they will regain their normal relation to the vol
this direction, the people would still have recogume of debts and credits in tne world. Bimetal
nized in him for other labors a statesman of the lism will help to bring about the great hope of
purest type. H13 only poverty has been that of every social reformer, every believer in the ad
purse; in all things else in the generosities of vancement of the race who realizes that the in
man to man, in kindliness of deeds for his felstability of prices has been the deadly foe of our
lows and in the study and the doing of a mighty toilers and the servant of the foreign interest
he has been one of the most opulent gatherer. Bimetallism will help to bring the time
American citizens of any age. In submitting this. when a certain expenditure of human toil will
name to the people we remind them that just a produce a certain financial result. Who among
generation ago, from the heart of the boundless the great masses of our people in the United States
West and touched by the finger of God, there but feels that his lot would be made better, his
arose an emancipator who was powerful in the aspiration take new wings if he could know in
work of human deliverance. By his wisdom and the performance of his labor what would be the price of his product? Is not this purpose worth the
courage, providentially directed, millions were set
free and the nation kept in its holy Union. If attention of the people as individuals and worth the
others shall see this opportunity as we see it, if attention of political conventions yet to be held in
our fellow citizens shall see this duty as we see this year 1896? Is not this so great an end that
it, that sublime history may be repeated and anall who believe in the possibility of attaining it
other man, clothed in the majesty of devotion to by the means proposed can yield something of
the race, will be lifted to power, where, by his their partisanship both in conventions and at the
wisdom and courage, providentially directed, more polls? It is in the hope that the masses and
millions may be made free of chains as galling as the remaining convention will have the courage
those of actual slavery, and the nation may be and the generosity to unite for this purpose that
preserved in the unity of its mission to the world. we have dared to offer our views to the people of the United States, and because in the past The address was signed by Fred T. Dubois, there has lacked a rallying point for he masses S. F. Pettigrew, Frank J. Cannon, Charles who hold as we do to this belief, we venture an
H. Hartman, Benjamin E. Rich, Clarence E. act trusting it will be received in the same spirit of conciliation, concession and hope with which Allen, A. S. Robertson, A. C. Cleveland, we put it forth.
Willis Sweet, Amasa B. Campbell, Archie M. We have endeavored in a plain way to set the Stevenson, Enoch Strether, James M. Downmatter before the eyes of our iellow citizens. We ing, Charles H. Brickenstein, Thomas Kerne, invoke the union of all man and all parties who c. J. Hart, Littlejohn Price, Jacob J. Elliott, believe that the time has come for the triumph of justice. It is an hour when the people may speak 0. J. Salisbury, J. B. Overton, Frank C. for themselves as individuals and through con
Goudy, John F. Vivian, J. W. Rockfeller, ventions yet to be held. It is the right of every Robert W. Boyne, John F. Williams, L. M. to indica his preference. W
Earl. view we offer to the forthcoming conventions and
THE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION.
It had become evident long before the
Vote on Platform. holding of the Democratic convention
Ayes. Noes. Alabama
22 Chicago that the silver forces had waxed Arkansas
16 strong and controlling. The exact strength
8 of the divided forces on the financial issue Connecticut became known when the vote was taken on
5 Senator Hill's motion to substitute the res- Georgia
26 olution of the minority for that of the ma
48 jority on the money plank. The yea vote Indiana
30 was for the gold, or in favor of the minority Iowa
20 substitute resolution, and the nay vote was Kentucky
26 for silver:
10 State. Nay. Yea. Maryland
3 New Hampshire Georgia
New York 6
North Carolina Illinois
5 West Virginia
Oklahoma New Hampshire
8 | Indian Territory New Jersey
20 New Mexico New York
301 North Carolina
Not voting, 1. North Dakota
The platform adopted by the vote so taken Pennsylvania
was as follows: Rhode Island
We, the Democrats of the United States, in South Carolina
national convention assembled, do reaffirm South Dakota
our allegiance to those great essential princiTennessee
ples of justice and liberty upon which our inTexas
stitutions are founded, and which the DemoUtah
cratic party has advocated from Jefferson's Vermont
8 time to our own-freedom of speech, freedom Virginia
of the press, freedom of conscience, the preWashington
3 servation of personal rights, the equality of West Virginia
all citizens before the law and the faithful ob· Wisconsin
24 servance of constitutional limitations. Wyoming
During all these years the Democratic party Alaska
6 has resisted the tendency of selfish interests Arizona
to the centralization of governmental power, District of Columbia.
4 2 and steadfastly maintained the integrity of Oklahoma
the dual scheme of government established by Indian Territory
the founders of this republic of republics. New Mexico
Under its guidance and teachings the great
principle of local self government has found Total
626 303 its best expression in the maintenance of the Not voting-1.
rights of the states and in its assertion of the
necessity of confining the general government The vote on the silver platform resulted as
to the exercise of powers granted by the confollows:
stitution of the United States.
21:::::ai: c: 00:
THE FINANCIAL PLANK.
prived the producers of the great American Recognizing that the money question is staples of access to their natural markets. paramount to all others at this time, we in- Until the money question is settled we are vite attention to the fact that the constitution opposed to any agitation for further changes names silver and gold together as the money in our tariff laws, except such as are necessary metals of the United States, and that the to meet the deficit in revenue caused by the first coinage law passed by congress under the adverse decision of the supreme court on the constitution made the silver dollar the money
income tax. But for this decision by the suunit and admitted gold to free coinage at a preme court there would be no deficit in the ratio based upon the silver dollar unit.
revenue under the law passed by a Democratic We declare that the act of 1873, demone- congress in strict pursuance of the uniform tizing silver without the knowledge or ap
decisions of that court for nearly one hundred proval of the American people, bas resulted years, that court having in that decision susin the appreciation of gold and a correspond- tained constitutional objections to its enacting fall in the prices of commodities produced ment which had previously been overruled by the people; a heavy increase in the burden by the ablest judges who have ever sat on of taxation and of all debts, public and pri
that bench. We declare that it is the duty of vate; the enrichment of the money lending congress to use all the constitutional power class at home and abroad; the prostration of which remains after that decision, or which industry and impoverishment of the people.
may come from its reversal by the court as it We are unalterably opposed to monometal- may hereafter be constituted, so that the burlism, which has locked fast the prosperity of dens of taxation may be equally and imparan industrial people in the paralysis of hard tially laid to the end that wealth may bear its times. Gold monometallism is a British due proportion of the expenses of the govern
ment. policy and its adoption has brought other nations into financial servitude to London. It is
PAUPER LABOR IMPORTATION. not only un-American, but anti-American, We hold that the most efficient way of proand it can be fastened on the United States tecting American labor is to prevent the imonly by the stifling of that indomitable spirit portation of foreign pauper labor to compete and love of liberty which proclaimed our polit- with it in the home market and that the value ical independence in 1776 and won it in the of the home market to our American farmers war of the revolution.
and artisans is greatly reduced by a vicious We demand the free and unlimited coinage monetary system which depresses the prices of both gold and silver at the present legal of their products below the cost of producratio of 16 to 1, without waiting for the aid ortion and thus deprives them of the means consent of any other nation. We demand
of purchasing the products from our home that the standard silver dollar shall be a full
manufacturers. legal tender, equally with gold for all debts, public and private, and we favor such legis
TRUSTS AND POOLS, lation as will prevent for the future the de- : The absorption of wealth by the few, the monetization of any kind of legal tender consolidation of our leading railroad systems money by private contract.
and the formation of trusts and pools require We are opposed to the policy and practice a stricter control by the federal government of surrendering to the holders of the obliga of those arteries of commerce. We demand tions of the United States the option reserved the enlargement of the powers of the interby law to the government of redeeming such state commerce commission and such obligations in either silver coin or gold coin. strictions and guarantees in the control of
We are opposed to the issuing of interest railroads as will protect the people from robbearing bonds of the United States in time bery and oppression. of peace and condemn the trafficking with
WASTE OF PUBLIC MONEY DEPLORED. banking syndicates which, in exchange for bands and at an enormous profit to them- We denounce the profligate waste of the selves, supply the federal treasury with gold money wrung from the people by oppressive to maintain the policy of gold monometallism. taxation and the lavish appropriations of re
Congress alone has the power to coin and cent Republican congresses which have kept issue money and President Jackson declared taxes high while the labor that pays them is that this power could not be delegated to unemployed and the products of the people's corporations or individuals. We, therefore, toil are depressed in price till they no longer demand that the power to issue notes to cir- repay the cost of production. We demand culate as money be taken from the national a return to that simplicity and economy banks and that all paper money shall be is- which 'befits a Democratic government and a sued directly by the treasury department, be reduction in the number of seless offices the redeemable in coin and receivable for all salaries of which drain the substance of the debts public and private.
people. THE TARIFF PLANK.
ALTGELD'S ANTI-CLEVELAND PLANK. We hold that tariff duties should be levied We denounce arbitrary interference by fedfor purposes of revenue, such duties to be so eral authorities in local affairs as a violation adjusted as to operate equally throughout of the constitution of the United States and a the country and not discriminate between crime against free institutions and we especlass or section; and that taxation should be cially object to government by injunction as limited by the needs of the government, hon- a new and highly dangerous form of oppresestly and economically administered. We de- sion by which federal judges in contempt of nounce as disturbing to business the Repub- the laws of the states and rights of citizens, lican threat to restore the McKinley law, become at once legislators, judges and execuwhich has twice been condemned by the peo- tioners, and we approve the bill passed at the ple in national elections, and which, enacted last session of the United States senate and under the false plea of protection to home in- now pending in the house of representatives dustries, proved a prolific breeder of trusts relative to contempts in federal courts and and monopolies, enriched the few at the ex- providing for trials by jury in certain cases of pense of the many, restricted trade and de-'contempt.
No discrimination should be indulged by | speech to which he owed his subsequent the government of the United States in favor
nomination for President of the United of any of its debtors. We approve of the re
States. fusal of the Fifty-third congress to pass the Pacific railroad funding bill and denounce the
"Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the conefforts of the present Republican congress to vention-I would be presumptious, indeed, to enact, a similar measure.
present myself against the distinguished genRecognizing the just claims of deserving tleman to whom you have listened, if this were Union soldiers, we heartily indorse the rule of the present commissioner of pensions that but a measuring of ability, but this is not a no names shall be arbitrarily dropped from contest among persons. The humblest citizen the pension roll and the fact of enlistment in all the land, when clad in the armor of a and service should be deemed conclusive evidence against disease or disability before
righteous cause, is stronger than all the whole enlistment.
hosts of error that they can bring. I come to ADMISSION OF TERRITORIES.
speak to you in defense of a cause as holy as We favor the admission of the territories (Loud applause.) When this debate is con
the cause of liberty, the cause of humanity. of New Mexico and Arizona into the Union as cluded a motion will be made to lay upon the states, and we favor the early admission of all table the resolution offered in commendation the territories having the necessary popula. tion and resource to entitle them to statehood | in condemnation of the administration. I
of the administration, and also the resolution and while they remain territories we hold that shall object to bringing this question down to the officials appointed to administer the government of any territory, together with the a level of persons. The individual is an atom: District of Columbia and Alaska, should be he is born, he acts, he dies, but principles are bona fide residents of the territory or district eternal and this has been a contest of prinin which the duties are to be performed. The ciple. Never before in the history of this Democratic party believes in home rule and country has there been witnessed such a conthat all public lands of the United States test as that through which we have passed. should be appropriated to the establishment Never before in the history of American pol. of free homes for American citizens.
itics has a great issue been fought out as this commend that the territory of Alaska be issue has been by the voters themselves. On granted a delegate in congress and that the the 4th of March, 1895, a few Democrats, most general land and timber laws of the United of them members of congress, issued an adStates be extended to said territory.
dress to the Democrats of the nation asserting We extend our sympathy to the people of that the money question was the paramount Cuba in their heroic struggle for liberty and issue of the hour, asserting also the right of a independence.
majority of the Democratic party to control We are opposed to life tenure in the public the position of the party on this paramount service. We favor appointments based upon issue, concluding with the request that all bemerit, fixed terms of office, and such an ad- lievers in free coinage of silver in the Demministration of the civil service laws as will ocratic party should organize and take charge afford equal opportunities to all citizens of of and control the policy of the Democratic ascertained fitness.
party. Three months later, at Memphis, an
organization was perfected and the silver DemAGAINST A THIRD TERM.
ocrats went forth openly and boldly and courWe declare it to be the unwritten law of ageously proclaiming their belief, and declarthis republic, established by custom and usage ing that if successful they would crystallize in of one hundred years and sanctioned by the a platform the declaration which they had examples of the greatest and wisest of those made; and then began the conflict with a zeal who founded and have maintained our gov- approaching the zeal which inspired the Cruernment, that no man should be eligible for saders who followed Peter the Hermit. Our a third term of the presidential office.
silver Democrats went forth from victory unto IMPROVEMENT OF WATERWAYS.
victory until they are assembled now, not to The federal government should care for and discuss, not to debate, but to enter the judgimprove the Mississippi river and other great ment rendered by the plain people of this waterways of the republic, so as to secure for country. (Applause.) the interior states easy and cheap transporta
“In this contest brother has been arrayed tion to tidewater. When any waterway of against brother and father against father. the republic is of sufficient importance to de- The warmest ties of love and acquaintance mand aid of the government, such aid should and association have been disregarded. Old be extended upon a definite plan of continu- leaders have been cast aside when they re
work until permanent improvement is fused to give expression to the sentiments of secured.
those whom they would lead, and new leaders THE APPEAL.
have sprung up to give direction to this cause Confiding in the justice of our cause and
of truth. (Cheers.) the necessity of its success at the polls, we
“Thus has the contest been waged, and we submit the foregoing declaration of principles have assembled here under as binding and
solemn instructions as and purposes to the considerate judgment of
ever fastened the American people. We invite the support upon the representatives of a people. We do of all citizens who approve them and who not come as individuals. Why, as individuals desire to have them made effective through
we might have been glad to compliment tbe legislation for the relief of the people and the gentleman from New York (Senator Hill). But restoration of the country's prosperity.
we knew that the people for whom we speak
would never be willing to put him in a posiWilliam J. Bryan's Speech.
tion where he could thwart the will of the It was in the course of the debate which Democratic party. (Cheers.) I say it was not preceded the adoption of the platform that principle, and it is not with gladness, my
a question of persons; it was a question of William J. Bryan of Nebraska made the friends, that we find ourselves brought into