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ARTHUR SEWALL OF MAINE, Democratic Nominee for Vice President of the United States.


Bland ......

Harrity of Pennsylvania received 3 votes from Delaware and 8 from Rhode Island.

Nine votes of Massachusetts cast for G. Fred Williams of Massachusetts.

One vote of Pennsylvania cast for Pattison of Pennsylvania.

Boies ......


Bryan ..... TIROL

Pattison ...:::::

Not Voting. ::::





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Not Voting .....::::



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Bryan's Career.
West Virginia.

William Jennings Bryan was born in Salem, Wisconsin

19 Wyoming

Marion county, Ill., on March 19, 1860. At the Territories.

age of 15 he entered Whipple academy at Alaska Arizona


Jacksonville; in 1877 he entered Illinois colDistrict of Columbia..


lege, and graduated valedictorian in 1881. New Mexico. Oklahoma

For the next two years he attended the Union Indian

Law college, Chicago, studying in the office of Total

106 26 31 500 95 261 Lyman Trumbull. After graduation he began The scattering votes were: Stevenson, 2 from

practice at Jacksonville. Massachusetts, 2 from Minnsota, 2 from North In 1887 he removed to Lincoln, Neb., and Dakota and 2 from West Virginia; Turpie, 1 from

became a member of the law firm of Talbot West Virginia; Hill, 1 from Massachusetts. Arthur Sewall of Maine Named for First Nebraska district in 1890 over W. J.

& Bryan. He was elected to congress in the Vice President.

Connell of Omaha, and was re-elected in 1892 The name of Arthur Sewall of Maine was

over Allen W. Field of Lincoln. In 1894 Mr. placed before the convention as nominee for vice president by William R. Burke of Cali- Bryan declined a third nomination, and was. fornia and seconded by C. S. Thomas of nominated by the Democrat state convention Colorado. There were five ballots taken, the for United States senator by the unanimous

vote of the convention. last and decisive one being as follows:

The Republicans,

however, had a majority in the legislature, Vote for Vice President.

and Bryan was defeated for the senatorship. Since Mr. Bryan's congress term expired he has given his time exclusively to spreading the doctrine of free silver.

He first appeared in the political arena of Nebraska in the campaign of 1888, when he stumped the First district for J. Sterling Morton, nominee for congress. The same year he

declined a nomination for lieutenant govAlabama


ernor. On July 30, 1890, he was nominated for Arkansas

congress and wrote a platform on which he California

16 2

ran. Nobody but himself thought he could be Colorado

8 Connecticut


elected. He stumped the district on the tariff Delaware

6 i

2 issue, and won fame as a political orator Florida

8 8

throughout the state. This beautiful lanGeorgia


guage has been used by an admirer to deIdaho

6 Illinois


scribe his graces as an orator: Indiana


“Bryan neglects none of the accessories of Iowa


oratory. Nature richly dowered him with Kansas


rare grace. He is happy in attitude and pose. Kentucky

26 Louisiana


His gestures are on Hogarth's line of beauty. Maine


Mellifluous is the word that most aptly deMaryland


7 scribes his voice. It is strong enough to be Massachusetts

21 heard by thousands; it is sweet enough to Michigan

28 Minnesota


7 charm those least inclined to music. It is so Mississippi


modulated as not to vex the ear with monotMissouri


opy, and can be stern or pathetic, fierce or Montana


gentle, serious or humorous with the varyingNebraska


emotions of its master. In his youth Bryan Nevada

6 New Hampshire


must have had a skillful teacher in elocution New Jersey

20 and must have been a docile pupil. He enNew York

72 riches his speeches with illustrations from. North Carolina

the classics or from the common occurrences North Dakota Ohio


of every day life with equal felicity and facil-. Oregon

ity. Some passages from his orations are: Pennsylvania



gems and are being used as declamations by Rhode Island

boys at school. But his crowning gift as an South Carolina


8 South Dakota

orator is his evident sincérity. He is candorTennessee


incarnate and thoroughly believes what he: Texas

says himself.” Utah

Exactly the impression of studied and hisVermont

8 Virginia

24 24

trionic insincerity is produced by him on Washington

8 8

strangers, not cronies, who listen to him. West Virginia

12 12

Mr. Bryan attracted considerable attention in Wisconsin

24 4


the house of representative during his first. Wyoming

6 District of Columbia..,.

term. He was placed on the ways and means Arizona

committee and made several tariff speeches. New Mexico


This made him quite prominent, and the TamOklahoma

many Hall society of New York invited him Indian Territory Alaska


to speak at its Independence day celebration.

in 1892. During Bryan's second term in con-Total

930 568 32 36 251' gress he became the chief lieutenant of Rich

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ard P. Bland and was recognized as one of since 1823, when William D. Sewall opened the free silver leaders. He again served in the small shipyard on the banks of the Kenthe ways and means committee and the claim nebec, next to the family homestead.

He is made that he was the first man to suggest was succeeded in business by Clark & Sethe income tax clause in the Wilson tariff wall. These two earlier firms built twentybill.

pine wooden vessels between 1823 and 1854. After his second term Mr. Bryan assumed The firm of E. and A. Sewall was dissolved: editorial charge of an Omaha paper, which ad- in 1879 by the death of Edward Sewall. This vocated free silver. He was a candidate for firm, in its twenty-four years of existence, senator from Nebraska, but John M. Thurs- had built forty-six wooden vessels. In 1879. ton was elected.

Arthur Sewall, his son, William D. Sewail, Mr. Bryan is a member of the Presbyterian and his nephew, Samuel S. Sewall, a son of church and quite prominent in Young Men's the late Edward Sewall, formed the firm of Christian association circles. In personal ap- Arthur Sewall & Co., which is still in expearance the Democratic nominee resembles

istence. This firm has built many woodeni to some extent the late Samuel J. Randall of vessels, among them being the Rappahan-Pennsylvania when the latter was of Bryan's nock-since burned at sea, the Shenandoah, age. He is well built and smooth faced. Mrs. Bryan's maiden name was Mary E. ships ever built and the Roanoke, the largest

the Susquehanna, three of the largest wooden Baird, who lived in a neighboring town in

wooden sailing vessel afloat. Illinois, called Perry, when Mr. Bryan mar

To meet the conditions of the present time ried her at the age of 24 years. After the birth of her first child Mrs. Bryan Arthur Sewall & Co. began some years ago

to equip their shipyard with a plant for studied law and was admitted to the bar. She did not practice law, however, but took making steel vessels. They built the first the course of study in order to keep up with steel American clipper, Dirigo.

Mr. Sewall was for many years prominent her husband.

as a railroad man. He became a director of Mr. Bryan lives well in a commodious

the Maine Central Railroad company in 1875, dwelling in the fashionable part of Lincoln. His family consists of Mrs. Bryan; Ruth, and in 1884 was elected its president, serving. aged 11; William J., jr., aged 6, and Grace in that capacity until the election of Mr. Wilaged 5. The study, in which both Mr. and

son several years ago. During this time

also president of the Mrs. Bryan have desks, is a very attractive Mr. Sewall was room. It is filled with books, statuary and Portland, Mount Desert and Machias Steammementoes of campaigns. There are busts or boat company. Mr. Sewall has been a direcportraits of noted men and there are two

tor of some of the branch lines of the Atchibutcher knives which Mr. Bryan used in the son, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad, a direccampaign with Field to rerute the latter's tor of the Mexican Central railway in 1884-5-6.. boast of the effects of high protection.

He is also president of the Bath National Last year Mr. Bryan was asked if he had bank. any aspirations looking to the White House Mr. Sewall came out for free coinage of sil-. and he said: “No, I have no wish to be a ver in June, 1895, a fact which contributed to presidential candidate, neither now nor in the refusal of his fellow delegates to Chicago the years to come. My whole thought now is to continue him on the national committee. Mr. centered on my family and my profession so Sewall was the Democratic candidate for Unitfar as my own personal desires go. I was

ed States senator at the session of the Mainebrought up in the country and I wish my legislature in 1893. Mr. Sewall has always made children to have some of the same rearing. his home at Bath. He married Emma Crooker They are now of the age when they need a of Bath, a daughter of the late Charles Crooker, father's care and I wish to get into practice who also was long and actively identified with. again, for I very much enjoy the law, which shipbuilding at Bath, on March 20, 1859, and has been necessarily abandoned during my has had three sons, Harold M., who achieved four years in Washington.”

distinction in the diplomatic service in Samoa Mr. Bryan's father was Silas L. Bryan, during the first Cleveland administration, and born in Culpepper county, Va., at the foot who has since joined the Republican party;. of the Blue Ridge mountains. He

William D., a member of the firm of Arthur Democrat. He came to Illinois when 18 years Sewall & Co., and Dumner, who died in infancy. of age and settled at Salem, graduating at The Sewalls are of an old and illustrious fam-McKendric college, Lebanon, as a lawyer. ily on both sides of the water. The first Amer

In 1852 he was elected state senator and ican Sewall came here in 1634, and was born served eight years. In 1860 he was elected ¡ in Coventry, England, in 1614, so that he was. circuit judge and served until 1872. He was

a young man to come into the wilderness. His a member of the constitutional convention of sons were Samuel, John, Stephen and Nicholas. 1870. He was a strong man and a finished Samuel was the judge of witchcraft fame. public speaker. He died in 1880.

John was the direct ancestor of the Sewalls in

Maine. Dumner Sewall, the grandfather of the Career of Arthur Sewall.

first shipbuilder, came to Bath from York,

which was also in the district of Maine,in 1762, Arthur Sewall, who


for and purchased the tract of land on which to vice president at Chicago by the Democrats, this day stands the Sewall yard and the houses, born at Bath, Me.,

November of the Sewall family. 25, 1835, and was the third son of the late large tract of the forest primeval on the banko

William D. Sewall owned the whole of this William D. Sewall. He was educated in the of the Kennebec, and in 1823 cut down some of public schools of Bath, and after an appren- the trees, sa wed them in a little mill and built. ticeship under his father, formed in 1854 the first ship to carry the Sewall flag. She was with his brother Edward, the firm of E. & A.

a brig of 196 tons burden and was launched on Sewall, ship builders and commission agents.

November 5, 1823.

Mr. Sewall has been a vigorous opponent of The Bath Sewalis have been closely identified the repeal of the present navigation law3. He with Bath's chief industry, shipbuilding, said in an interview late in 1894:






“Our steel and iron has become so cheap in , ver brought forth the following from the edi. cost and so good in quality that it leaves the tor of the Eastern Argus (Dem.) of Portland, British only the advantage of lower cost for Me., something over a year ago: labor, but as our labor is superior and our sys

"Mr. Sewall, Democratic National commit

teeman from Maine, does not represent the tem of buliding better, if we are allowed to

sentiment of the Democracy of this state in build tonnage five years longer we will build his approval of the action of the Illinois free as cheap as on the Clyde.

silver convention. There are silver Demo“But if for no other reason than keeping crats in Maine, and they are not despicable our flag afloat, the present navigation laws in point of numbers, but the great majority merit the support of every American citizen. of the party stands by the Cleveland adminWhy, it seems to me that it ought to be istration on this question, and holds that worth millions to us to have our flag carried free siiver coinage is unwise, unless underaround the world. From the patriotic stand- taken by international agreement. Most of point, aside from that of commercial ex- the silver inen in Maine belong to the Popupediency, I cannot see how the thought of an list party, though some are to be found in American flag flying over anything that is not both the Democratic and Republican ranks. American can fail to be offensive. No mat- Mr. Sewall's utterances have very little sigter what kind of a bill is passed by the friends niñcance to anybody but himself. It is a of the so-called 'Free Ship laws,' owners will long time since he voiced the sentiments of put their ships under which ever flag will the Maine Democracy. He is not in symbest suit their purposes, and so, in case of pathy with them on the tariff question or the war, the advantage will be wholly on the currency question or the free ship question. side of the foreign owner."

Noi a Democratic paper in Maine upholds Mr Sewall's attitude in regard to free silo' the silver heresy."


The prohibitionist national convention was and then Mr. Stevens withdrew his name and called to order in the city of Pittsbu on May Mr. Stewart took the chair. 27. The session was one of the most tumultu- The minority report on platform contained ous ones in the history of the party, the finan- this financial plank: cial question serving as the bone of contention and eventually leading to a bolt of 200 of ernment only and without the intervention of any

Resolved, That all money be issued by the gov.. the delegates. On the evening of May 28 the private citizen, corporation or banking institution.

It should be based upon the wealth, stability and convention nominated Joshua Levering of

integrity of the nation, and be a full legal tender Maryland for President and Hale Johnson of for all debts, public and private, and should be of

sufficient volume to meet the demands of the legitIllinois for vice president.

imate business interests in this country and for The platform finally adopted was confined to the purpose of honestly liquidating all our out

standing obligations payable in coin. We demand the issue of prohibition alone, the question of the free and unlimited coinage of silver and gold free silver and woman's suffrage having been at a ratio of 16 to 1 without consulting any other

ation. dropped.

It was the seventh national convention of The other points on which the minority asked the prohibition party. The temporary chair- action were: Preserving public lands from moman was A. A. Stevens of Tyrone, Pa. The re nopoly and speculation; government control bellion of the free silver minority broke out of railroads and telegraphs; favoring an inearly in the first session on the substitute mi- come tax and imposing only such import dunority nomination of Edward J. Wheeler for ties as are necessary to secure equitable comtemporary chairman. A scene of wild confu- mercial relations with other nations; favorsi'on and disorder followed, which subsided ing the adoption of the initiative and referenonly when Mr. Wheeler withdrew his name. dum as a means of obtaining free expression Again disorder came when the name of Oliver of the popular will. W, Stewart of Illinois was offered for perma- A heated debate and more disorder followed, nent chairman, and was met by the minority with the result that the platform finally adoptrecommending the continuance of Mr. Stev-ed contained nothing beyond the prohibition ens. For half an hour the wrangle continued, plank.


The national convention of the Populist of sixteen to one, without waiting for the conparty convened at St. Louis on July 22. The sent of foreign nations. sessions that followed up to Saturday even

3. We demand the volume of circulating meing were turbulent in the extreme, the bit- cient to meet the demands of the business and

dium be speedily increased to an amount suffiterest of sentiments having been engendered population and to restore the just level of by the middle of the road men who were op- prices of labor and production. posed to indorsing the Chicago ticket of the

4. We denounce the sale of bonds and the inDemocratic party.

crease of the public interest bearing debt made

by the present administration as unnecessary It was not until Saturday afternoon that and without authority of law, and demand that William J. Bryan, candidate on the Chicago no more bonds be issued except by specific act platform, was finally nominated over Colonel of congress. S. F. Norton of Illinois.

5. We demand such legislation as will preThe convention refused

venit the demonetization of the lawful money

to indorse Arthur Sewall, the Democratic candidate for

of the United States by private contract.

6. We demand that the government, in payvice president, and nominated Thomas Ed-ment of its obligations, shall use its option as ward Watson of Georgia for the office.

to the kind of lawful money in which they are The total vote on nominees for President to be paid, and we denounce the present and was 1,375, divided as follows: Bryan, 1,042; this option to the holders of government obli

preceding administrations for surrendering Norton, 321; Eugene V. Debs, 8; Ignatius gations. Donnelly, 3, and J. S. Coxey, 1.

7. We demand a graduated income tax, to the

end that aggregated wealth shall bear its just Populist Platform.

proportion of taxation, and we regard the reThe platform adopted by the convention the income tax law as a misinterpretation of

cent decision of the supreme court relative to was as follows: The people's party, assembled in national ful powers of congress over the subject of.

the constitution and an invasion of the rightconvention, reaffirms its allegiance to the principles declared by the founders of the

taxation. republic, and also to the fundamental princi-established by the government for the safe de

8. We demand that postal savings banks be ples of just government as enunciated in the posit of the savings of the people and to facil platform of the party in 1892. We recognize that, through the connivance of the present

tate exchange. and preceding administrations, the country

Railways and Telegraph. has reached a crisis in its national life, as predicted in our declaration four years ago,

1. Transportation being a means of exand that prompt and patriotic action is the change and a public necessity, the governsupreme duty of the hour.

menit should own and operate the railroads We realize that while we have political in the interest of the people and on a nonindependence, our financial and industrial partisan basis, to the end that all may be acindependence is yet to be attained by restor-corded

the same treatment i'n transportaing to our country the constitutional con- tion, and that the tyranny and political powtrol and exercise of the functions necessary

er now exercised by the great railroad corto a people's government, which functions porations, which result in the impairment, have been basely surrendered by our public if not the destruction, of the political rights servants to corporate monopolies. The influ- and personal liberties of the citizen, may be ence of European money changers has been I destroyed. Such ownership is to be accom

in more potent in shaping legislation than the plished gradually

manner consistent voice of the American people. Executive with sound public policy. power and patronage have been used to cor

2. The interest of the United States in the rupt our legislatures and defeat the will of public high ways built with public moneys, the people, and plutocracy has thereby been and the proceeds of extensive granits of land

the enthroned upon the ruins of democracy. Toto


Pacific railroads, should never restore the government intended by the fath-alienated, mortgaged or sold, but guarded ers, and for the welfare and prosperity of and protected for the general welfare, as prothis and future generations, we demand the vided by the laws organizing such railroads. establishment of an economic and financial | The foreclosure of existing liens of the United system which shall make us masters of our States on these roads should at once follow own affairs and independent of European con- default in the payment thereof by the debttrol, by the adoption of the following

or companies; and at the foreclosure sales

of said roads the government shall purchase Declaration of Principles.

the same if it becomes necessary to protect

its interests therein, or if they can be pur1. We demand a national money, safe and chased at a reasonable price; and the governsound, issued by the general government only ment shall operate said railroads as public without the intervention of banks of issue, to high ways for the benefit of the whole people, be a full legal tender for all debts, public and and not in the interest of the few, under private; a just, equitable and efficient means suitable provisions for protection of life and of distribution direct

the people and property, giving to all transportation interthrough the lawful disbursements of the gov- ests equal privileges and equal rates for fares .ernment.

and freights. 2. We demand the free and unrestricted coin- 3. We denounce the present infamous schemes age of silver and gold at the present legal ratio for refunding these debts, and demand that





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