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and trade, will ever agree to open her mints | binding on my conscience. I believe the adoption to the coinage of silver? Or that we shall open of the gold standard will produce hardships ours? We are the great debtor nation of the and increase distress and that no legislation world. Great Britain is the great creditor. We touching the tariff can remove the difficulties pay for every millions and hundreds of mill- | that now, all admit, prevail in this land. I tons of dollars as income on her investment in believe that the whole welfare of my race is this country and on her loans. The gold stand-dependent upon a rightful solution of this ard, in my judgment, lowers prices and de- question; that the morality, the civilization; creases values. And she buys of us millions nay, the very religion of my country is at and millions more than she sells us. She buys stake in this contest. I know, and you know, upon a gold standard, a lowering and depre- that men in distress are neither patriotic nor ciating standard. How long do you think it brave. You and I know that hunger and will be before she will agree to a system of distress will destroy patriotism and love of values that raises the price of the farm pro- country.” duct or the products of our mines in this "To have love of country, patriotic fervor country? It is a solemn declaration that the and independence, you must have your citiRepublican party intends to maintain low
zens comfortably fed and comfortably prices and stagnated business for all time to clothed. That is what made me a Repubcome. (Cheers from the silver states.)
lican; that is what has made me
a Re“There is a beautiful provison in the plat- publican during all hese years, because I form about the tariff. I subscribe to that. believed that the Republican party was made (Applause and cheers from all over the house.) | for the good of men; that its legislation was I believe in a protective tariff. (More ap- intended to lift up and elevate and hold up plause.) I have advocated it for forty years and sustain the distressed and give every (applause), but it is my solemn conviction that citizen opportunities before the law. (APa protective tariff cannot be maintained upon plause.) I do not believe that it can be a gold standard. (Applause and cheers from had with the gold standard. You may doubt the silver people.) The tariff of protection my argument and many of you will, but principles is for the raising of prices of human shall I doubt it? I must act upon my judgtoil, it is for the good of the producers, for ment and not upon yours. I must answer to their labors. The gold standard, on the con- my conscience and not my neighbors'. I trary, everywhere that it is enforced, is much must do my duty as it is presented to me for the purpose of reducing values.
and not as presented to you. I say to you “Now gentlemen of the convention, I am now that with the solemn conviction upon going to make this simple objection as to the me that this gold plank means ultimate disprotective system-that it is in danger and laster and distress to my followers, I cannot will call your attention to the other fact and subscribe to it, ana if adopted, I must, as an then I leave it to your judgment whether this honest man, sever my connection with the platform shall be adopted or rejected. Under political organization which makes the gold existing conditions we undoubtedly have the standard one of the main articles of its gold standard. I do not deny that I have principles. (Applause.) I repeat here what sought for twenty years to change it to the I said yesterday in the committee, I would bi-metallic system. I have believed and yet not, upon my judgment alone, carefully as I believe that when the Almighty created these have attempted to prepare it, dare to take metals he intended that the world should use this step alone. them for what they were created. (Applause “My friends, I am sustained in my view of from silver men.) And when he blessed this the danger that is coming to us and coming land with more gold and more silver than any to the world by the adoption of the gold other country he meant that we should use standard, by the intelligence of the world. them for the purposes for which they were in- They may say that the silver question is dead. tended, to wit: The use of the people as stand. Let me tell you that the best part of the ard money.
We to-day reverse the positions of world is with the advocates of bimetallism. our country and declare we will use only one. All the great political teachers of Europe, If the American people are in favor of that, with the exception of five cr six, are the I have nothing to say. I must submit to the pronounjed advocates of bimetallism-unremajority vote and the majority voice in this strained bimetallism. All the great teachers country of ours. I do not believe this party of political ecomony in the European colleges of ours. if it could be polled, is in favor of without exception are in favor of bimetallism. the gold standard. I helieve that 50 per cent. My own judgment, based, as I have said to of the people are in favor of bimetallism of you, on careful preparation and careful study the old fashioned system that existed in this for twenty years, bears me out and puts me country up tn 1873.
in accord with them, and I would be recreant “Mr. President and gentlemen of the conven- to my trust if I failed to protest here, and it tion, I promised that I would take but a few I failed when the Republican party makes minutes, and I believe I am allowed only a this one rf the tenets of its faith. to sever my few in which I can rapidly address you. But connection with that party. (Applause and I want to say a few things that may seem tn cries of 'No.') you to be personal and that they ought not Mr. President. I ask your kind permission to be introduced in an audience like this. I to say a few things personal to myself, and must beg your indulgence if I seem to tran- when I have said them. having told you what scend the proprieties of this occasion, if I my conscience demands that I should do, I shall say something personal of myself.
will leave this question for y-ur consideration. “I have formed my convictions on this Do you suppose that myself and my associgreat question after twenty years of study. ates who act with me and take the same view after twenty years of careful thought and of this question that I do-do you suppose careful reading. I have been trained in a that we can take this step without distress? school that it seems to me ought to fit me Do you suppose that we could take it for any fairly well for reaching just conclusions from personal advantage or any honor that could established facts. I have formed my conclu- be conferred upon us? We say it is a quessions to such an extent that it has become 'tion of duty. You may nominate in this con
24 30 6 8
8 12 24 6
and 11012 nays.
vention any man you choose-if you nominate Siate.
Vote. Yeas, Nays. the right kind of platform I will vote for
Texas him. You may take any methods to nominate Utan him that you think proper. I will defer to Vermont your judgment and support him if the plat
Washington form is a right one; but when you ask me to West Virginia surrender to you my principles, as an honest Wisconsin man, I cannot do that. I realize what it will Wyoming cost. I realize the gibes and sneers and the
New Mexico contumely that will be heaped upon it; but, Oklahoma my fellow citizens, I have been through this Indian Territory before-before the political party to which District of Columbia.
Alaska you belong had a being. I have advocated a cause more unpopular than the silver cause. Total
923 81212 11012 I have stood for
the doctrine of
The total vote was 923; divided, 81242 yeas; free homes and free speech, I do rot care what may be the result. If
Senator Teller and his fellow members then it takes me out of political life, I will go out with a feeling that manhood and my con
retired from the convention, which promptly science is clear and that my country will proceeded to adopt the platform as follows: have no right to find fault with me. (Cheers.) “I beg your pardon for saying things so
The Republican Platform. personal, but yet if a personal act that to
The Republicans of the United States, assome implies perfidy and dishonor, is about to sembled by their representatives in national be taken, I think it but just to myself, and convention, appealing for the popular and hismy associates, that I should proclaim to you torical justification of their claims to the that we may take this step not in anger, not in matchless achievements of thirty years of Repique, not because we dislike the nominee publican rule, earnestly and confidently adprospectively or otherwise, but because our dress themselves to the awakened intelliconscience requires, as honest men, that we gences, experience and conscience of their should make this sacrifice, for sacrifice we feel countrymen in the following declaration of that it is.
facts and principles: “Thanking you, gentlemen, for your kind
For the first time since the civil war the attention, retiring from you as i do per- American people have witnessed the calamhaps never again to have the opportunity of ad- itous consequences of a full and unrestricted dressing a Republican convention, I cannot Democratic control of the government. It do it without saying that, after all, I have has been a record of unparallel incapacity, in my heart a hope-nay I have an expecta
dishonor and disaster. In administrative tion-that if you should be foolish enough to management it has ruthlessly sacrified indisadopt this platform, better counsel will pre- pensible revenue, entailed an unceasing defvail and ultimately on a true Republican icit, eked out ordinary current expenses with platform, sustaining Republican principles, I borrowed money, piled up the public debt hy shall have the inestimable privilege of again $262,000,000 in time of peace, forced an adaddressing you."
verse balance of trade, kept a perpetual
menace hanging over the redemption fund. The Financial Plank.
pawned American credit to alien syndicates
and reversed all measures and results of sucIt was decided that a separate vote should cessful Republican rule. In the broad effect be taken on the financial plank, to which the of its policy it has precipitated panic, silvermen had objected. The vote as blighted industry and trade with prolonged follows:
depression, closed factories, reduced work State.
Yeas. Nays. and wages, halted enterprise and crippled Alabama
19 3 American production while stimulating forArkansas
eign production for the American market. California Colorado
8 Every consideration of public safety and inConnecticut
dividual interest demands that the governDelaware
ment shall be rescued from the hands of those Florida
wh, have shown themselves incapable to conGeorgia
duct it without disaster at home and disIllinois
2 honor abroad. and shall be restored to the Indiana
party which for thirty years administered it Iowa
with unequaled success and prosperity, and in Kentucky
this connection we heartily indorse the wisLouisiana
dom, patriotism and success of the adminisMaine
tration of President Harrison. Massachusetts
THE TARIFF PLANK. Michigan
We renew and emphasize our allegiance to 18
the policy of protection as the bulwark of Missouri
1 American industrial independence and the Montana
foundation of American development and Nebraska Nevada
prosperity. This true American policy taxes New Hampshire
foreign products and encourages home indusNew Jersey
try; it puts the burden of revenue on forNew York
eign goods; it secures the American market North Carolina
712 1442 North Dakota
for the American producer; it upholds the
American standard of wages for the American Oregon
workingman; it puts the factory by the side Pennsylvania
of the farm and makes the American farmer Rhode Island
8 South Carolina
less dependent on foreign demand and price; South Dakota
it diffuses general thrift and founds the
6 7 25 6 16 30
16 30 28
6 16 6 8
strength of all on the strength of each. In payments in 1879; since then every dollar has its reasonable application it is just, fair and been as good as gold. impartial, equally opposed to foreign control We are unalterably opposed to every measand domestic monopoly, to sectional discrimi- ure calculated to debase our currency or impair nation and individual favoritism.
the credit of our country.
We are therefore We denounce the Democratic tariff as sec- opposed to the free coinage of silver except by tional, injurious to the public credit and de- international agreement with the leading comstructive to business enterprise. We demand mercial nations of the worla, which we pledge such an equitable tariff on foreign imports ourselves to promote, and until such agreewhich come into competition with American ment can be obtained the existing gold standproducts as will not only furnish adequate ard must be prserved. All our silver and parevenue for the necessary expenses of the per currency must be maintained at parity government, but will protect American labor with gold, and we favor all measures designed from degradation to the wage level of other to maintain inviolably the obligations of the lands. We are not pledged to any particular United States, and all our money, whether scheduies. The question of rates is a prac- coin or paper, at the present standard, the tical question, to be governed by the con- standard of the most enlightened nations of ditions of the time and of production; the
the earth. ruling and uncompromising principle is the
IN BEHALF OF THE VETERANS. protection and development of American labor and industry. The country demands a right
The veterans of the Union army deserve settlement and then it wants rest.
and should receive fair treatment and gen
erous recognition. Whenever practicable IN FAVOR OF RECIPROCITY.
they should be given the preference in the We believe the repeal of the reciprocity matter of employment, and they are entiarrangements negotiated by the last Republi- tled to the enactrúent of such laws as are can administartion was a national calamity best calculated to secure the fulfillment of and we demand their renewal and extension the pledges made to them in the dark days. on such terms as will equalize our trade with of the country's peril. We denounce the other nations, remove the restrictions which practice in the pension bureau, so recklessly now obstruct the sale of American products and unjustly carried on by the present adminin the ports of other countries, and secure istration, of reducing pensions and arbienlarged markets for the products of our trarily dropping names from the rolls and farms, forests and factories.
deserving the severest condemnation of the Protection and reciprocity are twin meas- American people. ures of Republican policy and go hand in
OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS. hand. Democratic rule has ruthlessly struck
Our foreign policy should be at all times down both and both must be re-established. firm, vigorous and dignified, and all
Protection for what we produce; free ad interests in the western hemisphere caremission for the necessaries of life which we fully watched and guarded. The Hawaiian do not produce; reciprocal agreements of
islands should be controlled by the United mutual interests which gain open markets States, and no foreign power should be per. for us in return for our open market to mitted to interfere with them; the Nicaothers. Protection builds up domestic in
raguan canal should be built, owned and opdustries and trade and secures our own mar
erated by the United States; and by the ket for ourselves; reciprocity builds up for purchase of the Danish islands we should eign trade and finds an outlet for our sur
secure a proper and much needed naval plus.
station in the West Indies. PROTECTION OF SUGAR.
ARMENIAN MASSACRES. We condemn the present administration for not keeping faith with the sugar producers
The massacre of Armenians has aroused of this country. The Republican party favors the deep sympathy and just indignation of such protection as will lead to the production the American people and we believe that the on American soil of all the sugar which the United States should exercise all the influAmerican people use, and for which they atrocities to an end.
ence it can properly exert to bring these pay other countries more
In Turkey American than $100,000,000 annually.
residents have been exposed to the gravest
dangers, and American property destroyed. FOR WOOL AND WOOLENS.
There and everywhere American citizens and To all our products—to those of the mine American property must be absolutely proand the field as well as to those of the shop tected at all hazards and at any cost. and the factory-to hemp, to wool, the prod
FAVORS THE MONROE DOCTRINE. uct of the great industry of sheep husbandry, as well as to the finished woolens of the mill, pull extent and we reaffirm the right of the
We reassert the Monroe doctrine in its we promise the most ample protection.
United States to give the doctrine effect by FOR HOME SHIPPING.
responding to the appeals of any American We favor restoring the early American pol- state for friendly intervention in case of Euicy of discriminating duties for the upbuilding -opean encroachment. We have not interof our merchant marine and the protection of Pered and shall not interfere with the existing our shipping in the foreign carrying trade, so nossessions of any European power in this that American ships the product of Ameri- hemisphere, but those possessions must not. can labor, employed in American ship yards, in any pretext, be extended. We hopefully sailing under the Stars and Stripes and, look forward to the eventual withdrawal of manned, officered and owned by Americans—the European powers from this hemisphere and may regain the carrying of our foreign com- o the ultimate union of all English speaking
parts of the continent by the free consent of THE FINANCIAL PLANK.
its inhabitants. The Republican party is unreservedly for FOR CUBAN PEACE AND INDEPENDENCE. sound money. It caused the enactment of From the hour of achieving their own inde. the law providing for the resumption of specie pendence the people of the United States have
regarded with sympathy the struggles of other
REPRESENTATION FOR ALASKA. American peoples to free themselves from Eu- We believe the citizens of Alaska should ropean domination. We watch with deep and have representation in the congress of the abiding interest the heroic battle of the Cuban United States, to the end that needful legispatriots against cruelty and oppression, and lation may be intelligently enacted. our best hopes go out for the full success of their determined contest for liberty.
TEMPERANCE AND MORALITY. The government of Spain, having lost con
We sympathize with all wise and legitimate trol of Cuba, and being unable to protect the efforts to lessen and prevent the evils of inproperty or lives of resident American citi
temperance and promote morality. zens, or to comply with its treaty obligations, we believe that the government of the United
RIGHTS OF WOMEN. States should actively use its influence and
The Republican party is mindful of the good offices to restore peace and give independ- rights and interests of women. Protection ence to the island.
of American industries includes equal opporINCREASE OF NAVAL POWER.
tunities, equal pay and equal work, and pro
tection to the home. We favor the admisThe peace and security of the republic and sion of women to wider spheres of usefulness the maintenance of its rightful influence and welcome their co-operation in rescuing among the nations of the earth demand a the country from Democrat and Populist naval power commensurate with its position mismanagement and misrule. and responsibility. We, therefore, favor the Such are the principles and policies of the continued enlargement of the navy and a com- Republican party. By these principles we plete system of harbor and sea coast defenses. will abide and these policies we will put into
execution. We ask for them the considerate FOREIGN IMMIGRATION,
judgment of the American people. Confident For the protection of the quality of our alike in the history of our great party and American citizenship and of the wages of our in the justice of our cause, we present our workingmen against the fatal competition of platform and our candidates in the full aslow priced labor, we demand that the immi. surance that the election will bring victory gration laws be thoroughly enforced and so to the Republican party and prosperit! to extended as to exclude from entrance to the the people of the United States. United States those who can neither read nor write.
Foraker's Speech Nominating William CIVIL SERVICE ENFORCEMENT.
McKinley. The civil service law was placed on the
William McKinley of Ohio, unanimously statute book by the Republican party, which selected as candidate for President, was placed has always sustained it, and we renew our re- in nomination by ex-Governor Foraker of the peated declarations that it shall be thoroughly
same state. The nominating speech was as and honestly enforced and extended wherever practicable.
"Mr. Chairman and gentleman of the conFOR FREE BALLOTS.
vention, it would be exceedingly difficult if We demand that every citizen of the United not entirely impossible to exaggerate the disStates shall be allowed to cast one free and agreeable experiences of the last four years. unrestrained ballot and that such ballot shall The grand aggregate of the multitudinous be counted and returned as cast.
bad results of a Democratic national adminis
tration may be summed up as one stupendous CONDEMNATION OF LYNCHINGS. disaster; it has been a disaster however not We proclaim our unqualified condemnation without at least one redeeming feature, it has of the uncivilized and barbarous practice, well been fair-nobody has escaped it. (Laughter) known as lynching or killing cf human beings. It has fallen equally alike upon all sections suspected or charged with crime, without pro- of our country, and all classes of our people, cess of law.
the Republican and the Democratis, the rich
and the poor, the big and the low have suffer. NATIONAL ARBITRATION.
ed in common.
Idleness and its consequent We favor the creation of a national board poverty and distress have been the rewards of of arbitration to settle and adjust differences labor; distress and bankruptcy have overtaken which may arise between employers and em- business, shrunken values, have dissipated ployes engaged in interstate commerce. fortunes, deficient revenues have impoverished
the government, brought about bond issues, FOR FREE HOMESTEADS.
and bond syndicates have discouraged and We believe in an immediate return to the scandalized the nation. Over against this free homestead policy of the Republica'n fearful penalty, is however, to be set down party and urge the passage by congress of one great compensatory result, it has destroythe satisfactory free homestead measure ed the Democratic party. (applause) The proud which has already passed the house and is columns which swept the country in triumph now pending in the senate.
in 1892 are broken and noiseless in 1896. Their
boasted principles when they came to the test ADMISSION OF TERRITORIES.
of a practical application have proven nothing We favor the admission of the remaining but fallacies, and their great leaders have territories at the earliest practicable date, degenerated into warring chieftains of petty having due regard to the interests of the and irreconcilable 'factions. Their boasted people of the territories and of the United principles when put to a test of proper apStates. All the federal
appointed or plication have proven delusive fallacies. the territories should be elected from bona “Their approaching national convention is fide residents thereof and the right of self but an approaching national nightmare. No government should be accorded as far as man pretends to be able to predict any good practicable.
result to come from it, and no man is seeking