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which are birds. The Royal Society held its annual conversazione on May 8, and many of the exhibits were zoological. Of these we can mention only a few of the most interesting : living specimens of the poisonous lizard, Heloderma, from Arizona; mormyrid fishes from the Nile; the Adelia penguin, with eggs and young; and animals from the great African lakes, especially Tanganyika. In the United States the National Academy of Science held its two semi-annual meetings at which several zoological papers were read. Professor Alexander Agassiz, the well-known zoologist, was chosen president. The New York Zoological Society had a very prosperous year. The new monkey-house has been opened, and a fine lion-house is planned. The most interesting arrivals of the year are five very large giant tortoises from the Galapagos Islands, the largest weighing 310 pounds. They represent three different species. The American Microscopical Society held its twentyfourth annual meeting in Denver, Col., August 29-31. Although the attendance was small, the programme contained many papers of unusual interest. The SpencerTolles fund of $1,200 was completed, and it was voted to use the income for microscopial research. Among the zoological papers presented, the most important were The Solution of the Eel Problem, An Apparently New Hydra from Montana, and Notes on the Protozoa and Entomostraca of Colorado. The first report of the Limnological Commission of the Society was published in June, stating what ends the Commission has in view, and its plans for the future.

The Fifth International Zoological Congress.—This, the most important gathering of 1901 in which zoologists are interested, was held at Berlin, August 12-16, under the presidency of Professor K. Möbius. More than 600 delegates were present, from Canada, the United States, Mexico, Brazil, and nearly all the countries of Europe. As about 150 papers were to be presented, the congress grouped itself in seven sections, an arrangement which, although necessary, had some serious disadvantages. The chief interest of the meetings centred around the renewed struggle between the new vitalism, championed by Driesch, and mechanisin, championed by Roux and Ziegler. Bütschli gave one of the principal addresses, in which he too favored the mechanical hypothesis. The final result was of course a verdict of “not proven." Other notable addresses were Poulton's on Mimicry and Natural Selection, Grassi's on The Malaria Problem, Delage's on The Theories of Fertilization, and Forel's on The Psychic Peculiarities of Ants. The papers presented to the various sections were unusually important and interesting, but it is impossible to mention here even the titles of the best. Among the exhibits, perhaps the most notable was the magnificent collection of Hexactinellid sponges from the Japanese seas, collected by Professor Iijima. The next congress will be held in Berne in 1904.

The British Association for the Advancement of Science.-The British Association began its annual meeting at Glasgow, September 11, 1901, with a large attendance, including a number of scientists from abroad. The Zoological Section enjoyed the privilege of being presided over and addressed by Professor J. C. Ewart, who took for his subject The Experimental Study of Variation. It was a most valuable dissertation on the causes of variation as found in external conditions, and was based largely on the speaker's own experiments at Penycuik. Of the twenty-seven papers presented to the section, the following were of special interest: Notes on Gulls Bred in Captivity, by J. A. Thompson; Zebras and Zebra Hybrids, by J. C. Ewarts; The Youngest Known Larva of Polypterus, by J. S. Budgitt; and The Origin of the Limbs of Vertebrates, by J. G. Kerr. One of the most interesting features of the meeting was the exhibit by Professor Ewart of three of the famous Penycuik zebra hybrids.

The American Association for the Advancement of Science.—After a most prosperous year, the American Association met in Denver during August 26-31. While there is no comparison between the attendance at this meeting and that at similar meetings in Great Britain, France, and Germany, still the sessions were attended by several hundred scientific men from all parts of America. The address before the zoological section was delivered by its chairman, Professor C. B. Davenport, who took for his subject, The Zoology of the Twentieth Century. Aside from this paper, those presented before the section were not of wide interest, though several were of considerable importance to specialists. The association will meet in Pittsburg in 1902 and again at the close of December in Washington.

The American Society of Naturalists.-American Morphological Society.—The meeting of the naturalists was held during the convocation week at Chicago, and was one of the largest and best meetings yet held. Uniting thus with the naturalists of the Central States gave an exceptional interest to the programme and discussions. Over 300 scientific men registered. Nearly 250 papers were read before the naturalists and affiliated societies, of which more than 50 were presented to the morphologists. One of the most notable was the address of the president, Professor W. T. Sedgwick, on The Modern Subjection of Science and Education to Propaganda, which was mainly taken up with a discussion of the questions of anti-vivisection,

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temperance, physiology, and Christian Science. The large number of technical papers presented prolonged the meetings considerably, and crowded all of the sessions. Although there were many which were of very great interest, there were none of preeminent importance. At a general session of the naturalists there was an interesting discussion as to the relation of the naturalists to other scientific bodies, especially to the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The feeling seemed general that in some way the naturalists should become affiliated with that organization. In the end, the American Society of Naturalists and the Naturalists of the Central States perfected separate organizations, but appointed committees to confer as to some plan of union. Both societies voted to meet at Washington during convocation week, 1902, with the American Association. See ORNITHOLOGY.

INDEX OF TITLES

IN THE VOLUMES OF

The International Year Book

For 1898, 1899, 1900, and 1901.

[Page numbers are given in heavy-faced type.]

Actors' Fund of America, '98,

7; '99, 4; '00, 3.
Actors' Society of America,

'98, 7.

Abbey, Edwin Austin, '01, 1.
Abbott, Evelyn, '01, 1.
Abbott, Lyman, D.D., '98, 1.
Abdurrahman, '01, 1.
Aberdeen, Earl of, '98, 1.
Abrasives, '98, 1; '99, 1; '00,

1; '01, 2.
Abruzzi, '00, 1.
Abydos, '98, 1.
Abyssinia, '98, 1; '99, 1; '00,

1; '01, 2.
Académie de Médecine, '98,

4; '99, 3; '00, 2.
Académie des Beaux-Arts,

'98, 4; '99, 3; '00, 2.
Académie des Inscriptions et

Belles-Lettres, '98, 4; '99,

3; '00, 2.
Académie des Science, '98, 4;

'99, 3; '00, 2.
Académie des Sciences, Mor-

ales et Politiques, '98, 4;

'99, 3; '00, 3.
Académie Francais, '98, 4;

'99, 3; '00, 3; '01, 3.
Academy of Arts, '98, 4.
Academy of Lisbon, '98, 4.
Academy of Medicine, Amer-

ican, '98, 5; '99, 3; '00,

'01, 3.
Academy of Natural Science,

'98, 4.
Academy of Political and So-

cial Science, American, '98,

4; '99, 3; '00, 3; '01, 3.
Academy of Railway Sur-

geons, American, '98, 4.
Academy of Sciences, Berlin,

'98, 5.
Academy of Sciences, Lisbon,

'99, 3; '00, 3.
Academy Sciences, Mu-

nich, '98, 5; '99, 3; '00, 3.
Academy of Sciences, Na-

tional, '98, 4.
Academy of Sciences, Vien-

na, '98, 5.
Accumulators, '98, 5.
Acetopyrin, '00, 3; '01, 3.
Acetylene, '99, 3; '00, 3.
Acetylene Purification, '98, 7.
Achenbach, Heinrich von, '99,

3.
Acland, Sir Thomas Dyke,

'98, 7.
Acoin, '99, 4.
Actinium, '00, 3.
Actinotherapy, '01, 3.

Actuarial Society of America,

'98, 8; '99, 4; '00, 3.
Adams, Herbert Baxter, '01,

3.
Adams, Julius Walker, '99, 4.
Aden, '98, 8; '99, 4; '00, 3;

'01, 3.
Adis Abeba, '98, 8.
Adler, Dankmar, '00, 4.
Adonidin, '00, 4.
Adrenalin, '01, 4.
Adulteration, '99, 5; '00, 4;

'01, 4.
Advancement of Science,

American Association for

the, '99, 5; '00, 4; '01, 4.
Advancement of Science,

British, French and South
African Associations for

the, '01, 4:
Adventists, '98, 8; '99, 5; '00,

4.
Adventists, Seventh Day, '98,

8; '99, 5; '00, 4; '01, 5.
Adye, Sir John Miller, '00, 4.
Aerial Navigation, '98, 8; '99,

5; '00, 5; '01, 5.
Afghanistan, '98, 8; '99, 6;

'00, 6; '01, 7.
Africa,' '98, 8; '99, 8; '00, 8;

'01, 7.
Africa. Botany of, '98, 13.
African Methodist Episcopal

Church, '98, 13; '01, 9.
African Methodist Episcopal

Zion Church, '98, 13; '01, 9.
African Transcontinental Tel-

egraph Line, '00, 16, '01, 9.
Africander Bond, '98, 13.
After Images, '99, 14.
Agardh, Jacob Georg, '01, 9.
Agassiz, Alexander, '01, 10.
Agassiz Association, '98, 13;

'99, 15; '00, 16.
Agnew, John Thompson, '99,

15.
Agrarian Movement, '98, 14.
Agricultural Colleges, '00, 16.
Agriculture, '98, 15; '99, 13;

'00, 16; '01, 10.
Agriculture, United States

Department of, '98, 16.
Aguinaldo, Emilio, '98, 16;

'99, 18; '01, 16.
Aherne, James, '01, 16.

Ainos, '98, 16.
Air, '98, 16.
Air Cushions, '99, 19.
Air-Lift Pumps, '98, 16.
Air-Ship, '00, 20; '01, 16.
Alabama, '98, 16; '99, 19; '00,

20; '01, 16.
Alaska, '98, 18; '99, 21; '00,

23; '01, 20.
Alaskan Boundary Question,

'99, 22.
Alba, Duke of, '01, 22.
Albania, '01, 23.
Albatross Expedition, '99, 27;

'00, 27.
Alcohol, '98, 21; '99, 27; '00,

27; '01, 23.
Aldrich, Louis, '01, 23.
Alexander, Sir Claude, '99,

28.
Alexander the Great, '98, 22.
Alexander, King of Servia,

'00, 28.
Alexandra, Queen of Great

Britain, '01, 23.
Alexandria, '98, 22.
Alexis, Paul, '01, 23.
Alfonso XIII., King of Spain,

'98, 22.
Alfred the Great Millennial,

'01, 23.
Alfred, Prince, '99, 28.
Alfred, Prince Alfred Ernest

Albert, '00, 28.
Algæ, '98, 22.
Alger, Horatio, '99, 28.
Alger, Russell Alexander, '98,

22.
Algeria, '98, 23; '99, 28; '00,

28; '01, 24.
Alien Insane, '01, 25.
Allan, Andrew, '01, 25.
Allan, George William, '01,

25.
Allen, Charles Grant Blair-

findie, '99, 29.
Allen, Charles Herbert, '98,

23; '00, 29.
Allen, James Lane, '98, 23.
Alliance of the Reformed

Churches, '98, 23.
Allman, George James, '98,

23.
Alma-Tadema, Lawrence, '98,

24; '99, 29.
Alsace-Lorraine, '98, 24; '99,

29.
Althaus, Dr. Julius, '00, 29.

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Army of Santiago de Cuba,

Society of the, '99, 67; '00,

72.
Arnold, Thomas, '00, 72.
Arran, Fifth Earl of, *01, 66.
Arroyo, Oscar, '01, 66.
Art, '98, 54.
Artesian Waters, '98, 54.
Artists' Society of America,

'99. 67: '00. 72.
Arts Club, Nationa

'00. 72.
Art Students' League, '98, 55;

'99, 67; '00, 72; '01, 66.
Asbestos, '98, 55; '99, 67; '00,

73; '01, 66.
Ascension, '99, 67; '00, 73;

'01, 66.
Ascroft, Robert, '99, 67.
Ashanti, '99, 67; '00, 73; '01,

66.
Ashley, William James, '01.

66.
Ashurst, John, Jr., '00. 73.
Asia, '99, 67; '00, 73; '01, 66.
Asia, Flora of, '98
Asia Minor, '00, 74.
Asiatic Association, '98, 55;

'99, 70; '00, 74.
Asiatic Society of Bengal,

'98, 55; '99, 70.
Asphaltum, '98, 55; '99, 70;

'00, 74; '01, 66.
Aspiroz, Manuel, '99, 71.
Asquith, Herbert Henry, '01,

67.
Assembly, General, '98, 55;

'99, 71; '00, 74; '01, 67.
Associate Reformed Synod of

the South, '99, 71; '00, 74;

'01, 67.
Associated Press, '00, 74; '01.

67.

Aluminum, '98, 24; '99, 30;

'00, 29; '01, 26.
Alvarez, Albert Raymond,

'00, 30.
Alvary, Max, '98, 24.
Ambulance, '00, 30.
Ambidexterity, '01, 26.
Ament, William Scott, '01

26.
America, Flora of, '98, 25.
American Academy of Politi-

cal and Social Science, '00,

30; '01, 26.
American Association for the

Advancement of Science,

'99, 30; '00. 30.
American Board of Commis-

sioners for Foreign Mis-

sions, '01, 26.
American Econcmic Associa-

tion, '99, 30; '00, 30; '01, 27.
American Federation of La-

bor, '00, 30; '01, 27.
American Fisheries Society,

'00, 30.
American Institute of Elec-

trical Engineers, '00, 30.
American Library Associa-

tion, '00, 30; '01, 27.
American Medico-Psycholog-

ical Association, '99, 30.
American Microscopical So-

ciety, '99, 30; '00, 30.
American Missionary Asso-

ciation. '01, 27.
American Morphological So-

ciety, '99, 30; '00, 30.
American Museum, '99, 30;

'00, 30.
American Ornithologists'

Union, '99. 30: 00, 30.
American Psychological As-

sociation, '99, 30; '00. 30.
American Society of Bird

Restorers, '99, 30.
American Society of Natural-
Amherst College, '98, 25; '99,

30; '00, 31; '01, 27.
Amicis, Edmondo de, '98, 25.
Ammen, Daniel, '98, 25.
Ammonia (from Garbage),

'98, 25.
Ampere, New Determination

of, '98, 25.
Anästhesia, '98, 25; '99, 30;

'00, 31; '01, 27.
Anam, or Annam, '98, 26; '99,

31; '00, 31; '01, 27.
Anarchists. '98, 26.

narchy, '01, 28.
Anatomists, Association of,

American, '99, 31; '00, 31.
Ancient Accepted Scottish

Rite Masoul, '98, 27; '99,

31; '00, 31.
Anderson, Johı. '00, 31.
André, General. '00, 32.
Andree, S. A., '98, 27.
Andrew and Philip, Brother-

hood of, '99, 31; '00, 32; '01,

30.
Andrews, George Leonard,

'99, 31.
Angiosperms, '98, 27.
Anglican Church, '98,

31: '00. 32: '01, 30.
Anglin, Miss Margaret,

32.
Anglo-American Alliance, '98,
Anglo-American Commission,

'98, 27; '99, 32.
Anglo-American League, '99,

32.
Angola, or Portuguese West

Africa, '98, 27; '99, 32; '00,

32; '01, 30.
Annenkoff, Michel, '99, 32.

Annunzio, Gabriele d', '98,

28; '00. 289.
Antarctic Exploration, '98,

28; '99, 32; '00, 33; '01, 31.
Anthrax, '98, 28; '99, 34; '01,

34.
Anthropology in America, '98,

28; '99, 34; '00, 34; '01, 401.
Anticeltina, 01, 34.
Antigua, '98, 32; '99, 39; '00,

39; '01, 34.
Anti-Imperialist League, New

England, '99, 39; '00, 40.
Antimony, '98, 32; '99, 40;

'00, 40; '01, 34.
Antiquarian Society, Ameri-

can, '98, 32.
Antiseptics, '98, 32; '99, 40.
Antitoxin, '99, 40; '01, 34.
Anti-Typhoid Inoculation,'00,

40.
Antivaccinationists, '99, 40;

01. 34.
Antivenene, '99, 40; '00, 40.
Antwerp, Internation

gress at, '98, 32.
Antwerp, Nations of, '98, 32.
Appalachian Mountain Club.

'98, 32: '99, 40; '00, 40.
Appleton, William Henry,

"99, 40.
Aqueducts, '98, 32.
Arabi Pasha, '01, 35.
Arab Races, 'O

. 41.
Arabia, '98, 32; '99, 40; '00,

41: '01. 34.
Arbitration, International, '98,

33; '99, 41; '00, 41; '01, 35.
Arbitration, Labor '98, 34;

'99, 41; '00, 42; '01, 37.
Arbuthnot, Sir Charles George,

'99, 42.
Arbuthnot, Foster Fitzger-

ald, '01, 40.
Arch, '98, 34.
Archäological Institute of

America, '98, 34; '99, 42;

'00, 45.
Archæology, '98, 35; '99, 43;

'00, 45; 01, 40.
Archæology, American, '98,

42; '99, 50; '00, 53; '01, 48.
Archbishops, '98, 45.
Archer, Frederick, '01, 52.
Architects, American Insti-

tute of, '99, 54; '00, 57.
Architecture, '99, 54; '00, 57;

'01, 52.
Arc Lights, '00, 61.
Arctic Exploration, '98. 45;

'99, 56; '00, 61; '01, 55.
Arecolin, '99, 59.
Argentina, '98, 48; '99, 59;

'00, 63; '01, 59.
Argyll, Duke of, George Dou-

glas Campbell, '00, 67.
Arid Lands, '98, 51; '99, 63.
Arizona, '98, 51; '99, 63; '00,

68; '01, 61.
Arizona Antiquarian Asso-

ciation, '99, 65.
Arkansas, '98, 53; '99, 65; '00,

69; '01, '63.
Armenia, '98, 54; '99, 66; '00,

71; '01, 65.
Armenians, '98, 54.
Armies, '98, 54; '99, 67; '00,

71; '01, 65.
Armor Plate, '00, 71.
Armour, Herman O., '01, 65.
Armour, Philip Danforth, '01,
Armstrong, Alexander, '99,

67.
Armstrong, William George,

'00. 71.
Army, '99, 67.
Army and Navy Union, '98.

54.

999. 30; '00, 30: 25: '99,

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Association of American An-

atomists, '98. 56.
Association of American

Medical Colleges. '98, 56.
Association of American

Physicians, '98. 56.
Association of American

Universities, '00, 75.
Association of Assistant

Physicians of Hospitals

for the Insane. '98, 56.
Association of Genito-Urin-

ary Surgeons, American,

'98, 56.
Association of Ideas, '01. 67.
Association of Life Insurance
Medical Directors of Amer.

ica, '98, 56.
Association of Medical OT-

cers of American Instit,
tions for Idiotic and Feeble-

Minded Persons, 98, 56.
Association of Military Sur-

geons of the United States,

'98, 56.
Association of Obstetricians

and Gynæcologists, Ameri-

can, '98, 56.
Association of Physicians and

Surgeons, American, '98,

56.
Associations Bill, *01, 67.
Asteroids, '98, 56; '99, 71; '00.

75.
Asterol, '99, 71.
Astor Library, '98, 56.

27.

65.

877

Baden-Powell, Robert Steph-

enson Smyth, '99, 95; '00,

102.
Bagdad Railway, '01, 92.
Bahamas, '99, 95; '00, 102;

'01, 92.
Bahr-el-Ghazal, '98, 82; '99,

95; '00, 102.
Bain, Thomas, '99, 96.
Baker, Lewis, '99, 96.
Baldwin, Evelyn Briggs, '01,

92.
Baldwin, James Mark, '01,

92.
Balize, '98, 82; '99, 96; '00,

103; '01, 93.
Balkan Peninsula, '98, 82;

'00, 103; '01, 93.
Ball, Right Hon. John

Thomas, '98, 82.
Balloons, '00, 103; '01, 93.
Ballou. Latimer Whipple,

'00, 103.
Baltimore, '98, 82.
Baluchistan, '98. 83; '99, 96;

'00, 103; '01, 93.
Balzac, Rodin's bust of, '98,

83.
Bamberger, Ludwig, '99, 96.
Bancroft. Cecil Franklin

Patch, '01, 94.
Banffy, Desiderius, '98, 83;

'99, 96.
Bangkok, '98, 83.
Bank--Banking, '98, 83; '99,

97; '00, 104; '01, 94.
Bankruptcy, '99,

102; '00,
104; '01, 94.
Banting, '01, 100.
Baptists, '98, 86; '99, 102;

'00, 109; '01, 100.
Baptists, German, '98, 87.
Baptist Young People's

Union of America, '98, 87;

'99, 103; '00, 109; '01, 101.
Bar Association, American,

99, 103; '00, 109; '01, 102.
Baratieri, General Oreste,

'01, 102.
Barbados, '98, 87; '99, 103;

'00, 110; '01, 102.
Barber Shops, '98, 87; '99,

104; '00, 110.
Barbier, Paul Jules, '01, 102.
Barbour, John Humphrey,

00, 110.
Baring-Gould, Sabine, '98,

88.
Barites, '99, 104; '00, 110.
Barley, '98, 88; '99, 104; '00,

111; '01, 102.
Barnard, George Grey, '99,

104.
Barnard, Henry, '00, 111.
Barnard College, '00, 112; '01,

103.
Barnado's Homes, '98, 89;

'00, 112.
Bar

of

the City of New
York, the Association of
the, '99, 104; '00, 112; '01,

Iudex

99,

84.

Astronomical and Astrophys-

ical Society, '99, 71.
Astronomical Progress, '98,

56; '99, 71; '00, 75; '01, 67.
Astronomical Society, Amer-

ican. '98, 68.
Astronomy, Progress of, Dur-

š the Century, '00, 965.
Astro - Photographic Cata-

logue, '98, 68.
Astro-Photography, '98, 68;

'93, 83; '00, 85.
Astro-Physics, '98, 68; '99,

83; 900, 85.
Asylums for Insane, '01, 78.
Atherton, Gertrude Franklin,

SS, 68.
Athletics, '99, 83; '00, 85; '01,

78.
Atkinson, Edmund. '00, 87.
Atkinson, Canon J. C., '00,

87.
Atkinson, William Yates, '99,

84.
Atmosphere, '98, 68.
Atmosphere of Venus, '99,

84.
Atmospheric Electricity, '99,
Atomic Weights, '00, 87; '01,

79.
Atwater, Wilbur Olin, '00,

87.
Atwood, Melville, '98, 68.
Audran, Edmond, '01, 79.
Audubon Society, '98, 68; '99,

84; '00, 88.
Augor, Christopher Colon,

'98. 68.
Austin Dam, '00, 88.
Australasian Association for

the Advancement of Sci-

ence, '98, 68; '00, 88.
Australia, '00, 88; '01, 80.
Anstralian Federation, '98,

68; 99, 84; '00, 88.
Austria-Hungary, '98, 69; '99,

88; '00, 91; '01, 83.
Austrian Archäological In-

stitute, '98, 74.
Authors' Club, '98, 74.
Automatic Writing, '98, 74.
Automobile, '98, 74; '99, 93;

'00, 99; "01. 90.
Automobile Club of America,

'00, 99.
Automobile

Fire Engines,
00, 99,
Auto-Truck, '98, 80.
Ava,

Archibald Leofric
Temple Blackwood, '00,

101.
Aveling, Dr. Edward Bib-

bins, '98, 80.
Averell, William Woods,

*00, 101.
Averoff, George E., '99, 94.
Avvasovsky, Ivan Constan-

tinovitch. '00. 101.
Azores, '98, 80; '99, 94; '00,

101; '01, 92.
Aztec Club, '98, 80.

103.
Baron de Hirsch Fund, '98,

89; '99, 104; '00, 112; '01,

103.
Barres, Maurice, '98, 89.
Barrett, James, '00, 113.
Barrett, John, '99, 105.
Barrie, James Matthew, '00,

113.
Barrios, José Marie Reyna,

'98, 89.
Barry, Charles, '00, 113.
Bartlett, Samuel Colcord,

'98, 89.
Bartol, Cyrus Augustus, '00,

113.
Barton, Clara, '98. 90.
Barton, Edmund, '01, 104,

Barytes, '00, 113; '01, 104.
Baseball. '98, 90; '99, 105;

'00, 113; '01, 104.
Baskerville, Charles, '01, 104.
Basket Ball, '01, 105.
Basutoland, '98, 90; '99, 105;

'00, 114; '01, 105.
Batchelder, Richard Napo-

leon, '01, 105.
Batcheller System of Pneu-

matic Despatch. '98, 90.
Bates, Erastus Newton, '98,

90.
Bates, John Coalter, '00, 115.
Baths, '98. 90; '99, 105; '00,

115; '01, 105.
Batterson, James Goodwin,

'01, 105.
Batum Pipe Line, '01, 105.
Bauxite,

105; '00, 115;
'01, 105.
Bavaria, '98, 90; '99, 106.
Baxter, Elisha, '99, 106.
Bayard, Thomas Francis,

'98, 91.
Bayreuth Festivals, '98, 92.
Beach, William Wither

Bramston, '01, 105.
Beaman, Charles Cotes-

worth, '00, 115.
Beamish, Henry Hamilton,

01, 106.
Beard, William Holbrook,

'00, 115.
Beardsley, Aubrey, '98, 92.
Beaufort, Duke of, '99, 106.
Beaurepaire, Quesnay de,

'99, 106.
Bechuanaland, 98, 93; '99,

106; '00, 115; '01, 106.
Becker, George Ferdinand,

*01, 106.
Becker, Karl Ludwig Fried-

rich, '00, 115.
Becque, Henri Français, '99,

106.
Becquerel Rays, '99, 106; '00,

116.
Beecher, Charles, '00, 116.
Beecher, Thomas Kinnicut,

'00. 116.
Brekman, Henry Rutgers,

00, 116.
Beet Sugar, '98, 93; '00, 116;

01. 106.
Behrends, Adolphus Julius

Frederick, '00, 116.
Behring, Emil Adolf, '01,

106.
Behring Sea Dispute, '98,

93; '99, 106; '00, 117.
Belgium, '98, 94; '99, 106;

'00, 117; '01. 106.
Bellamy, Edward. '98, 97.
Belize, '99, 111; '00, 121; '01,

108.
Belknap, Charles, '01. 108.
Bell, James Franklin, '00,

121.
Bell, Robert, '01, 109.
Bellerose, '99, 112.
Beloochistan, or Beluchistan,

'98, 97; '99, 112; '00, 121;

'01. 109.
Beltrami, Eugenie, '00, 121.
Benedetti, Vincent, '00, 121.
Ben Hur, '98, 98.
Bennett, Edmund H., '98, 98.
Benoit, Pierre Leopold Leon-

ard, *01, 109.
Beresford, Lord Charles, ’99,

112.
Bering Sea, '00, 122.
Bermuda, '98, 98; '99, 112;

'00, 122; '01, 109.
Bernard, Sir Charles Ed.

ward, 01. 109.
Bernhardt, Sarah, '01, 109.

Babcock, Maltbie Davenport,

01. 92.
Babylonia, '98, 80; '00, 101;

01, 92.
Bacchylides, '98, 80.
Bacheller, Irving, '00, 101.
Bacilli, '99, 94.
Bacillus Botulismus, '98, 81.
Bacillus Prodigiosus, '98, 81.
Bacteria, '99, 94; '00,

01. 92.
Bacteriology, '98, 81; '99, 94.
Baden, Grand Duchy of, '98,

81; '99, 94.
Laden-Powell, Sir George

Sinyth, '98, 81,

102;

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