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I recall so well my last visit with John East off the floor, with the usual pleasantries: “How are you, John? What's up?" Talking about voting and the strange hours and things of that nature that we talk of—but seldom get to the depth of ourselves.

Here was this great man of courage who conquered polio; this bright, inquisitive, probative, incisive mind of his; a teacher in every sense of the word.

I have lost a friend. He was my seat-mate in the Judiciary Committee at each executive committee session. I know that the occupant of the chair (Mr. Grassley) remembers the pleasure of sharing time with Senator East, as he sat on his right and I sat on his left. We had a great deal of rapport and a fine spirit among ourselves.

Then the twin hammers of polio and hypothyroidism brought him down. He told me often: “I could handle the one, but the other makes it tough.” Indeed, the degree of that toughness will never be known to those of us here.

I was privileged to be at the memorial service in Greenville, NC-a very moving, swift ceremony-in which he was honored and eulogized.

I say to his wife, Sis, whom I have come to know, and their two dear children, whom I have not come to know well-I hope God will sustain them and strengthen them as they confront this awesome tragedy.

We welcome our new colleague, Jim Broyhill, to the U.S. Senate. He is a sensitive and thoughtful man. I have come to know him and work with him on nuclear issues in conference committees. I am certain it goes unsaid that this is not the manner in which he wished to come here, but it is in the manner as directed by law under the appointment powers of their able Governor, Jim Martin.

So we greet him warmly as we grieve for our own fallen colleague. Senator East leaves a physical vacancy in this Chamber and a greater vacancy in our hearts and minds as we ponder and grapple with how better we might have responded to him or heard his quiet pleas of pain and anguish which were very real and indeed were there.

So we ask God to relieve us all, in our minds and hearts, as to why?—a word, interestingly enough, that does not appear in the Bible. That, I think, is very fortunate, because we cannot continue to wonder “Why?” Our faith and certainly the faith of his wife, Sis, and their two daughters and their love for each other will help us all to assuage the pain of his loss. He shall be deeply missed in so many ways by so many of us.

Mr. CRANSTON. Mr. President, those of us on the Democratic side of the aisle did not very often vote with John EAST; we did not very often agree with him on issues. We knew him as a man of great intelligence and high integrity. He was always pleasant, always smiling, and never complaining about the pain and the anguish and the suffering that was his lot. He was a fine Member of this body, a fine member of the family, and we all miss him very deeply.

We express our regrets to his wife and his daughters and other members of that family.

We are also in a mood of welcoming to this Chamber Senator Jim Broyhill, who comes to replace Senator John East. We look forward to working with Senator Broyhill on the great issues that confront us all in this body and in the United States and in the world.

Mr. PRESSLER. Mr. President, it is with profound sadness that I take this opportunity to express my condolences upon the death of our friend and colleague, Senator John EAST.

The death of Senator East removes an extraordinary American from our ranks. Author, philosopher, teacher, scholar, leader, and patriot, John helped us all to better understand the principles and values upon which our way of life is based.

In Congress, Senator East handled the responsibilities of his office with unwavering dedication, honesty, and hard work. He supported calls for a restoration of traditional family values, frequently citing philosophers such as Plato, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Edmund Burke. He was strongly dedicated to his home State of North Carolina and our Nation, fighting for his constituents and his principles.

It has been my honor to know John and to be among his many friends and admirers. Throughout his life, John has served his God, country, State, and community. His life of public service will continue to be an inspiration to us all. JOHN East's personal qualities, his sincerity, his friendliness, his dignity, and his character are the hallmarks of a remarkable human being. He has earned a prominent place in American history. I extend my deepest sympathy to his wife, Priscilla, and other members of his family.

Mr. HEINZ. Mr. President, it is with sadness that I rise in remembrance of Senator East. JOHN was a man of strongly held beliefs, great integrity and personal courage. He was a scholar, a compassionate man, a fine Senator and a good friend.

John East was no stranger to adversity. As a young man he was stricken with polio. His response to adversity was typical of John. He dedicated himself to the pursuit of knowledge, and having attained it, dedicated himself for 16 years to sharing it with others. In 1980 the people of North Carolina elected him to serve in this body and for the last 6 years he served North Carolinians and, indeed, all Americans steadfastly.

I will miss JOHN. Several of our colleagues have offered condolences to his wife, Sissy and his family, and I join with them in expressing my sorrow and my wish that John's great accomplishments will be a comfort to his wife and daughters as they are and will be to the multitude of people John's life touched.

Mr. MURKOWSKI. Mr. President, the death of Senator John East has saddened us all. John's passing was sudden and unexpected, and our hearts and prayers are with Priscilla and the East family.

JOHN East and I came to the Senate at the same time, and I consider myself fortunate to have enjoyed John's friendship. His career in public service was extraordinary, and serves as a lesson for those who must overcome adversities. JOHN served in the Marine Corps until he contracted a debilitating illness that forced him to change paths. Undaunted, he obtained a law degree. He later turned his attention and enthusiasm to educational pursuits, after earning a doctorate degree in 1964.

For over 15 years, John taught political science at East Carolina University, and, in 1980, he was elected to the U.S. Senate, where he strove to put into practice what he had been teaching and studying for much of his career.

Those of us in the Senate who knew John East will never underestimate his courage, his thoughtfulness or his sincerity in taking tough positions on a variety of issues ranging from our national foreign policy to concern over family values.

I will deeply miss John's companionship, and the Senate will miss his wisdom.

Mr. PROXMIRE. Mr. President, I wish to join my colleagues in paying tribute to our departed colleague John East, the Senator from North Carolina. He was a remarkable man. In the years I have been here—and I have been here 29 years—I cannot recall more than two or three Senators who had been wheelchair-ridden, and none during their entire career, except JOHN EAST. JOHN East has shown great courage. I think he was a most articulate, intelligent, very decent, and good man.

Mr. MELCHER. Mr. President, I wish to express my sympathy and condolences to the family of Senator John East. His passing from this world and his absence from this Senate leaves a void.

John East was a man of great integrity, and great intelligence. He will be sorely missed here.

Mr. HELMS submitted the following resolution; which was considered and agreed to:

SENATE RESOLUTION 442

Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow and deep regret the announcement of the death of the Honorable John P. East, a Senator from the State of North Carolina.

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate communicate these resolutions to the House of Representatives and transmit an enrolled copy thereof to the family of the deceased.

Resolved, That when the Senate recesses today, it recess as a further mark of respect to the memory of the deceased.

TUESDAY, July 22, 1986.

The Chaplain, the Reverend Richard C. Halverson, D.D., offered the following prayer:

Let us pray.

A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches, and loving favor rather than silver and gold. —Proverbs 22:1.

Gracious God, our loving Father in Heaven, this morning, colleagues of Senator John East will pay their tributes as they express their admiration, affection, and appreciation for a great servant of the people. Passing of time does not diminish our sense of loss, nor dim the profound gratitude we feel for this uncommon man of such immense wisdom and courage, whose life has touched so many with such significant influence. Thank You for Senator East and precious memories of a good man.

As we remember Senator East, dear Father God, we are not unmindful of his loyal and faithful staff in their traumatic loss. Suddenly, without warning, they find themselves not only suffering the loss of a beloved mentor but unemployed as well. We pray for them, thanking You for those who have found work, and praying with loving concern for those who still search. Be with them, bless them, and lead them. In His name Whose love is unconditional, universal, and eternal. Amen.

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Mrs. HAWKINS. Mr. President, I would like to express my sympathy to Mrs. East and her daughters, the family, friends, and to everyone who worked with and knew Senator JOHN East. Senator East led an extraordinary life and his accomplishments stand as an example to all Americans.

I remember when Senator East and I were on the Republican National Committee together. He was a very quiet man, but a man of tremendous courage and strength, a man of unusual resolve and courage. Senator East was

man who worked to overcome great odds. Paralyzed by polio at the age of 24, John East did not let this hinder his future. JOHN EAST trained himself as a lawyer, political scientist, and a scholar. He used his talents to educate young people and to bring enlightenment to hundreds of Americans. John East unselfishly worked as a public servant to give his best to the country that he loved so much. Ailments such as polio and hypothyroidism plagued John East but he never complained about his disabilities. Instead of letting these hardships rule his life, he conquered his physical burdens of illness and showed the world that the human spirit at its best can overcome even the greatest of obstacles.

President Reagan called Senator East a “true patriot” and said that he “loved his country and was motivated by a sense of duty to his fellow man." Idealism was the great motivator of John East.

He came to the Senate in my class. He came to contribute to the progress of our country. He fought for principles he believed in. He did not back down under heavy opposition. He battled eloquently for his beliefs. John was a gentleman and a scholar. He rarely resorted to flaming rhetoric but articulated his views and defended them even when he was subjected to the harshest criticism.

JOHN EAST was a lieutenant in the U.S. Marines when he suffered a setback by contracting polio. He then went on to earn a law degree, a master's degree, and a Ph.D. in political science. He was a professor at East Carolina University for many years and earned a reputation as a great author and educator.

I knew many of his students. In fact the week before he died one of his students came to see me and asked could he be introduced again to Senator East. The young man had gone on to become a political reporter for a paper in Florida and said that Senator East had inspired him to pursue that vocation.

In 1980 John East was elected to serve his country in the U.S. Senate. He joined me in pushing for tough drug enforcement. He sponsored legislation to promote economy in Gov

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