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other family members to whom I extend my personal condolences.

To quote Abraham Lincoln: Let us have faith and right makes might, and in that faith let us to the end dare to do our duty as we understand it.

This quote is a fitting tribute to Senator John P. East. He did his duty as he understood it, and those of us in the Senate will miss him.

Mr. DOMENICI. Mr. President, when Senator John P. EAST decided to leave us, we lost a dear friend of freedom and one of its most articulate spokesman. Senator East was fond of quoting Plato who is attributed with saying that, “The penalty good men pay for indifference to public affairs is to be ruled by evil men.” Senator East's life is a testimony to the constant effort needed to be ruled by good men.

JOHN was a U.S. Marine lieutenant who became a lawyer and earned his doctorate as well. He was a respected university professor who chose to enter the battle for freedom as many marines do. Senator East fought for freedom in the realm of ideas. It is this realm which ultimately runs the world. In this the world of ideas, Senator East will be remembered as one who revered life and helped to articulate its cause for the unborn.

He was no stranger to the struggle for achievement. Not many people would have displayed his unusual courage and perseverance after a bout with polio in his young adult life. I believe that his courage is continuing after his earthly life. John Ayscough told us that “Death is but a sharp corner near the beginning of life's procession down eternity.” Senator East will most certainly be a leader in the procession down eternity, a conquest that should bring joy to our hearts. Or, as Mark Twain put it, “Why is it that we rejoice at a birth and grieve at a funeral? It is because we are not the person involved.”

In memory of Senator John P. East, I would ask my colleagues and all Americans to honor life in all its aspects and to help protect and defend our country as the example of freedom for all other countries to follow.

Mr. GRASSLEY. Mr. President, I do not believe I can honor John East with words any better than those already spoken by my distinguished colleagues.

JOHN was an honorable man, and an effective Senator for North Carolina. It was my honor to serve with him on the Judiciary Committee, where he was an effective and eloquent advocate. He was soft-spoken by nature, yet steadfast in his commitment to the principles he believed in. His gentle manner only partially hid a strong will—which allowed him to carry on his duties in the face of an illness that would have overcome many of us.

I am comforted by the knowledge that JOHN rests with our Savior—at peace with himself—at peace with the world. JOHN would know as well as any of us that a moral life in this world is the best preparation for the next. Nevertheless, I mourn the loss of John East-my colleague and friend.

Mr. ANDREWS. Mr. President, John East and I were elected to the U.S. Senate in 1980. Although John did not have any previous congressional experience, his legal background and scholarly expertise gave him an indepth understanding of the dynamics of both the political and legislative process. JOHN came to the Senate with a full agenda and a determination to see his goals achieved. But that was not to be. Members of the class of 1980 will miss him and especially miss his commitment to principles, his eloquence, and his humor. Though gone, he will not be forgotten.

Mr. BOREN. The Nation's wave of sympathy for John EAST and his family after his tragic passing befits a man widely admired for supporting his convictions with courage.

But those of us who worked with him are particularly saddened. Every day, we benefited from the sincere kindness of a man who rose from great personal difficulty, without bitterness, to serve his fellow man.

This Senator will sorely miss John East and his thoughtfulness to all those around him.

Mr. GARN. Mr. President, I join my colleagues today in paying tribute to Senator John East. All of us feel deeply the loss of our good friend and, as always at time of tragedy, wonder why it had to be so.

None of us can answer those questions; only a greater intelligence than mankind possesses can do that. It is better for us, then, to celebrate the lives lived by those who are taken from us. And in John's case, there is much to celebrate.

He was a quiet, thoughtful man, not given to extremes of temperament, but thoroughly committed and dedicated to the ideals that he held. Though confined to a wheelchair since his early adulthood, he was not deterred by the hard work needed to continue his career and meet the demands of his teaching responsibilities and, eventually, his Senate duties.

All of us know of the diligence with which he approached his position as Member of this body. He made a careful study of the issues confronting the Senate; he chose the timing and content of his remarks in this Chamber with care and substance, and he remained a gentleman in the course of often heated debate; he had learned that important ability to disagree without being disagreeable; he bore the burden of his handicap with dignity and courage, and never placed that burden at the doorstep of others; he was a man who had a tremendous strength of character, and upon whose word you could rely with utmost confidence; he spoke his mind and you knew where you stood with him. I respect that, and I respect John East, and will always remember him as a man possessed of a superb intellect and a fine, upstanding and capable Member of this body.

Mr. MATHIAS. Mr. President, it is with great regret that we conduct Senate business today without one of our most courageous colleagues, John EAST.

The important example of JOHN East's life was his courage in confronting a massive handicap. Most of us require more than average energy just to fulfill our duties in the U.S. Senate. John East had to find in himself additional strength to conduct the routines of daily life with polio. He did so with patience and kindness toward all those with whom he came in contact.

It was his will and his patience which helped him defy polio, the disease that struck him at the early age of 24. These qualities became his self-prescribed medicines against new illnesses before his death. While he could not get out of a chair without help, he could preside over the U.S. Senate as an act of will. John East left us this legacy of his brave spirit, which will inspire all of us in adversity.

Mr. MOYNIHAN. Mr. President, our colleague, JOHN P. EAST, was contemplating a return to the classroom at East Carolina University in Greenville when he died. He had only just finished reviewing proofs for a book to be published this coming fall. This was a man who understood the relationship between politics and the study of politics. My regard and fondness for John East comes naturally enough, for my life, like his, has alternated between these two pursuits: Or, if you like, sanctuaries.

He was a professor of political science for 16 years before coming to this body, an outstanding lecturer, and prolific author.

When he died, I said: JOHN was a teacher of government before he came to the Senate, and I for one learned a great deal from him during the years he was with us. He wore his learning gently, and was in every sense a gentle man whose kindness and thoughtfulness will be so much missed.

And it is.

And we are not alone in missing him. Six years after JOHN left East Carolina University's political science department to become a U.S. Senator, admiring students kept asking whether he would return to teach. Popular teachers are not always, or even often, recognized among their faculty peers as educators. JOHN EAST was—having twice received excellence in teaching awards by his university.

His scholarly work demonstrates breadth of subject matter, serious thought, and discipline generating a steady stream of articles ranging from foreign policy to philosophy to the conservative revival in American intellectual life. The forthcoming book is a reprisal of earlier essays of political theory.

He was uncomplaining, self-reliant, tough. His law degree, masters and Ph.D., and his success in academe were all earned after a bout with polio left him confined to a wheelchair.

When his February 3, 1981, maiden floor speech was not delivered in strict compliance with Senate rules, the freshman from Greenville was simple and matter of fact. He said, “Senator John P. East did not stand while speaking because he was not physically able to do so.”

To John, his handicap was a fact of life, a fact without political significance and correctly so. Those of us who remember him can never appreciate the pain he endured. We just know it did not deter him from his duties here.

It was not always easy. Architecturally, we were not quite ready, and modifications to the Capitol were needed. But JOHN was ever patient, positive, helpful, constructive. “You cannot constantly be waiting for the world to be perfect for you,” he said.

John's life was a lesson to us all. A wonderful legacy for a man whose life's work was, after all, teaching.

Elizabeth and I join our colleagues in sending our love and deep sympathy to Sis and her two daughters, Kathryn and Martha. Our thoughts and prayers are with them.

Mr. President, John East's numerous accomplishments are summerized in a curriculum vitae which includes a list of his publications. I ask that it be inserted in the Record.

There being no objection, the material was ordered to be printed in the Record, as follows:



B.A. (Political Science), Earlham College, 1953; LL.B. (Law), University of Illinois, 1959; M.A. (Political Science), University of Florida, 1962; Ph.D. (Political Science), University of Florida, 1964.


(1) Lieutenant, United States Marine Corps, 1953-1955.
(2) Professor of Political Science, East Carolina University, 1964-1980.

(3) United States Senator, 1980-1986. Committee Assignments: Committee on the Judiciary: Subcommittee on the Separation of Powers, Chairman; Subcommittee on Courts, Chairman; Subcommittee on Administrative Practice and Procedure; Subcommittee on Security and Terrorism. Committee on Armed Services: Subcommittee on Manpower and Personnel, Subcommittee on Military Construction, Subcommittee on Preparedness. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources: Subcommittee on Energy Conservation and Supply, Subcommittee on Energy Regulation, Subcommittee on Energy Research and Development. Committee on Labor and Human Resources: Subcommittee on Labor, Subcommittee on Education, Subcommittee on the Handicapped.


(1) Membership in Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Phi, Pi Sigma Alpha.

(2) First place winner, law school Moot Court Competition (oral presentations and written briefs required).

(3) Recipient of a three year National Defense Fellowship for graduate study.

(4) Twice received “excellence-in-teaching" awards by East Carolina University.

(5) Among other directories, listed in: American Men of Science (Behavorial and Social Science Section); Who's Who in the South and Southwest; Who's Who.

(6) Member of the editorial boards of The Political Science Reviewer and Modern Age.

(7) Awarded a $4,700 Summer Fellowship Research Grant by the Earhart Foundation of Ann Arbor, Michigan.


(1) American Political Science Association.
(2) Florida Bar Association.
(3) North Carolina Political Science Association.
(4) Southern Political Science Association.

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