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action adopted agencies amendment American areas Association Attorney authority became began bill Board called Chicago cities citizens Civil Rights color Commission on Civil Committee Conference Congress Constitution continued Council decision Department desegregation discrimination District effect efforts election emancipation employment enacted enforcement equal established Executive Federal Federal Government followed force formed Franklin freedom Government groups held History House increased individuals institutes interest issue John Johnson July June Justice Klan Labor later League legislation Lincoln Louisiana majority ment Michigan Negro North opportunity organizations party passed persons places political practices President problems progress protection question race racial Reconstruction Report Representative result ruled secure segregation Senate serve slave slavery South Southern Stat statute supra note Supreme Court tion U.S. Commission Union United University violation Virginia vote Washington York
Page 36 - That all persons born in the United States and not subject to any foreign power, excluding Indians not taxed, are hereby declared to be citizens of the United States...
Page 68 - The object of the amendment was undoubtedly to enforce the absolute equality of the two races before the law, but in the nature of things it could not have been intended to abolish distinctions based upon color, or to enforce social, as distinguished from political, equality, or a commingling of the two races upon terms unsatisfactory to either.
Page 23 - Constitution of the United States of America was ratified, and also all acts and parts of acts of the General Assembly of this State ratifying amendments of the said Constitution, are hereby repealed; and that the union now subsisting between South Carolina and other States, under the name of the "United States of America,
Page 23 - I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.
Page 36 - States, to make and enforce contracts, to sue, be parties, and give evidence, to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, and convey real and personal property...
Page 69 - But in view of the Constitution, in the eye of the law, there is in this country no superior, dominant, ruling class of citizens. There is no caste here. Our Constitution is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens.
Page 24 - My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that.
Page 30 - And I do further proclaim, declare, and make known, that any provision which may be adopted by such State Government in relation to the freed people of such State, which shall recognize and declare their permanent freedom, provide for their education, and which may yet be consistent, as a temporary arrangement, with their present condition as a laboring, landless, and homeless class, will not be objected to by the National Executive.