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Some are ignorant, both of the principles of education and also of everything which should be taught. And a still larger class are wofully unacquainted, not only with sound church principles, but even with the facts and doctrines of the Bible —and still more so with its vital spirit—and yet of what value is all teaching, when the darkness that may be felt, excludes the living, life-giving light of the Gospel? Some mothers content themselves with the assurance that a governess is not sectarian, for she is a member of the Church of England; others, that she is evangelical, not tractarian, or the reverse, as if the adherence to a party were adherence to Christ.

It is the fashion of the day to force every person into one of these ranks; and if it is suggested that there may be some things good in each, but that, at all events, there is a neutral ground, from which truth may be more easily learned than by belonging to any leader, immediately both sides join vigorously against you. There are many teachers professedly belonging to

each party

By one class the sacred mysteries of religion are made so familiar and conversation about them so common, that the freshness and power of religion is apt to be lost by those so instructed. From mistaken zeal, the feelings of children are excited, and they are led to express sentiments which were never truly awakened in their hearts. They fell in with the tone of those about them, and seeing that it gave pleasure, were naturally led on to imi

tate what they heard. But thus to force the bud into premature blossom was to destroy all hope of future seed. We have known many such wellmeaning religionists, who delude themselves with the notion that they are doing good to the souls of children by this mode of teaching them; they boast to others of the blessing that rests on their work; speak positively of them as spiritual children given to them by the Lord, and talk of them as decidedly converted characters; and what is the end of their history? Many of these young persons grow up careless and worldly-yea, utterly reckless about religion, and they frequently go to greater lengths in vanity than others—just in proportion to the measure of hypocrisy they practised before. With some, indeed, it is not hypocrisy, for they were themselves deluded into the notion that they meant what they expressed, they fell into the use of the phraseology they were accustomed to hear, and never suspected the hollowness of their profession till the power of that influence which led them into it was withdrawn. They then felt that the world had much stronger attractions than they had been led to suppose, and they were soon carried along by the stream ; their religion had no root, and so it quickly withered away.

Thus must it ever be, where profession is substituted for Godliness, words for deeds, and the beautiful distinction forgotten which our church admirably makes between “religion and piety."

Against such teaching it is impossible to pro

test too strongly, and to plead too earnestly.
Many parents have a righteous dread of pro-
fessedly religious schools and teachers: just in the
degree that they reverence the reality, they shun
the counterfeit. “Do they learn to talk about re-
ligion ?” is a question which is often proposed in
selecting a school or governess. This kind of train-
ing generally leads young persons to talk about mi-
nisters and preaching, to run after those who are
popular, to judge, criticise, admire, or condemn,
and to compare one with another—forgetting good
George Herbert's words of wisdom :-
“ Judge not the preacher, for he is thy judge.

If thou mislike him, thou conceivest him not;
God calleth preaching folly. Do not grudge
To pick out treasures from an earthen pot.
The worst speak something good; if all want sense,

God takes a text, and preacheth patience.” Exactly opposed to this set of professing Christians, are those equally dangerous, who make the external forms, the constant attendance on outward duties and the strict adherence, to minute and punctilious observances, the one thing in religion—children are easily drawn into either extreme, and the danger lies in the substitution of the shell for the kernel. David Brainerd well expressed this distinction when he said, “ There are many men with whom I can talk about religion, there are few with whom I can talk religion.

The service which God demands is a reasonable service. His first requirement is, “My son, give me thy heart;" and, without this, the most costly



outward sacrifices are but “ vain oblations." To how many, in these days, is not the prophet's language applicable. “The new moons and Sabbaths, the calling of assemblies I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth; they are a trouble to me; I am weary to bear them.”

It has been a painful duty thus to exhibit the various causes which have led to the prejudice existing against governesses. Every case has been drawn from real life; but it is done with the hope of being able to point out more clearly how these errors may be avoided, and to show that the remedy lies in their own power.

But it is impossible to conclude this chapter without expressing, most strongly, that there is an invaluable class of teachers whom we would hold up as an example to others, who faithfully do the work which mothers are unable to accomplish, and, in some cases, occupy their place to bereaved families; these fulfil their vocation in the love and fear of God, and are the means of conferring on numbers incalculable benefits.

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“ Teach me, my God and King,

In all things Thee to see,
And what I do, in any thing,

To do it as for Thee.
“ All may of Thee partake,

Nothing can be so mean,
Which with his tincture (for Thy sake)

Will not prove bright and clean.
“A servant with this clause,

Makes drudgery divine ;
Who sweeps a room, as for thy laws,

Makes that, and the action fine.
“ This is the famous stone,

That turneth all to gold;
For that which God doth touch and own,
Cannot for less be told.”


THE remarks made in the preceding chapter THIE

were not intended to depress or dishearten those to whom it was addressed, but, on the contrary, to stimulate them to exertion, that they may never hereafter be liable to similar charges.

They will reply: “We have special difficulties to contend with. We are exiles from happy homes; we have temptations and hazards to which the affluent are not subjected; we are often forced

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