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After recording the Transfiguration and some of the subsequent occurrences, St. Luke informs us, in ch. ix. 51–56, (with which passage the next Part commences), that our Lord sent messengers before him, who went into a village of the Samaritans to prepare for his coming, but that the inhabitants refused to receive him. This fact is recorded by St. Luke alone; and it is obvious from it, that our Lord first purposed to go direct through Samaria: it may reasonably be inferred that this was in order to avoid the necessity of passing through the eastern portion of Herod's dominions, through which lay the ordinary route of the Galileans when going to Jerusalem.

Here the sacred historian suspends his narrative of the last journey, to introduce that miscellaneous Collection of the Sayings of Christ, (chiefly derived, it is probable, from the written records or verbal relations of the Seventy Disciples), which forms so remarkable a feature of his Gospel, and constitutes so large and important a portion of it-occupying the xth and six following chapters, with the first ten verses of the xviith. (See Diss. II. Sect. iv. and Supplement). With the exception of ch. xiii. 22—35, and ch. xvii. 1—10, the whole will be found in Part V.; in which are arranged the occurrences during the absence of the Twelve.

After giving these invaluable records, many of which are found solely in his Gospel, the sacred historian continues his narrative of the last journey with an occurrence which neither St. Matthew nor St. Mark has recorded-the cure of the ten lepers. In ch. ix. 56, he had stated that when our Lord was refused reception in the village of the Samaritans, he went to another village :' in ch. xvii. 11, we find him, in the immediately succeeding part of his journey, going along the confines of Samaria and Galilee, (obviously in order to go into the Peræa), and entering into a certain village.





Our Lord sets out for Jerusalem-is refused Reception in Samaria- While passing through the Confines of Samaria and Galilee, in order to go into the Perea, he heals Ten Lepers.

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51 AND it came to pass, when the days were
fulfilled in which he was to be received up, that he
steadfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem.
52 And
he sent messengers before his face; and they went
and entered into a village of the Samaritans, in order
to make ready for him. 53 And they did not receive
him, because his face was as though he was going t
to Jerusalem. 54 Now when his disciples James and
John saw this, they said, "Lord, wilt thou that we
command fire to come down from heaven, and con-
sume them, even as Elijah did?"
55 But he turned,
and rebuked them, [and said,
manner of spirit ye are of."] §
another village. ||

"Ye know not what
56 And they went to


Or, (without the Hebraism), before him.

• So Wynne: Lit. the days of his being received up. Or, (without the Hebraism), because he was going. The beautiful portion of ver. 55, after 'rebuked them', is omitted by Lachman; and regarded as very doubtful by Griesbach und Scholz. The first part of the 56th verse is entirely omitted by each of the three Editors-viz. 'for the Son of man came not to destroy men's lives, but to save them.' It does not appear improbable, that at least the part which is left in the text was a traditionary record of Christ's words added in the margin of an early copy of Luke's Gospel. There must have been many remembered sayings of Christ not recorded in the Gospels; see, for instance, Acts xx. 35.

After this verse are recorded some occurrences, two of which are referred by St. Matthew to an earlier period: see p. 76. The third, which is peculiar to Luke, may have occurred at this period.

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And it came to pass, as he was going to Jeru. salem, that he went through the confines of Samaria and Galilee.* 12 And as he entered into a certain village, there met him ten men that were lepers, who stood afar off. 13 And they lifted up their voice, and said, "Jesus! Master! pity us!" 14 And when he saw them, he said unto them, "Go and show yourselves unto the priests." And it came to pass, that as they were departing they were made clean. 15 Now one of them, when he saw that he was cured, turned back, with a loud voice glorifying God; 16 and he fell down on his face at his feet, giving him thanks: and he was a Samaritan. 17 But Jesus answering said, "Were not ten made clean? but where are the nine? 18 There are not found any that returned to give glory to God, except this stranger." 19 And he said unto him," Arise, and go thy way: thy faith hath restored thee."



Christ teaches in the Perca: Declaration to the Pharisees respecting

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• So Campbell. This appears to be the true force of δια μέσου Σαμάρειας και Γαλιλαίας. In common relation to two countries, μσog must mean the middle between: so Mesopotamia means the country between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris.

↑ Or, neglecting the idiom, None have returned &c.

These words refer to the last place mentioned by St. Mark, viz. Capernaum: see Part VI. Sect. xi. xii. The Gospels of Matthew and Mark give no notice of Christ's having purposed to go throngh Samaria, before he actually went into the Peræa: but the course recorded by St. Luke would not differ much, if at all, from that which our Lord would otherwise have pursued in going from Capernaum to the Peræa; as he would avoid Tiberias, and eross the Jordan by the bridge near Scythopolis, thus going by Cana and Nain.



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for every cause?" 4 But he answered and said unto
answered and said unto them, them, "What did Moses direct
"Have ye not read, that he who you to do?" And they said, Matt. 7,8.
made them, from the beginning" Moses suffered to write a bill
of divorcement, and to put her
away." 5 And Jesus answered
and said unto them, "For the
hardness of your heart he wrote
for you this direction.
6 But
from the beginning of the cre-
ation God made them male and
female. 7 For this cause a
man will leave his father and
mother, and cleave to his wife;

made them male and female;
5 and said, 'For this cause
a man will leave father and
mother, and cleave to his wife:
and they two shall be one flesh?'
6 so that they are no more two,
but one flesh. What therefore
God hath joined together, let
not man put asunder." 7 They
say unto him, "Why therefore
did Moses direct to give a
writing of divorcement and put
her away! ""
He saith unto
them, "For the hardness of
your hearts Moses suffered you
to put away your wives: but
from the beginning it was not

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10 His disciples say unto him, "If the case of the man be thus with his wife, it is not good to marry." 11 But he said unto them, "All men cannot receive this saying, save they to whom it is given. For there are eunuchs, who were so born from their mother's womb and there are eunuchs, who were made eunuchs by men and there are eunuchs, who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. He that is able to receive it, let him reccive it."


and they two shall be one flesh: so that they are no more two, but one flesh. 9 What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder."

10 And in the house his disciples:
asked him again concerning the
same matter. 11 And he saith
unto them, "Whosoever shall
put away his wife, and marry
another, committeth adultery
against her. 12 And if a woman
shall put away her husband,
and be married to another, she
committeth adultery."

Matt. 4-6.

Gen. 2; 24.


Discourse when asked by the Pharisees when the Kingdom of God would come; followed by the Parables of the Unjust Judge, and the Pharisee and Publican.




20 Now when he was asked by the Pharisees, "When is the kingdom of God coming!" he answered them and said, "The kingdom of God cometh not with observation: nor will they say,

28 In

Lo, here !' or, 'Lo, there!' for, lo, the kingdom of
God is within you." 22 But he said unto the
disciples, "The days will come, when ye will desire
to see one of the days of the Son of man, and will
not behold it. 23 And they will say to you, 'Lo,
here!' or, Lo, there!' Go not away, nor follow
them. 24 For as the lightning, that lighteneth
out of one part under heaven, shineth unto the
other part under heaven; so will the Son of man
be in his day. 25 But he must first suffer many
things, and be rejected by this generation. 26 And
as it was in the days of Noah, so will it be also in
the days of the Son of man. 27 They ate, they
drank, they married, they were given in marriage,
until the day in which Noah entered into the ark;
and the flood came, and destroyed them all.
like manner also, as it was in the days of Lot;-
they ate, they drank, they bought, they sold, they
planted, they built; 29 but, on the day in which
Lot went forth from Sodom, it rained fire and
brimstone from heaven, and destroyed all;—
30 thus will it be in the day in which the Son of
man is revealed. 3 In that day, let not him who
shall be on the house-top, and his goods in the
house, come down to take them; and in like manner,
let not him that shall be in the field return back.
32 Remember Lot's wife. 33 Whosoever shall seek
to save his life will lose it; and whosoever shall lose
his life will preserve it. 84 I say unto you; In
that night two men will be on one bed; one will be
taken and the other left. 85 Two women will be
grinding together; the one will be taken and
the other left." 37 And they answer and say unto
him, "Where, Lord" But he said unto them,
"Where the body is, there will the eagles be gather-
ed together."

CH. XVIII. And he spake also a parable unto


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