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you the King of the
Jews?" 10 For he
knew that for envy
the Chief Priests had
delivered him up.

knew that for envy ye that I release unto
they had delivered
him up. 19 (Now while
he was sitting on the
judgment seat, his
wife had sent unto
him, saying, "Have
thon nothing to do
with that righteous
man: for I have suf
fered many things this
day, in a dream, be-
cause of him)." 20 But

the Chief Priests "1 But the Chief
and Elders persuad-Priests stirred up
the multitudes the multitude, that
that they should he might rather re-
demand Barabbas, lease Barabbas unto
and destroy Jesus. them.
21 And the Governor
answered and said
unto them, "Which

of the two will ye that I release unto

12 And Pilate

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39 But ye

you to him; and, behold, nothing worthy of death hath been done by him. 16 I will therefore chastise him and release him." 17 For he was obliged have a custom that to release one prison- I should release one er unto them at this prisoner unto you at feast. 18 But they the passover: will ye cried out, the whole therefore that I remultitude together, lease unto you the saying, "Away with King of the Jews? this man, and release 40 They all therefore unto us Barabbas :" cried out again, say19 (who for a certain ing, "Not this man, insurrection made in but Barabbas." Now the city, and for mur- Barabbas der, had been cast robber. into prison). 20 Again therefore Pilate spake to them,† being desirous to release Jesus. 21 But they cried aloud, saying,

66 them,

you?" And they said, answered and said
"Barabbas." 22 Pi. again unto
late saith unto them, "What therefore
"What therefore shall will ye that I should
I do with Jesus who do unto him whom
is called Christ? "ye call the King of
They all say unto the Jews?" 13 And
him, "Let him be they cried out again,
crucified." 23
But "Crucify him." 14 But
the Governor said, Pilate said unto them,
"But what evil hath" But what evil hath
he done?" But they
cried out exceedingly,
saying, "Let him be"

24 And when Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude,


he done?" And they
cried out exceedingly,
Crucify him."


Crucify, crucify him." 22 And he said unto them a third time, "But what evil hath this man done?"‡ I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and release him.” 23 And they were urgent with; loud cries, demanding that he should be crucified. And their cries and the cries of the Chief Priests prevailed.



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27 Then the soldiers of the Governor took Jesus into the Prætorium, and gathered unto him the whole band. 28 And they stripped him, and put

round him a scarlet

tude, released Barab-
bas unto them, and de-
livered up Jesus, when
he had scourged him,
to be crucified.*

16 And the soldiers
led him away into
the court, that is, the
Prætorium; and they
call together the whole
band. 17 And they
clothed him with
purple, and platted a
crown of thorns, and
put it about his head,

19 And

robe.+ 29 And they
platted a crown of
thorns, and put it
upon his head; and
put a reed in his
right hand; and they
bowed the knee be-
fore him, and mocked
him. saying, "Hail,
King of the Jews!" did him homage.

30 And they spit upon

him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head.

and began to salute
him, "Hail, King of
the Jews!"
they smote him on the
head with a reed, and
spat upon him, and
bowing their knees

24 And Pilate gave
judgment that their
demand should b
done. 25 And he
released him that for
sedition and murder
had been cast into
prison, whom they
demanded; but he
delivered up Jesus to
their will.*

Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him. 2 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head; and they threw round him a purple mantle,3 and said, "Hail, King of the Jews!" and they smote him with the palms of their hands.

Pilate went forth again, and saith unto them, "Behold, I bring him out to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him." Jesus therefore came forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple mantle. And Pilate saith unto them, "Behold the man!" 6 When therefore the

The first three Evangelists give no record of the last futile efforts of the Roman Governor to save Jesus. Luke briefly gives the final result: the other two record the scourging; and from this pass on to the last act of Pilate; stating afterwards, as a separate fact, what preceded the formal condemnation.-The succession of events was probably as follows. Pilate, after washing his hands, yields to the Jews, releases Barabbas to them, and, in their presence, has Jesus sconrged for crucifixion: Jesus is then taken within the fortress, and mocked by the Roman soldiers: Pilate brings him forth to the Jews; and afterwards has another conference with him within the Prætorium: He then again brings him forth, formally condemns him, and delivers him up to be crucified.

txλapvda. It was probably the military cloak worn by generals.

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Chief Priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, saying, "Crucify, crucify him." Pilate saith unto them, "Take ye him, and crucify him: for I do not find any fault in him." 7 The Jews answered him, "We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God." 8 When therefore Pilate heard that saying, he was still more afraid; 9 and he went again into the Prætorium, and saith unto Jesus, "Whence art thou?" But Jesus gave him no answer. 10 Pilate therefore saith unto him, "Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?" 11 Jesus answered, "Thou hadst no power at all a gainst me, unless it had been given thee from above: on this account+ he that delivered me up unto thee hath greater sin." 12 After this Pilate continued seeking to release him: but the Jews cried out,

• 01, authority, εξουσίαν.

tr, as to this, dia TOUTO.

† Εκ τούτου εζήτει.

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saying, "If thou release this man, thou art not Cæsar's friend:

everyone who maketh himself a king, opposeth Cæsar." 13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down on the judg. ment-seat, in a place called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 (Now it was the preparation-day for the passover, and about the sixth hour). And he saith unto the

Jews, "Behold your King!" 15 But they

cried out, 66


with him, away with

him, crucify him."

Pilate saith unto

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• The original reading probably was, TPITη, the third. The numeral for six was easily confounded with with that for three: yet έKTη is a very aucient reading.

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26 AND as they were
leading him away, his cross,
they laid hold upon

Cyrene, Simon by passing by, coming one Simon, a Cy.

name: him they compelled to bear his


from the country,
(the father of Alex-
ander and Rufus), to
bear his cross.

renian, coming from the country; and on him they laid the cross, to carry it after Jesus. 27 And there followed him a great number of the people, and of women who both smote themselves and bewailed him. 28 But Jesus turning unto them said, "Daughters of Jerusalem! weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. 29 For, behold, days are coming, in which they will say, 'Blessed are the barren,and the wombs which never bare, and the breasts which never gave suck.' 30 Then will they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us;' and to the hills, 'Cover us.' 31 For if they do these things against the green tree, wha must be done against the dry? "+

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The force of the original verb, ayyapεvw, corresponds with that of our verb press, in reference to public authority. In the New Testament it occurs only in these places, and in Matt. v. 41.

+ Or, For if they do these things in the green tree, what must happen in the dry. On this rendering, the green tree' and the dry' refer to the then existing and the subsequent condition of the Jewish state: so Bp. Pearce. The rendering in the text makes the words refer to personal character:

BO Kuinoel.

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