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MATT.

MARK

LUKE

JOHN III.

testimony, that I said, 'I am not the Christ, but I am sent before him.' 29 He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, who standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom's voice. This my joy therefore hath been fulfilled. 30 He must increase, but I must decrease."*

31 He that cometh from above is above all; he that is from the earth is from the earth, and speaketh from the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all. 32 And what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth; yet no one receiveth his testimony. 33 He that hath received his testimony hath set his seal to this, that 'God is true.' 34 For he whom God sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the spirit by measure unto him. 35 The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand. 36 He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that disobeyeth the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.

SECT. IV.

Our Lord's Conference with the Samaritan Woman: Subsequent Occurrences.

MATT.

MARK

LUKE

JOHN IV.

WHEN therefore the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that he was making and baptizing more disciples than John,+ 2 (although Jesus himself did not baptize, but his disciples), 3 he left Judea, and departed again into Galilee. Now it was then necessary for him to go through Samaria. He cometh therefore to a city of Samaria, called Sychar, near the portion of land which Jacob gave to his son Joseph. Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with the journey, sat accordingly

• Wetstein, Bengel, Kuinoel, and others, regard the Testimony of the Baptist as ending here. This opinion does not well suit v. 32: yet the phraseology of the 31st and following verses best accords with the supposition, that they are the observations of the Evangelist suggested by that testimony.

+ Literally, Jesus is making and baptizing.—This is the report which the Pharisees had received, in its own form; and Iŋoovs is not pleonastic, though scarcely expressible in a translation.

The necessity appears to have arisen from the obvions importance of his having no personal communication with the Baptist; and John was at that time (ch. iii. 23) baptizing in the plain of the Jordan, through which the ordinary route lay for the inhabitants of Galilee.

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JOHN IV.

by the well: (it was about the sixth hour). 7 There
cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water: Jesus
saith unto her, "Give me to drink." 6 (For his
disciples had gone away unto the city to buy pro-
visions). The Samaritan woman saith therefore
unto him, "Why dost thou, being a Jew, ask drink
of me, who am a Samaritan woman?" (for the Jews
have no communication with the Samaritans).
10 Jesus answered and said unto her, " If thou hadst
known the bounty of God, and who it is that saith
to thee, 'Give me to drink,' thou wouldst have
asked of him, and he would have given thee living
water." The woman saith unto him, "Sir, thou
hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep:
whence, therefore, hast thou that living water?
12 Art thou greater than our father Jacob, who gave
us the well, and himself drank thereof, and his sons,
and his cattle!" 13 Jesus answered and said unto
her, "Every one who drinketh of this water will
thirst again: 14 but whosoever shall drink of the
water that I shall give him will never thirst; but
the water that I shall give him will be in him a well
of water springing up unto everlasting life." 15 The
woman saith unto him, "Sir, give me this water,
that I may not thirst, or come hither to draw."
16 Jesus saith unto her, "Go, call thy husband, and
come hither." 17 The woman answered and said,
"I have no husband." Jesus saith unto her, "Thou
hast well said, 'I have no husband: 18 for thou hast
had five husbands; and he whom thou now hast is
not thy husband: thou hast said this truly." 19 The
woman saith unto him, "Sir, I perceive that thou
art a prophet. 20 Our fathers worshiped in this
mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the
place where all ought to worship." " Jesus saith
unto her, "Woman, believe me, The hour cometh,
when neither in this mountain, nor at Jerusalem,
ye shall worship the Father. 22 Ye worship what
ye know not: we worship what we know; for sal-
vation is from the Jews. 23 But the hour cometh,"
(and now it is), "when the true worshipers shall
worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the
24 God is a
Father seeketh such to worship him.
spirit:+ and they that worship him ought to wor-
25 The woman saith unto
ship in spirit and truth."

Lit. Shall not thirst for ever, El Tov alva.

+ Cr, God is spirit, πνευμα ὁ Θεός.

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JOHN IV.

him, "I know that the Messiah cometh," (which meaneth Christ, i. e. Anointed); "when he cometh he will tell us all things." 26 Jesus saith unto her, "I who am speaking to thee, am he."

27 (And upon this his disciples came, and wondered that he was talking with a woman; no one, however, said, What seekest thou or, Why art thou talking with her?) 28 The woman, therefore, left her bucket, and went back into the city, and saith to the men, 29 Come, see a man, who hath told me all that ever I did is not this the Christ?" 30 They went out of the city, and continued coming unto him.

31 In the mean while his disciples entreated him, saying, "Rabbi! eat!" 32 But he said unto them, "I have meat to eat which ye know not of." 33 The disciples therefore said one to another, "Hath any one brought him aught to eat?" 34 Jesus saith unto them, "My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work. Do ye not say, 'There are still four months, and then the harvest cometh?' behold, I say unto you, 'Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are already white for harvest.'* 36 He that reapeth, receiveth wages and gathereth fruit unto everlasting life: that both he that soweth and he that reapeth, may rejoice together. 37 For herein is the saying true, 'One is the sower, and another the reaper.' 38 I send you to reap that whereon ye have bestowed no labour: others have laboured, and ye have entered into their labours."

39 And many of the Samaritans of that city believed on him because of the word of the woman who testified, "He told me all that ever I did." 40 When therefore the Samaritans had come unto him, they besought him that he would abide with them: and he abode there two days. And many more believed because of his own word; 42 and they said unto the woman, "We no longer believe because of

• Nothing can be decided from this verse as to the part of the year when this conversation took place. See Diss. I. Sect. iv.-The import is, After the seed-sowing is over, there is still an interval of four months before the harvest cometh: but here the harvest presents itself at once.-Many of the people of Sychar, we may reasonably suppose, were now seen coming through the fields in their way to our Lord. After 'Do ye not say,' at the beginning of the verse, supply, after seed-sowing.

+ απέστειλα. Our indefinite present, here and elsewhere, suitably represents the aorist of the original. If these circumstances occurred before the Pentecost, it is obvious that the preterite would be inapplicable.

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On his Return to Galilee, Jesus, while at Cana, heals the Nobleman's Son, who was ill at Capernaum.

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JOHN IV.

43 Now after the two days he departed thence, and went into Galilee: for Jesus himself testified, that a prophet hath not honour in his own country.+ 45 (When therefore he came into Galilee, the Galileans received him gladly, having seen all that he did in Jerusalem at the feast for they also went to the feast). 46 He came therefore again unto Cana of Galilee, where he had made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Capernaum. 47 He having heard that Jesus had come from Judea into Galilee, went unto him, and entreated § him that he would come down,|| and heal his son: for he was at the point of death. 48 Jesus therefore said unto him, "Unless ye see signs and wonders, ye do not believe." 49 The nobleman saith unto him, "Lord, come down ere my child dieth." 50 Jesus saith unto him, "Go thy way, thy son is well." And the man believed the word which Jesus spake to him, and he went his way. 51 But as he was now going down, his servants met him, and brought word, saying, "Thy child is well." 52 He inquired therefore from them the hour when

*ò xploroc is entirely omitted by Lachman; and Griesbach prefixes the mark of most probable omission.

The 46th verse might seem to make a contrast between Galilee and Judea, which was peculiarly the country of the Messiah, as well as our Lord's own native country: in this case we may, after ver. 43, supply, and not into Judea. But if we consider warpi, father-land, in the 44th verse, as referring to Nazareth, which it does in other cases, then we must supply, but not to Nazareth: for, &c. This last view best suits the commencement of the chapter, and also the 46th verse; and in accordance with it, the 45th is put in parentheses.

Tis Baoiλikog, one of the royal household. For the sake of ver. 49, the common rendering is preferred. Not improbably it was Chuza, Herod's steward. Luke viii. 3.

§ ηρωτα.-1 have, in such cases, rendered παρακαλεω beseech, and therefore render ερωτάω entreat. John, however, never uses the former in any of his writings. See Schmidt,

Referring to the position of Capernaum on the borders of the Lake, while Cana was among the hills in the south of Galilee.

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During the PENTECOST, our Lord heals the Infirm Man at Bethesda his subsequent Discourse before the Sanhedrim.

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*

JOHN V.

AFTER these things there was a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

2 Now there is at Jerusalem near the sheep-gate a bath, which is called in Hebrew Bethesda, having five porches. 3 In these were lying a [great] number of infirm persons, blind, lame, withered, [waiting for the moving of the water. 4 For an angel went down at a certain season into the bath, and troubled the water: whoever therefore went in first after the troubling of the water, became whole, whatsoever disease he had.]+

5 Now a certain man was there, who had been in an infirm state for thirty and eight years. 6 Jesus seeing him lying there, and knowing that he had now been in that state for a long time, saith unto him, "Dost thou desire to become whole?" The infirm man answered him, "Sir, I have no man, when the water is troubled, to put me into the bath but while I am coming, another goeth down before me." 8 Jesus saith unto him, "Rise, take up thy bed, and walk." And immediately the man became whole, and took up his bed, and walked. Now on that day was the sabbath. 10 The Jews therefore said unto him that had been cured, "It is the sabbath, it is not lawful for thee to carry thy bed." He answered them, "He that made me

KoλvμẞηIρα, a qwimming-bath.—Bethesda signifies house of mercy.

The words in brackets are marked by Griesbach as most probably to be omitted. Kuinoel agrees with him. Lachman inserts ver. 4 without any mark of doubt.

Or, pallet. Kpaßßarov denotes a mean kind of mattress, thin and of small dimensions. It appears sometimes to have consisted of no more than a thick cotton quilt, doubled.

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