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in this state. The speeches which were made on these occasions are presented in this volume under the title of EXECUTIVE SPEECHES.

Under the head of POLITICAL WRITINGS, will be found a number of Addresses written by Mr. SEWARD at different times, explaining the principles and action of the political party to which he was attached, and exposing the errors of the opposite party.

The GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE which has been collected in this volume forms an interesting portion of its contents. This correspondence includes many private letters on important topics, relating to Politics, Internal Improvements, Slavery, and Education. These letters, of which many were written with no expectation of their being made public, afford additional proofs of the remarkable consistency of Mr. SEWARD's public and private life.

The LETTERS FROM EUROPE have been selected from a series which appeared in the “Albany Evening Journal" of 1834. This series originally contained about seventy letters, all of them possessing more than ordinary interest; but the limits of this volume have obliged us to be content with a brief selection.

The SPEECHES IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES, in this vol. ume, embrace the Speeches which Mr. SEWARD delivered in the Senate at the close of the XXXIII Congress. The larger portion of his speeches and debates in that body will be found in the first volume, which had gone to press before the delivery of those herewith presented.

The ENGRAVING in this volume presents a view of the residence of Governor SEWARD at Auburn. It will be recognised by hosts of Mr. SEWARD's friends, as the abode of domestic comfort and genuine hospitality. Madame Pulszky, in her recent book of travels in America,* thus describes it :

“We spent Saturday and Sunday at the pleasant home of Governor Seward. He was detained at Washington, but Mrs.

"Sketches of American Society," by Francis and THERESA PULSzky, vol. ii., p. 208 Redfield: New York.

Seward has welcomed and entertained us with her own amiable cordiality.

“The mansion - furnished with comfortable simplicity — is adorned by the elegant neatness which pervades it in every room, in every corner. An ample and carefully-selected library, family portraits, with a striking likeness of John Quincy Adams, cover the walls. Nothing in this house is luxurious, nothing superfluous, but every want is provided for with good taste, and every object offers immediate use or presents interesting associations. The foliage of ancient trees shades our windows, and allures us to step down into the garden, whose fragrance fills the rooms. Well-kept arbors line the walls; the air is perfumed by Narcissuses, hyacinths, and syringas, around which cluster rich garlands of tulips and lovely Cupid-arrows. In these pleasant grounds we meet the members of the family who are now staying at Auburn: the little daughter of Mrs. Seward, and her nephew, to whom she has been a mother; his sweet young wife, and Mrs. Worden, Mrs. Seward's sister.”




The True Greatness of our Country-Death of Lafayette Death of O'Connell—Death

of John Quincy Adams—Death of Henry Clay-Death of Daniel Webster-Death

of David Berdan-Internal Improvements and Education Education, Westfield,

1837–Ireland and Irishmen-Agriculture, Albany, 1842–Improvement of Farms

and Farmers, Rutland, 1852......

.PAGE 11


The Union, Auburn, 1825—For Greece, Auburn, 1827—Patriotism, Syracuse, July 4,

1831— Typographical Society, Albany, 1839—Sunday School Celebration, Staten

Island, 1839—To the Citizens of Ogdensburgh, 1839—To the Catholics of Ogdens

burgh, 1839—To the Citizens of Steuben, 1839—To the Irishmen of Albany, 1840

-Anniversary of the American Bible Society, 1839—Centennial, Cherry Valley

1840—St. Patrick's Dinner, 1842–Croton Celebration, 1842–John Quincy Adams,

on his Visit to Auburn, 1843—Whig Meeting, Auburn, 1844—Election of 1844,

Syracuse Ireland and Native Americans, 1844—Whig Meeting, Yates County,

1844_St. Patrick's Dinner, 1846—Eulogy on John Quincy Adams, in Court, 1848

-Horticultural Festival, Boston, 1848—Whig Meeting, Boston, 1848—Whig

Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, 1848—Cartmen's Meeting, New York, 1848–New

York and Erie Railroad, 1837—New York and Erie Railroad, 1851..... 191


To Abraham Le Fort, an Onondaga Chief—To Moses Schuyler, an Oneida Chief-

Completion of the Western Railroad of Massachusetts, Springfield, 1842..... 325


Address of a Republican Convention, 1824—Address of the Minority of the Legislature,

1881–Address of the Minority of the Legislature, 1884—Address of the Minority

of the Legislature, 1844—The True Issue, 1838.....



POLITICAL LETTERS. —To Adonijah Moody-H. C. W.-General Harrison-Citizens of

Albany-B. S.-Hon. Luther Bradish—John C. Clark-George R. Babcock-

Whigs of Orleans-Benjamin Squire-Whigs of Michigan-Calvin Townsley-

George Ashmun, Jarvis N. Lake—Washington Hunt-James Brooks—Chau-

tauque Convention—Orleans Whig Convention-E. J. Fowle—James Watson

Webb-James B. Taylor.....


INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS. —To Citizens of Tioga—Samuel P. Lyman—Edgar A. Barber

-George Bliss—James Bowen-Pacific Railroad Convention.....

... 417

SLAVERY.—To William Jay and Gerrit Smith—John Sears—John Quincy Adams

Jabez D. Hammond-Austin Pray—Thomas Clarkson—Colored Citizens of New

York-Colored Citizens of Albany-Gerrit Smith-Salmon P. Chase-National

Intelligencer—Massachusetts Convention......


THE M'LEOD Case. —To Peter B. Porter—Thomas Ewing-Lovell G. Mickles—Eliphalet

Nott, D.D.—John Quincy Adams......

..... 449

MISCELLANEOUS. — Holland Land Company, Citizens of Chautauque County–St. Nicholas

Society, Robert H. Pruyn-Irish Testimonial, W. J. MacNeven-St. Andrew's

Society, Albany-Adopted Citizens of Philadelphia, Stephen E Rice—Extradition

of Fugitives from Justice, H. W. Rogers—De Witt Clinton, Edward C. Delavan

-State Credits, William Brown-Prison Discipline, Rev. John Lucky-Religious

Liberty, John Dillon Smith-State Credits, William Brown-St. George's Society,

B. H. Downing—Law Reform, Benjamin Cahoone-Cunard Steamers—Schools,

William Palmer—Militia Duty, Samuel Parsons–Schools, Rev. John Hughes, D.D.

-Seneca Indians, Jacob Harvey-Condolence, Louis Gaylord Clark—Schools,

Benjamin Birdsall—Irish Repeal, Edmund S. Derry—Dickens's Notes, Henry L

Webb—Irishmen of Auburn-Ireland and Irishmen, James Maher-Barbecue at

Cherry Valley, James Brackett—New York Prison Association—Kossuth, Citizens

of Philadelphia, New York Bar, Printers of Pittsburgh....


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