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Free Trade no Panacea

man who believes that the adoption of any policy, no matter what, in reference to our foreign commerce, will cut that tangled knot of social well-being and misery at which the fingers of the London free-trader clutch as helplessly as those of the Berlin protectionist. Such a man represents individually an almost imponderable element in the work and thought of the community; but in the aggregate he stands for a real danger, because he stands for a feeling evident of late years among many respectable people.Ibid.

not Live by Bread

Alone

It is as true now as ever it was that no Man shall man and no nation shall live by bread alone. Thrift and industry are indispensable virtues; Alone but they are not all-sufficient. We must base our appeals for civic and national betterment on nobler grounds than those of mere business expediency.-Ibid.

Leisure Class is a

... a leisure class whose leisure simply means When the idleness is a curse to the community, and in so far as its members distinguish themselves Curse chiefly by aping the worst—not the besttraits of similar people across the water, they become both comic and noxious elements of the body politic.-Ibid.

Patriotism of the Belfry

We do not wish, in politics, in literature, or in art, to develop that unwholesome parochial spirit, that over-exaltation of the little community at the expense of the great nation, which produces what has been described as the patriotism of the village, the patriotism of the belfry. . . The patriotism of the village or the belfry is bad, but the lack of all patriotism is even worse.-Ibid.

Mischief
Done by
Hypocrites
and
Scoundrels

The men who do iniquity in the name of patriotism, of reform, of Americanism, are merely one small division of the class that has always existed and will always exist,—the class of hypocrites and demagogues, the class that is always prompt to steal the watchwords of righteousness and use them in the interests of evil-doing.-Ibid,

Face
Facts as
They Are

We Americans have many grave problems to solve, many threatening evils to fight, and many deeds to do, if, as we hope and believe, we have the wisdom, the strength, the courage, and the virtue to do them. But we must face facts as they are. We must neither surrender ourselves to a foolish optimism, nor succumb to a timid and ignoble pessimism.

ion

of

ism not a

I wish to be distinctly understood on Americanone point. Americanism is a question of

Question spirit, conviction, and purpose, not of creed of Creed

or Birth or birthplace. The politician who bids for the Irish or German vote, or the Irishman or German who votes as an Irishman or German, is despicable, for all citizens of this commonwealth should vote solely as Americans; but he is not a whit less despicable than the voter who votes against a good American, merely because that American happens to have been born in Ireland or Germany.

Ibid.

The Undesirable

Citizen

One may fall very far short of treason and yet be an undesirable citizen in the community. The man who becomes Europeanized, who loses his power of doing good work on this side of the water, and who loses his love for his native land, is not a traitor; but he is a silly and undesirable citizen. He is as emphatically a noxious element in our body politic as is the man who comes here from abroad and remains a foreigner. Nothing will more quickly or more surely disqualify a man from doing good work in the world than the acquirement of that flaccid habit of mind which its possessors style cosmopolitanism.-Ibid.

Who
Belittle
Reform

Scoundrels There are plenty of scoundrels always

ready to try to belittle reform movements or to bolster up existing iniquities in the name of Americanism; but this does not alter the fact that the man who can do most in this country is and must be the man whose Americanism is most sincere and intense. Outrageous though it is to use a noble idea as the cloak for evil, it is still worse to assail the noble idea itself because it can thus be used.-Ibid.

American

The

We maintain that it is an outrage, in voting A. P. A. un- for

- for a man for any position, whether State or national, to take into account his religious faith, provided only he is a good American. When a secret society does what in some places the American Protective Association seems to have done, and tries to proscribe Catholics both politically and socially, the members of such society show that they themselves are as utterly un-American, as alien to our school of political thought, as the worst immigrants who land on our shores. Their conduct is equally base and contemptible; they are the worst foes of our public-school system, because they strengthen the hands of its ultramontane enemies; they should receive the hearty condemnation of all Americans who are truly patriotic.-Ibid.

To Keep out Idiots, Criminals,

and Anarchists

It is urgently necessary to check and regulate our immigration, by much more drastic laws than now exist; and this should be done both to keep out laborers who tend to depress the labor market, and to keep out races which do not assimilate readily with our own, and unworthy individuals of all races—not only criminals, idiots, and paupers but anarchists of the Most and O'Donovan Rossa type.-Ibid.

Know

Know-nothingism, in any form, is as utterly

Nothingism un-American as foreignism. It is a base outrage to oppose a man because of his religion American or birthplace, and all good citizens will hold any such effort in abhorrence. A Scandinavian, a German, or an Irishman who has really become an American has the right to stand on exactly the same footing as any native-born citizen in the land, and is just as much entitled to the friendship and support, social and political, of his neighbors.-Ibid.

Have Base

Results

No amount of intelligence and no amount Base Ideals of energy will save a nation which is not honest, and no government can ever be a permanent success if administered in accordance with base ideals.Ibid,

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