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Nevertheless, slavery increased continually. I beg that you will pause a moment to consider the man who cleansed this terrible stain which obscured the stars of the American banner. I beg that you will pause a moment, for his immortal name has been invoked for the perpetuation of slavery. Ah ! the past century has not, the century to come will not have, a figure so grand, because as evil disappears, so disappears heroism also.

I have often contemplated and described his life. Born in a cabin of Kentucky, of parents who could hardly read ; born a new Moses in the solitude of the desert, where are forged ail great and obstinate thoughts, monotonous like the desert, and, like the desert, sublime ; growing up among those primeval forests, which, with their fragrance, send a cloud of incense, and, with their murmurs, a cloud of prayers to Heaven ; a boatman at eight years in the impetuous current of the Ohio, and at seventeen in the vast and tranquil waters of the Mississippi ; later a woodman, with axe and arm felling the immemorial trees, to open a way to unexplored regions for his tribe of wandering workers ; reading no other book than the Bible,* the book of great sorrows and great hopes, dictated often by prophets to the sound of fetters they dragged through Nineveh and Babylon; a child of Nature, in a word, by one of those miracles only comprehensible among free peoples he fought for the country and was raised by his fellow-citizens to the Congress at Washington, and by the nation to the Presidency of the Republic ; and when the evil grew more virulent, when those States were dissolved, when the slaveholders uttered their warcry, and the slaves their groans of despair—the woodcutter, the boatman, the son of the great West, the descendant of Quakers, humblest of the humble before his conscience, greatest of the great before history, ascends the Capitol, the greatest moral height of our time, and strong and serene with his conscience and his thought; before him a veteran army, hostile Europe behind him ; England favoring the South ; France encouraging reaction in Mexico, in his hands the riven country; he arms two million men, gathers a half million of horses, sends his artillery twelve hundred miles in a week, from the banks of the Potomac to the shores of Tennessee; fights more than six hundred battles ; renews before Richmond the deeds of Alexander, of Cæsar; and, after having emancipated three million slaves, that nothing might be wanting, he dies in the very moment of victory-like Christ, like Socrates, like all redeemers, at the foot of his work. His work! Sublime achievement ! over which humanity shall eternally shed its tears, and God his benediction !

* An error due to imperfect information on the part of the speaker. Lincoln read almost every book that came in his way.

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AMERICAN ORATORS

PAGE

94

NAME
Adams, Charles Francis
Adams, John Quincy
Adams, Samuel
Ames, Fisher.
Anthony, Susan B.
Beecher, Lyman
Beecher, Henry Ward
Benton, Thomas H.
Beveridge, Albert J.
Blaine, James G.
Brooks, Phillips
Brown, George
Brown, Henry Armitt
Brownlow, William G.
Bryan, William J.
Calhoun, John C.
Channing, William Ellery
Chapin, Edwin H..
Choate, Rufus.
Choate, Joseph H.
Clay, Henry
Clemens, Samuel L.
Cleveland, Grover .
Cockran, Bourke
Colfax, Schuyler
Collyer, Robert
Conkling, Roscoe
Cook, Joseph
Corwin, Thomas
Cox, Samuel S.
Crittenden, John J.
Curtis, George W.
Daniel, John W.
Davin, Nicholas F.
Davis, Henry Winter
Davis, Jefferson
Depew, Chauncey M.
Dickinson, Anna E.
Douglas, Stephen A.
Douglass Frederick
Emerson, Ralph Waldo
Evarts, William M.
Everett, Edward
Foraker, Joseph B.
Garfield, James A.
Gough, John B. .
Grady, Henry W.
Gunsaulus, Frank W.
Hale, Edward Everett .
Hamilton, Alexander
Harrison, Benjamin .
Hayne, Robert Y.
Henry, Patrick
Hill, Benjamin H.

PAGE

NAME
327 Hoar, George F.

Howe, Joseph .
29 Ingalls, John J.
43 Ingersoll, Robert J.
339 Jefferson, Joseph
254 Knott, James Proctor
263 Lamar, Lucius Q. C.
106 Laurier, Sir Wilfrid
199 Lee, Fitzhugh
164 Lee, Henry
270 Lincoln, Abraham
233 Livermore, Mary A.
321

Lockwood, Belva Ann.
273 Lodge, Henry C.
218 Lowell, James Russell

Macdonald, Sir John A.
256 Madison, James .
267 Marshall, John
102 Marshall, Thomas F.
203 McKinley, William

73 Mitchell, John
370 Moody, Dwight L.
330 Morris, Gouverneur
380

Otis, James .
157 Parker, Theodore .
276 Phillips, Wendell
182 Porter, Horace
311 Potter, Henry Codman
109 Prentiss, Sergeant S.
185 Quincy, Josiah
II2 Randolph, John.
308 Reed, Thomas B.
168 Reid, Whitelaw
236

Roosevelt, Theodore
151 Schutz, Carl
132 Seward, William H.
356 Smith, Goldwin .
352 Smith, Charles Emory
125 Stanton, Elizabeth Cady
148 Stephens, Alexander H.
305 Stevens, Thaddeus
154 Story, Joseph .

Sumner, Charles
212 Talmage, Thomas DeWitt
160 Thompson, Sir John
314

Toombs, Robert .
206 Tupper, Sir Charles
285 Warren, Joseph
362 Washington, Booker T.

32 Watterson, Henry
191 Webster, Daniel .
79 Willard, Frances E.
19 Wirt, William
171 Wu Ting Fang

176
228
179
317
376
383
173
244
367

47
I 20
342
348
209
364
230
38
57
115
194
390
289
53
23
259
301
373
282

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138
238
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332
323

83
345

69
387

EUROPEAN ORATORS

PAGE

410

438

398

536

436 578

NAME

PAGE

NAME Æschines

Knox, John

567 Antony, Mark 425 Kossuth, Louis

622 Bacon, Francis

456
Lamartine, Alphonse de .

610 Beaconsfield, Earl of .

543
Latimer, Hugh

564 Bismarck, Prince Otto von

632

Luther, Martin Bossuet, Jacques Bénigne

443

Lysias Bourdaloue, Louis ..

446 Bright, John

Macaulay, Thomas Babington

553 Brougham, Lord Henry

521

Magnus, Albertus . Burke, Edmund . . .

476

Manning, Henry Edward
Marat, Jean Paul

602 Cæsar, Caius Julius 417 Massillon, Jean Baptiste .

452 Calvin, John 441 Mazzini, Giuseppe

625 Canning, George 510 Mirabeau, Count Honoré de

590 Castelar, Emilio .

637 Cato, Marcus Porcius

413
Newman, John Henry .

575 Cavour, Count Camillo di

629 Chamberlain, Joseph

560
O'Connell, Daniel . .

517 Chatham, Earl of ..

472 Chesterfield, Earl of . 468 Palmerston, Viscount

524 Cicero, Marcus Tullius

420
Parker, Joseph

587 Cobden, Richard

540
Parnell, Charles S.

557 Coke, Sir Edward

459
Peel, Sir Robert

526 Cousin, Victor.

607
Pericles

395 Crispi, Francesco

635
Pitt, William

502 Cromwell, Oliver 466 Pym, John

463 Curran, John Philpot

493

Robespierre, Maximilien Isidore de. 604 Danton, George Jacques .

598

Russell, Lord John
Demosthenes

404
Saint Augustine .

430 Eliot, Sir John 461 Saint Bernard .

434 Emmet, Robert

505
Saint Chrysostom

452 Erskine, Lord Thomas . 485 Sheil, Richard L.

533 Sheridan, Richard Brinsley

496 Fénelon, François . 449 Smith, Sydney

513 Fox, Charles James 481 Spurgeon, Charles H.

584 Stanley, Arthur Penrhyn

581 Gambetta, Léon.

619 Gladstone, William Ewart 547 Thiers, Louis Adolphe .

613 Gracchus, Caius.

415 Grattan, Henry 489 Vergniaud, Pierre .

595 Hugo, Marie Victor . 616 Wesley, John. ..

569 Whitefield, George

572 Isocrates .. 401 Wilberforce, William

500 There are 704 pages in this volume. The sixty-four full-page half-tone illustrations should be added to the last fólio number indicated (640) giving a total of 704 pages.

639

529

OF TE

LIBRARY
UMIESITY

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