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not, and for our blindness we can hearts and minds in the knowledge not ask, vouchsafe to give us for and love of God, and of his Son Jethe worthiness of thy Son Jesus sus Christ our Lord: And the blessChrist our Lord. Amen.
ing of God Almighty, the Father,
the Son, and the Holy Ghost, be THE peace of God which passeth amongst you, and remain with you
all understanding, keep your always. Amen.
« VICTORIA R. OUR Wil and Pleasure is, That these Four Forms of Prayer and
Service, made for the Fifth of November, the Thirtieth of January, “the Twenty-ninth of May, and the Twentieth of June, be forth with “printed and published, and annexed to the Book of Common Prayer “and Liturgy of the United Church of England and Ireland, to be “used yearly on the said Days, in all Cathedral and Collegiate Churches “and Chapels; in all Chapels of Colleges and Halls within Our Universi“ties of Oxford, Cambridge, and Dublin, and of Our Colleges of Eton “and Winchester, and in all Parish Churches and Chapels within those “parts of Our United Kingdom called England and Ireland.
“Given at Our Court at Kensington the Twenty-first Day of “June, 1837, in the First Year of Our Reign.
“By Her Majesty's Command,
BY THE ARCHBISHOPS AND BISHOPS OF BOTH
PROVINCES, AND THE WHOLE CLERGY, In the Convocation holden at London in the Year 1562, for the avoiding
of Diversities of Opinions, and for the establishing of Consent touching true Religion: Reprinted by His Majesty's Commandment, with His Royal Declaration prefixed thereunto.
HIS MAJESTY'S DECLARATION. BEING by God's Ordinance, according to Our just Title, Defender of
the Faith, and Supreme Governour of the Church, within these Our Dominions, We hold it most agreeable to this Our Kingly Office, and Our own religious Zeal, to conserve and maintain the Church committed to Our Charge, in Unity of true Religion, and in the Bond of Peace; and not to suffer unnecessary Disputations,
Altercations, or Questions to be raised, which may nourish Faction both in the Church and Commonwealth. We have therefore, upon mature Deliberation, and with the Advice of so many of Our Bishops as might conveniently be called together, thought fit to make this Declaration following:
That the Articles of the Church of England (which have been allowed and authorized heretofore, and which Our Clergy generally have subscribed unto) do contain the true Doctrine of the Church of England agreeable to God's Word: which We do therefore ratify and confirm, requiring all Our loving Subjects to continue in the uniform Profession thereof, and prohibiting the least difference from the said Articles; which to that End We command to be new printed, and this Our Declaration to be published therewith.
That We are Supreme Governour of the Church of England: And, that If any Difference arise about the external Policy, concerning the Injunctions, Canons, and other Constitutions whatsoever thereto belonging, the Clergy in their Convocation is to order and settle them, having first obtained leave under Our Broad Seal so to do: and We approving their said Ordinances and Constitutions, providing that none be made contrary to the
That out of Our Princely Care that the Churchmen may do the Work which is proper unto them, the Bishops and Clergy, from time to time in Convocation, upon their humble Desire, shall have Licence under Our Broad Seal to deliberate of, and to do all such Things, as, being made plain by them, and assented unto by Us, shall concern the settled Continuance of the Doctrine and Discipline of the Church of England, now established ; from which We will not endure any varying or departing in the least Degree.
That for the present, though some differences have been ill raised, yet We take comfort in this, that all Clergymen within Our Realm have always most willingly subscribed to the Articles established; which is an argument to Us, that they all agree in the true, usual, literal meaning of the said Articles, and that even in those curious points, in which the present differences lie, men of all sorts take the Articles of the Church of England to be for them ; which is an argument again, that none of them intend any desertion of the Articles established.
That therefore in these both curious and unhappy differences, which have for so many hundred years, in different times and places, exercised the Church of Christ, We will, that all further curious search be laid aside, and these disputes shut up in God's promises, as they, be generally set forth to us in the holy Scriptures, and the general meaning of the Articles of the Church of England according to them. And that no man hereafter shall either print, or preach, to draw the Article aside any way, but shall submit to it in the plain and full meaning thereof: and shall not put his own sense or comment to be the meaning of the Article, but
all take it in the literal and grammatical sense.
That if any publick Reader in either of Our Universities, or any Head or Master of a College, or any other person respectively in either of them, shall affix any new sense to any Article, or shall publickly read, determine, or hold any publick Disputation, or suffer any such to be held either way, in either the Universities or Colleges respectively ; or if any Divine in the Universities shall preach or print any thing either way, other than is already established in Convocation with Our Royal Assent; he, or they the Offenders, shall be liable to Our displeasure, and the Church's censure in Our Commission Ecclesiastical, as well as any other : And We will see there shall be due Execution upon them.
ARTICLES OF RELIGION, I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. glory, with the Father and the Son, THERE is but one living and very and eternal God.
true God, everlasting, without vi. Of the Sufficiency of the holy body, parts, or passions ; of infinite
Scriptures for salvation. power, wisdom, and goodness; the Maker, and Preserver of all things HY Scripture containeth all both visible and invisible. And in
things necessary to salvation : unity of this Godhead there be three so that whatsoever is not read there Persons, of one substance, power, not to be required of any man, that
in, nor may be proved thereby, is and eternity ; the Father, the Son, it should be believed as an article and the Holy Ghost.
of the Faith, or be thought requisite II: Of the Word or Son of God, or necessary to salvation. In the
which was made very Man. name of the holy Scripture we do THE Son, which is the Word of understand those Canonical Books the Father, begotten from ever
of the Old and New Testament, of lasting of the Father, the very and whose authority was never any doubt eternal God, and of one substance in the Church. with the Father, took Man's nature of the Names and Number of the in the womb of the blessed Virgin,
Canonical Books. of her substance : so that two whole and perfect Natures, that is to say,
Genesis, the Godhead and Manhood, were
Exodus, joined together in one Person, never
Leviticus, to be divided, whereof is one Christ, Numbers, very God, and very Man ; who tru- Deuteronomy, ly suffered, was crucified, dead and Joshua, buried, to reconcile his Father to
Judges, us, and to be a sacrifice, not only
Ruth, for original guilt, but also for all ac tual sins of men.
The First Book of Samuel,
The Second Book of Samuel, Ill. Of the going down of Christ The First Book of Kings, into Hell.
The Second Book of Kings,
The First Book of Chronicles,
The Second Book of Chronicles, ed, that he went down into Hell.
The First Book of Esdras, IV. Of the Resurrection of Christ. The Second Book of Esdras, CHRIST did truly rise again from The Book of Esther,
death, and took again his body, The Book of Job, with flesh, bones, and all things ap- The Psalms, pertaining to the perfection of Man's
The Proverbs, nature ; wherewith he ascended in
Ecclesiastes, or Preacher, to Heaven, and there sitteth, until he return to judge all Men at the
Cantica, or Songs of Solomon, last day.
Four Prophets the greater,
Twelve Prophets the less.
from the Father and the Son, saith) the Church doth read for exis of one substance, majesty, and ample of life and instruction of man.
ners; but yet doth it not apply them it deserveth God's wrath and dam. to establish any doctrine; such are nation. And this infection of nathese following:
ture doth remain, yea in them that The Third Book of Esdras,
are regenerated; whereby the lust The Fourth Book of Esdras,
of the flesh, called in the Greek, The Book of Tobias,
phronema sarkos, which some do
expound the wisdom, some sensuThe Book of Judith,
ality, some the affection, some the The rest of the Book of Esther,
desire, of the flesh, is not subject to The Book of Wisdom,
the Law of God. And although Jesus the Son of Sirach,
there is no condemnation for them Baruch the Prophet,
that believe and are baptized, yet The Song of the Three Children,
the Apostle doth confess, that conThe Story of Susanna,
cupiscence and lust hath of itself the Of Bel and the Dragon,
nature of sin, The Prayer of Manasses,
X. Of Free-Will. The First Book of Maccabees, THE condition of Man after the The Second Book of Maccabees.
fall of Adam is such, that he All the Books of the New Testa- cannot turn and prepare himself, ment, as they are commonly receiv- by his own natural strength and ed, we do receive, and account them good works, to faith, and calling Canonical.
upon God: Wherefore we have no
power to do good works pleasant VII. Of the Old Testament.
and acceptable to God, without the THE Old Testament is not con
grace of God by Christ preventing trary to the New : for both in
us, that we may have a good will, the Old and New Testament ever
and working with us, when we have lasting life is offered to Mankind by that good will. Christ, who is the only Mediator between God and Man, being both
XI. Of the Justification of Man. God and Man. Wherefore they are WE are accounted righteous be not to be heard, which feign that fore God, only for the merit the old Fathers did look only for of our Lord and Saviour Jesus transitory promises. Although the Christ by Faith, and not for our Law given from God by Moses, as own works or deservings : Wheretouching Ceremonies and Rites, do fore, that we are justified by Faith not bind Christian men, nor the only is a most wholesome Doctrine, Civil precepts thereof ought of ne- and very full of comfort, as more cessity to be received in any com- largely is expressed in the Homily monwealth ; yet notwithstanding, of Justification. no Christian man whatsoever is free
XII. Of Good Works. from the obedience of the Command
ALBEIT that Good ments which are called Moral.
which are the fruits of Faith, VIII. Of the Three Creeds. and follow after Justification, canTHE Three Creeds, Nicene Creed, not put away our sins, and endure
Athanasius's Creed, and that the severity of God's Judgment; which is commonly called the Apos- yet are they pleasing and acceptatles' Creed, ought thoroughly to be ble to God in Christ, and do spring received and believed: for they may out necessarily of a true and lively be proved by most certain warrants
Faith ; insomuch that by them a of holy Scripture.
lively Faith may be as evidently IX. Of Original or Birth-sin.
known as a tree discerned by the
fruit. ORIGINAL Sin standeth not in
the following of Adam, (as the XIII. Of Works before JustificaPelagians do vainly talk ;) but it is
tion. the fault
and corruption of the Na- WORKS done before the grace ture of every man, that naturally of Christ, and the Inspiration is ingendered of the offspring of of his Spirit, are not pleasant to Adam ; whereby man is very far God, forasmuch as they spring not gone from original righteousness, of faith in Jesus Christ, neither do and is of his own nature inclined to they make men meet to receive evil, so that the flesh lusteth always grace, or (as the School-authors say) contrary to the spirit ; and therefore deserve grace of congruity: yea rain every person born into this world, ther, for that they are not done as
God hath willed and commanded honour. Wherefore, they which be them to be done, we doubt not but endued with so excellent a benethey have the nature of sin.
fit of God be called according to XIV. Of Works of Supererogation. in due season : they through Grace
God's purpose by his Spirit working VOLUNTARY Works besides,
and above, God's Com- obey the calling: they be justified mandments, which they call Works freely: they be made sons of God of Supererogation, cannot be taught by adoption: they be made like the without arrogancy and impiety :
image of his only-begotten Son Jefor by them men do declare, that
sus Christ: they walk religiously in they do not only render unto God good works, and at length, by God's as much as they are bound to do, mercy, they attain to everlasting febut that they do more for his sake,
licity than of bounden duty is required:
As the godly consideration of Prewhereas Christ saith plainly, When destination, and our Election in ye have done all that are command
Christ, is full of sweet, pleasant, ed to you, say, We are unprofitable
and unspeakable comfort to godly
persons, and such as feel in themservants.
selves the working of the Spirit of XV. Of Christ alone without Sin. Christ, mortifying the works of the CHRIST in the truth of our na- flesh; and their
earthly members; ture was made like unto us in and drawing up their mind to high all things, sin only except, from and heavenly things, as well bewhich he was clearly void, both in cause it doth greatly establish and his flesh, and in his spirit. He confirm their faith of eternal Salvacame to be the Lamb without spot, tion to be enjoyed through Christ, who, by sacrifice of himself once as because it doth fervently kindle made, should take away the sins of their love towards God: So, for cuthe world, ard sin, as Saint John rious and carnal persons, lacking saith, was not in him. But all we the Spirit of Christ, to have contithe rest, although baptized, and born nually before their eyes the sentence again in Christ, yet offend in many of God's Predestination, is a most things; and if we say we have no dangerous downfal, whereby the sin, we deceive ourselves, and the Devil doth thrust them either into truth is not in us.
desperation, or into wretchlessness XVI. Of Sin after Baptism.
of most unclean living, no less peril
ous than desperation. NOT every deadly sin willingly Furthermore, we must receive
committed after Baptism is sin God's promises in such wise, as they against the Holy Ghost, and un
be generally set forth to us in holy pardonable.
Wherefore the grant Scripture: and, in our doings, that of repentance is not to be denied to Will of God is to be followed, which such as fall into sin after Baptism. we have expressly declared unto us After we have received the Holy in the Word of God. Ghost, we may depart from grace given, and fall into sin, and by the XVIII. Of obtaining eternal Salvagrace of God we may arise again, tion only by the Name of Christ. and amend our lives. And therefore they are to be condemned, THEY also are to be had accurs.
ed that presume to say, That which say, they can no more sin as
every man shall be saved by the long as they live here, or deny the Law or Sect which he professeth, place of forgiveness to such as truly so that he be diligent to frame his repent.
life according to that Law, and the XVII. Of Predestination and Elec- light of Nature. For holy Scription.
ture doth set out unto us only the PREDESTINATION to Life is Name of Jesus Christ, whereby men whereby (before the foundations of the world were laid) he hath con
XIX. Of the Church. stantly decreed by his counsel secret THE visible. Church of Christ is to us, to deliver from curse and a congregation of faithful men, damnation those whom he hath in the which the pure Word of God chosen in Christ out of mankind, is preached, and the Sacraments and to bring them by Christ to ever- be duly ministered according to lasting salvation, as vessels made to Christ's ordinance in all those things