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Dr. Marcus Dods

Mr. White concludes with the statement solid knowledge of English civilization that wealth has been powerless to break would be to take up a chapter of Green the spirit of the Dutch republics. "Not and a chapter of Stubbs alternately. Not only have they been pitted against the until the middle of the last century did richest power on earth, but the sympathies a Chancellor of the Exchequer arise with of cosmopolitan wealth have been, almost imagination enough to make the dry bones without exception, actively directed against of a British budget live. The world is the Boers."

still waiting for a Gladstone to put actuality and color into the narration of consti

tutional history. Bishop Stubbs was an OxBishop Stubbs

ford man; he was graduated from Christ Church in 1848. It was

The coming to this counappropriate that he should come back as

try for extended courses Bishop to the town with which his life of lectures of Dr. Marcus Dods, of Edhad been associated, not only as stu- inburgh, is an event of no ordinary dent, but as professor, for from 1866 to importance. Among the preachers and 1884 he held the chair of Modern His- theologians of Great Britain he occupies tory at Oxford, becoming Bishop of Chester an eminent place. As the friend and before accepting the See of Oxford. His pastor of Henry Drummond he attracts the record as Bishop both in Chester and attention of all the friends of that chivalrous Oxford showed the wise moderation which and enthusiastic Christian worker. As a one might expect from such a man, but professor in the most prominent Presbythis part of his history did not bring him terian theological college of Scotland, if so much before scholars and before the not of the world, he has won rare disreading public generally as did the publi- tinction. His books are now regarded as cation, during the two decades beginning indispensable to every clergyman's library. with 1858, of such authoritative works as But, important as he is in his work, he is the “ Constitutional History of England," more interesting in his personality, and it “ Select Charters and other Illustrations was that which so impressed and inspired of English Constitutional History," and Drummond. Dr. Dods has accepted the “ The Early Plantagenets," all the result invitation of the Bible College at Montclair, of many years of research. Thus Bishop N. J., to lecture before it during the month Stubbs, who passed away last week, will be of May. He will deliver two courses of known more as the author of perhaps the lectures, one on the Gospel of John and most widely read treatise on the English one on the Epistle to the Hebrews. Each Constitution than as a prelate of the Eng course will consist of ten lectures. The lish Church. Nor have his labors in his first will begin on Tuesday, May 7, and tory lost anything by subsequent investi- the second on Tuesday, May 21. The gation, or, in general, even by subsequent promised presence of Dr. Dods is attracttheories. Any student would probably ing wide attention, and large numbers of agree to-day with the London “Acad- persons from all parts of the country are emy's" judgment in 1874, when the first planning to attend his lectures. Among of the three volumes of Stubbs's “ Con- the other courses at the Montclair Bible stitutional History of England” made its College during the month of May are two appearance: “There is absolutely nothing by Professor Rogers, of Drew Theological material to the subject that he has not Seminary, on “ The Wisdom Literature" investigated. ... Whatever may be said and on “ Israel's Neighbors ;" one by Proof his generalizations, his facts are per- fessor Jacobus, of Hartford Seminary, on fectly trustworthy, and even one who " The Credibility of the Apostolic Literadiffers from his point of view may really ture;" and one by Mr. Patterson Du Bois be content to rest the whole controversy on “Pastoral Pedagogics." The course on statements made by himself.” To most may well be regarded as of quite unusual men constitutional history is in general interest. Information concerning the lecdry reading, and the above-mentioned tures of Dr. Dods, and of all others, may books form no exception to the rule. Some be obtained from the Rev. W. W. White, one suggests that the ideal way to gain a Montclair, N. J.

Roman Catholic devo- Whatever good may accrue religiously Montmartre

tion to “the Sacred through this movement, politically it apRoman Catholicism

Heart of Jesus ” dates pears ominous to thoughtful Frenchmen. from the visions of the nun Mary Mar- They remember that the monks are helpgaret Alacoque in the latter part of the ing it on, and that the monks are not seventeenth century. The most striking friends to the Republic. memorial of that devotion is the magnificent and recently erected Church of the Sacred Heart on the heights of Mont

On account of martre, Paris. Those who have been

The Harvard building that church apparently aim at

Summer School of Theology the wide diversity

of denominations a revival of ecclesiastical temporal power represented by the lecturers engaged for in France, and are now proclaiming a this year's session of the Harvard Sumspecial revelation of the Sacred Heart mer School of Theology, that session deas conveying three demands upon the serves special mention. Trinitarian and French people: (1) A national monu- Unitarian Congregationalists will join with ment; (2) a national flag bearing the Protestant Episcopalians and also with emblem of the Sacred Heart; (3) a dedi- Roman Catholic teachers in the common cation of the whole country to the Sacred study of contemporary problems. These Heart. Men are the special recruits de problems will be treated, not only by sired, for they have votes; they can also clergymen, but in marked degree by soci. carry rifles, and the eight thousand who metologists and by students of political at a recent Montmartre Congress are called economy. Among those who will lecture “Soldiers of the Sacred Heart.” Thirty on economic problems will be Professors officers of all arms, representing devotees Shaler, Peabody, Taussig, and Carver, of from the army, have now formed a Guard Harvard, and Clark, of Columbia. The of Honor to the Holy Sacrament in the subjects to be treated by the last-named Montmartre church. As The Outlook. speaker, for instance, are “A Natural has already chronicled, at the recent Economic System,” “ The Struggles of Bourges Congress Abbé Lemire defeated Classes,” and “The Society of the Future.” a resolution demanding that the Sacred Professor Taussig will deal with “ The Heart be placed on the national flag; but Nature of Industrial Monopolies " and there are already fifty thousand of these “Public Ownership.” On ethical and special banners in France. An effort is theological subjects the lecturers are interbeing made to have towns and villages hoistestingly contrasted men. For instance, this flag, and through their mayors dedi. Professor Palmer, of Harvard, a Trinitacate their respective communities to the rian Congregationalist, will lecture on Sacred Heart. Some have already done “The Agencies of Redemption," and Proso. The emblematic flag is borne with fessor Fenn, of Harvard, a Unitarian, will much ceremony to the principal church, lecture on “ The Idea of Jesus.” Presiplaced before the altar, and carried before dent Eliot will lecture on“ The Voluntary the Holy Sacrament. The officials follow Church and its Ministry in Democracy.” up a resolution previously taken by an In the spirit of co-operation which has “ Act of Consecration ” in the form of a always characterized the relations between prayer. “Le Chrétien Français," the the Cambridge theological seminaries, organ of the ex-priests, gives the prayer Dean Hodges, of the Episcopal Theologiused in the town of Auriac; it concludes cal School, will follow President Eliot. thus: “Awaiting the blessed day when Two honored Congregational leaders, Dr. our country shall be solemnly consecrated Bradford, of Montclair, and President to Thee in the Church of the National Hyde, of Bowdoin, will lecture on “ The Vow [Montmartre], we proclaim Thee Suburban Minister” and “The Country King of the Commune of Auriac. We Minister," respectively, while Mr. Woods, intrust to Thee the care of its people and head of the South End House, Boston, will of all their temporal interests. May Thy speak on “ The City Minister." One of Sacred Heart grant to us unison, peace, the most interesting of all lectures, howand prosperity. Long live the Sacred ever, will be that of Professor Kerby, of Heart, our King and our Protector.'” the American Catholic University, who

will talk upon “ The Catholic Church and be rebuilt by the close of the year. The the Social Question."

Church in China, said he, had come out of the furnace transfigured ; her converts

in general showed a splendid fidelity. In

Last week at PittsThe Westminster Confession

a previous letter Mr. John described his

burg a' meeting reception on his return with his associates took place of the sub-committee of the

to the station in Central China whence Committee on Creed Revision appointed they had been compelled to flee for their by the last General Assembly of the Pres. lives last summer. The station was some byterian Church. It

be remembered

days' sail up the Yangtse, hundreds of that at the Committee's recent meeting in miles from any foreign force. Not only Washington there was a division; major- were the missionaries hospitably received ity and minority reports were considered. with many demonstrations of welcome, The functions of the sub-committee are

but the local officials volunteered to inthose of a returning board, and it has now

demnify them for their losses, saying that decided upon two important features of better protection in the future would be the plan for revision which will be pre- promoted by payment of indemnity for sented to this year's General Assembly, a

the past. In the settlement that ensued body convening on May 16 in Philadel- the missionaries rated their loss at less phia. These features, as reported, are:

than the actual amount, with a view to the First, a new statement of doctrine to be moral benefit of moderation. Such a issued as a supplement to the Confession thoroughly attested fact does much to of Faith ; second, a revision of the Con- dispose of the oft-repeated assertion that fession itself, either by the addition of a

the Chinese are generally hostile to the declaratory paragraph or a change in the

missionaries. text.

Wisconsin University A letter of Yuen-Shi

Higher Education in has established four The Missionary Outlook in China Kai, Governor of

new courses to fit stuShantung (the prov- dents to discuss and administer public ince in which the Boxer movement began), affairs. The first of these courses is one addressed to the representatives of Amer. in statistics, which will not only teach the ican and British missionary societies, states general outlines of statistical science, but that throughout the recent disorders he had also equip students to enter the constantly instructed his subordinates to protect the widening field of statistical work that is Christians. He then goes on to say: conducted not only for the State and mu“ You, Reverend Sirs, have been preach- nicipal governments, but also for railroads, ing in China many years, and without ex- insurance companies, and other great ception exhort men concerning righteous- organizations. This course is one which ness. Your Church customs are strict might well be made a part of the genand correct, and all your converts may eral training of all who profess to have well observe them. In establishing your received a higher education, for, however customs you have been careful to see that trying statistical information may become, Chinese law was observed. How then statistical misinformation is incomparably can it be said that there is disloyalty? To more trying, and a very elementary course meet this sort of calumny I have instructed would keep people from building whole that proclamations be put out. I purpose sermons and magazine articles and even hereafter to have lasting peace. Church philosophies upon such current misstateinterests may then prosper, and your idea ments as that “nine business men out of of preaching righteousness I can pro- every ten pass through bankruptcy," or mote."

Though Yuen-Shi-Kai's good that "machinery enables us to produce faith may be open to suspicion, the Rev. ten times as much as our grandfathers did Griffith John, of the London Missionary a century ago."

a century ago.” The second of the new Society, who forwards the Governor's courses is one in practical sociology, which letter, adds that the Society's thirty houses requires class work to be supplemented of worship in a single prefecturę which by the direct study of social conditions had been destroyed by the Boxers would and reformatory and charitable institutions,

Public Affairs

This course is admirably planned as that in 1920 the entire plant, tracks, wires, a preparation for pastoral work. The waiting-rooms, and everything else, should third course is one in public service, in- pass into the possession of the city free from cluding methods of administration and a any charge; that the companies should knowledge of diplomacy. Inasmuch as meanwhile pay eight per cent. of their gross the growth of our democracy steadily income into the city treasury; and—most increases the number of official positions important of all to the general public—that for which special preparation is necessary, the old system of graduated fares, ranging and to which competitive examinations from one and one-fourth cents to six cents, furnish on the whole the safest method of according to the distance, should give appointment, this course promises to be place to the American system of uniform one of practical value to an increasing fares, the fare being fixed at ten pfennigs, number of students. The fourth course or 2.4 cents. The Berlin system does not is a more general one in journalism, which provide for the free transfers which are will be given in connection with the work usually a valuable feature of our American in the School in History, and will aim to system; but the rate charged is none the equip students to discuss the wide range less lower than in any American city in of social, economic, political, and histori- which five-cent fares are still in force, for cal questions upon which all journalists while our transfer system greatly lengthens are wrongly supposed to be informed. the possible ride, it lengthens very little Upon the whole, the new work planned by the average ride taken by the street railway Wisconsin University seems to us of ex- patrons. In New York City a few years ceptional importance. Such courses are ago the report of the Metropolitan Street especially valuable in a democracy, where Railway system showed that the number higher education ought to have as its first of transfer tickets used was hardly a fourth concern the fitting of the largest possible of the number of cash fares. That number of citizens to act intelligently a foreign city supposed to have a greater regarding the concerns of the common- concern than American cities for the wealth.

vested interests of capitalists should have made so good a bargain with its street

railway companies ought to lead American Professor Edmund J. cities to take a more determined stand Cheap Car-Pares in

James, of Chicago Uni- for the rights of the people.

versity, in a recent article on the traction question in the “ World Review," describes the method in which

The Second Unitarian

Mr. Chadwick's the city of Berlin has solved a street rail

Church in Brooklyn,

Commemoration way problem even more difficult than that

which commemorated its which now confronts Chicago. In Chi- fiftieth anniversary on Sunday, April 14, cago nearly all of the street railway fran- is one of the comparatively few churches chises expire two years hence, when the whose ministers in these times of change city will have a free hand. In Berlin the may be described in the old phrase as reform system was introduced in 1895, “settled.” The ministry of its present though the franchises held by the railway pastor, the Rev. John White Chadwick, companies were not to expire until 1912. already covers a period of thirty-seven The Berlin companies, furthermore, were years. His predecessors were the Rev. more unprogressive and quite as selfish in Samuel Longfellow and the Rev. N. A. their attitude as those of Chicago, and Staples. Mr. Chadwick came to the pasprofessed that they did not even care to torate from the Harvard Divinity School. change from horse to electric traction. While he has attracted many choice spirits The Berlin city authorities, however, knew and keen minds to his congregation, the the economy of electric traction to the outside parish to which he has ministered street railway companies, and refused to by his printed sermons, articles, and books make any concession to them for intro- has been far wider. His thoughtfulness, ducing the electric plant except the length- courage, and candor, his poetic insight ening of their charters by eight years. In and strong ethical note, are deservedly return for this extension the city stipulated esteemed.

Shall the Negro be Edu- sioni. It is realy the question, Why cated?

to have attached to it and forming a part

of it a mass of ignorant and immoral perWe are sorry to see the proposition sons, living perhaps in a state of dull seriously made in some of the Southern content with their animal conditions, perStates to divide the school fund so as to haps in a state of chronic envy of their give all the taxes derived from the whites more prosperous neighbors ? Surely histo the education of white children, and tory has given in more than one tragedy only the taxes derived from colored peo- an answer to that question. It was the ple to the education of colored children. ignorant plebs who destroyed Rome. It We are glad to see this proposition con- was. the uneducated mob whose irruption demned, as it ought to be, by the best inflicted on France the excesses of the citizens in the South, without regard to Revolution. It is the unschooled peasparty, and generally regarded by them as antry of Ireland which keeps in hopeless an appeal by politicians to the prejudices poverty an island rich in agricultural of the lower classes, not as a practical and commercial possibilities. It is the proposition to be seriously entertained. ignorant population in our great cities No doubt there is something in the prop which every now and then inflicts upon osition which may seem, on a mere casual it an ugly, dangerous, and costly mob. and careless consideration, to have in it These seven millions of colored persons an element of fairness. We have occa- are going to remain in the South. To sionally heard the same proposition in a deport them is physically impossible. To different form in the North. It has been absorb them by intermarriage with the sometimes seriously proposed to relieve all Anglo-Saxon race is not thought of as Roman Catholics from the school tax, and possible by any one whose judgment is deleave them to educate their own children termined by facts, not by a priori theories. in their own Church. It has been some- They are not dying off, and will not thus times seriously questioned why the rich disappear from the American continent. man with one or two children whom he They cannot be reduced into a condition sends to a private school should be taxed of slavery, and no one wishes so to reduce to pay for the education of the poor man's them. half a dozen children in a public school. What remains ? But one alternative : Why should not Protestants educate them to give them the best education they are selves, and leave Roman Catholics to pro- capable of receiving, or to leave them vide their own education? Why should to increasing degeneration and decay, not the rich educate their children, and a burden and a peril alike to themselves leave the poor to educate theirs ? Why and to their neighbors. The answer to should not a feudal aristocracy educate the question, Why not leave the colored their children at Eton and Rugby and people to grow up without education is Winchester, and leave the workingmen well put in a sentence by Dr. J. L. M. and the laborers to provide for their Curry : “We must elevate this race or it children such education as they desire? will drag us down.” The colored people Why should not the whites educate them- educated and made a component part of selves, and leave the colored people to the industrial and political organization provide for their own education? These of the South, contented and prosperous, questions are simply different forms of self-respecting because worthy of respect, the same question-namely, Why should will add to the wealth, the prosperity, not the strong and rich and cultivated the happiness of the South. Left unedutake care of themselves, and leave the cated to drop in successive generations poor and unprosperous and ignorant to into ever lower stages of barbarism, they take care of themselves?

will be a burden bound upon the back of In a Christian country, in this year of the South, if not a millstone bound about grace 1901, it ought not to be possible its neck. to ask this question; but since it is For the South now to abandon the asked, let us try to answer it. Those colored people to themselves would be who ask it ought not to suffer any illu- not only a public calamity, it would be a

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