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Mr. Hay, Secretary in acquiring the Northern Pacific system The Diplomatic Service

of State, has already is to enable the Canadian Northern Railmade an unequaled reputation as the way to reach shipping points in Manitoba. initiator of reforms and policies which The Government has already taken over redound impressively to the credit of our the Northern Pacific lines and transferred Government. The latest is the policy, on them to the Canadian Northern, which a considerable scale, of transference in road already announces a reduction of the diplomatic service on the merit sys- freight rates. In return for the concessions tem. Last week Mr. Loomis, United given by the Canadian Northern the ManiStates Minister to Venezuela, was trans- toba Government guarantees its bonds to ferred to Portugal, and Mr. Bowen, Minis- the extent of $28,000 per mile, and it also ter to Persia, to Venezuela; Mr. Griscom, becomes liable for the purchase money of First Secretary of Legation at Constanti- the Northern Pacific road. The great nople, was made Minister to Persia; objection urged against the contract is the Mr. Eddy, Second Secretary in the Paris extent of the liability which the GovernEmbassy, was made First Secretary in the ment assumes- a liability estimated at Constantinople Legation, and the Third from thirteen to seventeen million dollars. Secretary at Paris was made Second Secre- If the Canadian Northern carries grain at tary. This list of promotions will do more ten cents per hundredweight, the Canathan anything else to convince men that dian Pacific, which now has almost a the spoils system, with its inevitable fail- monopoly of Manitoba shipments, will ure at reaching any training for the diplo- undoubtedly have to reduce its prices, and matic service, is under Secretary Hay thus the people of Manitoba will receive distinctly shelved—let us hope perma- a direct benefit from the agreement, outside nently; for the first time in its history, the saving on shipments over the Canaour service offers something like a prospect dian Northern alone. Between Winnipeg of advance to deserving men.

and Fort William the Canadian Northern runs through a comparatively poor and

desolate country, and unless shipments Recent events in the from Manitoba largely increase it is Canadian Railways

railway world are inter- doubtful if the road can be made to pay. esting as showing the part which the In such an event the position of Manitoba Government may play. In Canada two would be serious. There is a feeling in agreements have been made by the pro- some quarters that the people of Manitoba vincial Manitoba Government, one with have undertaken too heavy a liability. The the Northern Pacific Railway, the other Canadian Pacific Railway offered to take with the Canadian Northern Railway. over the Northern Pacific lines and reduce Under the first agreement the Government its rates to Lake Superior, but the feeling has taken over the lines of the Northern in Manitoba against the road is so bitter Pacific in the Province of Manitoba, the that the Government found it impossible lines there having a total length of about to make an agreement that would receive two hundred and seventy miles. The the assent of the Legislature. Canadian Northern Railway is at present constructing a road from Lake Superior to Winnipeg, and has agreed with the

One of the few privileges

English Liberals Manitoba Government to assume the

of a private member of the agreement made between the Government British House of Commons is that of and the Northern Pacific; it thus stands moving the adjournment of the House in practically in the place of the Govern- order to call attention to any matter of ment. It further agrees, on the completion definite public interest. To avail himself of its road, to let the Government fix the of this privilege a member has only to freight rates upon it. The present rate secure the support of forty of his fellowfor wheat from Winnipeg to Fort William, members; and, with that support assured, on Lake Superior, is fourteen cents per he can, at the opening of any sitting of hundred pounds. The intention of the the House, secure an opportunity for deGovernment is to lower the rate to ten bating any grievance, or calling attention cents. The object of the Government to what he and his supporters regard as a public wrong. Last week Mr. Brodrick, Sir Harry and his party went through War Secretary, had stated that there were herds of elephants, zebras, and antelopes, over forty thousand persons in the con- which approached fearlessly within ten centration camps, and that the deaths yards. Lions and rhinoceroses were conthere during May had numbered nearly a stantly seen. The most important outcome hundred men and women, and over three of this expedition, however, seems to have hundred children. Mr. Lloyd-George, been the discovery of the fossil remains of the leader of the Welsh Radicals, then the helladotherium-a kind of ruminant moved the adjournment of the House in mammal. In his report to the Governorder to call attention to the shocking ment Sir Harry advises the maintenance condition of things as revealed by Mr. of this district as a national park. The Brodrick's statement. Mr. Lloyd-George British Commissioner has been introduccould, of course, have had no expectation ing a considerable degree of civilization that his motion for adjournment would where civilization has never before existed. be carried. The Government forces were Order is maintained by means of a trained ready to save the administration from any force of Sudanese-it may be remembered such serious reverse. But his speech on that the British sphere merges indefinitely the motion to adjourn enabled him and with the old Sudan provinces of Egypt. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, the Lib- Regular criminal courts have been set up, eral leader, to bring before the country and there is a kind of native parliament. the actual condition of affairs in South Since the British occupation many roads Africa, and to drive into the minds of have been constructed, but outside trade readers of the Parliamentary debates the is still contingent on the completion of terrible expedients to which Lord Kitch- the railway from the coast. ener has had to resort since he succeeded Lord Roberts in command of the troops in South Africa. Little has been heard

Last week was

College Commencements of these from the newspaper correspond

crowded with colents. Most of the correspondents re- lege Commencement exercises. At Smith turned to England when Lord Roberts College, Northampton, Mass., President left; and of late England has been reli- Seelye delighted his auditors by announcably informed on these matters only by ing the gift to that institution of one such answers from Ministers in the House hundred thousand dollars from a donor of Commons as that from Mr. Brodrick, “who wishes his name kept secret.” We which preceded Mr. Lloyd-George's mo note a justifiably growing tendency on tion to adjourn. The debate on the motion the part of the benefactors to keep their secured this end; and the division, names secret. Modesty has always been although favorable to the Government, one reason for such a course; but the was not without its significance. It overwhelming number of applicants for brought out once more the division in aid, whenever the name of a donor is pubthe Liberal party on the war. But it also lished, must constitute another and very showed that of the two groups, that which valid reason for secrecy-namely, selfis acting with Sir Henry Campbell-Ban- 'defense. --At Brown University Presinerman, Sir William Harcourt, and Mr. dent Faunce gave the good news that even John Morley is larger than that which is more than the two-million-dollar fund had acting with Mr. Asquith, Sir Henry Fow- been raised. This fund was started three ler, and Sir Edward Grey.

years ago. The second million, like the first, was raised upon the foundation laid

by the gift of Mr. J. D. Rockefeller upon Last week Sir Harry Johnston, the condition that the University should Uganda

British Commissioner for Uganda, raise the remainder of the million. The returned to England after an absence of gift of the late John Nicholas Brown, not two years. His report of that part of including the John Carter Brown library Africa has excited universal interest. He of rare books, much augmented this fund, announces that there is a large stretch of until, with other gifts, it now exceeds the country near Mount Elgon entirely unin- second million.—At the University of habited by human beings. In this region Chicago the convocation address was

was

delivered by Mr. Rockefeller, the founder Aside from his interest in artists, he had of that institution. Referring to Mr. a special fondness for Emerson and Carlyle. Carnegie's gifts to Scottish education, he As a teacher, Herman Grimm was withcalled for three cheers for the one " who out the winsomeness and dignity which had given away more money than any characterized a Curtius or a Mark Hopliving man.” This was an exhibition of kins, and without the magnetism of those noble rivalry between enormously rich two Berlin colleagues still living and men, since, as “ Punch ” says, “it is a teaching, Professors Paulsen and Harmistake to call such gifts 'princely;' no nack. Yet Herman Grimm had a real prince could possibly give away so much power over his students. Despite many a money.” The Outlook would add that crotchety eccentricity, his intense absorp it now remains to be seen whether the tion in his subject was so evident, and quality of instruction in our colleges will the range of his knowledge so wide, that keep pace with the great gifts from his lectures became in an unusual dewealthy men; it must never be forgotten gree illuminative and helpful. He was that men, not money, make a university especially appreciated by the foreign stugreat. - Sunday of this week dents at Berlin; they crowded his lectureBaccalaureate Sunday in many college rooms, because his words were at every towns. At New Haven President Hadley point illustrated by the great wealth of alluded impressively to the sudden and photographs, engravings, etchings, and lamented death the day before of a Yale prints at his disposal, and the foreigner graduate, Adelbert Stone Hay, elder son quickly acquired a knowledge of the Gerof the Secretary of State. At Williams man language impossible to be achieved President Carter's sermon had a note of in any other way. Those who knew pathos from the fact that it was the last Herman Grimm in his home have carried which he would preach as President of away a particularly vivid memory of the that College.

man. There his idiosyncrasies seemed

all the more marked when contrasted with The report of the death of those of his wife, born Gisela von Arnim, Herman Grimm

Herman Grimm brings be- a daughter of the celebrated Bettina von fore the notice of men one whose enduring Arnim, one of Goethe's admirers in the work can hardly be too strongly empha. poet's later days. sized. Herman Grimm (he always left off the extra “n” in his first name) was

The report of the the son of Wilhelm and the nephew of The Episcopal Church

joint commission on Jakob, the great brothers Grimm, whose

the revision of the name has become a household word

canons of the Protestant Episcopal Church everywhere by reason of their fairy tales.

of this country was made public last Herman was born in 1828 at Kassel. He studied at Berlin and Bonn. Thirty most interests the community is the follow

week. The matter in this revision which years ago he became Professor of the ing clause respecting marriage : History of the Fine Arts in the University of Berlin, his appointment to that position between any two persons unless nor until, by

No minister shall solemnize a marriage being due to the notable character of his inquiry, he shall have satisfied himself that essays and books on artists and art, which neither person has been, or is, the husband or had been appearing during the previous

the wife of any other person then living ; unless half-decade. His professorship by no

the former marriage was annulled by a decree

of some civil court of competent jurisdiction means checked the ability to produce for cause existing before such former marliterature, although he gave ample time riage. to the duties of his university position. If the report of this commission should be Among his best-known books are three adopted by the General Convention, it biographies, which, in the opinion of would put the Episcopal Church in the many, have never been equaled as to their same position respecting marriage as the respective subjects. These are the lives Roman Catholic Church, which regards of Raphael, Michael Angelo, and Goethe. marriage as a sacrament absolutely indisThe four volumes of his collected essays, soluble by the civil courts, though the however, are of almost equal worth. marriage may be annulled by the Church

and Divorce

for reasons antedating the marriage and of any Church and of the dramatic promaking it illegal ab initio. It is hardly . fession are eligible. Calendars of the necessary to say that we are in hearty Alliance, containing the names and adsympathy with the movement to make dresses of the chaplains, together with divorce more difficult and marriage more their churches, hours of services, and a permanent; but the clause recommended cordial invitation to attend services, are by this commission seems to involve a posted on the stage of nearly six hundred doctrine not consonant with that taught theaters, and good results are already by Jesus Christ in the Gospels, since he apparent. Eleven special services have seems to recognize adultery by either of been held in various churches in New the parties to marriage as justifying a York City, six in Boston, and others in dissolution of the marital relation. When Cincinnati, Louisville, and other cities. it is remembered that adultery is not a Regular monthly receptions have also crime in the eye of the law in most of the been held in New York, Boston, and other States of the Union, it must at least be centers, some of them being in theaters. questioned whether the action of a Church Strong efforts have been made against which puts the innocent and the guilty on Sunday performances with some success, the same plane, and denies to the one as and an appeal signed by the five principal to the other the privilege of remarriage, officers of the Alliance has been sent to will not do more to encourage or at least all members and chaplains. During the to condone adultery than it will to sanctify summer the Secretary will help in the marriage and make it enduring. In our extension of the Actors' Church Union of judgment, the position which, as we under England, of which Dr. Talbot, Bishop of stand it, has hitherto been occupied by Rochester, is the President. Thus the the Episcopal Church in this respect is two organizations will be brought closer more tenable philosophically, more in together and another bond added to the consonance with the teachings of Scrip- unity of the English-speaking race. Bishop ture, and more likely to promote the Potter's address showed the need of such highest moral life than the extreme sacra- a movement to counteract many theatrical mental doctrine involved in the newly productions that were at least far from proposed canon.

elevating, even if they were not tainting the life of the community.

The second anThe Actors' Church Alliance nual meeting of

The fourth annual

The Zionist Congress the Actors' Church Alliance was held last

Convention of the week in New York City. Church and Federation of American Zionists, which stage people seemed united in perfect met at Männerchor Hall, Philadelphia, harmony in the enjoyment of the interest- June 16 and 17, represented the American ing exercises. Bishop Potter, President sentiment in regard to the resettlement of the Alliance, called the meeting to of the Holy Land by the Jews-the dream order and offered prayer. Communica- of all Israel since the destruction of tions warmly commending the movement Jerusalem by Titus. The Congress was were received from Mr. Edwin Markham, attended by the representatives of about the Rev. Messrs. Heber Newton and a hundred and fifty societies, located in Charles H. Eaton, Mr. Frederick Warde, nearly thirty States and in almost a hunand Miss Clara Morris. In his annual dred cities, from New York to Manila report the Rev. Walter E. Bentley, Gen- and from Boston to Matanzas. The prineral Secretary, showed that the Alliance cipal business transacted was the discushad doubled its membership during the sion of obtaining ways and means for a year. Of the nearly sixteen hundred materialization of the Zionistic dream. members at present, about half are chap- The Jewish Colonial Trust, the financial lains (clergymen of all denominations, nerve-center of Zionism, while capitalized from Roman priests to Jewish rabbis) at about ten million dollars, is as yet in no in over three hundred and fifty cities and condition to move actively, for so far only towns in the United States and Canada. nine hundred thousand dollars has been The dues are a dollar a year; members paid in. The Congress voted adversely on the question of compelling every dele points. Governor Crane took up the progate to purchase a share in the Trust posed contract in detail, examining it as before taking his seat, but decided to form a business man representing the business “share clubs” to dispose of shares in the interests of the public. He showed that Trust. Second in importance was the the contract did not actually require the decision to establish an official organ for company to pay more than $6,000,000 for American Zionists, for, aside from the the construction of the subway, since a inaccuracy of the Jewish press, the Con- skillfully worded subordinate clause foisted gress realized the necessity of having a any additional expense upon the public. mouthpiece to spread its propaganda. He showed furthermore that the proposed Another feature of interest was the atti- contract giving the company control of tude of the Congress toward the Sultan the new subway until 1942 would enable of Turkey, who was acclaimed the best it to dictate terms to the city when its friend of Israel among rulers, as he had lease of the present subway expires in always protected Jews and had permitted 1917. The city should be left free to sixty thousand of them to settle in Pal- utilize the advantages it obtained in the estine during his reign. No reference earlier contract. In the last place, he seems to have been made to William II.'s showed that a forty-year contract was influence in the matter.

clearly unnecessary, and that it would

jeopardize the interests of the next generGovernor Crane's Tri- ation.

The surrender of rights which belong to umph

the public, even for a brief term of years,

should be permitted only after the most careGovernor Crane's message accompany of public policy; but no exigency has been

ful consideration, and for controlling reasons ing his promised veto of the new Boston

shown to exist to justify the taking away of subway bill threr the legislators back of such rights from generations yet unborn. that measure into utter confusion, and No one can foresee what advance may be hut little more than half of them voted

made in the methods and cost of transporta:

tion, in the volume of travel, or in the facilities for it again in the face of the message. that may be required for its accommodation When the measure passed the House, the in the next forty years. This bill, however, vote had stood 159 yeas to 45 nays, but while it does not restrict the company, ties the when it came up for passage over the veto hands of the community. . : : A consideration the vote was changed to 98 yeas against lowed if exclusive rights had been granted to

of the disastrous results which would have fol135 nays. Rarely have so many legislators a street railway company forty years ago to on record in favor of a measure yielded to continue until the present time illustrates the the weight of argument of a veto message.

limitations which this bill would impose upon

the public, and the unwisdom of its enactment. This argument therefore deserves National attention.

These words ought to be considered everyIn the first place, as was anticipated, where. Contracts between the public and the Governor pointed out that “previous private corporations are essentially oneLegislatures have referred to the city of sided contracts, unless the public retains the Boston for its acceptance or rejection acts right of periodical revision; for in the rare relating to rapid transit; and the results cases in which unexpected developments of the ballots so taken show that the voters prove unduly onerous to the companies, have acted intelligently and with a full as happened in some of the natural gas understanding of the issues involved.” contracts, the public can always be inIn the second place, as was also antici- duced to modify the terms in the interests pated, the Governor pointed out that the of justice; but in the many cases in which contract under which the existing subway new developments favor the private comwas built after it had been accepted by pany, it always insists upon exacting the the voters was much more favorable to full measure of the bond. This generathe public than the one which the Legis- tion has a right to legislate for itself, but lature was now asked to force upon the it has not the right to subject the next city without obtaining the voters' consent. generation to the rule of its own “dead

But the message did not rest with a hand." Governor Crane's message not frrrible statement of these two essential only guards the rights of the next genera.

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