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flowering of a divine purpose. Which is the majesty of the unseen Spirit, the the more reasonable supposition, and “sound scientific arguments ” of the which will go further in explaining all the materialist shall steal away in chagrin, phenomena of nature ? Which is easier, and shall be swiftly ruled from court, as to ascend from the realm of material facts we begin to see that the intuitions of to the cloudland of spirit, or to start with the human mind rise above the instincts the modulus of thought and let it work its of the beast, as does the light of day way into the fabric of nature and into the above the shadowless darkness of the consciousness of man? Face to face with night.

Books of the Week This report of current literature is supplemented by fuller reviews of such books as in the judgment of the editors are of special importance to our readers. Any of these books will be sent by the publishers of The Outlook, postpaid, to any address on receipt of the published price. Camp Venture: A Story of the Virginia Moun- known facts about the death of Crown Prince

tains. By George Cary, Eggleston. The Lothrop Rudolf, and does not find it necessary to rePublishing Co., Boston.'5x7, in. 401 pages. $1.50.

print any of the many true stories" of the Mr. Eggleston has few equals in the art of

secret history of the tragedy. compounding for boys a story which shall have thrill and adventure enough to satisfy Eton Boy's Letters (An). Selected and Arthe youthful taste and yet avoid the sensation

ranged by the Author of "A Day of My Lite at

Etun." Cassell & Co., New York. 417x7 in. 210 alism that might cause the parental frown.

pages. $1.25. Moonshiners and their wild ways, fights with These epistles tell very fully the daily life of revenue officers, camping out in the mountains Eton boys-almost too fully, in fact, to hold in winter, logging for railway ties, and the the interest of the ordinary reader. There discovery of a rich iron mine are some of the are traces of liveliness in the letters, but, as a things which keep the boy heroes in a state of rule, they are rather dull. constant activity and make the record of their doings lively reading.

Flower of the Tropics and Other Stories of

Mexico and the Border (A). By Warner P. SutColin Clout's Calendar. By Grant Allen.

ton. The Abbey Press, New York. 5x8 in. 121 (New Edition.) E. P. Dutton & Co., New York.

pages. $1. 5x78, in. 237 pages. $1.25.

Geoffrey Strong. By Laura E. Richards. The late Grant Allen was a versatile worker. Dana Estes & Co., Boston. 4x7 in. 217 pages. 75c. We confess to being among those who vastly Since her “ Captain January” Mrs. Richards prefer his popular studies of science to his has written nothing of so great charm as this novels. It is no secret that he turned from little tale of a young doctor, a young lady who science-writing to fiction for the simple reason failed to be a doctor and became a doctor's that he could make the latter pay better than wife, and their sweet-natured old-lady friends. the former and his means were not large The scene is a New England shore village. enough to allow him to follow his real bent. The dialogue abounds in fun and includes His heart really lay in his earlier work, and some true character work. of his talks on nature the present volume is Goldsmith, Gray, Burns, and Other Romantic the best. It has not a little of the John Bur- Poets of the Eighteenth Century. Complete Charroughs quality, and it tells simply and lovingly acteristic Selections. Edited with Biographies, Notes, of common things seen in outdoor life from

and Hints for Teaching. (Standard Literature

Series.) The C'niversity Publishing Co., New York. April to October.

5x7 in. 80 pages. 12',¢. Daughter of Mystery (A). By R. Norman History for Ready Reference and Topical

Silver. L. C. Page & Co., Boston. 5x71, in. 299 Reading. By J. X. Larned. Hlustrated. Revised pages. $1.50.

and Enlarged Edition. Ino l'ols. Vol. VI. Recent Elizabeth, Empress of Austria and Queen of

History (ISH 5 to 1901). A tol.. The C. A, Nichols

Co., Springfield, Mass. 71, Il in. 720 pages. Hungary. By Clara Tschudi. Authorized Trans lation from the Norwegian by E. M. Cope. E. P.

This volume is even more remarkable than its Dutton & Co., New York. 5,9 in. 261) pages. 81. predecessors which we have praised so warmly. The author's popular biographies of Marie It deals with the history of the past six yearsAntoinette, the Empress Eugénie, and other the very period which standard histories do famous women have met with popular favor. not yet cover, and which the writer on curSo also will this sketch of the murdered em- rent questions constantly wants to be informed press who, Miss Tschudi tells us, is still called about-and it deals with this period without Saint Elizabeth by the common people. This partisanship and yet without avoiding the book is less sensational and less feverish than themes upon which partisan feeling is most “ The Martyrdom of an Empress," but is made strongly aroused. Indeed, it puts these subreadable by its abundance of personal anec. jects into the foreground, as is illustrated by dotes and incidents. One is glad that the its articles on China, South Africa, the Phil. author confines herself to stating only the ippines, and Trusts, but in treating them the



substance of official reports and testimony Mountain Idylls and Other Poems. By Alfred before investigating committees is given with- Castner King: Ilustrated. The Fleming H. Revell

Co., New York. 5x71, in. 120 pages. $1. out apparent fear or favor, and the whole narrative made almost spirited by the vigorous

Notes on Child Study. By Edward Lee exclusion of the things which do not signify

Thorndike, Ph.D. (Columbia University Contri

butions to Philosophy, Psychology, and Education.) so as to bring into a strong light the things Vol. VIII. The Macmillan Co., New York. 6.99 which do. There is nothing perfunctory or

in. 157 pages. $1. second rate in the work done upon this vol- Poems. By James B. Kenyon. Eaton & ume. It is all the work of men of judgment Mains, New York. 414x6 in. 118 pages. $1. and insight, who, instead of merely compiling Mr. Kenyon holds an honorable place among documents, have edited them so as to make our minor poets. This little volume contains them illuminating. To illustrate its value we his best work. give in their order half a dozen titles from a Poole's Index


Periodical Literature. single chance page :

Abridged Edition, 1815-99. By William I. Fletcher, Railways. State Purchase in Switzerland. See Swit

A.M., and Mary Poole. Houghton, Miffin & Co

Boston. 742x11 in. 813 pages. $12. zerland, 1894-8. Raines Law. See New York State, 1896-7.

We cordially commend this work to the scores, Ramapo Water Contract. See New York City, 1899– perhaps hundreds, of The Outlook's friends 1900.

who are wont to ask the editors for material Rand, Gold-fields of the. See South Africa, 1885-1900. which may enable them to master the subjects

Reciprocity Treaties under the Dingley Tariff. See they propose to discuss in essays and club United States of America, 1899–1901.

papers. Poole's Index” has long been the Reconcentrados. See Cuba, 1896-7 and 1897-8.

key to storehouses of knowledge, but in its Red Cross Society Relief Work in Armenia and Cuba.

old form, with supplements, it had become See (in this volume) Turkey, 18%, and Cuba, 189-7.

Reterendum. In Minnesota. See Minnesota, 1896. bulky, and, moreover, contained hundreds of Introduction into South Dakota. See So. Dakota, 1898. references which are now practically useless. Its Exercise in Switzerland. See Switzerland, 1894-8. This single-volume index really opens the It is but the work of a few moments to turn way to all the best periodical articles for to articles referred to and secure definite and study. It covers thirty-seven periodicals, and accurate information upon the topic under

reaches in date from 1815 to 1899. inquiry. The occasions are so many upon Purely Original Verse. By J. Gordon Coogler. which such a volume is needed that we are (Sixth Edition, with Latest Supplement.) Published inclined to say that no self-respecting refer

by the Author, Columbia, S.C. 41,6 in. 223 pages

$1. ence library can be without it.

Slaveholder's Daughter (A). By Belle Kearney. Introduction to Political Economy (An). By Illustrated. (Fifth Edition.) The Abbey Press, Richard T. Ely, Ph.D., LL.D. (New and Revised

New York, 512X8 in. 269 pages. $1. Edition.) Eaton & Mains, New York. 5x8 in. 377

Verses. By Wesley Bissonnette. W. S. Bispages. $1.20.

sonnette's Printing Shop, Colorado Springs, Colo. We know of no better introduction either to 6x8 in. 28 pages. $1. the theme or to the literature of the theme.

Wildersmoor. By C. L. Antrobus. G. P. Its method is historical, not controversial, Putnam's Sons, New York. 5x8 in. 46 pages. but it treats history so as to throw light upon $1.50 questions now mooted. We are glad to see With a little more incisiveness of style and from the author's preface that the book has briskness of action, and sometimes a little conbeen made a part of the prescribed course of densation in the conversation, this novel might reading for candidates for the ministry in claim a high place in fiction. As it stands it the Methodist Church. The present edition is immensely superior to the hastily written, brings the discussion of certain subjects and carelessly thrown together novels which have the statistics of all down to date.

lately fluttered in flocks before the jaded novel.

reader's eyes. In thoughtfulness and sane Lake Geneva and its Literary Landmarks.

views of life and character the story has real By Francis Gribble. I!lustrated. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. 512 X 9 in. 352 pages. $4.50.

value. It seems to us an advance upon the Bonivard, Calvin, Knox, De Bèze, Casaubon, author's first book, “ Quality Corner," which Lisle, Milton, Rousseau, Voltaire, Gibbon,

has had a considerable degree of success. As De Saussure, Madame de Staël, Benjamin

in that story, the plot-interest rests upon a Constant, Chateaubriand, Amiel-these are

murder (in this case a manslaughter, almost only a few of the famous names associated an accident), and its consequences in the life more or less closely with Lake Geneva. It conduct of its perpetrator. The plot is really was a happy thought to co-ordinate a series of subsidiary interest. The real quality of the of biographical papers around the common

book is found in the portrayal of the heroine association. The result is a readable book,

and of three or four of what might be thought often amusing, and sometimes of serious bio- minor characters. Neither the hero (custom graphical value. The volume is handsomely seems to require the words hero and heroine printed and has many good portraits in photo- for the most prominent characters, whether or gravure.

not there be anything heroic about them) nor

the villain, who in this case is a woman, holds Maryland Constitution of 1864 (The). By

the attention very closely, but there is a retined William Start Myers, Ph.D. The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore. 6x942 in. 99 pages.

charm about the heroine, her father, her fa

ther's rough friend the Scotch doctor, and her Merchant of Venice (The). By William Shake

intimate the parson's wife, which makes the speare. Edited by Frederick Manley. (The Laurel Classics.) C.C. Birchard & Co., Boston. **sxols of so fine instinct and such true culture.

reader thankful for an introduction to people in. 150 pages.


Among the Strikers

the case of the shopkeepers. But there To the Editors of The Outlook :

wasn't any concealment of real opinion Political economy used to be called among the women. Women generally * the dismal science" largely because it are more outspoken than men on matters dealt with cold facts and figures in a of this kind, I have observed-probably purely theoretical way, as if they were because they are non-combatants and feel entirely unrelated to the human beings that their only safety-valve is free speech. whom they most concerned, and as if One laborer's wife with whom I talked those human beings were themselves just expressed her sentiments in this way: “I so many cold facts and figures. In treat- don't know why the men shouldn't have ing of the phenomenon called a strike, for their organization just the same as the instance, the old school of economic writ bosses. The bosses have got the trusts ers would say that the success of a strike that put up the price of everything; why depended upon the number of unemployed shouldn't the men have their trust to keep laborers, the prevailing rate of wages in up their wages?" I have not heard a near-by localities, the danger of foreign cleaner-cut argument for the strikers' decompetition, etc., etc. While all this may mands. This was an unusually thrifty be true, there are other factors; and I and clear-headed woman. The miserable found myself wondering the other day, shanty that she lived in did not suggest after a trip to Pittsburg, Homestead, and thrift, but when I learned that she paid McKeesport, whether the old economists only five dollars a month for her house, of the dismal school ever went out among and rented out a furnished room in it the strikers and got their point of view (furnished rooms for bachelor workmen before working out their theories. I had were in demand in her neighborhood) for just had a conversation with a trio of eight dollars a month, thus covering her McKeesport citizens whom I chanced to rent and leaving something over, I thought, meet on a street corner in that now some- " Here is perhaps the mother of a Carnegie what celebrated place. “Why is the town of the next generation." so quiet?” I had asked ; " where are the Possibly the great philanthropist alluded strikers?” “Oh, most of them are at to might have done something to make home enjoying a little rest,” was the strikes less frequent in the region where answer of one of the men ; "some of them he accumulated his great fortune. The are down the river on a picnic; and you'll writer does not like to criticise, because see a few around the depot when a train it is so easy, and he prefers to get a repucomes in.” “Do they expect men to tation for doing difficult things. But when come in on the trains to take their places?" a man is spending as much energy and “ No, they ain't looking for many that money in doing good as is Mr. Carnegie, way. You see, there's a good many hot- he makes himself a target for those who headed Welsh and Irish among the are philanthropists at heart but who have strikers, and those that might take their not been brought up in the steel business. places know there'd be trouble for them The writer admires the Carnegie spirit if they came. So they keep away. There's even more than he does the Carnegie nobody here to make trouble. That's the libraries, and he has always wondered

, reason the town's so quiet."

why Mr. Carnegie did not devote himself This was plain human talk, and it was to a larger scheme than that of scattering not at all dismal, whatever one might libraries over the coal country. The think of the frank justification of intimi- working people hereabout say in condation that it conveyed. All of the towns- versation, “ See what Carnegie got," people with whom I talked about the rather than See what that good man strike seemed to sympathize with the Carnegie has done for us." They do strikers. Sometimes, perhaps, there was not seem to regard Mr. Carnegie in the an interested motive in this attitude, as in light in which, say, Peter Cooper is looked


upon by the working people of New York assisted by grimy workmen covered with City. “ First be reconciled with thy sweat. These men receive high wages, brother, and then come and offer thy some of them seven or eight dollars a gift.” Would not the People's Palace night. They are a remarkably fine-looking, idea really have touched the workingmen's intelligent set of men. And, being so, hearts and met their needs more effect they are not content with the mere money ively than merely providing books for they get. They have aspirations and them to read? The Carnegie libraries desires. They want the liberty to do are, indeed, open to the criticism that among themselves what others may do. somehow they do not draw the people. They want to feel that they may organize The fine buildings which house these themselves for mutual service, without the libraries in Pittsburg and Homestead are alternative of doing it in an underhanded in the summer (however useful they may manner or of losing their jobs. They want be in winter) almost entirely without some measure of the liberty of action that users. The empty reading-rooms and the their employers enjoy. They have prob

. very occasional applicant for a book show ably chosen an unfortunate time and unthat something is missing. One of the fortunate methods to emphasize this desire. missing things is attractive surround- If they got it, they probably would abuse ings-trees, and flowers, and grass that it in some ways. Nevertheless, I believe can be walked on. Children might come that it is in the main a reasonable desire. to the libraries if there were attractive I believe that some greater Carnegie will grounds around them-yes, even play- yet arise who will recognize the legitimate grounds, from which, when they got tired, side of the workers' demands, and, with they might be lured to the refreshment the spirit that values men's friendship of the mind.

more than anything else that can be got The library is a civilizing influence from them, will win liberty for them and indeed, but is not a comfortable home a fame and gratitude for himself in a union far greater one? Where are the work- of organized capital and organized labor. ingmen's model houses or tenements in

H. H. M. the steel-manufacturing towns ? One of the pitiful things about Pittsburg and its

Concentration Camps environs is the contrast between the To the Editors of The Outlook: palatial homes of the men whom Fortune, Mr. Chamberlain's statement, quoted or a favorable environment, or a shrewd in your issue of August 10, that the congrandfather, or whatever it is that confers centration camps in South Africa are the power of making money, has favored, “humanely conducted” is not borne out and the laborers' homes in the slums. If by figures that have been submitted to Mr. Carnegie had put his great fortune It appears that three hundred and and his greater generosity to the task of eighteen children died in these camps in changing the slums into decent, respect- May and five hundred and seventy-five able living-places, I think he would have in June. A letter received from Mrs. done more to avert sirikes and make him- Bosman, wife of the Dutch Reformed self loved by the people he is trying to minister of Pretoria, stated that the chilbenefit than by any attempt to make book- dren in the camp at Irene Station near learning easy and popular, however meri- Pretoria “ are living skeletons.” Another torious in itself this may be.

letter of later date, June 7, says that the And yet it does not seem to be wages “ women in Middelburg (north of Prealone, or the ability to pay the rent of a toria) are dying off and there are no funds." respectable house, that makes men

My author:ty for this is the Rev. Hertented. I went late at night through one man D. van Broekhuisen, pastor from of the great iron-mills. The men were Pretoria, now visiting this country to working stripped to the waist, or with raise funds to buy food and clothing for only a thin undershirt on. Huge white- the women and children in the “reconhot masses of metal were being pulled centrado" camps in the Transvaal. The out of the furnaces by the “ drag-out." wife of the British Military Governor of Fiery snakes of steel were unwinding Pretoria also put out an appeal last April. themselves from giant machines, carefully The new "ppeal is now in circulation.


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The appeal is put out by independent ask that the Chinese convert shall be signers, some of whom are members of under no special disability on account of this League, others not.

his religion. The missionary as well as JOHN V. L. PRUYN. the consul must see to it that this reasonTransvaal League of the Eastern States,

able position is not departed from. As 22 William Street, New York.

a rule, I think, Protestant missionaries

are very careful on this point. It is a Treaty Rights in China

matter of common native report that our To the Editors of The Outlook :

Roman Catholic brethren are less careful. Your editorial of August 10 on Missions Even granting that there may sometimes in China seems to me to have been writ. be misuse of treaty rights, the radical ten in fairness of spirit and with consider- measure of giving them up is not the able insight. Your conclusion, however, only logical procedure. Rather seek to that the article in our treaty with China send to China officials and missionaries calling for the toleration of Christianity who can be trusted to use the treaty rights is a mistake, will be objected to by many, wisely. This is what China sorely needs, and, I think, with reason.

and there is no nation so well situated Article 29 of the treaty reads: “ The toward China for applying these rights principles of the Christian religion, as wisely and effectively and with so little professed by the Protestant and Roman suspicion of self-interest as is ours. Catholic Churches, are recognized as

HENRY P. PERKINS. teaching men to do good and to do to others as they would have others do to

Thanks from Dr. Hale them. Hereafter. those who quietly pro- To the Editors of The Outlook : fess and teach these doctrines shall not be On the first of July you were so good harassed or persecuted on account of their as to print for us at the central office of faith. Any person, whether citizen of the “Lend a Hand ” å statement which I United States or Chinese convert, who wrote about the “ Summer Outings” of according to these tenets peaceably teach broken-down men whose needs are [sic] and practice the principles of Chris referred to us at this office. It is a tianity, shall in no case be interfered pleasure to write again to say that the with or molested.”

prompt liberality of your readers and of Article 4 of the Treaty of 1868 adds to other friends enables us to meet all such this only the promise of religious tolera- expenses for the present summer. tion of the faith of Chinese in the United We have acknowledged the States. It should be observed that neither received by letter where we had the of these articles—and there are no others names of the givers. Will you express -puts the responsibility of the protection our thanks for the sums remitted in bills of the Chinese convert upon the United to Huldah, $5; R. E. A., $I; A Friend, States Government. This is assumed by $2 ; Northampton, Mass., $2; Two Ladies the Chinese Government. If that Gov. of Rochester, N. Y., $2; Newton Centre, ernment fails to fulfill this pledge, our $2: Reader of The Outlook, $1; A Friend, Government will never feel bound to resort to extreme measures. On the other Yours and theirs with thanks, hand, the existence of such a pledge gives

Edward E. Hale. our Government the opportunity of using its good offices for the extension and final

Getting Off Cars establishment of the great principle of To the Editors of The Outlook: religious toleration. Until this principle The Spectator evidently did not fully · is established, China will continue to be study the matter relative to the fact that a dangerous and unpleasant neighbor. so many people in stepping off a car do

Your closing sentence appears to imply so with their backs toward the front; the that there are those who expect “ special reason why is very clear to me. We privileges or special protection ” for are a nation of right-handed people, Chinese converts. This, I think, is mis. and as long as the railroad persists in leading. Certainly the treaties call for always running on the right-hand track, no such special protection. They simply the accidents to which the Spectator refers


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