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ignorance or recklessness of the sensational down led to the split in the Nationalist American press was shown last week by party, have the Irish members presented its repetition of such headlines as “ War such a united front in the House of Within Forty-eight Hours," Constanti- Commons. From the Irish point of view, nople to be Bombarded.”. In point of Mr. John Redmond has been a distinct fact, there has been no serious danger of success as leader of the reunited Nationwar; for one reason, Turkey is totally alists. He is not a Parnell. Ireland can unable to cope with France at sea, and hardly hope to produce a second Parnell war with a Power like France is the last in the lifetiine of one generation. But thing which the Porte desires. The matter Mr. Redmond has had a long experience in dispute concerned the quays which in the House of Commons, and he has have been constructed in Constantinople many of the qualities of a Parliamentary by a French company, with the under- leader who is in opposition. He is perstanding that they were to be taken over sistent and audacious even for an Irish by the Turkish Government under certain Nationalist; and under his leadership the conditions. The Sultan, as usual, has session was marked by a recrudescence of broken his promises about this matter, much of the activity and bitterness on and has neither allowed the French com- the part of the Nationalists which characpany freedom of action nor allowed it to terized the sessions between Gladstone's carry out the option granted to it of selling Home Rule Bill of 1886 and the incomto the Turkish Government. Promises

Promises ing of the Salisbury Government in 1895. were made by the Government that the From the Irish members there was perquays should be purchased, and that a sistent and daringly outspoken condemloan of eight million dollars should be nation of the war and of its management. raised for that purpose. After repeated

After repeated There were frequent altercations with the postponements the French Ambassador Speaker and the Chairman of Commitinsisted that this promise should be ful- tees. There were several turbulent scenes filled by noon of Monday of last week; and much obstruction; and altogether as it was not fulfilled, the French Ambas- the House of Commons and the country sador to Constantinople, M. Constans, were made abundantly aware of the fact notified the Sultan that diplomatic relations that the Irish Nationalists are again were broken off between the two countries. united, bent on pushing Home Rule, and Later on a direct warning, which had as determined as they were at any time somewhat the nature of an ultimatum, was since 1881 to make themselves obnoxious sent to the Sultan that the French Am- at Westminster. In Ireland, as a result bassador would leave Constantinople at a of the reorganization of the party and its given date unless an understanding was renewed activity, a little new life has reached. Finally, on Friday of last week, been infused into the Horne Rule movean Imperial irade, or decree, was issued, ment.

ment. In England the position is undeclaring that the company which built changed, or, if changed at all, is still more the quays should be allowed to exercise unfavorable to Home Rule. English peothe freedom of the rights granted by the ple just now are troubling themselves very concession ; and it is believed that the little with politics. There is more politiother matters involved will soon be ami cal apathy and indifference than at any cably arranged. So, apparently, ends an time during the last thirty years. The international storm which has been sud- war is still on; but public interest in it den of appearance in the diplomatic sky has long been on the wane. Everybody and brief in duration.

is weary of it, and middle-class England is chafing under its cost. Still, while no

other question can be said to be occupyAside from the war and ing public attention, the attitude which England and Ireland

the frequent bitter and English people are taking up towards the oftentimes personal debates which arose proposal that the Irish representation at out of it, one of the marked features of Westminster shall be much reduced shows the late session of Parliament was the that the predominant partner will make new position of the Irish members. Not no concession to the Irish demand for since 1890, when Parnell's moral break- Home Rule.

There was no im- the most pugnacious unionists, but last The Steel Strike's Progress

portant net change week it was reported that one of the steel in the steel situation last week. The strikers had written to Chief Arthur, of company claimed to have reopened sev- the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, eral departments in certain mills, but the asking that his order refuse to handle men denied that work of any importance trail., carrying Trust-made goods. This was going on in them. The men claimed letter, says the report, brought the sensithat work in several departments in other ble reply that the locomotive engineers mills had been brought to a standstill, but would keep their contracts with the roads the company explained that the stoppage and not attempi to discriminate between was entirely due to the lack of material shippers. The chief point of danger to supplied by other departments and not the Trust from sympathetic strikes seems by further defections to the ranks of the to lie in the threatened action of the buildstrikers. At South Chicago the efforts to ing trades unions, which may in certain get the employees of the old Illinois Steel cities refuse to handle building material Company to follow the example of their made by strike-breakers." Toward the fellows at Joliet and Milwaukee in treating close of last week there were renewed their contract with their former employers reports that the strike would be settled as no longer binding failed to produce through the mediation of the committee any tangible effect. These works at South of the National Civic Federation. This Chicago are the most important operated committee has been in conference with the by the old Illinois company, and employ, strikers, and is reported to have secured according to an article in the last issue concessions enough to reopen negotiations of the “American Journal of Sociology,” for a settlement. Its disinterested work over six thousand men-of whom barely deserves all praise. Should it fail to one-fifth are of American or English birth. secure a settlement by compelling each The policy of the Trust has continued to side to understand the other's position, be the dismantling of plants in places we trust that it will make a report to the where unionism is strong, and the trans- public which will enable it to understand fer of work to places where it is weak. where the responsibility for the continuOn Sunday it was announced from Pitts- ance of the conflict rests. burg that the Star mills of the Tin Plate Company, which were to have been abandoned, are now to be re-equipped

The Republican State

A Record-Breaking and enlarged because the Trust finds that


Convention in Pennsylit can operate them with non-union em

vania met, organized, ployee. On the part of the strikers the adopted platform, nominated candidates, work of the week has been to secure sym- and adjourned in just one hour and thirty pathetic action from other unions. It is minutes. The record-breaking speed of reported that members of the coal-miners' these “deliberations” was, of course, due union have refused to handle coal for one to the fact that the Convention merely ratiof the Trust factories, but no general sym fied the programme prepared for it by the pathetic strike on the part of the coal. Quay machine, whose leading members miners is feared. Indeed, it seems scarcely did not even take the trouble to attend. credible that such action was solicited by The platform adopted affected to regard the Amalgamated Association, since very the issue of ring rule “with amusement few of the anthracite miners are either rather than concern,” and declared that the directly or indirectly employed by the Democratic declarations on the subject Steel Trust, and sympathetic strikes might be “found in the files of the soagainst employers so remotely involved in called yellow journals . . . subsidized by a conflict are recognized by nearly all union full-page advertisements.” This deliverleaders as suicidal. The disastrous fail- ance was followed by an attack upon Mr. ure of the attempt of the American Rail. Wanamaker, whose exposure of the plunway Union to punish the railroads for dering operations of the ring, by offering refusing to discharge their duties as com- $2,000,000 for the franchise the ring mon carriers to the Pullman Company demanded as a gift, evidently inflicted was believed to have taught this lesson to an unhealed wound. The Democratic

Convention is taunted with having com- from the ticket to make room for Coray, pletely ignored National issues, in a cam- and in this way fusion between the indepaign in which no National official is to pendent and Democratic forces be accombe elected, and Republican voters of the plished. On the city ticket put forward by State are asked to support the State the fusionists are five Republican officials, machine on the ground that the National who have given pre-eminent satisfaction policy of the Democratic party created to the public, but were refused nominathe international) depression of trade tion by the party machine because they between 1893 and 1897, and that the refused to submit to its dictation. Whether National policy of the Republican party the ticket thus named by the reform organcreated the international) revival of trade izations and the independent Democrats since 1898. The tactics adopted recalls will receive the indorsement of the regular a favorite story of Fred Douglas about Democratic organization remains to be a State Senator of his own race, who, seen. This indorsement, however, is not when confronted in a joint debate by the so important as people outside of Philamost explicit proof of plundering the pub- delphia are apt to think. A generation lic treasury, successfully weathered the ago, it is true, Philadelphia was a Demogale by disdainfully declining to notice cratic city, and as such gave majorities "the personalities” to which his opponent against Fremont and Lincoln. But of had stooped, and asking for re-election as late years the Democratic party has the representative of the “grand old party declined in power, until at the last elecwhich has given liberty to all my race.” tion it polled but one vote to the RepubWhether the Pennsylvania Republicans licans' three. But numerical weakness is can be similarly diverted from the real not its only shortcoming. The machine issue before them remains to be seen. which has controlled it has gradually

become a mere tender to the Republican

machine. A strong effort has lately been Fusion in Philadelphia

The present pros- inaugurated, however, to bring about re

pects are somewhat organization, and a committee for that favorable to the movement which has purpose was appointed by the recent been inaugurated in Philadelphia to defeat State Convention. It is hoped that the the nominations of the Quay-Ashbridge policy of this committee, and of ex-Gormachine at the November election. The ernor Pattison, who has been elected various organizations opposed to the ring Chairman of the Democratic City Comhave agreed upon a strong fusion ticket. mittee, will bring about co-operation. The Municipal League assumed the leader- The Democrats have certainly a great ship, calling together a conference com- opportunity, which the friends of good mittee composed of representatives of the government hope they will avail themUnion or Town Meeting party (which selves of at the present juncture. It placed District Attorney Rothermelin is generally conceded that if they do not nomination), the Municipal League, the throw their whole influence against the Citizens' L'nion, the Young Democracy, Quay machine at this time, they will stand and the Jeffersonian Society. The latter stultified in the eyes of the country. two bodies are independent Democratic organizations. After numerous meetings of the conferees, a full ticket for the State

The Virginia Reand city offices has been agreed upon for Virginia Republicans and

publican Convenrecommendation to the constituent bodies.

tion boldly took up Judge Harmon Yerkes, who was nomi- the issue of negro disfranchisement prenated by the Democrats, is recommended sented by the attitude of the Democratic for Justice of the Supreme Court. The party in the Constitutional Convention Hon. E. A. Coray, Jr., one of the insur- now in session, and declared its allegiance gent leaders of the late Legislature, was to the old Republican doctrine that all named for State Treasurer. It is gener- the governed are entitled to an equal ally expected that later in the campaign voice in the government. The Democratic the Hon. A. J. Palm, the Democratic plan to discriminate in favor of certain nominee for State Treasurer, will retire voters because of the privileges of their

grandparents was denounced as hostile to of Monticello, despite the fact that his the spirit of republican institutions, and hospitality is sometimes abused by vanthe plan to deny others the suffrage because dals, still courteously allows strangers to of their color was denounced as hostile to visit the spot forever identified with the the letter as well as the spirit of the great leader of the American democratic National Constitution. Apart from this movement. It would be a fitting memoissue, the most important declaration of rial to Jefferson's name if the road making the platform was its arraignment of the access to Monticello easy should be built Democratic Legislature for its long-con- by a spontaneous democratic contributinued refusal to modify the “fellow-serv- tion. The appeal is as follows: ant law" so as to permit the employees

In 1903 will be celebrated the centennial of of corporations to secure damages for

the Louisiana Purchase, the greatest expanaccidents for which they themselves were sion which our country has ever undergone. not responsible. In the lowa Democratic This purchase was largely due to the then Convention the one question debated was

President, Thomas Jefferson. To him, as

statesman, patriot, and patron of letters, many the indorsement of the Kansas City plat

monuments have been erected, but not one to form, or the restriction of the platform to the practical side of his character which inState issues. The majority of the com- duced him to advocate economic reforms, such mittee on resolutions favored the latter

as the building of canals and good roads. To

commemorate suitably this characteristic it plan, but a minority report reaffirming the

has been proposed to build a memorial road National platform of the party, though from his tomb at Monticello to Charlottesdeclaring State issues paramount in the ville, near which is situated the University of approaching campaign, was adopted by a

Virginia, which he founded. The present road

of two and a half miles between these two vote of 66972 to 55012. The State issue

points is very roughly surfaced, with a maxi. pushed to the front was the same that mum grade of fifteen feet rise in the hundred, Governor Pingree successfully urged in which makes travel thereon disagreeable and Michigan, and that Governor La Follette

even dangerous. A survey, just completed, is now insisting upon in Wisconsin and

has resulted in selecting an ideal location for

a new road, three miles in length, with such Mayor Johnson in Ohio —the taxation of light grades that a team to a pleasure vehicle railroad and other corporate property in may trot either up or down. The proposed the same manner and at the same rate as

road is to be built under the supervision and

direction of the Road Inquiry Office of the the farms and homes of individual citizens.

Department of Agriculture at Washington, This reform is evidently gaining strength as an object-lesson in modern road-making, in all parts of the country.

and assumes a character of National importance, since the tomb of Jefferson is visited annually by people from all parts of the l'nited

States. The County of Albemarle, justly The Outlook has re- proud of her distinguished citizen, would Proposed Monument

ceived from Lieutenant gladly undertake this work, but she cannot to Jefferson C. P. Shaw the appeal

do it in justice to the need of other locali

ties, since, in the words of the Commission which we publish below; we are very which selected the new location, “this short glad to give additional publicity to it. piece of road is not of sufficient value to In our judgment, this country owes a debt

the whole county to justify such a large exbeyond all estimate both to Jefferson and

penditure from the general treasury.". It is

iherefore suggested to build this road as a to Hamilton, as representatives of two National memorial to the practical side of contrasting tendencies whose intermin- the man to whom our country owes so much, gling and combination has made America.

and whose fame is the common heritage of The Republic should treasure the names

the whole land. Now, therefore, while the

Nation is preparing to celebrate this great of such men, and should preserve some Louisiana Purchase by an expenditure of visible monument of their life and service; millions of dollars in an exposition in St. the best of all monuments is the home Louis, and the erection in that city of a monuidentified with the patriot and pioneer

ment to Jefferson, it seems most fitting that it

should build, in the county in which he was whose name we wish to preserve. Monti. born, at the cost of only a few thousand dol. cello has passed into private hands, but lars, a lasting Memorial Road to his tomb. the monument which marks Jefferson's For this reason an appeal is made to all adgrave, which is not far from his former

mirers of Jetterson, and to all lovers of good

roads, to unite in building this object-lesson residence, is public property, and access in road-making which shall commemorate one to it is open to the public, and the owner of our greatest Americans.


First instituted in 1898 ment, issues in something more practical. Old Home Week

by Governor Rollins, It is desirable that the exuberant life that of New Hampshire, the dedication of a has been drained away from rural New week in the holiday month of August to England, to discharge its forceful current local commemorations of hereditary inter- upon the wheels of material progress, est seems likely to become, at least in should return with some freshening imNew England, a permanent thing. Last pulses to little communities often threatyear Maine adopted it from New Hamp ened with stagnation and decay because shire. This year Vermont has joined the depleted of their most enterprising elecelebrants. Sporadic celebrations have ment. Years ago the wise policy of New also occurred elsewhere in New England. Hampshire initiated such a return by The sentiment appealed to is vener- appointing a Commissioner whose office able and perennial. The Governors of was to promote the sale of abandoned the three States by their proclamations farms for summer homes to city residents. designating the week have only given The effect of this, already perceptible to public recognition to the sentiment of the the traveler's eye, was noted by Mr. thousands that have swarmed forth from Winston Churchill, the novelist, a former the New England hive, and have concen- resident of Cornish, N. H., in his address trated public interest in its appropriate at the recent celebration in Concord. He collective manifestation. New Hamp- regarded it as a sign of the times that shire, as it first led the way, seems to men are coming back to New Hampshire have observed the week this year with to settle “precisely as their fathers went peculiar zeal, inaugurating it with beacon out fifty years ago to Illinois, Missouri, fires on the hill-tops in every county and and Kansas to settle.” Though they do in many a town. Whether in the cities not winter there, their family home is fixed or in the little towns, the observances in there for a good part of the year, and they the three States have been of the same aid in the general betterment of the vicigeneral character. The historical element, nage. Speaking as one of such, he said: of course, has been made prominent by “ We are not here to criticise or to medaddresses, in churches or in town halls, dle, but to fraternize and lend a hand in commemorating the early pioneers, the public enterprises with those who have old settlers and soldiers of the old wars, been here always, and whose families and such natives of the neighborhood as never went West at all.” The cottages have won fame for themselves and their and villas springing up along the Maine town. Some of these little towns have a coast, by the margin of the New Hampnotable roll of honor, as Boscawen, N. H., shire lakes, and on the flanks of Monadwhose record, says the Rev. A. A. Berle, nock and the Green Mountains, are evi“includes not mere generals and soldiers dences of this return tide. Its effects of every rank and figuring in all kinds of upon the vicinage appear in better roads, wars, but statesmen and lawyers of the village improvements,

church very first rank, financiers and diplomats or public library here and there, and a

a and men of invention and commerce, general quickening of local enterprise. together with ministers innumerable, and college presidents sufficiently numerous as not to be at all exceptional.” The local

A bulletin remarkably incelebrations with more or less formality

teresting to men as well have taken form in processions and

as women has just been speech-making, illuminations and the dedi- issued by the Massachusetts Bureau of cation of monuments and public buildings, Labor upon the relative cost of food when or in dinners and picnics, concerts and cooked in the home and when purchased athletic games.

from outside. The investigation was conducted by a committee of the Boston

branch of the Collegiate Alumni AssociaIt hardly needs to be tion, and was in the main under the direcBack to the Country

said that the signifi- tion of Miss Gertrude Bigelow, a graduate cance of such an observance as Old Home of Wellesley in 1893. The investigaWeek, though prompted and fed by senti- tion was prompted—as all enlightening



The Evolution of


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